This page is also available in Everian
|9, -35.2591, 3.8589|
|Flag||Coat of arms|
"Սենո տոր ասէյա"
Victory from Unity
and largest city
|Official languages||Ingerish, Everian|
| • Regional languages||Northadi|
|Ethnic Groups||Kadmaric Everian (62%), Western Ulethan (23%), Northadi (10%), Turquese (3%), Other (2%)|
|Government||Classical Republican Democracy|
| • President||Ikụre Mạzạ̀in (LNP)|
| • Prime Minister||Letişi Mụzea (LPP)|
| • Total||37,007.03 km2|
14,288.49 sq mi
| • Water (%)||22.9|
| • Estimate (2019)||9,971,461|
| • Census (2013)||9,733,929|
| • Density||269.448/km2|
| • Total||֏307.40bn ($257.29bn)|
| • Per capita||֏30,827 ($25,803)|
| • Total||֏307.40bn ($257.29bn)|
| • Per capita||֏13,707 ($11,473)|
|Currency||Leressan Rivan (֏) (LER)|
Leresso (Everian: Յառօւրա; Romanization: Yarụva), officially the Kadmaric Republic (Everian: Սւջրայմառը Յառօւրաեմւ; Romanization: Sic’vaymare Yarụvașmi), is a country located on the northwestern coast of Antarephia. Leresso is bordered to the north by Stature, by AN141c to the East, and by the Hesperic Ocean to the south and west. Its capital is Aludres, which is also the largest city.
It is a small country of 37,000 km² (≈14,280 sq mi) and has a population of just under 10 million.
The name "Kadmaric Republic" comes from the name of the country's most important river, the Kadmar, which in turn is a translation from Everian into Formal Ingerish. The name of the country in Everian is Kamalun Kadmarighë (Ղամալուն Ղադմառւվօ), which in practical Ingerish translates to "Kadmar's dominion"
The true origins of the name "Leresso" remain a mystery.
In 1764, an Ingerish galleon landed in the estuaries of the Kadmar River, in present-day Magenta.
On May 19th, 1849, Leresso gained independence from Ingerland, sparking a surge in cultural rehabilitation and a quest for self-identity.
The Rainbow Tuesday Celebration in Montecari, Nuvema, on August 12th, 2017.
During this century, an event known as the EGP, or Economic Growth Plan, started, specifically on April 8th, 1906, when a reformation of the Leressan economy happened. In 1909, a law was passed that started an initiative to industrialize Leresso and West Kadmar. What is now known as the "Leressan Cultural Revolution of the 1950s" is believed to have started on August 12th, 1951, also known as "Rainbow Tuesday". On this day, an Ingerish monument was painted in a rainbow, and 112,000 people gathered for the spectacle. This was honored nationwide on August 12th of every succeeding year, with the most prominent celebration being in 2017.
The Leadership of Sallan Madesta
for more on Sallan Madesta, see Sallan Madesta, Sallanism or The Seven Doctrines
Sallan Madesta became known in 1911 for spreading his ideas throughout the middle of Leresso. His ideals were most popular in the Western Lake Gavares region and around Beaudry. He spread ideas which he liked to call Sallanism throughout Central Leresso. Madesta felt that his ideals could completely change the nation for the better.
The geography of Leresso is unusually diverse given its small size, with 5 general geographic zones. The first zone is the High Kusanné, almost exclusively in Northad and Avilan. In the High Kusanné, the tallest mountain in Antarephia can be found -- Mount Levantu, at a height of 5101 meters. This zone is generally cold, with harsh winters. The second zone is the High Kadmar Plains. This zone stretches from Central and Northern Kadantra to Central and Northern West Kadmar. This zone generally has more stable temperatures, as the Lower Kusanné Range shields this region from the offshore winds. Because of this meteorological phenomenon, this is where the majority of Leressan crops are grown. The third zone is the Lower Kusanné. Ranging from Northeastern Kadantra to Northwestern West Kadmar, the Lower Kusanné are large, fertile hills that define the coastline of West Kadmar and Palomar. There is not much to be said about this zone, other than its sheer natural beauty. The fourth zone is the Central Plains. Lake Gavares and the city of Àdena can be found in this region. As the name suggests, this region is mostly flat, with the Kusanné Range serving as a backdrop on either end. The fifth and final zone is the Coastal Plains. This zone stretches from Central Palomar to the Choyazem Hills in Nuvema. This zone experiences cooler temperatures due to the offshore winds coming from the
Much of Leresso's geography is defined by its mountains and rivers. There are five major rivers that run through the country: to the south and east, the Khetsan River flows from the eastern Kusane Mountains and into the Bay of Nakhaz. To the north and west, the Kadmar river flows from the nation's highest point, Mount Levantụ, along the northern parts of the country and empties out in the Kadmar Estuary near Maqanta. Two of the other three major rivers flow into the Kadmar: The Kiyerma River, which has its origins in Northern Palumar, and the Sani River, which is the third-longest river in the country, after the Kadmar and Khetsan rivers. The Valerian River is also a major river because it serves as a sort of geographic boundary between the coastal hills of the west and the coastal hills of the south.
The topography of the country can roughly be divided into three zones: the south is hilly, the center is flat, and the north is mountainous. The coast of the country is well-defined by its rolling hills, spanning the entire coast.
The northern and eastern borders are well-defined by the Kusane mountains.
Due to its small size, Leresso does not experience a vast array of climates as one might expect from the topography. Generally, the Leressan climate is classified as Csa, with regional variants. The coast typically has the most stable climate, whereas further inland the temperatures begin to vary more, with hotter summers and colder winters, as moisture from the ocean is too far away to regulate the inland climate.
The Leressan Climate is mediterranean, with warm, sunny summers and cool, mild winters. The average temperature throughout the year stays generally the same, which is in the mid- to high-60s (F).
Leresso is divided into seven provinces
Leresso is situated in western Antarephia, and is slowly becoming the cultural, economic, and political powerhouse of the region.
To the north, Leresso is bordered by Stature.
The Leressan Parliament as of 2018
The government is structured around a parliamentary system.
The Leressan Parliament constitutes one representative from each county. On average, each province holds thirty counties, thus thirty representatives. A final representative to Parliament is determined by a national election to chose the High Parliamentarian. As of the 2018 election, each of the 211 seats are held by a member of one of 13 various parties covering a large range of ideologies, from the far-left Anarchist Party and the PPKR to the far-right Fascist Party and Rumàe Party. Currently, the Leressan Progressive Party, known colloquially as LPP, holds a plurality of seats in the Parliament, and as such, the current Prime Minister, Letişi Mụzea, is a member of this party. The best-known coalitions in the parliament are the Moderate Coalition, consisting of the LPP, Green Party, Gever Party, and the International Party; and the Everian Coalition, consisting of the LNP, Hyamadài Party, and the Sallanist Party.
Leressan Nationalist Party (LNP): 25 seats
Gever Party (Gever): 21 seats
Rumàe Party (RP): 13 seats
Hyamadài Party (HP): 16 seats
International Party (IP): 24 seats
Labor Party (LP): 18 seats
Northadi Nationalist Party (NNP): 11 seats
Leressan Progressive Party (LPP): 37 seats
Fascist Party (FP): 6 seats
Anarchist Party (AP): 3 seats
Green Party (GP): 14 seats
Sallanist Party (SP): 17 seats
People's Party of the Kadmar River (PPKR): 6 seats
Law and judicial system
In Leresso, every county has its own Regional court. Similar to the Federal States, the Leressan judicial system includes an appeals system, where a plaintiff may appeal a Regional Court's decision to a Provincial Court. If the Provincial Court's decision is unsatisfactory, the plaintiff may appeal to the National High Court, which is the head judicial entity in the country.
As a small regional power in Antarephia, Leresso maintains strategic economic, political, and military alliances with its neighbors, as well as the other continental powers of Antarephia, such as Guai, Paxtar, and Ullanyé. Leresso also has a notable presence in northern Tarephia, given its embassy in Al-Kaza. Perhaps the country's most vital trade partner is the Federal States, being Leresso's biggest importer and contributing a sizeable amount to the Leressan economy.
Military spending in Leresso is unusually low.
Leresso uses the rivan (֏) as official currency. First introduced to Leresso and West Kadmar in the summer of 1889, the rivan proved to be a more efficient currency to exchange than its predecessor, the Ingerish pound.
The rivan is produced by the Leressan National Mint located in Aludres and circulates in all the Leressan provinces, including West Kadmar.
The leressan currency comprises coins of 1 rivan and 10 and 50 cent denominations and notes of 1, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 dollar denominations.
The rivan has been designed and printed by the Reserve Bank Of Leresso, the Kadmar coat of arms appears on every coins and notes.
- the ֏1 note features the Battery of Magenta.
- the ֏5 bill the hart, an animal endemic to the Kadmar river valley.
- the ֏10 bill features the first ship to ever become part of the Leressan Confederate Navy, the L.S.S. Seruso
- the ֏20 bill features the national swallow, Cecropis kadmarae
- the ֏50 bill features the Leressan Parliament in Aludres.
- the ֏100 bill features the national flower of Leresso, the avalanche lily.
The exchange rate is Int$0.837 per ֏1.
The agriculture sector is highly localized in Leresso. The only provinces with profitable, diversified agriculture industries are West Kadmar, Leihor, Kadantra, Avilan, and Northad.
Traffic keeps to the right side of the road.
The main railway network in Leresso is KadRail, and serves Leresso and West Kadmar. All trains run on the standard gauge.
There are three major airports in Leresso: Aludres International (ALU), Beaudry (BEU), and Montecari International (MNT)
The official languages of Leresso are Ingerish and Everian (Ւրառծյաղ, Ivarts'yak).
All signs around the country are written in both Ingerish and Everian. All Pre-Primary, Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary education facilities are required by national law to teach both Ingerish and Everian Linguistics courses. Some courses, such as Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and World Economics, are taught solely in Ingerish due to the fact that Ingerish dominates the world stage in those fields.
See also: Everian
Everian uses the Kadmaric Alphabet, a writing system with no known connections to any other writing system in the world. Like their southern Antarephian neighbors, Leressans take pride in their unique language and consider it to be integral to the national identity. It is also one of the few non-Romnantian writing systems in the world with a unique punctuation system.
The education system is regulated by the government. Almost all schools in Leresso are public, save for a few international schools in Aludres. Birth year determines when a child is to start their education. The year in which a child turns six years old is the year they enter the Leressan education system as a Year 1 student (Ղասօծ 1). Students remain in primary school through Year 7, the year a student turns 12. The year in which a student turns 18 is the last year of secondary education, known as Year 13 (Ղասօծ 13).
In Leresso, the school year starts in late February and ends in late November, lining up with the austral summer. All primary and secondary schools start on the same day.
During Year 13, students prepare to take the University Entrance Exam, known in Everian as Ikavtàimạsi (Ւղարպացւմօսւ). The exam only applies to national universities, and is a mandatory test all Leressan citizens must take in order to complete their secondary education. International universities with campuses in Leresso are permitted by the government to set their own admissions process, but this must be done in conjunction with exam preparation. In recent years, Leressan students have seen international universities and their admissions processes as an easier way to continue their education, resulting in government pressure causing international universities to drastically decrease the incoming class size and providing even more government resources to national universities. The test takes place during the first week of October, over the course of two days. The first day constitutes a Mathematics and Ingerish exam, and the second day constitutes a Science and Everian exam. Each exam is 80 minutes long. There are strict noise ordinances in effect nationwide on testing days, with severe consequences for anyone in violation of these noise ordinances.
Healthcare is not hard to find, due to the frequency of Hospitals. found in cities. According to the Leressan Demographic Healthcare Coverage Survey (LDHCS), the city with the most healthcare coverage, and the healthiest citizens, is Montecari.
Death happens still, but in Leresso, it is hard to believe that 2% of the annual deaths in Leresso are due to avalanches. Avalanches are somewhat common, and they, for the most part, take place on the eastern slopes. It is there that they get the most snow, due to the weather patterns of northwest Antarephia.
The National Flag
The National Flag of Leresso
The national flag of Leresso is a very symbolic piece of art. The yellow fields simultaneously represent justice, the bright sun, and the north and south banks of the Kadmar River. The main color of the flag, blue, represents peace, vigilance, and the Kadmar River. The white on the flag represents remembrance, honor, truth, wisdom, and the snowy Kusanné Range. The four different blue stripes in the shape of a cross represent the four cardinal directions, and the star in the middle represents hope, unity, and prosperity. The two concentric circles are supposed to look like ripples in water, which represents the lasting effect Leresso hopes to create on the world.
In the western and southern parts of the country, Christic is the prevalent religion, whereas further north it becomes less prevalent. There is no national religion in Leresso; however, the native Northadi protest in front of Parliament to have their religion recognized as a religion.
There are several holidays that are nationally recognized by the Leressan people.
- Independence Day: 19 May. As of 2020, the country will be celebrating its 196th Independence Day. Leresso celebrates Independence Day with parades, food, parties, and lots of fireworks. The firework laws are more lenient in the rural center of the country than they are on the coast, especially in Aludres.
- Revolution Day: 24 June.
- Festival of Light: Second Friday of July to Third Wednesday. (2019: July 13-18)\
- National Day of Recognition: 7 November. This holiday was created in 1932 by Lidan Renatto, and serves as the anniversary of the death of Sallan Madesta, widely considered to be the greatest Leressan leader of all time.
An image of traditional kishyatom with buttered tovtam. The traditional Kishyatom is believed to originate somewhere in Western Leresso, either in Southwest Avilan, Kadantra, or Palomar Province.
Leressan cuisine is very vibrant. Most of the cuisine revolves around floral, herbal, and hearty elements in the food Leressans typically make. Here are a few dishes of note:
Tovtam (պորպամ), or "crispy herb bread" in Ingerish, is one of the Leressan staple foods. Tovtam is typically served before or with dinner. Most of the tovtam you will find in Leressan supermarkets will have both rosemary and lavender in them, though tovtam with only rosemary is cheaper to buy by about Ʀ6. Tovtam is not to be confused with the next item on our list.
Gebom (գեբոմ), or "heavy sweet bread", is similar to tovtam in most ways. Gebom is served with breakfast, sometimes on its own. Gebom is made the same way as tovtam, but with more butter and normally found with lavender. Although lavender is the common filling of gebom, this sweet treat can be also found made with rose. Gebom can also be made into the next item on our list.
Gedebom (գեդեբոմ), or "dessert bread", is one of the most popular desserts in Leresso. It is the same as Gebom, except the lavender and rose pieces are made into a flavorful cream. Gedebom can be described as floral creampuffs.
Kishyatom (ղւսչապոմ), or "Stewed spice meat", is the most popular food item in Leresso. It is similar to a beef stew, but it has carrots, celery, potatoes, squash (note: this is only added in Northadi Kishyatom), mild Leressan peppers, spicy Leressan peppers, ginger, and other spices. Traditionally served at dinnertime, though it could pass as lunch, Kishyatom is one of the most flavorful dishes of Leressan cuisine.
A typical Leressan breakfast constitutes of gebom, fruit juice, and eggs. Lunch is typically a hyevanotòme (չերանոպոմե), or "spicy meat bun", which is a sandwich made of spicy beef or lamb with lettuce and tomatoes on a Leressan water roll. Dinner varies, but one of the most common dishes served in Leressan restaurants for dinner is hyomobes (չոմոբես), a crusted fish dish, or kishyatom so tovtam bem, stewed spice meat with buttered herb bread. Dessert in Leresso is served at the same as dinner, and tends to be ice cream or gedebom.
The national flower of Leresso is the white avalanche lily, which grows in the mountains of Northad, Avilan, and Cymerra. The flower represents purity, remembrance, honor, strength, and courage.
Leresso has a national tongue-twister: "Setov to se yotes, vos te so toves," meaning: "Downwards to the ground, up to the heavens."
In Leresso, it is customary to knock on the door of a person's room once when entering and once when leaving, as it is considered to be a haven for that person, and knocking on the door signals your respect for that person's haven, and a request to enter that person's dwelling. This relates to the Leressan belief in aihyabenàd, meaning that every Leressan person has their own personal spirit that lives where they sleep, and guards them from èmaghai (malicious spirits) whilst they sleep.