Difference between revisions of "Jalayan"

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| ancestor1    = Proto-Asperic <!--chronologically, the former affiliated languages that were spoken-->
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| ancestor1    = Proto-Jalayan <!--chronologically, the former affiliated languages that were spoken-->
| ancestor2    = Proto-Asanic
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| ancestor2    = Southern Jalayan
| ancestor3    = Proto-Jalayan
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| ancestor3    = Danau Tanaw Dialect
| ancestor4    = Southern Jalayan
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'''Jalayan''' (Jalayan: Bahasa Jalayan) is an Asperic language spoken in southern [[Archanta]]. The language is almost exclusively used in the [[Federal States]] state of [[Taviani]] with many dialects. Standard Jalayan, or Piawai Jalaya is the standard form with 92% of Jalayan speakers capable of speaking and/or understanding it despite many regional dialects co-existing alongside Standard Jalayan. The alphabet used for Jalayan is the [[Romantian]] alphabet.
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'''Jalayan''' (Jalayan: Bahasa Jalaya) is an Asperic language spoken in southern [[Archanta]]. The language is almost exclusively used in the [[Federal States]] state of [[Taviani]] with many dialects. Standard Jalayan, or Piawai Jalaya is the standard form with 92% of Jalayan speakers capable of speaking and/or understanding it despite many regional dialects co-existing alongside Standard Jalayan. The alphabet used for Jalayan is the [[Romantian]] alphabet.
  
 
==Origin==
 
==Origin==
Line 93: Line 93:
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
Standard Jalayan was directly influenced by Melayish and a minority of other Asperic Ulethan, and Uletarephian languages. The Jalayan language was the lingua franca of the Jalayan Kingdom (900–1701), the Bujarzha-Ramani Empire (1727-1790), and the Utarani State (1710-1790). Even after the fall of these ancient states that make up modern-day Taviani, Jalayan still exists as one of two official languages of the state. (the other being [[Ingerish]])
 
Standard Jalayan was directly influenced by Melayish and a minority of other Asperic Ulethan, and Uletarephian languages. The Jalayan language was the lingua franca of the Jalayan Kingdom (900–1701), the Bujarzha-Ramani Empire (1727-1790), and the Utarani State (1710-1790). Even after the fall of these ancient states that make up modern-day Taviani, Jalayan still exists as one of two official languages of the state. (the other being [[Ingerish]])
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 +
===Major Jalayan dialects===
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The Maya dialect (Del'kaii Maya) and Kailani dialect (Del'kaii Kailani) are the two major dialects of the Jalayan language. The Maya dialect is mostly spoken in the [[Ramani Metro Area]] and is also spoken in smaller amounts in the [[Nyla Metropolitan Area]]. The Kailani dialect is typically spoken in northwestern Taviani in the [[Periwachatt River]] area to around [[Chyla County]]. It is also spoken as a minority dialect as far east as portions of [[Natalia County]] although only 24% of Natalia County residents can speak and/or understand it. There are numerous more dialects of Jalayan found all over the state but Maya and Kailani are by far the major ones.
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{| class="wikitable"
 +
|-
 +
! Maya
 +
! Kailani
 +
! Standard Jalayan
 +
! Ingerish
 +
|-
 +
| A'tonai
 +
| Antony
 +
| Antony
 +
| Anthony
 +
|-
 +
| Malaf
 +
| Malaf
 +
| Malaf
 +
| Millennium
 +
|-
 +
| Ikonai
 +
| Iconak
 +
| Ikonik
 +
| Iconic
 +
|-
 +
| Vulkanzi
 +
| Vulkano
 +
| Vulkanik
 +
| Vulcanic
 +
|}
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 +
==Word list==
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{| class="wikitable sortable" border="1" style="margin:0px;width:100%;"
 +
|-
 +
!style="width:25%;"| Ingerish
 +
!style="width:25%;"| Standard Jalayan
 +
!style="width:25%"| Maya
 +
!style="width:25%;"| Kailani
 +
 +
|-
 +
| one, two, three, four, five
 +
| siga, dua, tiga, empat, lima
 +
| sanui, diva, tyana, chori, lima
 +
| sig, duomi, tikami, ema'kua, kalmani
 +
|-
 +
| six, seven, eight, nine, ten
 +
| enam, tuhji, lapan, sembalan, senapul
 +
| en, tulai, la'maea, sabian, tekau
 +
| emi, tulai, lapong, sevea, senimau
 +
|-
 +
| father, mother, brother, sister
 +
| bapa, ibu, shaqiki, yami
 +
| beniko, i'amani, shaqiki, yami
 +
| banko, mea, sa'lui, shania
 +
|-
 +
| cat, dog, wolf, lion
 +
| kusing, a'nji, serigala, singi
 +
| khalia, a'nji, semo la'ai, sanya
 +
| kata, a'nji, zherikani, ki'sai
 +
|-
 +
| pig, cow, horse
 +
| babi, lembu, kuda
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| bei bei, likaa, kisoa
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| bei-nan, lemi, kasi'i
 +
|-
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| goose, gull, duck, fowl
 +
| angsa, camar, i'tik, ayam
 +
| angsa, kamari, i'tik, aku
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| angsa, kusano, tika-mai, aku
 +
|-
 +
| hand, arm, foot, leg, head, 
 +
| tangani, hiomana, wawa'ae, binti, topi
 +
| tangani, hiomani, wakao, bi'ki, topo 
 +
| tingi, hae-ken, wawa, binki, togo
 +
|-
 +
|}
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[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Languages]]
 
[[Category:Asperic languages]]
 
[[Category:Asperic languages]]

Revision as of 08:08, 1 July 2020

Jalayan
Bahasa Jalaya
Pronunciation/d͡ʒəˈleɪˈɐn/
Native toFederal States
RegionArchanta
EthnicityJalayans
Native speakersTBD (2019)
Language familyAsperic
  • Asanic
    • Jalayan
Early formsProto-Jalayan
  • Southern Jalayan
    • Danau Tanaw Dialect
      • Jalayan
Writing systemRomantian (Jalayan alphabet)
Official status
Official language inFlag of the FSA.svg Federal States (Taviani)
Minority language inAN Flag.png Assembly of Nations
Regulated byRamani University School of Language Arts
JY


Jalayan (Jalayan: Bahasa Jalaya) is an Asperic language spoken in southern Archanta. The language is almost exclusively used in the Federal States state of Taviani with many dialects. Standard Jalayan, or Piawai Jalaya is the standard form with 92% of Jalayan speakers capable of speaking and/or understanding it despite many regional dialects co-existing alongside Standard Jalayan. The alphabet used for Jalayan is the Romantian alphabet.

Origin

The Jalayan language is believed to have originated near the coast of Tauhon when Asperic explorers went on a voyage across the Asperic Ocean. The explorers moved south and east, abandoning their settlements in Tauhon and made their first permanent settlement in Ramani. A form known as Proto-Jalayan was spoken in modern-day Taviani around 1500 BCE and is the ancestral language of all descending Jalayan languages and dialects. Its ancestor, Proto-Asperic, began to spread from the Gobrassanya peninsula at least by 2000 BCE as the result of Asperic people expansion into Maritime Archanta.

History

Standard Jalayan was directly influenced by Melayish and a minority of other Asperic Ulethan, and Uletarephian languages. The Jalayan language was the lingua franca of the Jalayan Kingdom (900–1701), the Bujarzha-Ramani Empire (1727-1790), and the Utarani State (1710-1790). Even after the fall of these ancient states that make up modern-day Taviani, Jalayan still exists as one of two official languages of the state. (the other being Ingerish)

Major Jalayan dialects

The Maya dialect (Del'kaii Maya) and Kailani dialect (Del'kaii Kailani) are the two major dialects of the Jalayan language. The Maya dialect is mostly spoken in the Ramani Metro Area and is also spoken in smaller amounts in the Nyla Metropolitan Area. The Kailani dialect is typically spoken in northwestern Taviani in the Periwachatt River area to around Chyla County. It is also spoken as a minority dialect as far east as portions of Natalia County although only 24% of Natalia County residents can speak and/or understand it. There are numerous more dialects of Jalayan found all over the state but Maya and Kailani are by far the major ones.

Maya Kailani Standard Jalayan Ingerish
A'tonai Antony Antony Anthony
Malaf Malaf Malaf Millennium
Ikonai Iconak Ikonik Iconic
Vulkanzi Vulkano Vulkanik Vulcanic

Word list

Ingerish Standard Jalayan Maya Kailani
one, two, three, four, five siga, dua, tiga, empat, lima sanui, diva, tyana, chori, lima sig, duomi, tikami, ema'kua, kalmani
six, seven, eight, nine, ten enam, tuhji, lapan, sembalan, senapul en, tulai, la'maea, sabian, tekau emi, tulai, lapong, sevea, senimau
father, mother, brother, sister bapa, ibu, shaqiki, yami beniko, i'amani, shaqiki, yami banko, mea, sa'lui, shania
cat, dog, wolf, lion kusing, a'nji, serigala, singi khalia, a'nji, semo la'ai, sanya kata, a'nji, zherikani, ki'sai
pig, cow, horse babi, lembu, kuda bei bei, likaa, kisoa bei-nan, lemi, kasi'i
goose, gull, duck, fowl angsa, camar, i'tik, ayam angsa, kamari, i'tik, aku angsa, kusano, tika-mai, aku
hand, arm, foot, leg, head, tangani, hiomana, wawa'ae, binti, topi tangani, hiomani, wakao, bi'ki, topo tingi, hae-ken, wawa, binki, togo