Difference between revisions of "Mazan"

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Revision as of 16:12, 11 June 2021

5, 44.088, 64.644
Sultanate of Mazan
'سلطنة مظان
Sultanat Mōzan
Official Flag of Mazan
Flag
CapitalHanif
Largest cityHanif
Official languagesMazanic
 • Regional languagesZakhta Mazanic
Ethnic Groups
(December 2019)
Mazanic (93.84%), Castallanese (1.58%), Turquese (1.11%), Zinakhtiyyin (0.74%), Others (2.73%)
NationalitiesMazanic (96.16%), Other (3.84%)
DemonymMazanic
GovernmentImani Federal Constitutional Elective Monarchy
 • SultanMohammad Al Taybi
 • Grand VizierSalim AlRabahi
Area
 • Total911,015 km2
351,745 sq mi
Population
 • Census (2019)69,273,120
 • Density76/km2
197/sq mi
GDP (PPP)
 • Total$2.706 trillion
 • Per capita$38,990
GDP (nominal)
 • Total$2.481 trillion
 • Per capita$35,754
HDI (2014)Increase .877
very high
CurrencyMazanic Dinar (MZD)
Internet TLD.mz

Mazan(mɑ' zɑːn Mah-ZAHN; Mazanic: مظأن Mōzan), officially the Sultanate of Mazan (Mazanic: سلطنة مظان Salṭanah Mōzan) is a country in the southwest Uletha, in the subcontinent of Ghetoria. It borders Castellán to the north and The Mazanic Sea to the east. As a consitutional elective monarchy, Mazan exercises it authority over 25 states.

The area of modern-day Mazan formerly consisted of the Alezar Imani Caliphate. A large portion of Mazan (and parts of Castellán) was a part of the Alezar Empire for hundreds of years, becoming a major power in West Uletha and Tarephia during the early modern period. The Kingdom of Alezar started in the 7th century after the decline of the First Imani Caliphate. Different types of governance under the "Alezar" name have been present in modern-day Mazan. After its decline in the 17th century, different parts of modern-day Mazan were governed in different strategies and ways.

The Emirate of Mazan was founded in 1710 by Ahmad Al Rifai. He unified the remaining lands of old Alezar after the great decline of the Caliphate.

Etymology

Mazan name is derived from ma(ماء) the word for water and samin(سامان), which is land. This is because of the importance of the holy water that was found in Maad in the 7th century. Soon it would lead the land being caled maza. Although for a period it was known as Alezar (العزار) which was an old name for the tribes in the desert. Following the collapse in the 16th century after 1000 years of existing in different forms, the name was then replaced by the name that would soon become Mazan.

History

Pre-History

Evidence prove that Mazanics have lived in the lands of Mazan for thousands of year. Old kingdoms have conquered the Balbad area before the first caliphate for hundreds of years. Most of the lands south Ashabah were run by tribal forces until the Imani unification. the First written attestation about Mazanics was found in old Ulethan inscription of 900 years pre-history.

Before the advent of Iman, Mazanics used to be referred to people living south Ashabah and in the desert up to Yam. The main points of importance were in Maad, Naman, and Tabah. The southern part of the country was known by trading and extended times of war between tribes. The northern part was a center of civilization where big capitals were built.

First Caliphate (632-662)

The First Caliphate lasted for 30 years. It was seen as the most ethical and just Caliphate in the history of the country. This is due to its Imani significance. The capital was Tabah while Maad had a religious significance and was sometimes considered as the second capital. It was the first monarchy in the area of modern Mazan. Caliph Abdullah Al Siddiq succeeded in uniting all Mazanic areas under one system based on Imani rules. The extent of the caliphate was until Rabah in the north, the western desert. The expansion behind the old Mazanic world started with Caliph Farouq Al Momin, he conquered Qawari and Balbad which was the beginning of the Imani golden age. Balbad became an important center of culture, knowledge, and politics. After his assassination in 645, Abu Abdullah Al Mustahya became the Caliph with a turbulence between Imanis. This turbulence led to internal conflicts, however, it did not stop them from expanding towards Sarhad.

The Last Caliph of the Imani Caliphate, Haydara Abi Al Hasan, experienced major Civil wars in the area which led to him making Qawari his capital. It was the first capital outside the pre-historical Mazanic lands. at The same time, Hamed Al Amin was building strong alliances in Asharia, these alliances led to conflicts with the Caliph which ended up with Haydara being killed in 662. The son of Haydara, Al Mansub, was the last Caliph of the Imani Caliphate, he gave the caliphate after 6 months to Hamid Al Amin I in order to avoid other civil wars in the area.

Kingdom of Alezar (662-842)

Alezar Caliphate (842-1150)

Sultanate of Alezar (1150-1687)

Civil Wars Era (1612-1720)

New Sultanate of Mazan (1710-present)

Geography

Climate

Mazan's climate ranges from highland, to subtropical to arid. In the central lowland desert going south and east, it has a hot arid climate with average high summer temperatures exceeding 41°C (105.8°F), and low annual rainfalls of 356 mm (14 in). The south of the country experiences higher temperatures. In Riyal, the hottest place in the country, temperatures are over 50°C (120°F). Winters are warm with high temperatures around 20-30°C (68-86°F). Going north around Wavkara and Damasra, the climate changes of humid subtropical with mild winters and warm summers. Towards Barsas, the climates becomes continental, with colder winters.

Politics

Mazan is an Imani federal constitutional elective monarchy where the power is divided among the state's powers (sultanate, Wali council, and the parliament). The Sultanate is an elective monarchy in which a council of Walis (Head of State) elected by specific citizens (Moukhtarun) elect a Sutlan from one of them. The Sultan should be approved by the Imani council. The Sultanate holds wide executive and legislative powers that are limited by the constitution. The Wali Council is the upper-house of Mazan. The Imani Council is the religious body of power that has a wide range of power in assessing the work of the Sultans and the Walis. Only the Imani Council can approve in the disposition of the Sultan if a basis of the disposition can be found in the constitution.

Government System in Mazan

The Sultan serves as Head of State and Commander-in-Chief and appoints the executive branch consisting of the Prime Minister. He appoints also the Vice Wali of each Wilaya (State) in Mazan. The Sultan does not have the power to appoint the ministers or dispose them except in occasional circumstances.

The Mazan Parliament

The Parliament elects the Ministers with an approval rate of 40% of the Wali's Council, and 51% of the Deputies' Council. The Parliament of Mazan consists of two chambers: the Walis' Council (Majilys el-Woulat - مجلس الولاة) and the Deputies' Chamber (Majilys El Nuwwab - مجلس النواب).

The Walis' Council

The Walis' Council is constituted of 25 Wali normally directly elected by specific citizens (Mukhtarun). However, each Wilaya has a different way of electing the Wali. The Walis council elect the Sultan with a minimum 19 out of 25 members (76%). The Sultan cannot be disposed by the Walis except on the basis of the constitution and after the approval of the Imani council. The Walis are equal in power on a national level and are the head of their own Wilaya. Each Wilaya has a different legislature system.

16 Wilaya out of 25 follow the direct election system each 10 years in electing the Wali. Not every citizen is allowed a vote. One of the Mukhtarun of each family votes for the Wali of his Wilaya. The voting is public with no secrecy on who's vote goes to whom. In 2 Wilayas (Maad and Tabah), the Wali is elected by the Imani Council and is allowed to be originally from outside that Wilaya. The Wali needs to be part of the Imani council and cannot be disposed except by the Imani Council under specific constitutional laws. The Albak, Albash, and Bandara Wilayas are based on a family monarchy, hence, do not have voting systems and the Prince (Amir) is the Wali of the specific Wilaya.

The type of government in each Wilaya is not directly related to the state of election of the Walis. 18 out of the 25 Wilayas have local councils while Tabah and Maad are directly governed by the Imani Council under Imani law.

The Deputies' Chamber

The Deputies' Chamber is constituted of 351 seats on the basis of population. Each citizen elects one of the seats of the Wilaya he comes from. There are no reserved seats for women, ethnicity, or minorities in all states except in Linya and Zakhta. In Linya, 2 seats are reserved in Linya for minorities and both seats of Zakhta are reserved for Zinakhtiyyin. The Term of the chamber is 4 years. No one can dispose a member of the chamber but the member can lose his legislature power under specific constitutional laws.

Most Seats Per Wilaya

The Deputies' Chamber can initiate debate and vote on legislation. All foreign policy or legislature related to religion cannot be discussed in the chamber. If the proposal is approved by the chamber, the Walis approve it in order for it to be applied.

Imani Council

The Local Imani Council consists of 60 members of religious prominence. 50 of the members are elected on a local basis in Mazan while the 10 others are elected internationally on the basis of Imani Zones as found in the Imani Council Law and updated on a 10 year basis. The Imani council is part of the three pillars of the government of Mazan. They have the ability to dispose the Sultan and can veto new laws on the basis of Imani law. The Local Imani Council governs the two religious cities of Tabah and Maad and has special additonal authority in the Tursalam district of Ashabah.

The International Imani Council consists of 100 members (60 from the Local Council, 10 from Aden, 20 from Demirhan Empire, and 10 additional). This Council passes laws, restrictions, jurisdictions and more for the entire Imani world. They have the religious authority on the whole Imani based world.

Administrative Divisions

Mazan is divided into 25 states (ولاية, Wilaya) with Hanif being the capital and the center for the Parliament. The central Imani Council is in Tabah with secondary Councils in each Wilaya. The 25 states are divided into districts which have distinct features in each state. Depending on the states, some districts are divided into serveral municipalities.

Wilayat Mazan


Mazan States Divisions
State Name State Name in Arabic (ولاية) Postal
abbrev.
Wilaya Capital Area (km2) Population Pop.

Density

Hanif حنيف HN Hanif 1,467 9,800,500 6,680.64
Huthayf حذيف HT TBD 13,830 6,500,400 470.02
Khubayb خبيب KB TBD 72,038 6,200,300 86.07
Ashabah أصحبة AS Asharia 13,294 6,130,400 461.14
Linya لينيا BB Balbad 38,200 5,455,600 142.82
Musayyab مسيب MS Muhtawa 49,926 4,540,200 90.94
Madra مدرا MD TBD 52,296 4,300,200 82.23
Albara ألبرا AL TBD 8,689 3,850,200 82.23
Arsam أرسام AR Arsam 5,762 3,150,200 544.36
Bouchri بشري BC Mumaddan 200,635 2,340,000 11.66
Rabah رباح RB TBD 10,739 2,150,300 200.23
Tabah طابة TB Tabah 15,178 2,100,200 138.37
Yam يم YM Qawari 29,453 1,624,000 55.14
Maribar مريبار MB Jiwar 3,725 1,540,300 413.5
AlShamali الشمالي SH Almiriyya 25,111 1,530,200 60.94
Maad معاد MA Maad 14,672 1,500,200 102.25
Sarhad سرحد SD TBD 129,122 1,439,800 11.15
Naman نعمان NM Halqamar 16,919 1,320,000 78.02
AlShawir الشوير SW TBD 62,742 1,200,300 19.13
Albak الباك BK Tarat Albak 31,986 650,400 20.33
Rissan ريسان RS Aljaraf 6,043 602,000 93.15
Albash الباش BS Tarat Albash 28,322 512,500 18.1
Alazila العازلة AZ Finzada 10,988 462,500 42.09
Zakhta زختا ZK Sahar 68,074 283,000 4.16
Bandara بندرة BN Binafta 1,359 230,200 169.39
Mazan Total 910,570 69,413,900 76

Military

Mazan has one of the highest percentages of military expenditure in the world, it spends around 6.8% of its GDP in its military. The Mazanic military consists of the Mazanic Land Forces, the Mazanic Air Forces, The Mazanic Navy, The Mazanic Air defense, The Mazanic National Guard, and The Mazanic Imani Army and paramilitary forces, totaling nearly 420,000 active-duty personnel. In 2015, the military had the following personnel: the army, 120,000; the air force, 22,000; the air defense, 32,000; the navy, 25,000; the Imani army, 30,000; with additional paramilitary personnel. The Sultanate has a strong military relationship with Aden and Demirhan Empire.

Foreign Relations

Rissan

Rissan Map
Street in Aljaraf

Rissan is the region where Mazan and Castellán shores meet. The capital is Aljaraf. It’s the zone with more castellanese immigration. The second main city name is Armid that means “The Red Roofs City”. Rissan is a well known region of Mazan because it haves a lot of water.

R-16 Road in the Asmar Reservoir
The Asmar Water Reservoir and Al Baser Water Reservoir are the biggest reservoirs in the country and very big compared to the worlds average size of reservoirs. The Rissan Rivers crosses all the region until its delta in Aljaraf. The R-16 is considered to be one of the most dangerous roads in Mazan. This is because the asphalt is just 1 meter above the water level and 2 meters from the shoreline.
Aljaraf’s Twin Towers (In Mazanic توأم الجرف)
The Aljaraf’s Twin Towers are is the tallest skyscraper in Rissan with 200 meters.

Economy

As of 2015, Mazan is a developed, free-market economy. Also, it is also the largest economy in the world with a GDP of $10 trillion dollars. Despite the diverse economy, a large portion of its economy relies on oil, natural gas, gold, and diamonds. Other major contributors include mining, banking, tourism, telecommunications, finnance, and manufacturing.

As a prosperous capitalist state and social democracy country featuring a combination of free market activity and large state ownership in certain key sectors. Public health care in Mazan is almost-free (after an annual charge of around $230 for those over 16). The state income derived from natural resources includes a significant contribution from petroleum production. Mazan has a very low unemployment rate, currently 2.6%. 69% of the population aged 15–74 are employed. People in the labour force are either employed or looking for work. 9.5% of the population aged 18–66 receive a disability pension and 30% of the labour force are employed by the government. The hourly productivity levels, as well as average hourly wages in Mazan, are among the highest in the world.

Demographics

Mazan is home to 376 million people according to its 2012 census. Also, from a recent estimate states that the Mazan has exceeded 380 million inhabitants, making it the most poluated country in the world. Ninety percent of the people are ethnic Mazanic and ninety-two percent were born in the country. Nearly ninety percent of whom lived in towns and cities. According to the 2011 estimate, the population is increasing by 1.35 percent each year. Mazan has an average population density of 165 people per km². People within the 15–64 age group constitute 70.4 percent of the total population; the 0–14 age group corresponds to 22.3 percent; while senior citizens aged 65 years or older make up 7.3 percent. In 1927, when the first official census was recorded in the Sultanate of Mazan, the population was 113.6 million. The largest city in Mazan, Khama'ata, is also one of the largest cities in Uletha in population. Other populated urban centers include Tehmahd, Hattir, Cauai, Kalgharab, Omara, and Nuggadha.

Population centers

 
Largest cities in Mazan
Mazanic Census Institute
Rank State Pop.
1 Hanif Hanif 10,356,977
2 Balbad Linya 2,430,836
3 Asharia Ashabah 2,365,991
4 Tabah Tabah 2,103,129
5 Mumadan Bouchri 1,999,129
6 Khubayb city Khubayb 1,842,512
7 Maad Maad 1,202,332
8 Arsam Arsam 1,102,291
9 Qawari Qawari 1,092,646
10 Tahat Linya 822,458

Language

Under the constitution, the official language of the of Mazan is Mazanic, which almost all of the population speaks and is virtually the only language used in newspapers, radio, television, and for business and administrative purposes. Based of the 2012 census, Ninety percent (or 62 millions) of all inhabitants of Mazan primarily speaks the language. Ingherish is widely used as a secondary language in business. It is also illegal under the constitution to not use the Mazanic language in official paper in the private sector and advertising.

Zakhti Mazanic is a regional language that is the mother tongue of 1% of the population. Close to 70% of the population of Zakhta consider it as their mother tongue. It is mainly spoken in Zakhta with a sginificant minority in Tabah, Naman and Maad. Zakhti Mazanic is the new form of Mazanic that is based on Classical Mazanic and some Zakhti terminologies. Turquese is also spoken by 1% of the population mostly foreigners coming from the Demirhan Empire.

Religion

Imani
  
98.9%
Others
  
1.1%
distribution of Religion

98.9% of the Adenian citizens are Imani. Minorities can be found mostly in Allyn (322,014 non-Imanis), Inrak (97.545 non-Imanis), and Maytam (44,436 non-Imanis). Estimates of the Irfan population of Imanis in Aden range between 75% and 90%. Important religious figures have shaped the population inclduing Al Imam Al Harari (From Harar), Imam Mohamad Nadaly (Resided in Nadal).

Imanis are given priority and importance in Aden which is mainly because of the intensive history of Iman in the country. Religious Studies is considered as a great source of pride in the country which increase the religiosity level of the population.

Ethnicity

distribution of Ethnic Groups

  Mazanic (93.22%)
  Castellanese (2.07%)
  Zinakhtiyyin (1.16%)
  Turquese (0.97%)
  Adenian (0.86%)
  Others (1.77%)

Most of the population identifies by Mazanic. Even though there is a variance between different Wilayas in Mazan, all of the native population (except Zinakhtiyyin) are considered as Mazanic. Including Adenians, 94.24% of the population is Mazanic. A minority of Castellanese are present in the north of the country mainly due to historical mergers and the closeness to the Castellan borders. Rissan has the highest percentage of Castellanese, they constitute of 18% of Rissan's population. Zinakhtiyyin are a majority in Zakhta (73%) and a significant minority in Maribar (23%) and Maad (6%).The Adenian population, even though considered as Mazanic ethnically, is categorized alone. It is mainly present in the capital, the southern borders, Arsam, Tabah, and Maad. Turquese people can be also found in the capital, Tabah, and Maad.

Education

Education in Mazan is overseen by the Sultanate's Department for Education and Department for Business, Innovation and Abilities. Local government authorities are responsible for implementing policy for public education and state-funded schools at a local level. School attendance, or registration for home schooling, is compulsory throughout Mazan. Education is the responsibility of the individual Wilayas aso the rules vary between states, but in general children are required to attend school from the age of about 5 up until about 16.

The education system is divided into stages based upon age: Early Years Foundation Stage (ages 3–5), primary education (ages 5–11), secondary education (ages 11–18) and tertiary education (ages 18+). In Imani schools, the secondary stages is shorter (11-14) and the tertiary education starts at 15 years old.

Higher education students normally attend university from age 18 onwards, where they study for an academic degree. There are over 150 universities in Mazan, most are public institutions. The Department for Business, Innovation and Abilities is the government department responsible for higher education in Mazan. All public universities are free. The first degree offered to undergraduates is the Bachelor's degree, which usually takes three years to complete. Students are then able to work towards a postgraduate degree, which usually takes one year, or towards a doctorate, which takes three or more years. In order to be eligible to elect the Wali and be considered as Moukhtar مختار, the students should add a year degree from one of the accredited for Moukhtar universities (AMU) in the country. There are 30 AMU universities in Mazan. Citizens that have a bachelor in Imani Studies are exempted from the additional one year in AMU.

Infrastructure

Culture

Mazanic Culture is the culture of the people living in Mazan, from the north to the south and might include Adenians too. Mazanics share basic beliegs and values that cross the Wilayat and even seas since the Mazanic culture is sometimes seen as very close to Turquese culture. Social attitudes are constant in most of Wilayat, however, some differences can be seen between the coast and the inner lands.

Language

There are two things that unify Mazanic people, the Mazanic language and the Imani religion. Mazanic is an old language with evidence of its appearance going back 1000 prehistorical years. Mazanic is also the official language of Aden, Merracos, Unesia. Hence, Mazanics have a great connection with people in these countries too.

Mazanic has developed into a minimum of three forms. The Classical Mazanic that can be found in literature, mosques, schools, and official speech. The Zinakhti Mazanic is very close to Classical Mazanic. The Ami Mazanic (مظاني عامّي) is the language that is used everyday in the Mazanic world. The Ami Mazanic differs between regions of Mazan and outside Mazan. The Ami Balbadi (عامي بلبادي) is mostly connected to the Fidah Area and the Coast of Aden. The Ami Dakhli (عامي داخلي) is connected to the inner area of Qawari, Yam, Sarhad, and ranging into Albak and Albash. The Ami Jazi (عامي جازي) is connected to the whole southern region. The Hanif area has built a distinct Ami the encompasses all of the above.

Literature

Cuisine

Art & Architecture

Spirituality

Sciences

See Also

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