Difference between revisions of "Fayaan"
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Revision as of 13:48, 9 January 2020
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|Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan |
Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan
Union of the Colonies of Fayaan
"Alleen Kolonisten zullen overleven"
Only Colonists will survive
|Official languages||Dutch |
|• National languages||Babelic|
|• Regional languages||Ouisx|
|Fayaaner (50%) |
|Nationalities||Fayaan (80%) |
Refugee Status (7%)
|Government||Confederation of Member States|
|Legislature||Staten Generaal van de Union |
State General of the Union
Estados General del Union
|Currency||Fayaan Franc (FF)|
|Drives on the||Right|
Fayaan, officially the Union of the Colonies of Fayaan (Unie van de Kolonies Onder Fayaan, Unión de las Colonias de Fayaan) is a federation in the northeast of Archanta. It borders only to Kuehong, located to its south. It is governed by a president who is elected by its parliament (known as the Staten Generaal or State General). Much power resides with the different member states, although those states don't have the right to secede. Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries; agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export (including wine); ICT services; and sustainability engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.
The different member states of Fayaan have historically been colonies occupied by times by the Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan and Florescentian. Fayaan has been famous for its limited civil rights and ethnic segregation laws, but both been largely abandoned since the early 2000s. T
- 1 Etymology
- 2 Geography
- 3 History
- 4 Economy
- 5 Demography
- 6 Government and politics
- 7 Communication and transport
- 8 See also
The name Fayaan is derived from the Fayaan settler family, who settled in the 16th century in Noordkaap. The family name went extinct in 1709. Fayaan was first called Confederate Union of North Munion, but as the Bai considered Munion to be a spiritual name, the union was renamed Union of the Colonies of Fayaan in 1806.
Hendrikus Fayaan (1492?-1538) was an early colonist active in Noordkaap (and Huysburg?). Little is known about him. The Fayaan family occupied a farm-estate in Noordkaap until 1709, when Diederik Fayaan died childlessly. The estate in Noordkaap where the negotiations for the confederation took place in 1800 and 1801, and which is today called the Presidential Estate, was according to several historians at that time called the Fayaan estate - hence the name. Other historians doubt this hypothesis and claim the Fayaan estate was located at another place. An urban legend states that when a new name for the confederation had to be chosen, the minsters wrote names of all early colonists on a paper and the name Fayaan was drafted by the daughter of the president.
Fayaan is located at the most northeastern top of Archanta, between 29.5 and 33° N.
Fayaan is dominated by a north-south mountain belt, the Fayaan Mountains, which shapes the country. This results in a rather uniform generalized topography:
- Western coastal lowlands: dominated by big rivers and hilly areas
- the Fayaan Mountains: with a generally North-South direction, they form the spine of the country. Their height varies greatly, with most 'mountains' being mere hills in the north and higher mountains in the centre. In the south, they split into two parallel belts
- the Eastern Highlands: a plateau like region, located just east of the mountains. Much of the plateau is situated between 800 and 1500 m asl. To its west lies an escarpment (Grote Klif), at some places very visible at others difficult to see int he landscape.
- the Eastern Coastal Lowlands: east of the escarpment, often a small coastal fringe
Like most countries at this latitude, the climate of Fayaan is strongly affected by the position of the high-pressure areas. But its location along the ocean also means a strong maritime influence: westerlies in the winter, southeasterlies in summer. Summer climate is dominated by oceanic high-pressure cells, resulting in warm/hot weather, generally dry in the West and humid in the (south)east. Winds are variable and often weak but tend to be northeasterly or southwesterly. Thunderstorms related to the ICTS reach southern Fayaan and bring moist to the east coast and eastern highlands. With rising ocean temperature in the Ardentic Ocean, also hurricanes occur, especially from May to September. Most make landfall south of Fayaan, and have weakened considerably over land, bringing especially a lot of precipitation to the mountains. Winter climate is dominated by continental high-pressure cells, bringing mild to warm weather. These high-pressure cells are regularly broken by westerly storms in the Belphenian Sea. These bring wet weather, especially to the western lowlands and the western mountains.
This results in different climatic zones:
- the eastern lowlands have hot and humid summers (monsoon season), with occasional hurricanes. Autumn and spring are mild and much drier. Winter is a real dry season in the south but wetter in the north as more westerlies pass.
- the eastern highlands have a comparable climate to the eastern lowlands, but their higher altitude results in generally drier weather during monsoon season.
- the western coastal lowlands have warm summers, with occasional rain but lacking monsoon weather. Winters are mild (and sometimes cold in the north) with more rain from westerly storms.
- the central mountains have a highly variable climate, with each valley taking advantage of its specific topography. Both winter (especially in the west) and summer (except for the west) can be very wet.
Fayaan was a remote part of the Bai Empire, but some private merchant companies (Dutch, Ingerish and Castellanese) started private agriculture-oriented colonies in the early 1500s. These colonies grew quickly during the golden age of colonialism (17th century), and the colonies were de facto independent states; indigenous and Bai population decreased and Fayaan was mainly inhabited by Ulethan people. Like other parts of the Munion region, also the Fayaan colonies drew the attention of Ingerland and Florescenta during the late 17th and early 18th century. Castellan speaking colonies became protectorates of Ingerland between 1690 and 1712. Most Dutch-speaking colonies became Florescenta protectorates in 1716. Under the protectorate status the Fayaan colonies didn't thrive and many colonial estates were again abandoned. Noordkaap was the only free colony.
Liberation movement and unification (1755-1789)
Under the initiative of Noordkaap, a liberation movement started in the Florescentan protectorates around 1755. Florescenta didn't want to invest in a war in the poor Fayaan colonies, and gave back their independence in the treaty of Huysburg (1765). These events also inspired the Ingerish occupied colonies. A civil war between broke out between Ingerish troops and local militia in 1766, and was finally won by the militia in 1789. In 1801 the Dutch-speaking colonies formed a confederate state: the Confederate Union of North Munion. In 1806 the name was changed to Union of the Colonies of Fayaan. This confederation had special trade relationships with the Bai and economy flourished. The union intervened more-and-more in the former Ingerish protectorate of Santa Cruz (ruled by militia), and Santa Cruz joined the union in 1823. The other former Ingerish protectorates were at that time lawless pirate-ruled regions; military campaigns of Fayaan reestablished law and order and they joined Fayaan in 1831.
First Republic 1801-1924
The early days of the First Republic were characterized by economic growth and territorial expansion towards the east, at cost of the indigenous populations. The eastern territory was divided into three states that formally joined Fayaan in 1861: Hoogland, Gloriosa and Struiskust. To strengthen the national feelings, the new capital Fayaan City was founded in 1868, which evolved over the next decades to a mainly Dutch and Ingerish speaking city. A combination of high government expenditures and related tax increases, international low food prices and tensions with neighbouring countries resulted in an economic crisis and impoverishment of Fayaan during the last decades of the First Republic.
Union with Munion 1924-1938
Main article. When the Bai territories in Munion became independent in 1922, Fayaan joined Munion in 1924, putting an end to the first republic. This didn't result in renewed economic growth. When the Munion civil war broke out, the Fayaan states announced independence. Protected by the former Fayaan military, Fayaan suffered little under the civil war. Nevertheless, there was a big exodus from Fayaan during the Munion Period, especially of wealthy and educated young people.
Second Republic 1938-1968
With the splitting of Munion in 1938, Fayaan again became formally an independent state. Backed by foreign investors and wealthy Fayaan citizens living abroad, the military ruled Fayaan from 1938 to 1968. The authoritarian rule limited civil rights and especially the rights of minorities. The economic policy favoured foreign investments and provided a lot of power to foreign investors, which resulted in strong economic growth. From 1960 on, the government's grip diminished, and more and more democratic reforms took place.
Third Republic 1969-
The third Republic was established when the military leadership was replaced by an elected president on January 1st 1969.
Fayaan is a well-developed country, with an economy based on international trade and transport activities; high tech and military tech industries; agro-pharmaceuticals and fruit production and export (including wine); ICT services; and sustainability engineering services. Despite the remote location, it attracts fair numbers of tourists, who are attracted to its national parks and nature reserves, colonial architecture, Bai temples and endless beaches.
Government and politics
Fayaan is a federal parliamentary democracy, consisting of XX Member States. The 1969 constitution based on the 1801 Confederate Constitution is the legal foundation of the modern state. Although Fayaan considers itself to be a confederation, political scientists consider it to be a federation as the rights of Member States are limited by the constitution. According to that constitution, Member States may not unilaterally decide to leave the union. The constitution outlines basic and political rights and divides the powers between the Union (confederation) and the states and it defines federal jurisdiction and authority. Fayaan is organised as a democracy at the federation and member states level.
Citizenship is granted at birth, and only citizens have voting rights. Citizenship is based on the citizenship of parents (requiring one parent to be a citizen), and can not be gained through marriage. Historically citizenship was only granted to people of Fayaaner (Ulethan) and Bai ethnicity, but the 1978 reforms also granted full citizenship to indigenous tribes. Kuehong ethnics were not granted citizenship in 1978 as they are considerate to be Kuehong citizens (even those without a Kuehong citizenship).
Fayaan applies a citizenship-based segregation system, which limits the rights of non-citizens. This system has been internationally criticized. Non-citizens have no freedom of residence (they may not choose where to live), are only allowed to work at selected industries, and lack several basic civil rights. Non-citizens have a much lower minimum wage and social protection is limited, making them a cheap workforce. Most non-citizens are forced to live in refugee camps and are only allowed to work in selected nearby industries. They are not allowed to use general public facilities such as public schools, healthcare or public transport. Non-citizens can obtain a non-citizen resident status through an integration exam and after proving they have considerable financial means, but procedures are complicated and processing times are deliberate long. Most or all Kuehong living in Fayaan since before the Military Rule (1938) have such a non-citizen resident status. People with such status have considerably more rights (such as freedom of residence) but have no voting rights.
Members states and their admission date:
|State Name||Admission date||Capital||State languages|
|Meirland||11/07/1801||Sint Sebastiaanshaven||Dutch, Florescentian|
|St Baafsland||11/07/1801||Rotsenburg||Dutch, Florescentian|
|Klaarbron||11/07/1806||Klaarbron||Dutch, Florescentian, Babelic|
|Santa Cruz||11/7/1823||Santa Cruz de la Selva||Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch|
|Yldago||15/11/1831||Ciudad Yldago||Castellan, Ingerish|
|El Triumfo||12/12/1831||El Triumfo||Castellan, Ingerish|
|Villa Ronda||12/12/1831||Villa Ronda||Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch|
|Hoogland||11/7/1861||Arva||Ingerish, Dutch, Ouisx, Corxich, Huny|
|Gloriosa||11/7/1861||Gloriosa||Castellan, Ingerish, Dutch, Corxich|
|Struiskust||11/7/1861||Tabora||Dutch, Ingerish, Ouisx, Huny|
|Fayaan City||11/7/1868||Fayaan City||Dutch, Ingerish, Castellan|
At the federation level, the Parliament (State General, Staten Generaal) is elected every 4 years, and counts 200 members. A system of proportional representation is used, depending on the population of each state. Through referendums, citizens may challenge any law passed by parliament. The president of the confederation is elected by the State General. There is no limitation on the time a president can take office, but after each federal election the newly elected State General has to elect a president. The President chairs the government and assumes official representative functions.
The federal state's authority includes federal justice; defence and federal police; social security and health; monetary policy; public finances and federal taxes; foreign trade and relations; inter-state transport; national parks and monuments.
At the State level, different systems exist. All states have an elected parliament (elections every 3-6 years) and a head-of-state (mostly State President). Some head-of-states are directly elected, others appointed by the parliament.
Members states and their admission date:
|State Name||Elected duration||Assembly name||Head-of-State|
|Noordkaap||4 years||Staten Generaal||Staatspresident|
|Rivierenland||5 years||Staten Generaal||Staatspresident|
|Citroenkust||4 years||Staten Generaal||Staatspresident|
|Meirland||4 years||Staten Generaal||Goeverneur|
|St Baafsland||3 years||Staten Parlement||Staatspresident|
|Santa Cruz||3 years||Corte||Gobernador|
|El Triumfo||4 years||Estado General||Presidente|
|Villa Ronda||5 years||Asamblea Ciudadana||Presidente|
|Gloriosa||4 years||Asamblea Popular||Presidente|
|Fayaan City||4 years|| Assembly
The member state's authority includes state justice and state police; religion; culture, language and heritage; environment and nature; economy and employment; fisheries, agriculture, forestry and mining; planning; regional transport; education; state finances and state taxes; housing; public works; energy.
Communication and transport
The government-owned FayPostal has a monopoly on postal services. Package delivery services do not fall under this monopoly but are highly regulated with licences only provided to FayPostal, WestWood and United Transporters. Each state has a three letter postal code that is also used for licence plates. Telecommunications services have been privatized in 1991. In order to ensure coverage of rural and remote areas, mobile phone network licences come with obligations to cover certain areas. Current mobile phone networks are Roodnet, SelvaMobile, FayTelco and MunionConnect. Several smaller mobile network companies don't own their own network infrastructure: FPhone, Zune Mobile, EasyConnect and Taurus. Telephone codes are state specific, with a 7 added to the state code for the mobile phones (e.g. 010 XXX XXXX for Noordkaap and 010 7XX XXXX for mobile phones in Noordkaap).
States and their postal and telephone code:
|Santa Cruz||Santa Cruz de la Selva||SCR||020|
|El Triumfo||El Triumfo||ETR||026|
|Villa Ronda||Villa Ronda||VIR||021|
|Fayaan City||Fayaan City||FAY||050|
The road system is divided in a national, state and municipality level.
|Highways||A||Federal||Big Motorways Connecting Cities - see list|
|Highways - Ringroads||R||State||Motorway ringroads around cities|