|9, 56.3987, 19.6573|
|Socialist Republic of Myrcia|
"On Brádbrim Sy Fæger"
On the wide sea is beauty
and largest city
|• Regional languages||Scandic, Ingerish|
|Nationalities||Myrcian (79%), Ingerish (8%), Scandic (3%), Other Ulethan (6%), Other (4%)|
|Government||Socialist Democratic Republic|
|• Ealdor||Bygett Lisedohtor (W)|
|• Upper house||Folclagu|
|• Lower house||Griðlagu|
|• Total||3,079 km2|
1,188 sq mi
|• Estimate (2014)||933,846|
|• Per capita||Ð56,018|
|Currency||Myrcian Dínor (Ð) (MYR)|
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 20th Century Myrcia
- 4 Politics
- 5 Geography
- 6 Economy
- 7 Demographics
- 8 Culture
- 9 References
The modern-day name Myrcia stems from the Myrcian language. The most common etymology states that the name comes from the words mærce (boundary / limit) and ria (island) as the island represented the last, major landmass before the wide Hesperic Ocean. Mercia, as an Ingerisation of the name, has fallen out of use since the Rihtwísness in the early 20th century.
See also Monarchy of Myrcia
The settlement of Myrcia has long been the subject of a fierce archaeological debate among the nation's historians . In 2009 human remains were discovered on the island of Endoc which appeared to date from the first century BCE, that pre-dates any other human remains elsewhere in the kingdom . By 100CE firm evidence shows fishing and domestic life had spread to much of the north coast of the main island and Endoc .
The first wave of settlers existed in relative isolation until the sixth century when Christic settlers from Ingerland began to colonise the north of the island. They either converted or killed the pre-Christic population which existed prior to their arrival . The first written record of activity on Myrcia dates from around 600 and discusses the establishment of a monastery near to modern-day Nórdport. By the ninth century much of the island had been divided between various monastic communities and was governed under a basic feudal-monastic system .
In 991 the Cranic established the modern state of Myrcia as a separate entity from the powers of Ingerland. It was written in Myrcian and Old Ingerish and signed by all 118 abbocs of the island's monasteries. It was presented to the Ingerish court in 992 who had no choice but to sign the document and pronounce Myrcia independent in the face of such a monastic revolt . The Cranic records a very spartan history of the Christic foundation of Myrcia and identifies Kynge Alfæd, a former monk from Renburh as the first King of Myrcia and the first Kirkfæder (Ingerish: church father). He was crowned in December 992 at Nórdport, the city which remained capital and home of the Kirk Myrcia until 1759 .
The Kingdom of Vestjord
Although the Cranic established a Myrcian domain which covered all of the main island much of the southern half remained uninhabited. In 1101 the Centwinecranic records the invasion of the south of the island by an army from Scandmark . They first landed near Dunwic but found the marshland too inhospitable so they set up a more permanent base in St Grimbald (Scandic: Vestvik) and declared the establishment of the Kingdom of Vestjord .
After an initial period of unrest between the monastic communities in the north and the civilian Scandic settlers in the south a border was established around where the current Nórdhumber and Bernica / Westaxe border is. For much of the 12th, 13th and 14th centuries the kingdoms of Myrcia and Vestjord co-existed on the island. The Myrcian Kynge Alban I built a 7-foot high stone wall across the border in 1266/7 known as Albanweall, some of it still exists today .
By the end of the 14th century the border between Vestjord and Myrcia had become porous, the sporadic fighting which characterised life in the border area had ceased and the two cultures of Scandic Vestjord and Ingerish Myrcia had begun to homogenise. The current language of Myrcian began to form at this time as a mixture of Scandic and Old Ingerish. The religion of the Kirk Myrcia became the official faith of the Kingdom of Vestjord by 1387 and when Kynge Rys's popular son became Kynge Alban II in 1401 the Vestjorder Kung Sandar proposed a treaty of unity known as the Súmburh Formæl. On the 4th June 1403 the Súmburh Formæl was signed by both Kynge Alban II and Kung Sandar and the two kingdoms of Myrcia and Vestjord became the Ríce Cyning Myrcia.
Following the signing of the Súmburh Formæl the newly formed Kingdom of Myrcia was divided into three læðs, known as the Triarch, which still exist to this day as the primary administrative areas of mainland Myrcia. They are Bernica, Nórdhumber and Westaxe. Each læð was controlled by an Earl whose seat of power invariably became a major settlement, those læðburh were St Edburga, Nórdport and St Grimbald with St Edburga being replaced by Dunwic as the læðburh of Bernica in the 1640s. Over the course of the 15th century the three major land-owning forces in Myrcian society were the Earls, the monarchy and the Kirk with each owning approximately a third of the habitable and agricultural land on the island . During this time a great amount of land was enclosed for the purposes of farming, in the north this tended to be in form of crofting or subsistence farming, in the south and east the fields were larger and farming more communal and organised. In 1453 a revolt of crofters in Nórdhumber known as Effa's Revolt destroyed much of the city of Nórdport and undertook a two year rent strike. The Earl of Nórdhumber's forces used violent force to oppose the peasants but after two years of fighting they appealed to Kynge Offa III to accept some of the requests of the crofters and formalise them. This resulted in the Offadóm, the first formal constitution for Myrcia which enshrined the rights of common land, freedom of worship and the relationships between the monarchy, landlords and peasants. It was far from a modern legal work but it laid the groundwork for Myrcia's structure and led to some improvements in the lives of those farmers who had suffered the unfettered power of the feudal Earls and Kirk.
The Great Mercian Corporation was founded in St Grimbald in 1788. It was formed by a number of Ingerish manufacturing, infrastructure and natural resource concerns who saw Myrcia as a nation ripe for industrialisation. Their first projects in the late-18th century included the re-construction of St Grimbald harbour and the development of factories in the and canals in the Forshæig area of Dunwic. They would go on, in the course of the first half of the 19th century, to build the Núcanal from St Grimbald to Dunwic and to develop the two towns into industrial cities. The urban/rural population shift was matched by a shift away from Myrcian language and Myrcian culture and toward assimilation with Ingerish.
The monarchs and governing ministers of the period welcomed foreign trade and investment and saw it as a way to prevent Myrcia from being invaded by much more powerful Ulethan nations. The Ingerish navy provided support for GMC vessels which also protected Myrcia's harbours from the possibility of foreign attack. In 1882 GMC opened the first railway along the lines of the Núcanal and this accelerated urban growth even further, by the turn of the century Dunwic had grown to a city of almost 350,000 people, approximately ten times the 1800 population.
The poor living conditions of urban Myrcians was one of the factors which led to the Rihtwísness in 1911. The writer and socialist activist Anders Morsson took up the cause of the urban poor and fought for a return to Myrcian culture and, in particular, the Myrcian language. By 1900 there was an increasingly large movement focused around worker's gilds which was anxious for social change, an end to the monarchy and the rejection of Ingerland's oversized influence in Myrcia.
20th Century Myrcia
1909 - 1910 Rihtwísness
The coronation of Kynge Bede IV on 11 December 1909 was seen by many as the beginnings for the Rihtwísness in Myrcia. On the day of the coronation protesters blocked access to bridges over the Áfon Dun and disrupted the ceremony in St Anselm Milkirk shouting pro-democracy slogans in Myrcian. The new monarch was thought to be more sympathetic to the establishment of a new democratic constitution but he ordered a show of strength in response to his disrupted coronation and temporarily imprisoned many of the protest leaders including Mar Lewisson who was seen as the figurehead of the Rihtwísness.
Despite these measures the protests in Dunwic, St Grimbald and Nórdport continued over the winter of 1909/10 and grew larger culminating in the largest protest ever seen in Myrcia on St Alfaed's Day 1909. Protesters attempted to march from the Cynehám to the Burhcomons but were stopped on Comon (now Sæterhriht) Brig by mounted police. In the ensuing struggle to pass through four protesters were drowned, two were seriously injured by a tram and dozens were injured by police officers and their horses. Many marchers turned back to the west side of the city and began to target buildings owned by Ingerish businesses including the GMC warehouses on the Vester Embancment. Throughout the night fires blazed along the river, by the end of the week Ingerland had sent ships to Dunwic Hæfen to protect their business interests and citizens.
Kynge Bede was caught between the demands of his public for political prisoners to be released and a new democratic constitution and the threat of invasion from Ingerland if civil unrest were to continue. He opted to release the prisoners but on the condition that they would meet with him to discuss a new constitution for Myrcia. Kynge Bede met with a commission of royalist supporters to draft a constitution which would retain the monarchy and Ingerish language and influence but cede some ground to the Rihtwísness in terms of a new parliament. The king met with 25 representatives of the Rihtwísness in St Edburga in April 1910.
During the meetings Mar Lewisson was sympathetic to Kynge Bede's desire to maintain a symbolic monarchic head of state whereas other members of the Rihtwísness, particularly those associated with the worker's gild movements refused to accept anything less than its abolition. After four days of argument and counter-argument between the royalist commission and the Rihtwísness a compromise was eventually struck which sought to create a new constitutional monarchy and to return Myrcian as the official language. The agreement was known as the St Edburga Accord and it was presented to the Myrcian public on 20 May 1910. On 5 September 1910 a national referendum was held to ratify the new constitution. It was the first democratic vote to take place in Myrcia and it was one of the first in the world to incorporate universal suffrage.
1910 - 1923 The New Myrcian Democracy
The new constitution was approved by an 87:13 vote in favour and was signed into law by Kynge Bede on 7 September 1910. The 7 September is now celebrated as Þéodlicdæg (Ingerish: National People's Day). The first elections were held on 1 December 1911 to the Folclagu (upper house) and Griðlagu (lower house). For the first 10 years the Sæterhriht met in the chapter house of St Anselm Milkirk whilst plans were drawn up to build a civic centre on the Burhcomons between the city centre and Dunwic Castel. The Sæterhriht was completed in 1923 along with the new Hústing and Mearcgemot court buildings and government offices. The winner of the first elections was the Rihtwísness which meant that many former protest leaders within the Rihtwísness movement became lawmakers and ministers including the Mar Lewisson who became the first Ealdor.
1923 - 1950 Democracy Faulters
For the first twenty years of the new democracy the government was formed by an uneasy coalition of establishment conservative bureaucrats and the former leaders and activists of the Rihtwísness. Each worked with and against the other resulting in a slow pace of change and a country which still seemed to be dominated by Ingerish industrial forces, a conservative state bureaucracy and the ever-present monarchy. This led to an increasing political malaise in the country which was typified by a turn-out of only 52% in the election of 1946. The promise of a new Myrcian democracy and the 'age of the Rihtwísness' had only resulted in surface-level changes in governance but no change in the material conditions of the Myrcian working classes who continued to labour for Ingerish industrial concerns. The Rihtwísness government of 1946-1950 oversaw an era of general strikes, mass protest and civil disobedience caused by a slow-down in the Myrcian economy, the closure of a number of mines and factories (especially in the north of the country) and by the rising influence of radical socialist and communist agitators in working class communities and the wider political scene.
1950 - 1952 The Rise of the Left
By the time a general election was called in 1950 it was clear that the Rihtwísness party which had governed, in one form or another, since 1911 would not be able to command the popular support of the masses. There were a number of left-wing competitors which were often led by former Rihtwísness revolutionaries or by younger firebrands who had come up through the trade unions. In the south the major force was the Folcpartiet Myrcia (People's Party of Myrcia) whilst the north and Dunwic saw the rise of Wyrcend (Workers). Both of these were Eriksist parties inspired by communist economic and social ideas founded in radical leftist trade unions and workers' collectives. In the election 1950 FM and Wyrcend gained a majority in the Folclagu. For the first two years of their government the Rihtwísness-majority Griðlagu prevented any major constitutional changes but following the Griðlagu elections of 1952 in which the leftist coalition won a majority there was a major movement toward creating a new, socialist constitution and totally re-drawing the economy and state of Myrcia in an Eriksist mould.
1952 - 1959 The Establishment of the Folcyning
With the success of FM and Wyrcend in the 1950 and 52 elections came a slew of major changes to the Myrcian state and to life in the country. Economic, social and cultural change was all on the agenda when the first congress of the FM and Wyrcend Folclæder (People's Meeting) occurred in October of 1952 in Nórdport. The Folclæder was established as a decision making body for the state made up of workers and activists from across the country. Its purpose was to 'advise' the Sæterhriht but over the years it came to be seen as the primary legislative body. The first Folclæder created a programme of constitutional change which would officially establish Myrcia as a Folcyning (Socialist State) and abolish the monarchy. The programme of legislation was passed in both houses of the Sæterhriht and was enacted officially on 8 January 1953. Other major policies of the Folclæder in the 1950s included a huge programme of social housebuilding, the nationalisation of many industries and the beginnings of Myrcia as a planned, socialised, centralised economy.
1960 - 1980 Eriksism in Action
By 1960 the socialist, Eriksist programmes of the Folcyning were well and truly established. For the majority of Myrcians there is no doubt that material conditions improved, there was free healthcare and education, subsidised social housing, childcare and transport and full employment in state-owned or co-operative companies. The economy was mainly focused on exporting lumber, fish, chemicals, oil and meat to the major states of western Uletha. During this time it was seen by much of the world as a 'closed state' due to its physical isolation and lack of perceived freedom-of-movement for its citizens. Although technically Myrcians could travel freely abroad the high cost of international travel (by air or sea) meant that few did (except on subsidised, organised holidays to other socialist states in Uletha). Relations with its Ulethan neighbours such as Ingerland and Scandmark were icy for much of the second-half of the 20th century with economic tariffs on Myrcian exports and restrictions on imports to the island. This led to the Folclæder developing a policy of Worðigbyrdnys (self-sufficiency) which saw a diversification in the economy and a change to the way in which the 5-year plans focused on economic self-sufficiency instead of growth in exports. Broadly this meant a dip or stagnation of living conditions for Myrcians in the 1970s and 1980s, whilst many in Uletha were experiencing a boon in consumer products and quality-of-life Myrcians were still using wood-burning stoves and using state-run public transport to move from place to place.
1981 - 1995 A Return to Growth
Although Myrcia had been drilling for oil offshore on a small-scale since in the 1950s it was the discovery of previously unknown offshore oil reserves in Myrcian territorial waters in 1981 that really made major changes in the Myrcian economy possible. The state oil and gas company Enyrge M went from contributing 0.9% of Myrcian GDP in 1979 to 13.5% in 1984. This major change to the economy, coupled with the broadly successful reforms of the Worðigbyrdnys policy meant that, by the beginning of the 1990s, the Folclæder were considering a shift in the central economic planning policies which underpinned the Myrcian state. The 1991 meeting of the Folclæder passed a new plan called Geoguðhád ó Brecþ (Rebirth and Repair). This plan included an increase to the social wage, a plan of refurbishment and rebuilding of state-owned housing, schools and hospitals and a new focus on infrastructure around the country. This effects of Geoguðhád ó Brecþ can be seen in projects such as Dunwic Flyhthæfen International which opened in 1994, the electrification of the major Dunwic to Nórdport and St Grimbald railway lines and the construction of a new container terminal and ferry port in Nórdport. By 1995 Myrcian citizens conditions had improved markedly although, by Ulethan standards, they still lagged behind those in capitalist countries both in their perceived quality-of-life and their political freedoms.
See also Politics of Myrcia
The Sæterhriht was founded in 1911 following the Rihtwísness revolution. Originally it was conceived as the main decision-making body for the nation but its function changed following the establishment of the Folcyning in 1952. The two houses of the Sæterhriht are the Folclagu and Griðlagu, members of these chambers are nominally elected every four years but the lists of candidates tend to be drawn from members of the Wyrcend or FM parties, trade unionists or other local dignitaries. The body's main purpose now is to implement policies drawn up in the annual meeting of the Folclæder.
The Folclæder (People's Assembly) is a meeting of citizen representatives in the chamber of the Sæterhriht every year. The first Folclæder was held in 1951 and it has met every year since. The members of the Folclæder are known as Folcscelder and are selected by regional and urban committees of the Wyrcend and FM parties, trade unions, co-operatives, housing associations and youth groups. Since 1999 the Folclæder has also included representatives of the Kirk Myrcia and Séftnes faiths. The annual meeting will debate legislation, pass motions and make recommendations for the Sæterhriht and central government. Every five years the Folclæder produces a longer-term plan which includes a vision of the economic and cultural direction of the nation. The two most influential and well-known plans were the Worðigbyrdnys (Self-sufficiency) of 1976 and Geoguðhád ó Brecþ (Rebirth and Repair) of 1991. The current 5-year economic plan is known as Forþlútan (Forward) and was put into place during the 2016 meeting of the Folclæder.
For such a small nation the geological variety means that Myrcia is an island of contrasts. The coastal areas in the south are characterised by heavy alluvial clays which have created wide estuaries and flat coastal plains. Through the centre of the island are bands of chalk and sandstone which have created areas of downland and hills from which the famously clear rivers of Myrcia flow. The northern coast of Nórdhumber is famed for its dramatic chalk cliffs and outcrops. The three main areas of downland are the Nórdlædlæws in Nórdhumber, the Seaicðhlæws in northern Bernica and Westaxe and the Midlædlæws in the south between Dunwic and St Grimbald.
Myrcia has a humid continental climate (Dfb) which is influenced by its relatively exposed maritime position. It has mild-to-warm summers and long, cold winters. Snow is common from November until mid-April and extended periods of temperatures below -5°C can occur from November - February when storm systems move in from the Hesperic Ocean. In the summer temperatures can reach above 20°C and even into the early 30°Cs on the sheltered western coast . This has made Myrcia a popular tourist destination in the summer months, especially for visitors from countries in the colder continental states of north-west Uletha.
|Climate data for Dunwic, Myrcia (1981-2010)|
|Record high °C (°F)||10.9
|Average high °C (°F)||2.1
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−1.3
|Average low °C (°F)||−5.5
|Record low °C (°F)||−25.1
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||49.7||31.4||33.4||28.6||33.4||52.3||55.6||75.1||60.0||68.1||66.5||56.5||610.5|
|Source: Metoffic Myrcia.|
Myrcia is one of the few states in the world to have a centralised, planned economy decided upon every five years by the Folclæder and enacted by the state government and the Sæterhriht. As such its economy does not follow traditional capitalist lines. Around 65% of industrial and commercial activity in Myrcia is conducted by state-owned companies, around 25% is by employee-owned co-operatives and around 10% is foreign companies operating under license or small, private businesses.
The island's position on the edge of the Hesperic Ocean has been both an economic boon and a setback for the nation at various points throughout its history. For much of the 18th and 19th centuries Myrcia was effectively a vassal state of Ingerland, for the first-half of the 20th century it struggled to assert its independence and then, following the establishing of the Folcyning in 1952 it moved to a planned, socialist economy.
The main industries in Myrcia are oil and gas production, agriculture, fishing and research and development. A large proportion of the country's GDP comes from Enyrge M, the state owned energy company, which drills for offshore oil and gas within Myrcia's territorial water and then transports this to the Ulethan mainland. Tourism has increased in importance for the island in the last ten years with the government increasing the number of tourist visas available, particularly for visitors from other socialist nations.
Agriculture and Fishing
Farming in Myrcia is organised by farmer-owned co-operatives which pool together resources, profit and labour. Unlike in many other countries, farmers are considered to be employees of a company which means they receive holiday pay, childcare and other workplace benefits. Rural communities in Myrcia are well-connected to cities by public transport both because of the low level of car ownership and the relatively small size of the country. Fishing has historically been a very important industry in Myrcia, though this has dipped in recent decades, fishing co-operative operate from many harbours around the island and fish for cod, hake, haddock and seafood in the Hesperic Ocean.
Finance and Banking
Myrcia's largest banks are Bank af Isl and Mid Bank which both trace their origins back to the 19th century. The banking sector is highly regulated which makes entry into the market historically very difficult.
The state bank, the Bank af Myrcia is located on the Embancment in Dunwic. It's main responsibilities are to ensure a sound financial system, control the flow of money in the economy and implement government monetary policy. Although the bank is technically separated from the government members of the monetary committee are appointed by the finance minister.
Traffic in Myrcia drives on the left. Historically there has been low private car ownership in Myrcia, the cost of petrol was prohibitive for most citizens due to the need to import it from elsewhere. Since the discovery of offshore oil reserves in the 1990s the cost of petrol has dropped somewhat but successive socialist governments have levied higher taxes to prevent a large uptake in private car use. Public transport is well-used in urban areas and it has been the main beneficiary of the increased petrol duties.
There are four Steorweg (trunk roads) which connect the major population centres in Myrcia, these are route 1 (Dunwic - St Grimbald), route 2 (St Edburga - Renburh), route 3 (Dunwic - St Alfæd) and route 4 (Nórdport - St Grimbald). The roads form a banded numbering system so that roads in Myrcia are numbered according to their relation to these trunk routes. For example, route 46 originates in Nórdport, runs along the Nórdhumber coast and terminates south of St Alfæd, while route 140 connects Merestowe with the south coast road.
Railways in Myrcia are owned and operated by the state-owned Railweg Myrcia. There are two trunk lines between Dunwic and St Grimbald and Dunwic and St Alfaed / Nórdport. Urban transport services in Dunwic and metropolitan Bernica are operated by Landstede Geleórednes Dunwic and include the Linbæn light rail service.
Myrcia, as an island nation, is heavily reliant on air and sea links. Dunwic Flyhthæfen International is the major airport for the island and is served by many international airlines. It is also the hub for the state-owned Flyht Myrcia. Nórdhumber Flyhthæfen and St Cedric Flyhthæfen are the only other two airports on the islands and these operate a small number of domestic and short-hop flights.
Ferry and freight services operate from Myrcia's many seaports. The largest ports are St Grimbald and Hæfen a Dunwic which both cater for passenger, cargo and container traffic. Ferry services are mainly operated by Fær Myrcia and link mainland Myrcia to Uletha as well as the island læðs of Endoc and Englea. Ro-ro cargo services are operated by Bernica Lin.
Mobile and internet penetration rates in Myrcia are amongst the highest in Uletha. The Feoh infrastructure fund established after the oil boom of the 1990s and 2000s provided funds to build a national fibre optic network and develop the 3G/4G mobile network. The network infrastructure is owned and operated by the state who lease out bandwidth to communications providers. Myrcia's internet TLD is .mr.
The largest communications companies are Þing and Ulethatel which operates mobile and internet services nationwide. A number of smaller operators exist but these tend to be focused on an individual city or læð such as Langufnet who provide services in Englea and Endoc. The postal service in Myrcia is operated by the nationalised Poste Myrcia.
Landline and cellular telephone numbers have nine digits in Myrcia. The country's international dialling code is 0260. Area codes consist of two parts, the first two-digit code belongs to the læð (Bernica 01, Westaxe 02, Nórdhumber 03, Endoc 04, Englea 05). The second part belongs to the town or city or, for rural areas 99 is used. For example the St Brannoc area code is 0110 whilst the code for a rural settlement in Nórdhumber would be 0399. Endoc and Englea only use 0499 and 0599. Cellular telephone numbers use 0600-0699, toll-free numbers use 0700-0740, government numbers use 0900-0950.
The emergency telephone number is 555.
The Myrcian currency is the Myrcian Dínor (Ð). There are 100 penings (p) in a dinór. The Myrcian currency has historically been pegged to the Ingerland Taller which provided stability to a currency with such a modest circulation. In 2002 the decision was made for the Bank af Myrcia to end this practice and float the currency on the international markets, after a number of turbulent years it is thought that the currency's value reached a point of stabilisation where it has remained for almost a decade.
Coins come in 5p, 10p, 20p, 50p and Ð1 denominations. Notes are issued in Ð5, Ð10, Ð20 and Ð50 denominations. Since the Rihtwísness Myrcian coins and notes no longer bear the image of the monarch as head of state. The current notes feature buildings by 20th century Myrcian architects on the front and images of seabirds on the reverse.
TourismIngerland and Scandmark. Although it has a northern maritime climate it has relatively mild summers, especially on the more sheltered western coast. During the summer months flights and ferries can be fully booked with tourists arriving and leaving.
Dunwic is a popular city break destination with its historic city centre, literary reputation and many museums and art galleries. Increasingly cheap flights from northern Ulethan hubs like Winburgh, Markvað and Erihents has increased the city's popularity in recent years. Outside of Dunwic the cities of the west coast, like Nórdport and St Alfæd, attract tourists to their attractive city centres and for their proximity to the downland of central Myrcia and the coastal beaches.
Science and Technology
Myrcia has two major religions; the Kirk Myrcia and the Séftnes, The Kirk Myrcia is a sect of Christicism which formally broke away from the main Christic church around the time of unification in the 14th century. It absorbed pagan Myrcian beliefs and maintains a pantheon of secular and pagan, as well as Christic saints. The Kirk has been entwined in most elements of Myrcian civic life including the Kirkcoleg Myrcia university and in its major landholdings. In the past, through its monastic communities, the Kirk was a powerful player in Myrcian politics but since the Rihtwísness it has had less influence. The Séftnes maintain a creedless faith, they meet in Séftneshús, mostly in urban areas, and commune in silence. Séftnes literally means 'the quiet' in Ingerish and their spirituality is based around shared silence and living a lifestyle which is light on the earth.
Education in Myrcia has undergone a widespread reform since the election of the Wyrcend government in 2000. The government sought to create a truly comprehensive education system free from systemic inequalities and privileges. Legislation was passed which saw private schools closed and converted into state schools and removed elements of selection from the state system. All students in Myrcia must attend their local catchment school unless a valid reason is given and catchment areas for schools have been adjusted to ensure a mixed economic and social intake of students.
Myrcia has long been known as a centre for higher education in Uletha and the population have one of the highest rates of graduate and post-graduate education in the world. Funds from the Feoh and the education budget ensure that Myrcia is able to offer comprehensive higher education for its citizens, Myrcians are able to attend university for free at any point in their life. Whilst Kirkcoleg Myrcia, the oldest and largest university in Myrcia, retains an element of selection to enable it to be globally competitive, all other universities accept students based on interviews and essays rather than on formal grading.
The official language of Myrcia is Myrcian. Its roots can be traced back to the unification of the kingdoms of Vestjord and Myrcia in the 14th century. Scandic speaking settlers in the south and Old Ingerish speaking settlers in the north began to live together and govern together and the Myrcian language emerged as a common tongue, combining common elements of both languages. A written and spoken culture was nurtured by the Kirk Myrcia and the establishment of Kirkcoleg Myrcia in 1664. Both institutions taught and wrote in Myrcian and it was the Kirk which produced the first dictionary in 1659.
With the industrialisation and urbanisation of Myrcia in the 19th century the rural, feudal culture began to shift. Industrialists from Ingerland sought to exploit the natural and human resources of the island and enforced Ingerish as the language spoken in the factories and dockyards of Dunwic, Nórdport and St Grimbald. By the 1870s Myrcian had become the language of the rural poor and the urban populations spoke almost exclusively Ingerish. The pro-Ingerish monarch Kynge Harof II (who styled himself as King Harold II) decreed that Ingerish, where it had already become the de facto language, be made the official language of Myrcia.
In 1899 the socialist reformer Anders Morsson wrote an essay decrying the loss of Myrcian language and culture entitled Fierd a Myrcia (Ingerish: A Cry for Myrcia). He railed against the assimilation of the urban working classes and the loss of Myrcia's historic language, religion and pagan culture. The essay formed the basis of a new movement of folk socialists and trade gilds. Morsson formed the Myrcia Ágenspræc Hús (Ingerish: Home of the Myrcian Language) which taught courses on Myrcian language and folk culture and campaigned for the reinstatement of the language in official life. It continues to campaign for the language today.
The Rihtwísness of the 1910s saw the biggest shift in language in Myrcia. The Rihtwísness Counsil re-instated Myrcian as the official language in 1911 and the first Rihtwísness government of 1912 passed the Myrcian Ágenspræc Lagu which mandated the de-Ingerisation of the country. Over the next five years streets, settlements and institutions changed their names, some reverted to previous Myrcian versions and some created now ones. In 1915 approximately 24% of the population spoke Myrcian as a first language but with mandatory Myrcian education that figure had risen to 56% in 1940 and 86% by 1990.
Today 91% of the population speaks Myrcian. There are, however, still sizeable minorities of Ingerish and Scandic speakers, especially in urban areas. The financial and tourist sectors still use Ingerish but it is not unusual to see Myrcian as the sole language in shops and on public transport. The government, universities, schools and state-owned organisations are all mandated, by law, to use Myrcian as their primary language.
With fewer than 1m people speaking Myrcian there is a perception that the language is a barrier to a wider cultural appreciation and global employability for young Myrcians. In 2011 a survey found that 88% of high school aged citizens spoke fluent or near-fluent Ingerish and this increased to 93% at university. This re-emergence of Ingerish as the language of youth has shaken institutions like Myrcia Ágenspræc Hús who have campaigned recently for more books and films to be translated into Myrcian and for schools to teach other languages beside Ingerish in order to prevent the return of Ingerish hegemony.
Myrcia has a deeply literary culture, one which stems from a tradition of storytelling dating back to the chroniclers of the 10th century. Despite such a small population Myrcia supports a vibrant publishing scene, Myrcians buy (and write) more books per head than any other nation in Uletha. Many Myrcian writers and poets write in both Myrcian and Ingerish and publish their own translations of their work. The most prominent publishers of works in Myrcian are Saga and Frymetling Bernica. Annually the Myrcia International Festival of Literature takes place in Dunwic and is attended by publishing companies, authors and media from around the world.
Television and Radio
Myrcia Telegesiht Cyn (MTC) (Ingerish: Myrcian Television Company), founded in 1922, is Myrcia's publicly funded broadcasting body. It is the largest media organisation and operates four television channels and five radio stations. MTC1 is home to drama, comedy and entertainment shows, MTC2 focuses on factual and arts programming, MTC3 broadcasts a variety of content in Ingerish and Scandic and MTC Tídung is a 24-hour news channel.
In the past decade access to satellite, cable and internet television has become near-universal which has opened Myrcian markets to Ulethan commercial broadcasters. Whilst commercial licenses are rare and difficult to obtain in Myrcia, broadcasters from Ingerland, Scandmark and Norðurland in particular have channels where programming is dubbed or subtitled into Myrcian.
The press in Myrcia has undergone a process of relative liberalisation since the 1990s but remains tightly regulated. The most widely read newspapers are Wilspell (liberal tabloid), Folc (conservative tabloid), Ærendbóc Myrcia (centrist broadsheet) and Ymbwlátend (liberal broadsheet). The Myrcian Herald is an Ingerish-language newspaper with a moderate circulation.
The 2004 Isle & City Games were hosted by Myrcia.
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