Difference between revisions of "Meilan"
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- This article is about the Tarephian territory. For the lost country of Meilan, see Meilan (Antarephia).
|9, -24.765, 31.564|
|• Regional languages||Franquese|
|Ethnic Groups||Meilanese (53%)|
|• High Commissioner||Wen Linping|
|• Total||10579.49 |
4804.77 mi2 km2
|• Estimate (2016)||1,128,000|
|• Census (2014)||1,077,085|
|HDI (2014)|| 0.717|
|Timezone||Eastern Tarephian Standard Time (+2)|
|Currency||Meilanese shu (MS)|
|Drives on the||right|
Meilan, officially Mandatory Meilan, is an Assembly of Nations mandate territory located on the Strait of Lyc on the continent of Tarephia. By AN resolution, Tigeria has administered the territory since the Great War. Franquese and Meilanese are the two official languages in Meilan, both with equal recognition. Significant minority languages spoken in Meilan include Castellanese, Franquese, and Gohangukian.
The name Meilan derives from a combination of the two regions that made up the region of legendary Meilan, Meishan (Meilanese: 美山) and Lanyun (Meilanese: 兰云). Prior to the formation of Mandatory Meilan, the Meilanese character lan in Lanyun was changed from 兰 (meaning orchid) to 蓝 (meaning blue) for reasons unknown. It is widely suspected that a transcription error resulted in this change, and it was gone unnoticed because the transcribed Franquese name remained the same. However, the name of the new republic retained the old character 兰, resulting in the continued use of the name Meilan (Meilanese: 美兰) to refer to the territory.
Meilan was first settled by the 15ths and 16ths centuries by two groups, separately. The Ingerish first started a colony near present-day Beishan called North Cape (near present-day Beishangang) in 1602, because it was correctly believed by the explorers that they had discovered the northern tip of the continent of Antarephia. A group of explorers from Commonia and West Commonia settled near present-day Lanzhou in 1705. They named the settlement Lanyun (Meilanese: 兰云), meaning orchid clouds, because of the sweet flowers they encountered when first arriving among the dense fog. They quickly explored westward, discovering the western coast and naming it Meishan (Meilanese: 美山), meaning beautiful mountains, for the high peaks and valleys that they encountered. They settled around Lake Meishan and present-day Fanghuagang (meaning fragrant flower harbour), which became the largest city and a bustling metropolis of trade and commerce.
Due to the presence of mountains in the north (near present-day Hetian and Beishan), contact was not made between the Commonians and Ingerish until 1795. By then, the Commonian settlers had developed a distinct, identity, and culture from the rest of their peers, creating the Meilanese language and the first sovereign state of Meilan. Due to the remoteness of certain regions, regional dialects of Meilanese developed, such as Yanghua (spoken by the Yang tribe), Xiangyu (spoken by the Xiang tribe), and Shaokan (spoken by the Shao tribe). When the Meilanese arrived at the Ingerish settlement of North Cape, there was initially a bloody war between the two groups. After the Ingerish settlers unequivocally surrendered at the Battle of Mount Mohan, rather than forcing the settlers out of their territory, the Meilanese pursued an aggressive policy of assimilation, which was eventually changed to a policy known as cultural integration, whereby both elements of Meilanese and Ingerish culture was adopted and both languages were adopted for use equally. In addition, as a measure to standardize written and spoken language and improve literacy, a standardized set of rules for the Meilanese language was developed, which discouraged and eliminated the use of regional dialects. To affirm control over the new territory in the north, the Meilanese founded a new capital at Beishan in the predominantly Ingerish-speaking region, just south of the settlement of North Cape. Beishan quickly became a major trading and economic hub in the region.
The system of government in Meilan became more organized in the 18th and 19th centuries, with the establishment of an absolute monarchy governed by a ruling family (not any individual head of state). Although the whole family was decreed as the supreme leader of the nation, the oldest adult male in the family was often seen as the de facto head of state. With burgeoning trade and economic development beginning in the late 18th century and its access to major shipping channels and strong relationship with the members of the Ardoin Trade League, Meilan became a popular destination for Castellanese, Franquese, and Gohangukian immigrants who were seeking a new life in the Antarephian continent. Immigrantion was facilitated with land grants and financial support. The Castellanese and Franquese established a large presence along parts of the west coast of Meilan, while the Gohangukians arrived on the east coast near present-day Huqiu. These groups' culture and heritage are protected and preserved with the creation of ethnic autonomous prefectures and significant minority populations remain, although due to assimilation, these populations are decreasing.
In the late 19th century, unrest with the government, which had been seen as too authoritarian and wasteful was growing. The Five Days War broke out on February 2, 1895 between the ruling powers and ordinary peasants, after the ruling Zhang family introduced a new tax on imports. On February 7, 1895, only five days after escalations began, the ruling Zhang family, realizing that continued unrest would undermine stability and the economy, causing widespread social and economic problems, agreed to reform the nation into the Republic of Meilan. The Republic of Meilan was formally declared on March 1, 1899 after a three year transition process that ended with a national election. An unicameral system of parliament was established with its capital at Beishan. The first president was Zhang Yuhan (no relation to the prior ruling Zhang family before the republic).
In the late 1910s, the rising power of Beaudry in the Tarephian continent to the north increased tensions between the two countries, especially when the naval forces of Beaudry conducted exercises in nearby waters that were seen as a violation to Meilan's sovereignty in January 1917. Tensions escalated into full scale conflict between the two countries when Beaudry launched a surprise attack on the beaches of Futong on July 2, 1917, hoping to capture the cities of Suhui and cut off the economic and military hub of Meiming from the rest of country. This marked the start of the Beaudry–Meilan War, which would less than a year. Although Futong and Suhui would fall to the Beaudrais quickly, they were unable to capture the city of Meiming and were met with heavy resistance, including reinforcements from the north of Meilan. The Beaudrais forces suffered a major defeat at the Battle of Kangqiao in December 1917, where more than 80% of the Beaudrais forces involved in the battle were killed or captured. Meilanese forces would eventually recapture Suhui and Futong, while launching a naval offensive on the city of Paradis, including the naval and air base in the city. With the Beaudrais forces suffering major losses in the Battle of Paradis, the city fell. The war came to a close with the signing of the Treaty of Suhui on February 1, 1918, in which Beaudry ceded a portion of the western half of the city of Paradis to Meilan. Meilan has administered this part as Jintan City, a part of Meishan Province. Relations have improved between the two countries since the signing of economic agreements in the 1930s, although Beaudry still claims the city of Jintan and regularly puts pressure on the Meilanese government to return the territory.
The Republic of Meilan is governed by a President which serves as the head of state and leader of the executive and legislative branches of the country. Meilan has one house of Parliament consisting of 185 Members of Parliament that meet in the Great Hall in Beishan. The executive branch consists of the President and ministers. The third branch of government, the judicial branch, is headed by a Supreme Justice of the Republic with four associate justices.
The territory of Meilan has three administrative divisions:
- Eaux Riantes
- Kealohilani Territories
Meilan enjoys a humid tropical climate, due to its proximity to the Equator. Summer is hot and humid with occasional showers and thunderstorms, and warm air coming from the northwest. Winters are mild and sunny, with coastal temperatures moderated by their proximity to the ocean. Mountainous regions are often cooler, while the inland plains remain hot but dry.
Meilan's economy is driven by five primary industries: agriculture, oil/gas, forestry, manufacturing, banking/finance. The inland regions of Meishan and Lanyun are plentiful in arable land, resulting in a burgeoning economy of cocoa, rice, and various fruits and vegetables. The discovery of oil deposits along the eastern and southern coasts has created a burgeoning oil and gas industry. Forestry is a crucial component of the economy in the province of Beichen, with its many forests. Manufacturing is important in many of the commercial centres of the country, with a wide variety of products and exports ranging from textile, clothing, and electronics. Meiming and Beishan are also important banking/finance centres, with Meiming considered one of the world's most important trade and commerce centres.
Meilan currently has the following airports:
- Kai Kealohilani International Airport
The nation's flag carrier is Air Meilan, which serves various national and international destinations.
Rail transport did not arrive in Meilan until the 1900s, which results in a relatively underdeveloped rail network that is currently undergoing rapid expansion.
Meilan has a well developed expressway and highway network. National-level roadways are given one or two digit numbers; odd-numbered expressways run east-west, while even-numbered expressways run north-south. Branch and auxiliary expressways are given a letter suffix after the number. There are three classes of national-level roadways:
- Class 1: main expressway network, are be fully expressway-grade, with at least 2 lanes in each direction with shoulders and separated by a median with width greater than 5 metres
- Class 2: secondary expressway network, are fully expressway-grade, with at least 2 lanes in each direction
- Class 3: tertiary network, are at least highway grade, with at least 1 lane in each direction
Provincial-level roadways are all Class 3 roadways (see above), and are assigned three digit numbers based on the province they are located in.
Currently, three-digit highways in the 300s, 600s, and 900s are reserved for future use. In addition, x00 and x81-x99 are currently reserved and not able to be assigned, where x is the first digit of a numbered highway.