Jundah

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Jundah, Tauhon
City
Clockwise from top: Tauhon State Legislature; Tauhon State University Jundah; Santa Rosita Beach; Harborside Village; Gordons Pond in Metropolitan Park; Broad Street in Downtown Jundah; Jundah University
CountryFlag of the FSA.svg Federal States
 • StateFLAGTAU.png Tauhon
 • CountyNone (Independent city)
DemonymJundanian
Government
 • MayorGlenn C. Crandall
Elevation9 m (30 ft)
Population
 • Estimate (2020)1,142,953
Telephone Code615
MetroJundah Light Rail, Jundah Metro Rail

Jundah, officially the City of Jundah, is the capital and most populous city in the state of Tauhon, Federal States of Archanta, with an estimated population of 1,142,953. The city center is located on the San Felipe River, 12 miles inland from the Naobanian Sea. The surrounding Jundah-Stuart Metropolitan Area is home to more than 3 million people, making it one of the largest population centers on the west coast of the Federal States.

Nicknamed the “City of Sails” for its historical importance as a harbor city, Jundah is known for its year-round mild climate, ethnic diversity, and sprawling cityscape. The city contains varied geographic features including mountains, beaches, plains, and wetlands. Jundah's primary attractions, historic Harborside Village, Santa Rosita Beach, Jundah City Zoo, and the Museum District draw 12 million visitors annually. With three acclaimed universities, Jundah also contains a large population of students and highly educated individuals. Economically, Jundah and the surrounding metropolitan area primarily involved in manufacturing, healthcare, technology, and tourism.

History

Jundah was first settled by an indigenous Tauhonian population circa 850 CE. The name Jundah means "wide waters," in indigenous languages and refers to the widening of the San Felipe River on which the city lies. In the few hundred years prior to Federal States independence, Jundah was under Castellanese and later Ingerish influence. The Ingerish settlements in Jundah were located in present-day Harborside and South End.

Beginning in 1950, increasing demand for housing and popularity of the automobile encouraged urban sprawl in Jundah. The city experiences some of the worst traffic congestion in the country. Recently, the government has increased efforts to improve public transportation and limit congestion, but has faced many challenges because of the city's sparse geography.

Geography

The city of Jundah stretches between the San Felipe River and the Naobanian Sea. Downtown Jundah is located on the river, approximately 12 miles inland frmo the sea. The city also consists of numerous other high-density neighborhoods: Sedgwick Square, Grantwood Center, and North Jundah Center. These neighborhoods are surrounded by lower-density residential, commercial, and industrial areas.

The San Felipe River through the city is a tidal estuary, so it receives water from the ocean year-round. Since the region experiences little rainfall, many rivers are seasonal.

Climate

Under the Köppen climate classification, Jundah has a warm-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csb).

Climate data for Jundah, 1988–2016
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.2
(77.4)
28.1
(82.6)
28.8
(83.9)
27.9
(82.2)
25.2
(77.4)
22.2
(72.0)
19.4
(67.0)
19.9
(67.9)
20.2
(68.3)
20.9
(69.6)
22.3
(72.2)
23.3
(74.0)
23.6
(74.5)
Average low °C (°F) 16.2
(61.2)
18.6
(65.4)
18.3
(64.9)
18.2
(64.7)
15.4
(59.7)
11.2
(52.1)
10.1
(50.1)
9.7
(49.4)
10.7
(51.2)
11.1
(52.0)
11.8
(53.2)
13.9
(57.0)
13.7
(56.7)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 87
(0.01)
99
(0.07)
64
(0.12)
26
(0.58)
13
(1.42)
3
(2.80)
0
(3.42)
2
(3.90)
3
(2.52)
15
(1.04)
37
(0.52)
71
(0.11)
419
(16.51)
Source: Jundah University

Education

The Jundah University Student Union on Harrits Way.

Elementary, middle, and high schools

The majority of Jundah residents aged 5-18 enroll in public school for elementary, middle, and high school. Elementary and middle schools tend to serve smaller geographical areas, several of which feed into each high school. The largest high schools are Central High School in Downtown and Santos Memorial High School in the Flatlands.

The city operates three specialized high schools: Wynnett High School for the Arts, Jundah Technical High School, and Archer High School for Medical Professions. Attendance is free for Jundah residents, and each school has a specific admissions process for prospective students in 8th grade.

Higher education

The largest university in Jundah is Tauhon State University Jundah, a public university of 22,000 undergraduates and 14,000 graduate students. The city is also home to Jundah University, a private university that educates a total of 12,000 undergraduates and 19,000 graduate students. The West Coast Polytechnic Institute is a private university of 7,200 students with a primary focus on science and engineering. The city's primary community college is Jundah City College.

Transportation

Automobile is the primary mode of transportation in the Jundah metropolitan area. Within the city center and certain neighborhoods, bus and rail travel is also common.

Highways

Expressways

The three primary highways traveling through central Jundah are the Santa Rosita Freeway (Motorway 360), the Memorial Freeway (State Route 7), and the Central Jundah Expressway (State Route 28A). A beltway is formed by other expressways at approximately a 3 to 5 mile radius. G. E. Parsons Drive and Colinas Parkway, two limited-access roads for passenger cars only, run along the San Felipe River southwest of Downtown.

Other highways

Jundah Avenue is the primary east-west thoroughfare of Jundah. The street runs 12 miles from Central Station to Santa Rosita. Broad Street is the city's primary north-south thoroughfare, running 14 miles from the portal of the Fleming Tunnel to the northern city limits.

Jundah uses coordinate-based addressing on all roads based on a unique scheme devised in its early days. The address of a building is its distance (in degrees divided by 10,000) from a perpendicular street designated as the zero line. Even addresses are always found on the right-hand side of the road when traveling in the direction of increasing numbers. Jundah Avenue is the zero line for addresses on north-south streets, and Memorial Boulevard is the zero line for addresses on east-west streets. In order to keep addresses unique, streets that cross the zero line are prefixed with a compass direction (e.g. North Page Avenue vs. South Page Avenue).

Public Transport

Public transport is becoming increasingly popular in the city of Jundah, and currently 10.5% of commuters use public transport daily. The figure has increased from 4.4% in 1990. The most popular modes of public transport are the Jundah Light Rail, Jundah Metro Rail, and Jundah Metro Bus, which share the same fare system, with free transfers within the system.

Bus

The bus is a popular method of transportation in Jundah. Since much of the city is spread out over a large area, there are many bus routes serving areas not reached by rail. Most routes are operated by Jundah Metro Bus.

Light rail

Main article: Jundah Light Rail

The Jundah Light Rail consists of three lines that serve Downtown, Harborside, Uptown, Grantwood Center, Santa Rosita, and other neighborhoods along highly urbanized corridors.

Subway

Main article: Jundah Metro Rail

The Jundah Metro Rail is a heavy-rail subway service with stations in Jundah, Stuart, and Arlington Arbor. It is a popular method of travel between Downtown Jundah, the Tauhon Medical Center, and Jundah-Stuart Intercontinental Airport.

Commuter rail

Main article: CapitalRail

CapitalRail provides commuter rail service in the Jundah metropolitan area. CapitalRail trains run on several routes from Jundah Central to Stuart County and Santa Renata County, with frequencies ranging from every 20 minutes to two hours.

Regional rail

ArchRail operates regular passenger services from Jundah Central to many destinations nationwide.

Airports

The nearest airport to Jundah is Jundah-Stuart Intercontinental Airport or "JSI", which is located in Stuart 15 miles east of the city center.