Difference between revisions of "Sierra"

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==Economy==
 
==Economy==

Latest revision as of 02:30, 29 November 2019

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State of Sierra
Sierra
Estado de Sierra
FlagCoat of arms
FlagState Seal
Motto:
"Totum Mundi"
A Whole New World
Anthem:
Mi Sierra Bonita
Constituent state ofFlag of the FSA.svg Federal States
CapitalElvira
Official languagesnone
DemonymSierran
GovernmentParliamentary Republic
 • GovernorMaggie Woods
 • Lieutenant GovernorJonathan Torres
LegislatureState Assembly
 • Upper houseState Senata
 • Lower houseState House
Area
 • Total136,088.42 km2
52,544.03 sq mi

The State of Sierra (Castellanese: Estado de Sierra) is a state is the western Federal States. It is one of the largest states in terms of area, but more sparsely populated. The state is known for its landscape consisting of the Sierras, wide, open high plains and plateaus, desert areas and rivers. It borders Tauhon in the west, Clamash to the south, Riopoderos to the southeast, AR120-72 to the east, AR120-74 to the north and AR120-73 to the northeast.

Sierra was first settled around the year 800, had vibrant Native Archantan cultures, settlements and even some cities by 1000-1200. Sierra was explored by the Castellanese from around 1530, though primarily from 1650 onward. The first settlements sprang up around the rivers, primarily in the west. Sierra became a possession of the FSA in 1841 and a territory in 1858. Statehood was achieved in April 1872.

The capital of Sierra is Elvira, though the largest city is Dennison.

History

Early history

The territory of present-day Sierra was inhabited by a variety of different native Archantan tribes. In the northwest the western culture tribes of the Asuma, Yahomas, Undaia and Zusi (related to Tejoma and Cosperican tribes) were found, and they were known for working with and making impressive clay potterywork, adobe houses and settlements and fairly colorful art and permanent structures. In the center the Sa'kuas (Saguas), Whitehead and Planos were found, and they were known for some farming, and adept hunter-gatherers. Around 1650 war broke out between the Sa'kuas and Planos, and the first confirmed encounter between Castellanese and the Sierran tribes is recorded (Castellanese may have explored the northwest as early as 1530).

In the north and east the Timona, Kwiskona, Kaitenas and Yunica were the most prominent tribes. These were able hunters, and would provide much resistance to expansion by settlers.

Castellanese period

Castellanese settlement became permanent in the 1780s, with the founding of Fortín de la Sierra near modern-day Folsom; this was a small wooden fortress with several families building houses in the area. Various settlements were founded and often abandoned due to raids by indigenous warriors, but portions of the state were in continuous Castellanese control by then. Francisco de Lola y Bergara (1755-1817) was the first military commander of the area, and successfully founded the oldest continually-inhabited town, Fronteras in 1789 (founded as Fortín de la Frontera]). Lola y Bergara was killed in a clash with the Sakuas in 1817.

Construction of Fortín de Lola around 1820 gave the Castellanese control over the Upper *Colurona* River area, and by the 1830s had settlements in the east of the state, as far as San Daniel in the late 1830s.

Early settlement

Overland caravans of settlers began arriving to Sierra in the late 1840s and through the 1850s.

Sierra Territory

The Sierra Territory was proclaimed in January 1858; the small mining town of Colurona was named temporary capital prior to the confirmation of Lola as capital that year. The growth of Elvira and particularly Dennison threatened Lola's position as the most important city, and in 1864 Dennison's businessmen proclaimed it the capital. Assemblymen from Colurona, Montillo and Dillon supported the Lola government and helped form a militia, and those in Chapman, Elvira, Hernandez and elsewhere backed the Dennison government. Fighting between rival militias broke out in April 1864 and ended in 1866, a period called the Sierran Civil War.

The only major pitched battle was fought north of Fountainhead in June 1864, which proved a victory for Lola's militias, but they were unable to advance any further due to the weather. Most of the fighting was in turn small skirmishes and raids, but after 1865 fighting was much reduced. 2000 federal troops were moved to Fort Lola (now Fort Nickerson) and helped prevent significant fighting, but some raids persisted until 1866. The Congress in Huntington eventually named Dennison capital in 1866.

Statehood

Map of the transcontinental railroad in the west, 1875

The first moves for statehood were in 1868 with the first constitutional convention. While a constitution was drawn up, the issue was derailed on the selection of a capital. Elvira also began to position itself as an alternative for a capital, especially due to its central location between Lola and Dennison. With the construction of a railroad from to connect the state with Tauhon in the west and the rest of the country, all three cities hoped for either the railway passage or the capital. Elvira's businessmen and politicians were eventually the most adept, and with rumors of much bribing vitally ensured that the railway would pass through it in 1869. By early 1870 offices of the Great Western and Asperic company were built in Elvira, and construction of the railway reached the city in late 1870.

The selection of Elvira as capital in 1871 paved the way for statehood, achieved 1 April 1872. In 1873, women were allowed the right to vote after a law passed in the state legislature. Large deposits of silver and gold were discovered in the center-west in 1874, leading to a huge influx of prospectors and their families, though many would leave as the easy gold was mostly gone around 1879. Many small towns sprung up, thrived and then declined with the gold, and later silver and other mining.

Conflict with native Archantans

Conflict with the various native Archantan tribes began in the 1820s, with two battles fought near Lola, in 1823 and 1828, between the Castellanese and Whitehead tribe.

When Sierra became F.S. territory, wars were fought with various tribes on numerous occasions. F.S. cavalry fought the Whitehead in 1852 and secured a treaty with them to end fighting. A bloody war was fought with the Planos tribe (near Dennison) from 1854 to 1857. Many early settlers to Dennison and Redonda were killed, but vast numbers of Planos people were in turn killed by F.S. troops. Militias formed in Lola and Dennison by the late 1850s also were used to fight. Most tribes agreed to peace treaties with the Federal States, and many were forced to give up much land in exchange for reservations, and others were specifically moved to a Native Territory (today part of Brenton and Elgin counties).

Battles were fought in the northwest with the Yahomas, Undaia and Zusi tribes in 1877, and from 1880 to 1882 with the Navarro and San Pedro Zusi. The longest-lasting conflict was the Kaitenas Wars, beginning in 1859 and lasting until 1887. Led firstly by Ancawa (d. 1872) and later by his son Teni (c. 1850-1910), they frequently attacked overland caravans, disrupted construction of the transcontinental railroad and kept up to 1000 soldiers tied up between La Rue and Harding. The death of Ancawa in a failed raid saw many Kaitenas captured, but Teni led most of the tribe to safely by hiding out in the Vilchez Peak area in the winter of 1872-73. Teni was captured in 1875 and imprisoned in La Rue, but a famous jailbreak by 100 Kaitenas tribesmen saw them free him and cross into AR120-72, and into western Tejoma in 1876. Teni avoided capture, but was engaged at least three times by F.S. troops, in 1877 near Homage Mountain, in 1879 near Andaguani City and in 1880 in Elgin County. He likely spent several years hiding in the Native Territory among other tribes until being found and detained in Lovell in 1884. Other bands of Kaitenas warriors continued raiding until 1887.

Reservations were established for several tribes in the late 19th century, for: the Western (San Pedro) Zusi (1882), for Poyé Zusi (1882), the Undaia (1884) and Kwiskona. Most other tribes ended living outside of the reservations.

Early 20th century

In 1913 the Native Territory was disbanded; the western portion went to Brenton County and the east was made a new county. Part of the former Native Territory was turned into the Kaitenas Reservation.

Government and politics

Sierra has a government similar to that of the FSA. It is headed by an elected Governor, supported by a Lieutenant Governor. The governor appoints other members to government, such as the secretary of state, attorney general and treasurer. The current governor is Maggie Woods, of the [right-wing party] elected in 2017 to a second term.

Sierra has been a key swing state in Federal States politics since the early 1940s, and is often known as the "flip-flop state". The state has often gone from left-wing to right-wing governments in succession, and is known for election patterns that buck the general nationwide trend. The east, south and northeast is often considered to be a more conservative voting region in the state, while the center and west are more left-leaning. The major cities are more left-leaning, though Lola has been more right-leaning than all the others.

Healthcare

Uniquely within the Federal States, Sierra has a publicly subsidized health system; employers, employees and the state government contribute to a public health insurance, and state residents are able to augment it with private insurance as well.

Environment

The State Wildlife Department was set up in the 1930s and oversees the management and protection of a variety of state parks, forests, preserves, sanctuaries and wilderness areas. The natural areas overseen by the state include Northern Peaks Wildlife Preserve, Santa Elena Forest, Telles State Forest, Meseta State Preserve, Kaitenas Forest, Tumona and Elgin Forest, Vilchez Peak Protected Area, Fulton State Park, Fielding State Forest, South Winston Wilderness Area, Fronteras State Forest and San Felipe River Basin Nature Reserve.

Education

Sierra has three main universities, the University of Sierra (main campus in Dennison and second in Lola), State University of Sierra in Elvira and University of Dennison.

Culture

Media

Print media has existed since the mid-18th century. The Dennison Observer is the best-known and most-read newspaper in Sierra (and from the state nationally).

Television in the state has been present since the middle of the 20th century. Free Television (Free Television Sierra) is a popular Sierran station, a public television non-profit channel partly funded by the state. National broadcasters have local stations in the state as well.

Music

Ballad to Joe (1963)

One of the most famous early Sierran music stars was Jack Mitchell (1923-1961). He became a famous country and western star, not just in the state but also nationally before his death in a car accident. Another popular singer in this period was the folk artist Mary Rivas; she recorded most of her hits at the famous Modern Sounds Studio in redonda and was part of the 1960s folk revival in the west.

Food and drink

Sierra is known for having a variety of small and medium breweries. Montana, brewed in San Daniel since 1886, is one of the most popular brands nationally.

Sports

Sierrans logo

A variety of sports teams are present in the state of Sierra, both amateur and professional. The University of Dennison's sports teams are known as the Lions, the University of Sierra (Lola) teams are known as the Rangers and the University of Sierra Dennison's teams are known as the Hawks. All universities are competitive in Archantan football, soccer (football), (ice) hockey and baseball among other sports. The USL Rangers team has the oldest history of Archantan football in the state, with their team known to have played a version with a round ball as early as 1876.

Professional sports teams include the Dennison Sierrans (baseball), the Dennison Bombers (basketball) and Dennison Wranglers (Ar. football). The Bombers basketball team is the one with the oldest history, founded in 1955 and entering the Archantan national league in 1961. The Wranglers have been present in Sierra since 1975 when a franchise was moved to Dennison, and the Sierrans franchise was awarded to the state in 1984.

Political divisions

Sierra's 22 Counties

The state is divided into 22 counties. Estancia County is the largest in terms of area, and the City-County of Dennison is the smallest and most populous. Sierra is unofficially divided into five regions: West, Central, East, North and South.

County County Seat Area in km² Area in miles Population Pop. Density in km² Established
Andaguani Andaguani City 10108.03 3092.73 29,400 2.91 1910
Asuma 2579.9 996.11 6,100 2.36 1906
Braxton Lola 1827.49 705.6 288,450 157.84 1850
Brenton Montillo 12997.09 5018.2 77,900 5.99 1877
Colurona Colurona 3538.91 1366.38 52,104 14.72 1870
Cusatia 8443.58 3260.08 38,100 4.51 1872
Dennison Dennison 97.82 37.77 672,500 6874.87 1890
Dillon Dillon 6233.63 2406.82 56,225 9.02 1899
Elgin Vilsack 12522.96 4835.14 63,200 5.05 1913
Estancia La Rue 21375.53 8253.14 41,200 1.93 1921
Gerrard Everson 10725.94 4141.31 66,885 6.24 1886
Los Valles Timona 2608.68 1007.22 51,200 19.63 1976
Meseta Elvira 5975.67 2307.22 429,600 71.89 1854
Pinault Chapman 5272.2 2035.61 144,500 27.41 1865
Pink Hernandez 599.9 231.62 46,800 78.01 1875
Saguas Canon City 2018.09 779.19 9,250 4.58 1904
Sanchez Caldwell 5503.97 2125.1 3,200 0.58 1881
Santa Cruz 2490.37 961.54 19,400 7.79 1911
Serrano Unita 5504.29 2125.22 922,115 167.53 1857
Wilfried Barclay 1805.69 697.18 413,220 228.84 1871
Yahomas Billard 4247.8 1640.08 206,000 48.5 1869
Zusi Burris 9424.37 3638.77 66,250 7.03 1872


Geography

Sierra has a varied geography with many distinct natural features. Northwestern Sierra is characterized by semi-arid and partially arid landscape, including table formations like mesas and buttes, and a lot of scrub and low-lying vegetation. Western Sierra is generally fairly flat, and has more rolling hills and higher elevation the closer to the center of the state. Central Sierra is dominated by the *Colurona* River valley, known for its verdant canyons and drops in altitude to form valleys. Most of the center and east (north and east of the river) is the backbone of the western mountain range, where the FSA's highest peaks can be found. These include snow-capped peaks, green mountains and other elevated rocky formations. A lot of this area is covered by temperate forest as well.

Mountains

Most are mountains, a few are mesas or buttes (flat-topped). Mount Esguerra is the talles in the state at 4501 m. Estancia county has the most mountains of any county, and Zusi County has the two tallest.

Name County Height (m.) Map
Asabia Peak Estancia County 3001 map
Black Rock Yahomas County 2695 map
Blythe's Peak Estancia County 3456 map
Calvin Peak Cusatia County 1969 map
Colorado Peak Estancia County 2372 map
Coyanha Rock Yahomas County 2727 map
Currant's Peak Serrano County 3064 map
Dominguez Peak Estancia County 3723 map
Flat Butte Estancia County 2412 map
Gardiner's Peak Estancia County 2641 map
Genevieve Peak Asuma County 2068 map
Henderson Peak Meseta County 2001 map
Hernandez Peak Cusatia County 4009 map
Joshua Peak Estancia County 3347 map
Junasias Peak Cusatia County 4378 map
Mesa Luis Zusi County 3987 map
Meseta Chica Serrano County 3148 map
Meseta Grande Serrano County 3112 map
Monte Cristo Cusatia County 3872 map
Monte Guerrero Estancia County 3996 map
Mount Clinton Cusatia County 4198 map
Mount Elgin Elgin County 3808 map
Mount Eloise Zusi County 4006 map
Mount Esguerra Zusi County 4501 map
Mount Geraldine Cusatia County 2244 map
Mount Gordon Zusi County 1915 map
Mount Gustavia Asuma County 1799 map
Mount Helena Zusi County 4468 map
Mount Helles Elgin County 2102 map
Mount Oswaldo Serrano County 1886 map
Mount Salazar Estancia County 4150 map
Mount Serpentine Zusi County 3012 map
Mount Vera Cusatia County 3667 map
Mount Vilsack Elgin County 2016 map
Norbert Rock Elgin County 1625 map
Pico Grande Estancia County 4316 map
Roca Grande Cusatia County 3812 map
Rocky Mount Yahomas County 2071 map
Saguas Butte Saguas County 1668 map
Sebita Peak Yahomas County 2214 map
Spearmint Butte Serrano County 955 map
Truchas Peak Estancia County 3855 map
Tumona Peak Estancia County 3308 map
Undaia Peak Asuma County 3100 map
Vilchez Peak Estancia County 2874 map
Yunica Peak Estancia County 2265 map


Economy

Sierra has a diversified economy. Finance, transportation, retail and tourism form a majority of the economy in the state. Companies based in the state include Western Bank (finance), flySmart (airline), ShopperSmart Companies (owners of Maxima and Shoppersmart) and Planet Desktop (electronics).

Transportation

Motorways in Sierra

See: Highways in Sierra

There are 3 types of major highways in Sierra, FS-routes, state routes and instrastates. National routes are all dual carriageway separated highways, of which four are present in the state. State routes are primary roads managed by the state, and intrastate are secondary state routes. The counties each have their own network of county roads or routes as well.

Railways

The first state railway was built in 1859, connecting Lola with Elvira, and in 1861 with Dennison. The development of the intercontinental railway was an important moment in early Sierran history. The Great Western and Asperic connected Jundah in the west with Elvira and then onto Apricity.

Vehicle registration plates

License plate designs

License plates were first required in 1910, but were issued by Dennison County and not by the state. Statewide plate issuance occurred only in 1917.

The standard-issue plates in Sierra feature a landscape with pine trees and a sunset. This design was issued with flat letters and numbers (from 2009 to 2017) and with embossed registration number from 2018. Special plates are issued by the state. The most common ones include a gold on blue design with the motto "The Historic West", for vintage automobiles (reissue of 1966-1971 design), and a reissue of a late 1980s design with the motto "Protect Our Wildlife", for which a percentage of sales goes to nature conservation. Veteran, University and sports-related plates are also issued.

Flag of Sierra.png Counties of Sierra
Andaguani · Asuma · Braxton · Brenton · Colurona · Cusatia · Dennison · Dillon · Elgin · Estancia · Gerrard · Los Valles · Meseta · Pinault · Pink · Saguas · Sanchez · Santa Cruz · Serrano · Wilfried · Yahomas · Zusi
Flag of the FSA.svg Political divisions of the Federal States
States Aidlenaide.png Aidlenaide · Proposal astrasia1.jpg Alormen · Apawiland · AperiaFlag.png Aperia · Arghenna Flag.png Arghenna · Arlington · AR120-17 Astrantia flag 1a.png Astrantia · Belirias · FlagofBoscainifornio.png Boscainifornio · Caroline · Cosperica · Flag of culpepper.png Culpepper · East Massodeya · HolyFermontFlag.png Fermont · Gilliad · Insumah · Flag of Laine.png Laine · Manara · Luciano Flag Makaska 01.png Makaska · Mennowa · Minnonigan Flag.png Minnonigan · Flag of natrinia.png Natrinia · Flag v2.png Newlynn · NCflag.png New Carnaby · Nipewaflag.jpg Nipewa · Oakhillflag.png Oakhill · Flag Oakley.png Oakley · Ar120SampleFlag014.png Oronotia · Osaquoya-flag3.png Osaquoya · PA flag.png Passamaqueets · SvgFileService (1).svg Penquisset · RiopoderosNewFlag.png Riopoderos · Seneppi State Flag.jpg Seneppi · Flag of Sierra.png Sierra · Suenugan · FLAGTAU.png Tauhon · Taviani · Tejoma · Tempache flag.png Tempache · AR120-Option17-flag.png Trinity Island · TulpanenFlag.png Tulpanen · TennuckyStateFlag.png Walkegan · West Massodeya · WhitestoneFlag.png Whitestone · Wilthamshire
Federal district Capital District