Difference between revisions of "Politics of Mallyore"
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Revision as of 16:43, 22 June 2018
The politics of Mallyore are defined by a parliamentary, representative democratic republic framework, where the Prime Minister of Mallyore is the head of government in a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the Government and the President of Mallyore. Legislative power is vested in the Mallyorian Parliament (Mallyorian: Sabornik). The judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature.
Mallyore is a unitary democratic parliamentary republic. Following the collapse of the ruling authoritarian socialistic regime of Želimir Boravica, Mallyore adopted a new constitution in 1974 – which replaced the 1943 constitution adopted by the Socialist Republic of Mallyore. While the 1974 constitution remains in force, it has been amended five times since its adoption — last time in 2009. Under its 1943 constitution, Mallyore operated a semi-presidential system (only de facto) until 1974 when it switched to a parliamentary system. Government powers in Mallyore are divided into legislative, executive and judiciary powers. The legal system of Mallyore is civil law and, along with the institutional framework, is strongly influenced by the legal heritage of Escadia-Mallyore Union.
The President of the Republic (Mallyorian: Predsjednik/ica Republike) is the head of state; he or she is directly elected and serves a five-year term. The president is the commander in chief of the armed forces, has the procedural duty of appointing the prime minister with the consent of the Sabornik (Parliament) through a majority vote (majority of all MPs), and has some influence on foreign policy. The most recent presidential election was held on 11 June 2014 and was won by Ivan Kljaković. The constitution limits holders of the presidential office to a maximum of two terms and prevents the president from being a member of any political party. Consequently, the president-elect withdraws from party membership before inauguration.
The government (Mallyorian: Vlada), the main executive power of Mallyore, is headed by the prime minister who has two deputies, who also serve as government ministers. There are 10 other ministers who are appointed by the prime minister with the consent of the Sabor (majority of all MPs); these are in charge of particular sectors of activity. As of 1 June 2018, the Deputy Prime Ministers are Martina Rakov and Davor Šimunović. Government ministers are from the Mallyorian Democratic Party (MDS), the Mallyorian Party of Changes (MSP) and the Together for Better (UZB) with two independent ministers. The executive branch is responsible for proposing legislation and a budget, executing the laws, and guiding the country's foreign and domestic policies. The government's official residence is at Stjepan Šiško Square ( ). The current prime minister is Zvonimir Korošić.
|Prime Minister's Office|
|Prime Minister||Zvonimir Korošić||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Deputy Prime Ministers|
|Minister of Finance||Ivan Toluščić||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Economy and Entrepreneurship||Jelena Brzović||25 May 2017||independent|
|Minister of the Interior||Petar Koviljac||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Justice||Dražen Matić||9 June 2017||MDS|
|Minister of Defence||Jakov Gotovina||19 July 2016||MSP|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs||Bjanka Gregorić-Vezić||3 March 2018||MDS|
|Minister of Labour and Social Politics||Katarina Bilopavlović||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Health||Milan Šušak||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Agriculture||Željko Marović||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Environment and Energy||Hana Majić-Kraljić||17 December 2016||UZB|
|Minister of Public Administration||Tvrtko Jag||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Construction, Transport and Infrastructure||Slavoljub Petrušić||19 July 2016||MDS|
|Minister of Culture and Tourism||Tončica Dušančić||21 June 2018||MDS|
|Minister of Science and Education||Hrvoje Goranek||25 October 2017||independent|
|Mallyorian Democratic Party||Liberal conservatism||61||+2|
|Social-Democratic Union||Social democracy||53||-5|
|Green Option||Environmentalism, Social liberalism||14||-5|
|Mallyorian Party of Changes||Conservatism||6||+2|
|Together for Better||Centrism, Economic liberalism||4||+4|
|List of Independents||Populism||3||+3|
|Socialistic Front||Socialist nationalism||0||/|
|Party of Pobanavlje||Regionalism||0||-1|
|Others and invalid||3.88||0||—|
|Total (turnout 61.22%)||1,506,744||100.00||141||–|
|Source: Mallyorian Electional Bureau|
The Parliament of Mallyore (Mallyorian: Sabornik) is a unicameral legislative body. The number of Sabornik representatives can vary from 100 to 160; they are all elected by popular vote and serve four-year terms. Current number of representatives is 141. The two largest political parties in Mallyore are the Mallyorian Democratic Party (MDS) and the Social-Democratic Union (SDU). The last parliamentary election was held on 12 June 2016
The Sabornik meets in public sessions in two periods; the first from 15 January to 30 June, and the second from 15 September to 15 December. Extra sessions can be called by the President of the Republic, by the president of the parliament or by the government. The powers of the legislature include enactment and amendment of the constitution, enactment of laws, adoption of the state budget, declarations of war and peace, alteration of the country's boundaries, calling and conducting referenda and elections, appointments and relief of office, supervising the work of the Government of Mallyore and other holders of public powers responsible to the Sabor, and granting amnesty. Decisions are made based on a majority vote if more than half of the Chamber is present, except in cases of constitutional issues.
Mallyore has a three-tiered, independent judicial system governed by the constitution and national legislation enacted by the Sabornik. The Supreme Court (Mallyorian: Vrhovni sud) is the highest court of appeal in Mallyore; its hearings are open and judgments are made publicly, except in cases where the privacy of the accused is to be protected. Judges are appointed by the National Judicial Council and judicial office is permanent until seventy years of age. The president of the Supreme Court is elected for a four-year term by the Mallyorian Parliament at the proposal of the President of the Republic. As of 2018, the president of the Supreme Court is Branko Pašalić. The Supreme Court has civil and criminal departments. The lower two levels of the three-tiered judiciary consist of county courts and municipal courts.
The National Judicial Council (Mallyorian: Državno sudbeno vijeće) consists of eleven members, specifically seven judges, two university professors of law and two parliament members, nominated and elected by the Parliament for four-year terms, and may serve no more than two terms. It appoints all judges and court presidents, except in case of the Supreme Court. As of July 2018, the president of the National Judicial Council is Tatjana Ranković, who is also a Supreme Court judge.
The State Attorney's Office represents the state in legal procedures. As of 2018, Mladen Fuchs is the General State Attorney. The General State Attorney is appointed by the parliament.
Mallyore is divided into 9 counties (županije) which are divided into 87 municipalities (općine), some of which have city status (gradske općine).