Difference between revisions of "Fayaan"

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|largest_city =  Witzandmond<!-- The largest city; set this to "capital" without the quotes if it's the same as the capital city (e.g Exampleford) -->
 
|largest_city =  Witzandmond<!-- The largest city; set this to "capital" without the quotes if it's the same as the capital city (e.g Exampleford) -->
 
|official_languages =  Dutch <br> Ingerish<br>Castellan <br><!-- The official languages of the country (e.g Examplese, English) -->
 
|official_languages =  Dutch <br> Ingerish<br>Castellan <br><!-- The official languages of the country (e.g Examplese, English) -->
|national_languages =Babelic<br>Kuehongese
+
|national_languages =Babelic<br>Kuehongese<br>Florescentian<br>  <!-- Nation-wide recognised languages (e.g Catalan, Afrikaans) -->
Babelic<br>  <!-- Nation-wide recognised languages (e.g Catalan, Afrikaans) -->
 
 
|regional_languages =Ouisx<br>Corxich<br>Huny <!-- Regional languages in the country (e.g Navajo, Welsh) -->
 
|regional_languages =Ouisx<br>Corxich<br>Huny <!-- Regional languages in the country (e.g Navajo, Welsh) -->
 
|ethnic_groups =Fayaaner (50%) <br> Mixed (26%)<br>Bai (7%)<br>Kue (2%)<br>Indegenous (2%)<br>Other(13%) <br> <!-- The ethnic groups within the country (e.g Green Examplese (53%), Purple Examplian (23%), etc) -->
 
|ethnic_groups =Fayaaner (50%) <br> Mixed (26%)<br>Bai (7%)<br>Kue (2%)<br>Indegenous (2%)<br>Other(13%) <br> <!-- The ethnic groups within the country (e.g Green Examplese (53%), Purple Examplian (23%), etc) -->
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}}
 
}}
  
'''Fayaan''', officially the '''Union of the Colonies of Fayaan''' (Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan, Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan) is a confederate union in the northeast of [[Archanta]]. It borders only to [[Kuehong]], located to its south. It is governed by a president who is elected by its parliament (known as the Staten Generaal or State General). Much power resides
+
'''Fayaan''', officially the '''Union of the Colonies of Fayaan''' (Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan, Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan) is a federation in the northeast of [[Archanta]]. It borders only to [[Kuehong]], located to its south. It is governed by a president who is elected by the parliament (''Staten Generaal''). Much power resides with the different member states, although those states don't have the right to secede.
 +
Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries;  agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export; ICT services; and engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.
  
==Etymology==
+
The different member states of Fayaan have historically been colonies occupied by times by the Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan and Florescentian. Fayaan has been notorious for its limited civil rights and ethnic segregation laws, but both have been largely abandoned since the early 2000s.
 +
 
 +
=Etymology=
 
The name Fayaan is derived from the Fayaan settler family, who settled in the 16th century in Noordkaap. The family name went extinct in 1709.
 
The name Fayaan is derived from the Fayaan settler family, who settled in the 16th century in Noordkaap. The family name went extinct in 1709.
Fayaan was first called Confederate Union of North Munion, but as the Bai considered Munion to be a spiritual name, the union was renamed Union of the Colonies of Fayaan in 1806.  
+
Fayaan was first called Confederate Union of North Munion but it was renamed Union of the Colonies of Fayaan in 1806.  
  
Hendrikus Fayaan (1492?-1538) was an early colonist active in Noordkaap (and Huysburg?). Little is known about him. The Fayaan family occupied a farm-estate in Noordkaap until 1709, when Diederik Fayaan died childless. The estate in Noordkaap where the negotiations for the confederation took place in 1800 and 1801, and which is today called the Presidential Estate, was according to several historians at that time called the Fayaan estate - hence the name.  Other historians doubt this hypothesis and claim the Fayaan estate was located at another place. An urban legend states that when a new name for the confederation had to be chosen, the minsters wrote names of all early colonists on a paper and the name Fayaan was drafted by the daughter of the president.
+
=Geography=
 
 
==Geography==
 
 
Fayaan is located at the most northeastern top of [[Archanta]], between 29.5 and 33° N.  
 
Fayaan is located at the most northeastern top of [[Archanta]], between 29.5 and 33° N.  
 +
{{#multimaps: | center = 31.443,162.360| width = 750px | height = 500px | zoom = 7 | minzoom = 2 | maxzoom = 19}}
  
===Topography===
+
==Topography==
 
Fayaan is dominated by a north-south mountain belt, the '''Fayaan Mountains''', which shapes the country. This results in a rather uniform generalized topography: <br>
 
Fayaan is dominated by a north-south mountain belt, the '''Fayaan Mountains''', which shapes the country. This results in a rather uniform generalized topography: <br>
 
- '''Western coastal lowlands''': dominated by big rivers and hilly areas<br>
 
- '''Western coastal lowlands''': dominated by big rivers and hilly areas<br>
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- the '''Eastern Coastal Lowlands''': east of the escarpment, often a small coastal fringe<br>
 
- the '''Eastern Coastal Lowlands''': east of the escarpment, often a small coastal fringe<br>
  
===Climate===
+
==Climate==
 
Like most countries at this latitude, the climate of Fayaan is strongly affected by the position of the high-pressure areas. But its location along the ocean also means a strong maritime influence: westerlies in the winter, southeasterlies in summer. '''Summer climate''' is dominated by oceanic high-pressure cells, resulting in warm/hot weather, generally dry in the West and humid in the (south)east. Winds are variable and often weak but tend to be northeasterly or southwesterly. Thunderstorms related to the ICTS reach southern Fayaan and bring moist to the east coast and eastern highlands. With rising ocean temperature in the [[Ardentic Ocean]], also hurricanes occur, especially from May to September. Most make landfall south of Fayaan, and have weakened considerably over land, bringing especially a lot of precipitation to the mountains. '''Winter climate''' is dominated by continental high-pressure cells, bringing mild to warm weather. These high-pressure cells are regularly broken by westerly storms in the [[Belphenian Sea]]. These bring wet weather, especially to the western lowlands and the western mountains.  
 
Like most countries at this latitude, the climate of Fayaan is strongly affected by the position of the high-pressure areas. But its location along the ocean also means a strong maritime influence: westerlies in the winter, southeasterlies in summer. '''Summer climate''' is dominated by oceanic high-pressure cells, resulting in warm/hot weather, generally dry in the West and humid in the (south)east. Winds are variable and often weak but tend to be northeasterly or southwesterly. Thunderstorms related to the ICTS reach southern Fayaan and bring moist to the east coast and eastern highlands. With rising ocean temperature in the [[Ardentic Ocean]], also hurricanes occur, especially from May to September. Most make landfall south of Fayaan, and have weakened considerably over land, bringing especially a lot of precipitation to the mountains. '''Winter climate''' is dominated by continental high-pressure cells, bringing mild to warm weather. These high-pressure cells are regularly broken by westerly storms in the [[Belphenian Sea]]. These bring wet weather, especially to the western lowlands and the western mountains.  
  
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- '''the central mountains''' have a highly variable climate, with each valley taking advantage of its specific topography. Both winter (especially in the west) and summer (except for the west) can be very wet.<br>
 
- '''the central mountains''' have a highly variable climate, with each valley taking advantage of its specific topography. Both winter (especially in the west) and summer (except for the west) can be very wet.<br>
  
==History==
+
==Nature and biodiversity==
{{main article|History of Fayaan}}
+
Although Fayaan has a history as a farming colony, large parts of the original vegetation have been preserved. The central mountain belts have kept their subtropical rainforests in different regions. But large parts have been altered by logging and forest plantations. The eastern highlands (and lowlands) remain relatively unimpacted, and the original savannah vegetation still prevails. The western parts of Fayaan have lost large parts of their original vegetation, although important coastal wetlands are still renown for their biodiversity.
===Colonisalism (1500-1755)===
+
 
Fayaan was a remote part of the Bai Empire, but some private merchant companies (Dutch, Ingerish and Castellanese) started private agriculture-oriented colonies in the early 1500s. These colonies grew quickly during the golden age of colonialism (17th century), and the colonies were de facto independent states; indigenous and Bai population decreased and Fayaan was mainly inhabited by Ulethan people. Like other parts of the Munion region, also the Fayaan colonies drew the attention of Ingerland and Florescenta during the late 17th and early 18th century. Castellan speaking colonies became protectorates of Ingerland between 1690 and 1712. Most Dutch-speaking colonies became Florescenta protectorates in 1716. Under the protectorate status the Fayaan colonies didn't thrive and many colonial estates were again abandoned. Noordkaap was the only free colony.
+
===Natural Vegetation types===
 +
[[File:Fayaan savanne.jpg | thumb|right|Savanna vegetation of the Eastern Highlands]]
 +
The natural vegetation types of Fayaan are defined by the climate zones, topography and geology. The main vegetation types are:
 +
- eastern monsoon forests: the dominant vegetation of the eastern lowlands; mainly deciduous thorn trees and palm trees
 +
- eastern bushveld (or Munion monsoon scrub vegetation): a Munion endemic vegetation type, typical for the drier parts of the eastern lowlands (mainly South Fayaan)
 +
- eastern Savanna: dominating the wetter parts of the eastern highlands and locally also in the eastern lowlands
 +
- eastern grasslands: dominating the drier and higher parts of the eastern highlands
 +
- central subtropical rainforest: dominating the central mountain zone; there is a high variety in composition, and often a subdivision is made between eastern and western slopes, but there there is also (and often even higher) variability between valleys depending on precipitation patterns
 +
- western subtropical forest: forests of the western lowlands; for large part evergreen trees with also some deciduous trees;
 +
- western coastal shrubs (also called Fayaan Boschveld): a Munion endemic vegetation type of coastal shrublands and heathland
 +
 
 +
 
 +
===National and State Parks===
 +
Fayaan has a well working system of preservation regulation, which is well enforced. A three-level system of protected areas is established:
 +
- nature reserves: the highest level of protection with very limited human activities (including recreation) allowed
 +
- national and state parks: protected areas where human activities are strongly regulated (and limited to soft activities like recreation, forest management, ...) are allowed; the difference between both lies only in ownership
 +
- landscape parks: areas that protect a combination of natural and cultural landscapes. Human activities and especially new developments are strongly regulated, but economic activities (including residential areas) are allowed.
 +
Land ownership and protected area management can be with the government (federal, state or municipality) or private.
 +
 
 +
===Wildlife===
 +
Fayaan is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity. It is renown for its high diversity in insects, plants and birds, while it also features many large mammal species. Being located at the extreme north of the Munion Penninsula in a particular geographic setting, it features many species that occur only in Munion or even only in Fayaan.
 +
 
 +
With 1627 [[Fayaan Bird List|bird species]] observed (2019) it ranks as one of the highest globally. It features 103 endemic species, and an additional 126 Munion endemics. With new genetic studies, it is expected that many splits will occur resulting in even more endemic species. For birdlife, the western and eastern slopes of the central mountains are most diverse, with many subtropical rainforest species. Fayaan is located on several bird migration routes: the eastern Uletha-Archanta route and the route connecting northern OR with Archanta.
 +
 
 +
=History=
 +
==Pre-Colonial period==
 +
==Bai Colony==
 +
==Ulethan Colonialism (1500-1755)==
 +
Fayaan was a remote part of the Bai Empire, but some private merchant companies (Dutch, Ingerish and Castellanese) started private agriculture-oriented colonies in the early 1500s. These colonies grew quickly during the golden age of colonialism (17th century), and the colonies were de facto independent states; indigenous and Bai population decreased and Fayaan was mainly inhabited by Ulethan people. Like other parts of the Munion region, also the Fayaan colonies drew the attention of Ingerland during the late 17th and early 18th century. Most colonies became protectorates of Ingerland between 1690 and 1712. Under the protectorate status the Fayaan colonies didn't thrive and many colonial estates were abandoned. Noordkaap remained the only independent colony, governed by Dutch merchants as a republic.
 +
 
 +
==Liberation movement and unification (1755-1789)==
 +
Under the initiative of Noordkaap, a liberation movement started around 1755. The independence movement started in the Dutch speaking colonies, which were politically influenced by the liberal merchants in Noordkaap. After several rebellions against Ingerland between 1755 and 1765, the treaty of Huysburg (1765) gave independence to several colonies. While the Ingerish hoped this would calm the situation, a civil war broke out in the remaining colonies in 1766, resulting in an Ingerish retreat in 1789. Fayaan (and especially the parts which became independent in 1789) was left behind impoverished and in chaos.
 +
 
 +
Noordkaaps political influence increased over the next years, and Noordkaap de facto ruled it's neighbouring colonies. Colonial militia were set up and with the help of Noordkaap they took control of most of the Fayaan territory. Under influence of the liberal movement, the Dutch-speaking colonies formed a confederate state in 1801: the Confederate Union of North Munion, which changed name to '''Union of the Colonies of Fayaan''' in 1806. This confederation had special trade relationships with the Bai and several Ulethan states and started to flourish economically. In 1823 the mainly Castellan and Ingerish speaking Santa Cruz Colony joined the confederation, ending a period of chaos and rule by local militia. During these early 1800s, pirates and local militia ruled the remaining colonies. Fayaan troops intervened more and more, occupying increasing parts of these territories, and the remaining colonies joined the confederation in 1831.
 +
 
 +
==First Republic 1801-1924==
 +
 
 +
The early days of the First Republic were characterized by economic growth and territorial expansion towards the east, at cost of the indigenous populations. The eastern territory was divided into three states that formally joined Fayaan in 1861: Hoogland, Gloriosa and Struiskust.
 +
 
 +
To strengthen the national feelings, the new capital '''Fayaan City''' was founded in 1868. Founded as a multi-ethnic city in mainly Castellan speaking territory, it evolved over the next decades to a mainly Dutch and Ingerish speaking city. Fayaan City soon became the economic motor of the country, and took over the leading role of Noorkaap's Witzandmond.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
A combination of high government expenditures and related tax increases, international low food prices and tensions with neighbouring countries resulted in an economic crisis and impoverishment of Fayaan during the last decades of the First Republic.
 +
 
 +
==Union with Munion 1924-1938==
 +
When the Bai territories in Munion became independent in 1922 Munion was founded, and Fayaan joined it in 1924, putting an end to the first republic. Hopes were high that this would result in renewed economic growth, but this soon proved to be a disappointment. When the Munion civil war broke out, the Fayaan states announced independence. Protected by the former Fayaan military, Fayaan suffered little under the civil war. Nevertheless, there was a big exodus from Fayaan during the Munion Period, especially of wealthy and educated young people.
 +
 
 +
==Second Republic (military rule) 1938-1968==
 +
With the splitting of Munion in 1938, Fayaan again became formally an independent state. The military took control of the new second republic, backed by foreign investors and the wealthy Fayaan exodus; General Juan Jimenez acted as authoritarian president until 1955, backed by the other generals. The authoritarian rule limited civil rights and especially the rights of minorities. Political enemies ended up in prison and opposition was virtually non-existent. It is estimated that between 100 000 and 500 000 people were imprisoned for political or racial reasons, of which 30-40 000 didn't survive. On the international political level, Fayaan had close ties with the Bai.
 +
 
 +
The economic policy favoured foreign investments, and backed by the wealthy and well educated Fayaan exodus, the economy prospered during the 1940s. Large state expenditures in road, railroad and harbour infrastructure lead to high foreign debt.
 +
 
 +
After his death on 3/1/1955, Jiminez was succeeded by General Johan Verbanck, a hero of the Munion war and a political and economic hardliner. A hurricane hit Fayaan hard on August 17-18 1959, damaging a lot of infrastructure and crop yields. This resulted in social unrest, culminating in a general strike in September 1960 followed by a failed coup on October 1st 1960 (Oktobercoup) by young officers. Johan Verbanck fled the capital during the coup and died in unclear conditions at the Munion border on October 4th.  
  
===Liberation movement and unification (1755-1789)===
+
After regaining power, the military rule appoints  General Wannes Everaert as the new president on October 6th 1960. Everaert had most of his military training in Ingerland, and international policies of Fayaan shift towards Uletha and especially pro-Ingerish under his rule. Under his rule, the country follows a more progressive policy, and political suppression decreases. Large investments in education will have a legacy for decades, putting Fayaan still today on the map as a knowhow region.
Under the initiative of Noordkaap, a liberation movement started in the Florescentan protectorates around 1755. Florescenta didn't want to invest in a war in the poor Fayaan colonies, and gave back their independence in the treaty of Huysburg (1765). These events also inspired the Ingerish occupied colonies. A civil war between broke out between Ingerish troops and local militia in 1766, and was finally won by the militia in 1789.
 
In 1801 the Dutch-speaking colonies formed a confederate state: the Confederate Union of North Munion. In 1806 the name was changed to Union of the Colonies of Fayaan. This confederation had special trade relationships with the Bai and economy flourished. The union intervened more-and-more in the former Ingerish protectorate of Santa Cruz (ruled by militia), and Santa Cruz joined the union in 1823. The other former Ingerish protectorates were at that time lawless pirate-ruled regions; military campaigns of Fayaan reestablished law and order and they joined Fayaan in 1831.
 
  
===First Republic 1801-1924===
+
A large northerly storm hit Fayaan on February 7 and 8 1962, flooding different coastal areas. Especially [[Citroenkust]] was hit hard, and most of it's capital [[Taurburg]] was destroyed, causing at least 6700 dead and missing.
  
==Economy==
+
==Third Republic 1969- ==
 +
On September 20th 1968 the military rule announced unexpectedly free elections, which were held in December of the same year. When the democratic government took power on January 1st 1969, the '''Third Fayaan Republic''' started.
  
==Demography==
+
With an increasing highly educated population, the Fayaan economy turned more and more towards the tertiary sector. Good relations with both Ulethan and Bai countries allowed Fayaan to become a trade and transport hub, while Fayaan insurance and banking companies spread their activities globally. Tourism started to become important from 1972 on, first focussing on historic cities but soon also on safari parks. From the 1980s the eastern Fayaan cities started to flourish as new technology hubs.
 +
 
 +
Fayaan entered the nuclear era by opening a nuclear power plant in 1983. Small Uranium mines in the central mountain belt opened in the 1970s.
 +
 
 +
=Society and culture=
 +
[[File:Bai artwork.jpg | thumb|right|Bai artwork, showing the cultural mix of Bai and Ulethan cultural elements ]]
 +
Fayaan culture is a mix of [[Uletha | Ulethan]] Colonial and Bai cultural elements, with some influences of Kuehong and indigenous culture. Most cities have a very Ulethan look and feel, but feature Bai neighbourhoods with a traditional Bai architecture and cultural elements. In contrast, rural areas have still a very colonial look and feel, with often large farmhouses in colonial style and very basic housing for the labourers. Bai are largely absent from rural areas. Indigenous people and their culture have been suppressed for a long time, and few cultural elements remain.
 +
 
 +
==Sports==
 +
Since the military rule sport has been promoted as
 +
 
 +
=Economy=
 +
Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries;  agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export (including wine); ICT services; and sustainability engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.
 +
 
 +
=Population and Demography=
 +
==Ethnicity==
 +
Ethnicity was officially recorded for each citizen during the first republic and the military rule. It hasn't been recorded by the government since 1973. Since then, ethnicity statistics are based on the census reports, where people indicate the ethnicity they identify themselves with. The largest part of the population identifies itself as ''Fayaan ethnicity'', which are descendants of Ulethan colonists.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-
 +
! State
 +
! Population (2019)
 +
! Fayaan %
 +
! Bai %
 +
! Que %
 +
! Ouisx/Corxich %
 +
! Huny %
 +
! Other %
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[St Baafsland]]
 +
| 25410
 +
| 82.3
 +
| 13.5
 +
| 2.9
 +
| -
 +
| -
 +
| 1.3
 +
|}
  
==Government and politics==
+
==Languages==
 +
Fayaan has three ''official languages'' which are used by all public authorities: Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan and Babelic. TThese languages are used for all public services at the federal level, and states can choose to offer public services in one or more of those languages. All recognized schools (except the 'indigenous immersion schools') and universities teach their classes in one or two of those languages (again following state regulations), while the languages which are thought as second or third language are obligatory also from this list.
 +
 
 +
Kuehongese is recognized as ''foreign minority languages'', and limited public services are provided in this language. Schools can provide an optional teaching package in Kuehongese of at most 8 hours per week. Special city districts with a large presence of people speaking Kuehongese offer more extensive services (including schools and medical services) in Kuehongese, but these are planned to phase out by 2025 for most districts, and 2035 for a few others. Other districts have already phased out Kuehongese in 2015.
 +
 
 +
There are three recognized ''indigenous languages'': Ouisx, Corxich and Huny. Those languages have protected status within specifically recognized municipalities. In those municipalities, local public services are provided in them, and they are used in schools for half of the classes (with another official language for the other half). Limited federal public services (such as voting information) are provided in those languages in the recognized municipalities only.
 +
 
 +
 
 +
The language of each resident and citizen is recorded through the yearly tax declaration forms.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable sortable"
 +
|-
 +
! State
 +
! Population (2019)
 +
! Official
 +
! Dutch %
 +
! Ingerish %
 +
! Castellan %
 +
! Babelic %
 +
! Kuehongese  %
 +
! Ouisx
 +
! Corxich
 +
! Huny
 +
! Other %
 +
|-
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| [[St Baafsland]]
 +
| 25410
 +
| Dutch, Babelic
 +
| 80.5
 +
| 6.3
 +
| -
 +
| 12.9
 +
| 0.3
 +
| -
 +
| -
 +
| -
 +
| 0
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
=Government and politics=
 
Fayaan is a federal parliamentary democracy, consisting of XX Member States.  The 1969 constitution based on the 1801 Confederate Constitution is the legal foundation of the modern state. Although Fayaan considers itself to be a confederation, political scientists consider it to be a federation as the rights of Member States are limited by the constitution. According to that constitution, Member States may not unilaterally decide to leave the union. The constitution outlines basic and political rights and divides the powers between the Union (confederation) and the states and it defines federal jurisdiction and authority. Fayaan is organised as a democracy at the federation and member states level.  
 
Fayaan is a federal parliamentary democracy, consisting of XX Member States.  The 1969 constitution based on the 1801 Confederate Constitution is the legal foundation of the modern state. Although Fayaan considers itself to be a confederation, political scientists consider it to be a federation as the rights of Member States are limited by the constitution. According to that constitution, Member States may not unilaterally decide to leave the union. The constitution outlines basic and political rights and divides the powers between the Union (confederation) and the states and it defines federal jurisdiction and authority. Fayaan is organised as a democracy at the federation and member states level.  
  
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Non-citizens can obtain a ''non-citizen resident status'' through an integration exam and after proving they have considerable financial means, but procedures are complicated and processing times are deliberate long. Most or all Kuehong living in Fayaan since before the Military Rule (1938) have such a non-citizen resident status. People with such status have considerably more rights (such as freedom of residence) but have no voting rights.  
 
Non-citizens can obtain a ''non-citizen resident status'' through an integration exam and after proving they have considerable financial means, but procedures are complicated and processing times are deliberate long. Most or all Kuehong living in Fayaan since before the Military Rule (1938) have such a non-citizen resident status. People with such status have considerably more rights (such as freedom of residence) but have no voting rights.  
  
Members states and their admission date
+
==Lis of members states==
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
{| class="wikitable"
 
|-
 
|-
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! Capital
 
! Capital
 
! State languages
 
! State languages
 +
! Assembly Name
 +
! Head of State
 
|-
 
|-
| Noordkaap
+
| [[Noordkaap]]
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| Witzandmond
 
| Witzandmond
 
| Dutch
 
| Dutch
 +
| Staten Generaal
 +
| Staatspresident
 
|-
 
|-
 +
| Rivierenland
 +
| 11/07/1801
 
| Huysburg  
 
| Huysburg  
| 11/07/1801
+
| Dutch
|
+
| Staten Generaal
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
+
| Staatspresident
 
|-
 
|-
| ????
+
| [[Citroenkust]]
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| 11/07/1801
|
+
| Taurburg
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
+
| Dutch
 +
| Staten Generaal
 +
| Staatspresident
 
|-
 
|-
| ????
+
| Hallond
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| 11/07/1801
|
+
| Hallond
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
+
| Dutch
 +
| Kolonieraad (colonial council)
 +
| Raadshoofd (head of the council)
 
|-
 
|-
| ????
+
| [[St Baafsland]]
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| 11/07/1801
|
+
| Rotsenburg
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
+
| Dutch
|-
+
| Staten Parlement (State Parliament)
| ????
+
| Staatspresident (State President)
| 11/07/1801
 
|
 
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
 
 
|-
 
|-
| ????
+
| Bloemenkust
 
| 11/07/1801
 
| 11/07/1801
|
+
| Argentia
 
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
 
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]]
 +
| Staten Parlement (State Parliament)
 +
| Minister President
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Klaarbron
 
| Klaarbron
 
| 11/07/1806
 
| 11/07/1806
 
| Klaarbron
 
| Klaarbron
| Dutch, [[Florescentian]], [[Babelic]]
+
| Dutch, [[Babelic]]
 +
| Volksraad (People's Council)
 +
| Goeverneur (Governor)
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Santa Cruz
 
| Santa Cruz
Line 163: Line 320:
 
| Santa Cruz de la Selva
 
| Santa Cruz de la Selva
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch
 +
| Corte
 +
| Gobernador
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Yldago
 
| Yldago
 
| 15/11/1831
 
| 15/11/1831
|
+
| Ciudad Yldago
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]]
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]]
 +
| Congreso
 +
| Presidente
 
|-
 
|-
 
| El Triumfo
 
| El Triumfo
 
| 12/12/1831
 
| 12/12/1831
|
+
| El Triumfo
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]]
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]]
 +
| Congreso
 +
| Presidente
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Villa Ronda
 
| Villa Ronda
 
| 12/12/1831
 
| 12/12/1831
|
+
| Villa Ronda
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch
 
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch
 +
| Asamblea Ciudadana
 +
| Presidente
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Hoogland
 
| Hoogland
 
| 11/7/1861
 
| 11/7/1861
|
+
| Arva
| [[Ingerish]], Dutch
+
| [[Ingerish]], Dutch, ''Ouisx, Corxich, Huny''
 +
| Staatsparlement (State Parliament)
 +
| Minister-President
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Gloriosa
 
| Gloriosa
 
| 11/7/1861
 
| 11/7/1861
|
+
| Gloriosa
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch
+
| [[Castellan]], [[Ingerish]], Dutch, ''Corxich''
 +
| Parlemento | Parlement(State Parliament)
 +
| Presidente | Minister-President
 
|-
 
|-
 
| Struiskust
 
| Struiskust
 
| 11/7/1861
 
| 11/7/1861
|
+
| Tabora
| Dutch, [[Ingerish]]
+
| Dutch, [[Ingerish]], ''Ouisx, Huny''
 +
| Staatsparlement (State Parliament)
 +
| Minister-President
 
|-
 
|-
| Fayaan City
+
| [[State of Fayaan City | Fayaan City]]
 
| 11/7/1868
 
| 11/7/1868
| Fayaan City
+
| [[Fayaan City (City) | Fayaan City]]
 
| Dutch, [[Ingerish]], [[Castellan]]
 
| Dutch, [[Ingerish]], [[Castellan]]
 +
| Parlement
 +
| President
 
|}
 
|}
  
 
+
==Federal Organisation==
 
 
===Federal Organisation===
 
 
At the federation level, the Parliament (State General, Staten Generaal) is elected every 4 years, and counts 200 members. A system of proportional representation is used, depending on the population of each state. Through referendums, citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament.
 
At the federation level, the Parliament (State General, Staten Generaal) is elected every 4 years, and counts 200 members. A system of proportional representation is used, depending on the population of each state. Through referendums, citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament.
The president of the confederation is elected by the State General, generally for 4 years. The President chairs the government and assumes representative functions.
+
The president of the confederation is elected by the State General. There is no limitation on the time a president can take office, but after each federal election, the newly elected State General has to elect a president. The President chairs the government and assumes official representative functions.
  
 
The federal state's authority includes federal justice; defence and federal police; social security and health; monetary policy; public finances and federal taxes; foreign trade and relations; inter-state transport; national parks and monuments.
 
The federal state's authority includes federal justice; defence and federal police; social security and health; monetary policy; public finances and federal taxes; foreign trade and relations; inter-state transport; national parks and monuments.
  
 
+
==State Organisation==
===State Organisation===
 
 
At the State level, different systems exist. All states have an elected parliament (elections every 3-6 years) and a head-of-state (mostly State President). Some head-of-states are directly elected, others appointed by the parliament.
 
At the State level, different systems exist. All states have an elected parliament (elections every 3-6 years) and a head-of-state (mostly State President). Some head-of-states are directly elected, others appointed by the parliament.
  
 
The member state's authority includes state justice and state police; religion; culture, language and heritage; environment and nature; economy and employment; fisheries, agriculture, forestry and mining; planning; regional transport; education; state finances and state taxes; housing; public works; energy.
 
The member state's authority includes state justice and state police; religion; culture, language and heritage; environment and nature; economy and employment; fisheries, agriculture, forestry and mining; planning; regional transport; education; state finances and state taxes; housing; public works; energy.
  
==See also==
+
=Communication and transport=
 +
==Communication==
 +
The government-owned [[FayPostal]] has a monopoly on postal services. Package delivery services do not fall under this monopoly but are highly regulated with licences only provided to FayPostal, WestWood and United Transporters. Each state has a three letter postal code that is also used for licence plates.
 +
Telecommunications services have been privatized in 1991. In order to ensure coverage of rural and remote areas, mobile phone network licences come with obligations to cover certain areas. Current mobile phone networks are [[Roodnet]], [[SelvaMobile]], [[FayTelco]] and [[MunionConnect]]. Several smaller mobile network companies don't own their own network infrastructure: [[FPhone]], [[Zune Mobile]], [[EasyConnect]] and [[Taurus]]. Telephone codes are state specific, with a 7 added to the state code for the mobile phones (e.g. 010 XXX XXXX for Noordkaap and 010 7XX XXXX for mobile phones in Noordkaap).
 +
 
 +
States and their postal and telephone code:
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! State Name
 +
! Capital
 +
! Code
 +
! Tel
 +
|-
 +
| Noordkaap
 +
| Witzandmond
 +
| NKA
 +
| 010
 +
|-
 +
| Rivierenland
 +
| Huysburg
 +
| RIV
 +
| 022
 +
|-
 +
| Citroenkust
 +
| Taurburg
 +
| CIK
 +
| 011
 +
|-
 +
| Meirland
 +
| Sint Sebastiaanshaven
 +
| MEI
 +
| 012
 +
|-
 +
| Hallond
 +
| Hallond
 +
| HAL
 +
| 014
 +
|-
 +
| St Baafsland
 +
| Rotsenburg
 +
| SBA
 +
| 025
 +
|-
 +
| Bloemenkust
 +
| Argentia
 +
| BLOE
 +
| 024
 +
|-
 +
| Klaarbron
 +
| Klaarbron
 +
| KLA
 +
| 030
 +
|-
 +
| Santa Cruz
 +
| Santa Cruz de la Selva
 +
| SCR
 +
| 020
 +
|-
 +
| Yldago
 +
| Ciudad Yldago
 +
| YLD
 +
| 023
 +
|-
 +
| El Triumfo
 +
| El Triumfo
 +
| ETR
 +
| 026
 +
|-
 +
| Villa Ronda
 +
| Villa Ronda
 +
| VIR
 +
| 021
 +
|-
 +
| Hoogland
 +
| Arva
 +
| HOO
 +
| 031
 +
|-
 +
| Gloriosa
 +
| Gloriosa
 +
| GLO
 +
| 032
 +
|-
 +
| Struiskust
 +
| Tabora
 +
| STR
 +
| 033
 +
|-
 +
| Fayaan City
 +
| Fayaan City
 +
| FAY
 +
| 050
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Road Transport==
 +
The road system is divided in a national, state and municipality level.
 +
 
 +
{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Road Type
 +
! Code
 +
! Government
 +
! Explanation
 +
|-
 +
| Motorways
 +
| A
 +
| Federal
 +
| Big Motorways Connecting Cities - see [[list of highways of Fayaan|list]]
 +
|-
 +
| Motorways - Ringroads
 +
| R
 +
| Federal
 +
| Motorway ringroads around cities
 +
|-
 +
| Primary Roads
 +
| N
 +
| Federal
 +
|
 +
|-
 +
| Secundary and Tertiary Roads
 +
| XXX
 +
| State
 +
| Uses state code
 +
|-
 +
| Local roads
 +
| no number
 +
| Municipality
 +
| includes unsealed roads and paths
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
==Public Transport==
 +
The first '''railway''' in Fayaan was constructed in 1843, connecting Puerto Cruz with Santa Cruz. In 1940 the military rule nationalized the railway system under 'Fayaan Railways'. In 1984 the company was renamed '''FRail'''; it remains state property until the present. The railway system divides stations into three categories: national, regional and local. Train services are likewise divided in national (NR), regional (RR) and local (LR) connections, with an additional rush hour (PR) category. A railway modernisation plan was started in 2003, which includes the creation of a parallel high speed (HR) network.
 +
Traditionally the railway system has been a backbone of freight transport, but improvements in road infrastructure has shifted traffic to trucks.
 +
 
 +
Bus, tram and subway transport is organised at the local level. Most larger cities have a city-owned public transport company (sometimes a public-private cooperation company), often also covering the major surrounding municipalities. Federal laws regulate subway transport, ensuring the safety.
 +
 
 +
Smaller municipalities often rely on private bus transport that works with licences and/or concessions. Intercity bus transport is almost always privately organised, except for the Noordkaap state, where the state runs an intercity bus system.
 +
 
 +
=See also=
 
{{Navbox Countries of the World by Continent}}
 
{{Navbox Countries of the World by Continent}}
  
 
[[Category:Fayaan]]
 
[[Category:Fayaan]]
 
[[Category:Countries in Archanta]]
 
[[Category:Countries in Archanta]]

Latest revision as of 13:49, 27 May 2020

7, 31.1, 161.5
Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan
Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan
Union of the Colonies of Fayaan
Flag
Motto:
"Alleen Kolonisten zullen overleven"
Only Colonists will survive
CapitalFayaan City
Largest cityWitzandmond
Official languagesDutch
Ingerish
Castellan
 • National languagesBabelic
Kuehongese
Florescentian
 • Regional languagesOuisx
Corxich
Huny
Ethnic Groups
(2017)
Fayaaner (50%)
Mixed (26%)
Bai (7%)
Kue (2%)
Indegenous (2%)
Other(13%)
NationalitiesFayaan (80%)
Kuehongese(3%)
Refugee Status (7%)
Other (10%)
DemonymFayaans
GovernmentConfederation of Member States
 • President
LegislatureStaten Generaal van de Union
State General of the Union
Estados General del Union
HDI (2017)0.88
very high
CurrencyFayaan Franc (FF)
Drives on theRight
Internet TLD.fy

Fayaan, officially the Union of the Colonies of Fayaan (Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan, Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan) is a federation in the northeast of Archanta. It borders only to Kuehong, located to its south. It is governed by a president who is elected by the parliament (Staten Generaal). Much power resides with the different member states, although those states don't have the right to secede. Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries; agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export; ICT services; and engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.

The different member states of Fayaan have historically been colonies occupied by times by the Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan and Florescentian. Fayaan has been notorious for its limited civil rights and ethnic segregation laws, but both have been largely abandoned since the early 2000s.

Etymology

The name Fayaan is derived from the Fayaan settler family, who settled in the 16th century in Noordkaap. The family name went extinct in 1709. Fayaan was first called Confederate Union of North Munion but it was renamed Union of the Colonies of Fayaan in 1806.

Geography

Fayaan is located at the most northeastern top of Archanta, between 29.5 and 33° N.

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Topography

Fayaan is dominated by a north-south mountain belt, the Fayaan Mountains, which shapes the country. This results in a rather uniform generalized topography:
- Western coastal lowlands: dominated by big rivers and hilly areas
- the Fayaan Mountains: with a generally North-South direction, they form the spine of the country. Their height varies greatly, with most 'mountains' being mere hills in the north and higher mountains in the centre. In the south, they split into two parallel belts
- the Eastern Highlands: a plateau like region, located just east of the mountains. Much of the plateau is situated between 800 and 1500 m asl. To its west lies an escarpment (Grote Klif), at some places very visible at others difficult to see int he landscape.
- the Eastern Coastal Lowlands: east of the escarpment, often a small coastal fringe

Climate

Like most countries at this latitude, the climate of Fayaan is strongly affected by the position of the high-pressure areas. But its location along the ocean also means a strong maritime influence: westerlies in the winter, southeasterlies in summer. Summer climate is dominated by oceanic high-pressure cells, resulting in warm/hot weather, generally dry in the West and humid in the (south)east. Winds are variable and often weak but tend to be northeasterly or southwesterly. Thunderstorms related to the ICTS reach southern Fayaan and bring moist to the east coast and eastern highlands. With rising ocean temperature in the Ardentic Ocean, also hurricanes occur, especially from May to September. Most make landfall south of Fayaan, and have weakened considerably over land, bringing especially a lot of precipitation to the mountains. Winter climate is dominated by continental high-pressure cells, bringing mild to warm weather. These high-pressure cells are regularly broken by westerly storms in the Belphenian Sea. These bring wet weather, especially to the western lowlands and the western mountains.

This results in different climatic zones:
- the eastern lowlands have hot and humid summers (monsoon season), with occasional hurricanes. Autumn and spring are mild and much drier. Winter is a real dry season in the south but wetter in the north as more westerlies pass.
- the eastern highlands have a comparable climate to the eastern lowlands, but their higher altitude results in generally drier weather during monsoon season.
- the western coastal lowlands have warm summers, with occasional rain but lacking monsoon weather. Winters are mild (and sometimes cold in the north) with more rain from westerly storms.
- the central mountains have a highly variable climate, with each valley taking advantage of its specific topography. Both winter (especially in the west) and summer (except for the west) can be very wet.

Nature and biodiversity

Although Fayaan has a history as a farming colony, large parts of the original vegetation have been preserved. The central mountain belts have kept their subtropical rainforests in different regions. But large parts have been altered by logging and forest plantations. The eastern highlands (and lowlands) remain relatively unimpacted, and the original savannah vegetation still prevails. The western parts of Fayaan have lost large parts of their original vegetation, although important coastal wetlands are still renown for their biodiversity.

Natural Vegetation types

Savanna vegetation of the Eastern Highlands

The natural vegetation types of Fayaan are defined by the climate zones, topography and geology. The main vegetation types are: - eastern monsoon forests: the dominant vegetation of the eastern lowlands; mainly deciduous thorn trees and palm trees - eastern bushveld (or Munion monsoon scrub vegetation): a Munion endemic vegetation type, typical for the drier parts of the eastern lowlands (mainly South Fayaan) - eastern Savanna: dominating the wetter parts of the eastern highlands and locally also in the eastern lowlands - eastern grasslands: dominating the drier and higher parts of the eastern highlands - central subtropical rainforest: dominating the central mountain zone; there is a high variety in composition, and often a subdivision is made between eastern and western slopes, but there there is also (and often even higher) variability between valleys depending on precipitation patterns - western subtropical forest: forests of the western lowlands; for large part evergreen trees with also some deciduous trees; - western coastal shrubs (also called Fayaan Boschveld): a Munion endemic vegetation type of coastal shrublands and heathland


National and State Parks

Fayaan has a well working system of preservation regulation, which is well enforced. A three-level system of protected areas is established: - nature reserves: the highest level of protection with very limited human activities (including recreation) allowed - national and state parks: protected areas where human activities are strongly regulated (and limited to soft activities like recreation, forest management, ...) are allowed; the difference between both lies only in ownership - landscape parks: areas that protect a combination of natural and cultural landscapes. Human activities and especially new developments are strongly regulated, but economic activities (including residential areas) are allowed. Land ownership and protected area management can be with the government (federal, state or municipality) or private.

Wildlife

Fayaan is one of the megadiverse countries in biodiversity. It is renown for its high diversity in insects, plants and birds, while it also features many large mammal species. Being located at the extreme north of the Munion Penninsula in a particular geographic setting, it features many species that occur only in Munion or even only in Fayaan.

With 1627 bird species observed (2019) it ranks as one of the highest globally. It features 103 endemic species, and an additional 126 Munion endemics. With new genetic studies, it is expected that many splits will occur resulting in even more endemic species. For birdlife, the western and eastern slopes of the central mountains are most diverse, with many subtropical rainforest species. Fayaan is located on several bird migration routes: the eastern Uletha-Archanta route and the route connecting northern OR with Archanta.

History

Pre-Colonial period

Bai Colony

Ulethan Colonialism (1500-1755)

Fayaan was a remote part of the Bai Empire, but some private merchant companies (Dutch, Ingerish and Castellanese) started private agriculture-oriented colonies in the early 1500s. These colonies grew quickly during the golden age of colonialism (17th century), and the colonies were de facto independent states; indigenous and Bai population decreased and Fayaan was mainly inhabited by Ulethan people. Like other parts of the Munion region, also the Fayaan colonies drew the attention of Ingerland during the late 17th and early 18th century. Most colonies became protectorates of Ingerland between 1690 and 1712. Under the protectorate status the Fayaan colonies didn't thrive and many colonial estates were abandoned. Noordkaap remained the only independent colony, governed by Dutch merchants as a republic.

Liberation movement and unification (1755-1789)

Under the initiative of Noordkaap, a liberation movement started around 1755. The independence movement started in the Dutch speaking colonies, which were politically influenced by the liberal merchants in Noordkaap. After several rebellions against Ingerland between 1755 and 1765, the treaty of Huysburg (1765) gave independence to several colonies. While the Ingerish hoped this would calm the situation, a civil war broke out in the remaining colonies in 1766, resulting in an Ingerish retreat in 1789. Fayaan (and especially the parts which became independent in 1789) was left behind impoverished and in chaos.

Noordkaaps political influence increased over the next years, and Noordkaap de facto ruled it's neighbouring colonies. Colonial militia were set up and with the help of Noordkaap they took control of most of the Fayaan territory. Under influence of the liberal movement, the Dutch-speaking colonies formed a confederate state in 1801: the Confederate Union of North Munion, which changed name to Union of the Colonies of Fayaan in 1806. This confederation had special trade relationships with the Bai and several Ulethan states and started to flourish economically. In 1823 the mainly Castellan and Ingerish speaking Santa Cruz Colony joined the confederation, ending a period of chaos and rule by local militia. During these early 1800s, pirates and local militia ruled the remaining colonies. Fayaan troops intervened more and more, occupying increasing parts of these territories, and the remaining colonies joined the confederation in 1831.

First Republic 1801-1924

The early days of the First Republic were characterized by economic growth and territorial expansion towards the east, at cost of the indigenous populations. The eastern territory was divided into three states that formally joined Fayaan in 1861: Hoogland, Gloriosa and Struiskust.

To strengthen the national feelings, the new capital Fayaan City was founded in 1868. Founded as a multi-ethnic city in mainly Castellan speaking territory, it evolved over the next decades to a mainly Dutch and Ingerish speaking city. Fayaan City soon became the economic motor of the country, and took over the leading role of Noorkaap's Witzandmond.


A combination of high government expenditures and related tax increases, international low food prices and tensions with neighbouring countries resulted in an economic crisis and impoverishment of Fayaan during the last decades of the First Republic.

Union with Munion 1924-1938

When the Bai territories in Munion became independent in 1922 Munion was founded, and Fayaan joined it in 1924, putting an end to the first republic. Hopes were high that this would result in renewed economic growth, but this soon proved to be a disappointment. When the Munion civil war broke out, the Fayaan states announced independence. Protected by the former Fayaan military, Fayaan suffered little under the civil war. Nevertheless, there was a big exodus from Fayaan during the Munion Period, especially of wealthy and educated young people.

Second Republic (military rule) 1938-1968

With the splitting of Munion in 1938, Fayaan again became formally an independent state. The military took control of the new second republic, backed by foreign investors and the wealthy Fayaan exodus; General Juan Jimenez acted as authoritarian president until 1955, backed by the other generals. The authoritarian rule limited civil rights and especially the rights of minorities. Political enemies ended up in prison and opposition was virtually non-existent. It is estimated that between 100 000 and 500 000 people were imprisoned for political or racial reasons, of which 30-40 000 didn't survive. On the international political level, Fayaan had close ties with the Bai.

The economic policy favoured foreign investments, and backed by the wealthy and well educated Fayaan exodus, the economy prospered during the 1940s. Large state expenditures in road, railroad and harbour infrastructure lead to high foreign debt.

After his death on 3/1/1955, Jiminez was succeeded by General Johan Verbanck, a hero of the Munion war and a political and economic hardliner. A hurricane hit Fayaan hard on August 17-18 1959, damaging a lot of infrastructure and crop yields. This resulted in social unrest, culminating in a general strike in September 1960 followed by a failed coup on October 1st 1960 (Oktobercoup) by young officers. Johan Verbanck fled the capital during the coup and died in unclear conditions at the Munion border on October 4th.

After regaining power, the military rule appoints General Wannes Everaert as the new president on October 6th 1960. Everaert had most of his military training in Ingerland, and international policies of Fayaan shift towards Uletha and especially pro-Ingerish under his rule. Under his rule, the country follows a more progressive policy, and political suppression decreases. Large investments in education will have a legacy for decades, putting Fayaan still today on the map as a knowhow region.

A large northerly storm hit Fayaan on February 7 and 8 1962, flooding different coastal areas. Especially Citroenkust was hit hard, and most of it's capital Taurburg was destroyed, causing at least 6700 dead and missing.

Third Republic 1969-

On September 20th 1968 the military rule announced unexpectedly free elections, which were held in December of the same year. When the democratic government took power on January 1st 1969, the Third Fayaan Republic started.

With an increasing highly educated population, the Fayaan economy turned more and more towards the tertiary sector. Good relations with both Ulethan and Bai countries allowed Fayaan to become a trade and transport hub, while Fayaan insurance and banking companies spread their activities globally. Tourism started to become important from 1972 on, first focussing on historic cities but soon also on safari parks. From the 1980s the eastern Fayaan cities started to flourish as new technology hubs.

Fayaan entered the nuclear era by opening a nuclear power plant in 1983. Small Uranium mines in the central mountain belt opened in the 1970s.

Society and culture

Bai artwork, showing the cultural mix of Bai and Ulethan cultural elements

Fayaan culture is a mix of Ulethan Colonial and Bai cultural elements, with some influences of Kuehong and indigenous culture. Most cities have a very Ulethan look and feel, but feature Bai neighbourhoods with a traditional Bai architecture and cultural elements. In contrast, rural areas have still a very colonial look and feel, with often large farmhouses in colonial style and very basic housing for the labourers. Bai are largely absent from rural areas. Indigenous people and their culture have been suppressed for a long time, and few cultural elements remain.

Sports

Since the military rule sport has been promoted as

Economy

Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries; agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export (including wine); ICT services; and sustainability engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.

Population and Demography

Ethnicity

Ethnicity was officially recorded for each citizen during the first republic and the military rule. It hasn't been recorded by the government since 1973. Since then, ethnicity statistics are based on the census reports, where people indicate the ethnicity they identify themselves with. The largest part of the population identifies itself as Fayaan ethnicity, which are descendants of Ulethan colonists.

State Population (2019) Fayaan % Bai % Que % Ouisx/Corxich % Huny % Other %
St Baafsland 25410 82.3 13.5 2.9 - - 1.3

Languages

Fayaan has three official languages which are used by all public authorities: Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan and Babelic. TThese languages are used for all public services at the federal level, and states can choose to offer public services in one or more of those languages. All recognized schools (except the 'indigenous immersion schools') and universities teach their classes in one or two of those languages (again following state regulations), while the languages which are thought as second or third language are obligatory also from this list.

Kuehongese is recognized as foreign minority languages, and limited public services are provided in this language. Schools can provide an optional teaching package in Kuehongese of at most 8 hours per week. Special city districts with a large presence of people speaking Kuehongese offer more extensive services (including schools and medical services) in Kuehongese, but these are planned to phase out by 2025 for most districts, and 2035 for a few others. Other districts have already phased out Kuehongese in 2015.

There are three recognized indigenous languages: Ouisx, Corxich and Huny. Those languages have protected status within specifically recognized municipalities. In those municipalities, local public services are provided in them, and they are used in schools for half of the classes (with another official language for the other half). Limited federal public services (such as voting information) are provided in those languages in the recognized municipalities only.


The language of each resident and citizen is recorded through the yearly tax declaration forms.

State Population (2019) Official Dutch % Ingerish % Castellan % Babelic % Kuehongese  % Ouisx Corxich Huny Other %
St Baafsland 25410 Dutch, Babelic 80.5 6.3 - 12.9 0.3 - - - 0

Government and politics

Fayaan is a federal parliamentary democracy, consisting of XX Member States. The 1969 constitution based on the 1801 Confederate Constitution is the legal foundation of the modern state. Although Fayaan considers itself to be a confederation, political scientists consider it to be a federation as the rights of Member States are limited by the constitution. According to that constitution, Member States may not unilaterally decide to leave the union. The constitution outlines basic and political rights and divides the powers between the Union (confederation) and the states and it defines federal jurisdiction and authority. Fayaan is organised as a democracy at the federation and member states level.

Citizenship is granted at birth, and only citizens have voting rights. Citizenship is based on the citizenship of parents (requiring one parent to be a citizen), and can not be gained through marriage. Historically citizenship was only granted to people of Fayaaner (Ulethan) and Bai ethnicity, but the 1978 reforms also granted full citizenship to indigenous tribes. Kuehong ethnics were not granted citizenship in 1978 as they are considerate to be Kuehong citizens (even those without a Kuehong citizenship).

Fayaan applies a citizenship-based segregation system, which limits the rights of non-citizens. This system has been internationally criticized. Non-citizens have no freedom of residence (they may not choose where to live), are only allowed to work at selected industries, and lack several basic civil rights. Non-citizens have a much lower minimum wage and social protection is limited, making them a cheap workforce. Most non-citizens are forced to live in refugee camps and are only allowed to work in selected nearby industries. They are not allowed to use general public facilities such as public schools, healthcare or public transport. Non-citizens can obtain a non-citizen resident status through an integration exam and after proving they have considerable financial means, but procedures are complicated and processing times are deliberate long. Most or all Kuehong living in Fayaan since before the Military Rule (1938) have such a non-citizen resident status. People with such status have considerably more rights (such as freedom of residence) but have no voting rights.

Lis of members states

State Name Admission date Capital State languages Assembly Name Head of State
Noordkaap 11/07/1801 Witzandmond Dutch Staten Generaal Staatspresident
Rivierenland 11/07/1801 Huysburg Dutch Staten Generaal Staatspresident
Citroenkust 11/07/1801 Taurburg Dutch Staten Generaal Staatspresident
Hallond 11/07/1801 Hallond Dutch Kolonieraad (colonial council) Raadshoofd (head of the council)
St Baafsland 11/07/1801 Rotsenburg Dutch Staten Parlement (State Parliament) Staatspresident (State President)
Bloemenkust 11/07/1801 Argentia Dutch, Florescentian Staten Parlement (State Parliament) Minister President
Klaarbron 11/07/1806 Klaarbron Dutch, Babelic Volksraad (People's Council) Goeverneur (Governor)
Santa Cruz 11/7/1823 Santa Cruz de la Selva Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch Corte Gobernador
Yldago 15/11/1831 Ciudad Yldago Castellan, Ingerish Congreso Presidente
El Triumfo 12/12/1831 El Triumfo Castellan, Ingerish Congreso Presidente
Villa Ronda 12/12/1831 Villa Ronda Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch Asamblea Ciudadana Presidente
Hoogland 11/7/1861 Arva Ingerish, Dutch, Ouisx, Corxich, Huny Staatsparlement (State Parliament) Minister-President
Gloriosa 11/7/1861 Gloriosa Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch, Corxich Parlement(State Parliament) Minister-President
Struiskust 11/7/1861 Tabora Dutch, Ingerish, Ouisx, Huny Staatsparlement (State Parliament) Minister-President
Fayaan City 11/7/1868 Fayaan City Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan Parlement President

Federal Organisation

At the federation level, the Parliament (State General, Staten Generaal) is elected every 4 years, and counts 200 members. A system of proportional representation is used, depending on the population of each state. Through referendums, citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament. The president of the confederation is elected by the State General. There is no limitation on the time a president can take office, but after each federal election, the newly elected State General has to elect a president. The President chairs the government and assumes official representative functions.

The federal state's authority includes federal justice; defence and federal police; social security and health; monetary policy; public finances and federal taxes; foreign trade and relations; inter-state transport; national parks and monuments.

State Organisation

At the State level, different systems exist. All states have an elected parliament (elections every 3-6 years) and a head-of-state (mostly State President). Some head-of-states are directly elected, others appointed by the parliament.

The member state's authority includes state justice and state police; religion; culture, language and heritage; environment and nature; economy and employment; fisheries, agriculture, forestry and mining; planning; regional transport; education; state finances and state taxes; housing; public works; energy.

Communication and transport

Communication

The government-owned FayPostal has a monopoly on postal services. Package delivery services do not fall under this monopoly but are highly regulated with licences only provided to FayPostal, WestWood and United Transporters. Each state has a three letter postal code that is also used for licence plates. Telecommunications services have been privatized in 1991. In order to ensure coverage of rural and remote areas, mobile phone network licences come with obligations to cover certain areas. Current mobile phone networks are Roodnet, SelvaMobile, FayTelco and MunionConnect. Several smaller mobile network companies don't own their own network infrastructure: FPhone, Zune Mobile, EasyConnect and Taurus. Telephone codes are state specific, with a 7 added to the state code for the mobile phones (e.g. 010 XXX XXXX for Noordkaap and 010 7XX XXXX for mobile phones in Noordkaap).

States and their postal and telephone code:

State Name Capital Code Tel
Noordkaap Witzandmond NKA 010
Rivierenland Huysburg RIV 022
Citroenkust Taurburg CIK 011
Meirland Sint Sebastiaanshaven MEI 012
Hallond Hallond HAL 014
St Baafsland Rotsenburg SBA 025
Bloemenkust Argentia BLOE 024
Klaarbron Klaarbron KLA 030
Santa Cruz Santa Cruz de la Selva SCR 020
Yldago Ciudad Yldago YLD 023
El Triumfo El Triumfo ETR 026
Villa Ronda Villa Ronda VIR 021
Hoogland Arva HOO 031
Gloriosa Gloriosa GLO 032
Struiskust Tabora STR 033
Fayaan City Fayaan City FAY 050

Road Transport

The road system is divided in a national, state and municipality level.

Road Type Code Government Explanation
Motorways A Federal Big Motorways Connecting Cities - see list
Motorways - Ringroads R Federal Motorway ringroads around cities
Primary Roads N Federal
Secundary and Tertiary Roads XXX State Uses state code
Local roads no number Municipality includes unsealed roads and paths

Public Transport

The first railway in Fayaan was constructed in 1843, connecting Puerto Cruz with Santa Cruz. In 1940 the military rule nationalized the railway system under 'Fayaan Railways'. In 1984 the company was renamed FRail; it remains state property until the present. The railway system divides stations into three categories: national, regional and local. Train services are likewise divided in national (NR), regional (RR) and local (LR) connections, with an additional rush hour (PR) category. A railway modernisation plan was started in 2003, which includes the creation of a parallel high speed (HR) network. Traditionally the railway system has been a backbone of freight transport, but improvements in road infrastructure has shifted traffic to trucks.

Bus, tram and subway transport is organised at the local level. Most larger cities have a city-owned public transport company (sometimes a public-private cooperation company), often also covering the major surrounding municipalities. Federal laws regulate subway transport, ensuring the safety.

Smaller municipalities often rely on private bus transport that works with licences and/or concessions. Intercity bus transport is almost always privately organised, except for the Noordkaap state, where the state runs an intercity bus system.

See also

Countries of the World by Continent
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Antarephia

Aŭstrasuno Tero · Brulias · Corpenia · Guai · Leresso · Lons · Lossira (Tárrases) · Nalkor-Kochi · Ohemia · Paxtar · South Ascot · Svækeyja · Ullanyé · Ūdzđąnąrąt · Winn (Saint Almath) · Woolonia

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Archanta

Adaria · Ambrosia · Arataran · Ardencia · Ardisphere · Ascot · Castilea Archantea · Cinasia · Commonia · Commonwealth of Central Archanta · Drull · Duncanheim · Elhadia · Fayaan · Federal States · Galiza · Karvaland · Koyatana · Kuehong · Levarrie · Lorredion · Lutécia · Mecyna · Naexma · Neo Delta · Nordestan · Rhododactylia · Rogolnika · Sae · South Astrasian Federation · Tanay · Vega · Vilvetia · Wallea · Wapashia · West Commonia · Wintania · Xsegunis · Yuris · Zylanda (Jørpenilands)

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Ereva

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Kartumia

Aorangëa · East Anglesbury · Moonshine Islands‎‎ · New Ingerland · Wāhakea‎

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Orano

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Pelanesia

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Tarephia

Abrilleron · Aeda · Allendea · Al-Kaza · Ammirice · Balavalonia · Beaumontan · Belgravia · Brasonia · Broceliande · Castine · Compaglia · Dematisna (West) · Freedemia · Inxigne · Kotel · Latina · Luslandia · Meilan · Ncadézaz · Paroy · South Serion · Tara · Targueral · Tigeria · Valaga · Vodeo · Xenica

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Uletha

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