|This page is under major reconstruction.|
|7, 52.339, 88.330|
|Republic of Mallyore|
"Radom do pobjede"
"With work to the victory"
Divna li je zemlja naša
|Ethnic Groups||Mallyere (91,4%)|
|• President||Ivan Kljaković|
|• Prime Minister||Zvonimir Korošić|
|• Total||36,174.33 km2|
|• Estimate (2019)||3,962,400|
|• Census (2013)||3,936,778|
|• Total||$168.24 billion|
|• Per capita||$42,459|
|• Total||$132.71 billion|
|• Per capita||$33,492|
|Timezone||WUT +6 (no DST)|
|Drives on the||right|
Mallyore (Mallyorian: Maliorska), officially the Republic of Mallyore (Mallyorian: Republika Maliorska) is a parliamentary republic located in central Uletha. It is bordered by Chira to the west, Suria to the southwest and Escadia to the south and east. It also shares a maritime border with Drabantia to the north on the Egalian Lake. Mallyorian territory spans about 36,000 square kilometres and roughly it can be divided on northern coastal lowlands and southern mountainous area. The population is over 3.9 million and comprises mostly ethnic Mallyorians. The only official language is Mallyorian.
The first Mallyorian state was the Principality of Črešnja established in the late 8th century. Hrvoje Veliki became the first (self-proclaimed) king in 894 when state reached its peak. When queen Jelena Lijepa married Escadian king Vyndenira I in 1053, the Kingdom of Mallyore entered the real union with Escadia. In the 14th century, Mallyore as the politically weaker constituent of the Union, lost all of its sovereignty. Although it did not have any political power, Mallyorian area was the most developed part of the country and Mallyorians played the important role in history of the Union. Semi-autonomous Duchy of Mallyore was established by the Act of Varvent in 1799 and full independency was regained in 1918.
After the Blue Revolution, caused by the Great Famine of 1942-43, the government was taken over by authoritarian socialist leader Želimir Boravica who ruled the country for next 30 years. The period in 70s and early 80s when democracy and free market were redintegrated is called the Mallyorian Restoration (Maliorska obnova). Today, Mallyore is a modern high-income advanced economy with high standard of living.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Geography
- 4 Politics
- 5 Economy
- 6 Demographics
- 7 Culture
- 8 See also
The origin of the name Maliorska is still unclear. The most popular theory says it is a combination of words mali ("little") and orao ("eagle") with usual Slevic suffix -ska/sko on the end. This theory is based on a fact that eagle was a common emblem in medieval Mallyore state. Ingerish word Mallyore comes from Escadian name Mäljoria and it is in usage since late 19th century. The country is in older Ingerish documents inscribed as Mallyoria or Maliorland.
Historians have postulated that throughout prehistory, many distinct ethnic groups populated the regions of what is now Mallyore. The ethnicity and linguistic affiliation of these groups have been hotly debated; the time and route of the original settlement of Slevic peoples in these regions lacks written records and can only be defined as fragmented.
The most famous archaeological find from the prehistory of Mallyore is Grabovac, dating from the Lower Egalian culture of the early Iron Age, around 800 BC. The Slevic groups who would form Mallyore migrated to these areas in the second half of the 3rd century AD, together with the Suric tribes.
In late 8th century, the christization of the area began. However, the transition from paganism was a long and tough process which lasted for almost three centuries. The first organized written language was Old Church Mallyorian, used mainly by first priests.
Principality of Črešnja
Kingdom and the Great Union
Duchy of Mallyore
Mallyore is located in central Uletha, on the shores of Egalian Lake. It lies mostly between latitudes 50° and 53° N and longitudes 86° and 90° E. The territory covers around 36,400 square kilometres (14,000 square miles).
Elevation ranges from the mountains in the south and east to the lowland shores of the Egalian Lake where two thirds of population lives. Northern and central hilly parts are traversed by major rivers such as Banava, Rumina and Črešnja. Forests cover more than 15,000 sq km of total area (41%), most of them located on the east. The biggest water body after Egalian Lake is Rakovac Lake, shared with Escadia.
Main article: Politics of Mallyore
Mallyore is a unitary state using a parliamentary system of governance since 1918. The head of state is the president, who is elected by popular vote and has an important integrative role. He is elected for five years and at maximum for two consecutive terms. He has mainly a representative role and is the commander-in-chief of the Mallyorian military forces.
The executive and administrative authority in Mallyore is held by the Government of Mallyore (Vlada Republike Maliorske), headed by the Prime Minister and the council of ministers or cabinet. The two largest political parties in Mallyore are MDS and SDU.
The current constitution originates in 1974.
In 2018, economic output was dominated by the tertiary (service) sector which accounted for 76.8% of GDP, followed by the secondary (industrial) with 21.1% and primary (agriculture) sector accounting for 2.1% of GDP. In the same year, Mallyorian exports were valued at 137.8 billion MDN with 139.6 billion MDN worth of imports. The largest trading partners are Suria and Escadia. In December 2019, Mallyore had 2,479,511 registered workers while national public debt was 31.3% of nation's GDP.
Finance and banking
Mallyore's largest banks are Nikolovačka banka (Nikkeltown Bank), TBD and state-owned bank, MNB. A lot of international banks operate in Mallyore too, mainly from Suria, Escadia and Western Ulethan countries. Mallyorian banking sector is highly developed and still increasing. National currency, Mallyorian Dinar (MDN) is very stable, especially after 2011 economic crisis. In many sectors, Surian Atyln, Escadian Crown and Pretanic Pauddle are also present.
The most of energy consumption, production and transmission is controlled by national company MEP. Mallyere production of energy sources covers 68% of national demand and the rest is imported. In 2018, 53% of Mallyore's energy consumption came from non-renewable resources, mainly fossil fuels. The government's target is to make a half of energy consumption coming from renewable resources by 2020. Since 1990s, Mallyore is largely encouraging wind and solar power, now becoming one of world leaders in production of renewable energy. In 2017 28.9% of electricity was generated by wind, 10.2% by hydro-power and 1.3% by solar power.
Mallyore features natural landscapes, beaches, mountains, caves, medieval castles and towns, historical architecture, spas and ski resorts. More than 7.2 million tourists visited Mallyore in 2018, and the most attractive destinations are the capital of Nikolovac and the Egalian coast. Most visitors come from Escadia (29%), Suria (17%), Pretany (11%) and Chira (9%).
Mallyore's position in Uletha and the country's past (part of the multicultural Egalian Empire, the Escadia-Mallyore Union and strong Surian influence) made many cities and towns similar to the cities in the Escadia (such as Reilach), Suria (such as Zheleznya) or Drabantia (such as Odrava). A historical center with at least one square has been preserved in many towns. Large historical centers can be found in Nikolovac, Banavski Brod, Sibinj, Tvrdalj na Banavi and Rakovac. Historical centers have been going through restoration in recent years.
According to the 2013 census, Mallyore had a population of 3,936,778. Estimated population for January 2019 is 3,962,400 and the annual growth in the same year was 0.11%. With 108 inhabitants per square kilometer (31.3/sq mi), Mallyore ranks average among the Ulethan countries in population density. The most densely populated are Nikkeltown and Banavski Brod metro areas.
The total fertility rate (TFR) in 2018 was estimated at 1.59 children born/woman, which is below the replacement rate of 2.1, and one of the lower in the world. The life expectancy in 2019 was estimated at 79.43 years (77.31 years male, 83.64 years female).
In the 2013, Mallyore's main and absolute ethnic group were Mallyorians (90.4%). Escadians are the largest ethnic minority (5.1%). Other ethnic groups include Banuvians (1.2%), Chirans (0.6%), Surians (0.5%) and others or unspecified (2.2%).
As a secular state, Mallyore has no official religion. Freedom of religion is a right defined by the Constitution which also defines all religious communities as equal in front of the law and separated from the state.
According to the 2013 census, 83.9% of Mallyorians identify as a member of Ortholic Church. 13.1% of the population describes themselves as irreligious.
The only official language of Mallyore is Mallyorian, the first language for 4.5 million people worldwide and 94% inhabitants of the country. Modern Mallyorian is a South Slevic language which developed from Proto-Slevic and Old Mallyorian language through years. It is standardized in 19th century during the National Revival. Minority languages such as Escadian and Chiran hold co-official status in the settlements in which the size of the minority population meets the legal threshold of 20% in two consecutive censuses.
The deaf community uses the Mallyorian Sign Language.
Mallyorian language became equal with Escadian in the Duchy of Mallyore by the Act of Varventis in 1799. Sixty years later, Sabornik (the Parliament) proclaimed Mallyorian as the only official language on the territory of the Duchy, while Escadian and Ingerish remained the most important languages in a trade and parts of administration.
A 2017 survey revealed that 86% of Mallyorians claim certain knowledge of at least one foreign language, up from 78% in 2010. The most popular foreign languages are Ingerish, Escadian and Surian.
Literacy in Mallyore stands at 99.8 per cent. Primary education in Mallyore starts at the age of six or seven and consists of eight grades. In 2004 a law was passed to increase free, noncompulsory education until 18 years of age. Compulsory education consists of eight grades of elementary school. Secondary education is provided by gymnasiums and vocational schools. Nationwide leaving exams (Mallyorian: državna matura) were introduced for secondary education students in the school year 2006–07. It comprises three compulsory subjects (Mallyorian language, mathematics, foreign language) and optional subjects. It is a prerequisite for university education.
Attending public primary and secondary schools, as well as institutions of higher education, is free. Students only pay directly for textbooks, basic equipment, cafeteria food, student dorms and other necessities, although state also gives thousands of scholarships each year. In addition, the state pays health insurance for students. There are very few private schools in the country.
Education in Mallyore has a long history, with the first university being University of Banavski Brod, founded in 1396. Largest and the oldest continuously operating Mallyorian university is University of Nikolovac (Nikkeltown), founded in 1629.
Mallyore has a universal health care system, whose roots can be traced back to the Escadian-Mallyorian Parliament Act of 1890, providing a form of mandatory insurance of all factory workers and craftsmen. The population is covered by a basic health insurance plan provided by statute and optional insurance. In 2016, annual healthcare related expenditures reached 14.6 billion MDN ($2.4 billion). In 2017, Mallyore spent 6.9% of its GDP on healthcare. Mallyore ranks high in the world in life expectancy with 76 years for men and 82 years for women, and it had a low infant mortality rate of 3.2 per 1,000 live births.
Because of its geographical position, Mallyore represents a blend of different cultural spheres. It has been a cross-roads of influences from western culture and the east. The National Revival movement was the most significant period of national cultural history, as the 19th century proved crucial to the emancipation of the Mallyorian language and saw unprecedented developments in all fields of art and culture, giving rise to a number of historical figures.The Ministry of Culture is tasked with preserving the nation's cultural and natural heritage and overseeing its development. Further activities supporting the development of culture are undertaken at the local government level. The Ulethan Heritage Site List includes nine sites in Mallyore.
Mallyore has 77 professional theatres, 21 professional children's theatres and 52 amateur theatres visited by more than 1.49 million viewers per year. The professional theatres employ 1,095 artists.  There are 37 professional orchestras, ensembles, and choirs in the country, attracting an annual attendance of 347,000. There are 146 cinemas with attendance exceeding 3.932 million. Mallyore has 272 museums, visited by more than 5.7 million people in 2017. Furthermore, there are 1,781 libraries in the country, containing 36.1 million volumes, and 13 state archives.
In 2018, 7,948 books and brochures were published, along with 2,876 magazines and 267 newspapers. There are also 125 radio stations and 23 TV stations operating in the country. In past five years, film production in mallyore produced up to five feature films and 10 to 51 short films, with an additional 70 to 110 TV films.  As of 2018, there are 954 amateur cultural and artistic associations and more than 10 thousand cultural, educational and artistic events held annually.
Mallyore is categorised as having established a very high level of human development in the Human Development Index, with a high degree of equality in HDI achievements between women and men. Recognition of same-sex unions in Mallyore has gradually improved over the past decades, culminating in registered civil unions in May 2012, granting same-sex couples equal inheritance rights, tax deductions and limited adoption rights.
Arts and literatureArchitecture in Mallyore reflects influences of bordering nations, especially from Escadia and Suria. Large squares named after culture heroes, well-groomed parks, and pedestrian-only zones, are features of these orderly towns and cities, especially where large scale Baroque urban planning took place, for instance in Nikolovac, Banavski Brod and Sibinj. Subsequent influence of the Art Nouveau was reflected in contemporary architecture.
Besides the architecture encompassing the oldest artworks in Mallyore, there is a long history of artists in Mallyore reaching to the Middle Ages. The 19th and the 20th centuries brought about affirmation of numerous Mallyorian artisans, helped by several patrons of the arts such as bishop Josip Juraj Leizenger. Mallyorian artists of the period achieving worldwide renown were Hrvoje Hratković and Jurica Meštrović.
The Svetivan tablet, a stone inscribed with the velitic alphabet found in Svetivan monastery and dated to 1047, is considered to be the oldest surviving prose in Mallyorian language.  The beginning of more vigorous development of Mallyorian literature is marked by the Renaissance and Marko Maretić. Besides him, Renaissance playwright Maroje Knežić, Baroque poet Ivan Gametić, Mallyorian national revival poet Ivan Žuranić, novelist, playwright and poet Vatroslav Bogut, children's writer Ivana Velić-Baronić, writer and journalist Marijana Žlezna, poet and writer Gustav Gorjanić, expressionist and realist writer Miroslav Lange, poet Tin Vidanović and novelist Denis Domjanić are often cited as the greatest figures in Mallyorian literature.
The freedom of the press and the freedom of the speech are guaranteed by the Constitution. MRT (Mallyorian Radiotelevision, Mallyorian: Maliorska radiotelevizija) is national public broadcasting company. The most watched main news program is TVM24, followed by EGT and Viva. The best-selling daily national newspapers are Dnevni, Jutarnje novine and Nikolovački vjesnik founded in 1895.
The tradition of Mallyorian cinematography started in 1897 when Miran Vojčić was successful in creating one of the first cameras in the world. Mallyorian cinema developed rapidly after the independence in 1918. Since then, Mallyore has produced numerous directors, film producers, cartoonists and actors that achieved fame in the country and world.
Mallyore has also emerged as a hub for video game developers in Uletha, with the country now being home to dozens of studios. Among the most successful ones are nDixis and MIt Games. Today, the most globally successful Mallyorian games include Light Warrior, The Fury Drive, Checkpoint: Maze and others.
- "Povijest kulturnog života u Maliorskoj" by Lena Jakić-Kramarić, 2015
- "Kultura i život u Maliorskoj u 2017." by Mallyorian Statistics Bureau
- "Napreduje li maliorska kinematografija?" on svijetdanas.mo by Ida Bilančić
- "Pismenost kod Maliorana, 1.dio" by Nenad Faar, Znanje, 1992
- "Velikani maliorske književnosti" on citamoknjigu.mo