Difference between revisions of "User:Ernestpcosby/Sandbox/Freedemia (TA119)"

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(Modern Democracy Era)
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|Jacque Renee-Pierce (C)
 
|Jacque Renee-Pierce (C)
 
|Ian Brierhelm (C)
 
|Ian Brierhelm (C)
|<small>Dreyser becomes the first female president to be elected directly (not to have taken office upon the death of the president).</small>
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|<small>Dreyser becomes the first female president or executive leader to be elected directly (not to have taken office upon the death of the premier/president).</small>
 
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|Fredrick Tandy (N)
 
|Fredrick Tandy (N)
 
|Andrew Browning (N)
 
|Andrew Browning (N)
|<small>With their mild but Freedemia-exceptionalism-based platform, Tandy and Browning become the first Nationalist Party candidates to make Execuitive Whip.</small>
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|<small>With their mild but Freedemia-exceptionalism-based platform, Tandy and Browning become the first Nationalist Party candidates to make Execuitive Whip. Dreyser's reelection would also mark the 100th anniversary of the 1811 Constitution that gave women the right to vote and run for office- a celebratory touch for the first elected female president.</small>
 
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|1915-1917

Revision as of 13:37, 17 October 2020

Contents

Some Stats

HDI= 0.878

National Symbols

National flower: The Cantua

Cantua (Cantua buxifolia).JPG

National bird: The Quetzal

Sketch of General Layout and Topography

FreedemiaTA119Topotry.png

FreedemiaTA119StateBordersPlan.png

A Nation of Three Colonies (and sort of the Bai)

  • Early 1500s- The Rivagiens were first on the west very early, Castellanese first on the east side (base this on Latina's history), Bai first in Xuandong and Mijiong
  • Late 1500s- The Ingerish took over the central southern part in a war early in the colony's history from the Franqueterese, gaining control of most of the strait
  • 1600s- The Ingerish expanded partially to the east and northeast, only for the Castellanese to push back. Castellanese retained the northeasternmost areas, expand down the coast to take Xuandong and begin calling it Juandon due to misunderstanding the pronunciation/spelling
  • Late 1600s and early 1700s- More smaller battles between the colonial governments along the borders led to fatigue and a desire for peace among most colonists, Ingerish push back hard against the Castellanese along the coast and take Xuandong/Juandon

Free Reedemia was formed as a result of an uprising from the people undercutting the colonial governments to come together for peace and independence after close to a century of fatigue from the land wars between the Franqueterese, Ingerish, and Castellanese.

Some attributes of the various territories remain today, such as remnants of regional languages in the Franqueterese western region and the large Castellanese northeastern region. However, Freedemian, largely a dialect of Ingerish with influences from Franquese and Castellanese, remains the dominant language.

Etymology

Christic Castellanese made it to the east coast of what is now Freedemia in the early 1500s and called it Tierra Redimida, or "Land of the Redeemed", after they miraculously survived a storm to land along the coast. When the first Ingerish expeditions went out later to scout out the land before others followed to take it into Ingerish posession, Alexander Quentins, the Ingerish explorer that led the 1500s expeditions to West Tarephia, butchered the grammar and the spelling of 'redeemed' in his writing and called the place "Reedemed Land". Quentins died shortly after discovering Freedemia, leaving others to refer to his notes. As such, the colony became known as Ingerish Reedemia, and later just Reedemia. Closer to 1700, writers proposing independence began writing of a "Free Reedemia" in pamplets and writings, which eventually was shortened by many to Freedemia in writing. The "United" portion of the official name refers to the unification of the three colonies into one nation.

Freedemian Independence

The Ingerish-Castellanese front

At a global scale, the Ingerish and Castellanese had agreed to some degree of colonial alliance/truce. There was intermingling across the borders between the Castellanese and Ingerish colonists, and use of Juandon as a shared trading hub. However, at the ground level, by 1650 the alliance between Ingerish Reedemia and Castellanese Tierra Redimida had fallen apart. The colonial heads of Ingerish Reedemia had pushed east to take Juandon, breaking the truce and creating a series of land wars between the two colonies pushed by the colonial heads and their militaries. Most of the colonists didn't want any fighting, and the fatigue from the growing land wars led by the colonial governors yet opposed by most colonists would lead to many desiring independence from Castellan and Ingerland.

The Free Reedemia Compact, Rivagien Frankelyn Territory

Emboldened by Paroyan revolutionaries' actions around 1729 and realizing that the Ingerish empire had been weakened significantly by the Ingerish Civil War and other ongoing independence battles, many pacifist Christic pro-independence leaders from within Ingerish Reedemia began to develop plans to fight back against the Ingerish for independence. However, it became clear that everyday citizens in Castellanese Tierra Redimida were also in favor of joining the effort, and that the neighboring "enemy" Rivagie colonists were equally fatigued.

Having previously lost Paroy to the Ingerish, the Rivagiens still possessed the Frankelyn territory to the west of Quentinsburgh.

As such, around 1732, as the Paroyan war for independence began coming to a close, Ingerish and Castellanese pro-independence leaders reached out to independence leaders in the Rivagien colony. The Free Reedemia Compact was signed in March 1733 after news of Paroyan independence, unofficially unifying the pro-independence colonists under the "Free Reedemia" banner. During the debate over the compact, movement leaders from Ingerish Reedemia and from Tierra Redimida debated about what to call the unified country, but with the Ingerish "Reedemia Colony" occupying most of the land in question, "Free Reedemia" was agreed on over Tierra Redimida. Since the Ingerish had most control over the area at the time of independence, the pacifist Christic pro-independence leaders from the Ingerish territory largely led the peace talks. Some Castellanese-descendants still see this as unfair considering how much of the land was taken from the Castellanese by the Ingerish. Independence was declared shortly after on April 23rd, to which the Ingerish and Castellanese colonial heads responded with a war declaration. The colonists reluctantly put together a ragtag militia.

Colonies Without the Support of their Empires

Ingerland and Castellan were in a tough predicament. Unable to agree on how to address the uprising by the Free Reedemia militias, but largely spread thin, weakened by other independence movements, and desperate to keep the peace with each other, Ingerland and Castellan pulled support from the warring colonies, to the colonial governors' dismay. This sharply changed the balance of the independence war, which the governors had gone into expecting to have the power of two empires behind them. Without this, the colonists were easily able to overwhelm them.

The Rivagien Front, Peace Treaty

The Ingerish and Castellanese colonial heads would retreat around 1735 after giving up on any hope of support from their empires, at which point all focus was turned on the Rivagiens. With Rivagien uprisings from within the Frankelyn territory as well as the full force of the now semi-independent Free Reedemian militia turned on the Rivagien armies, the armies were also largely overwhelmed. The fatigue on both sides would eventually lead to a treaty for peace, allyship, and official independence with all three colonial governments, signed in Quentinsburgh in 1736. The original Freedemian monarchical government was put into place in late 1737 after negotiations with chosen king Cholmondeley to put a parliamentary check on his power.

Throughout the independence war, often known among Freedemians as "The War for Peace from War", a sense of unity over the shared fatigue of war and shared desire for peace and unity grew among pro-independence civilians, helping lead to a society somewhat unified in the end.

Flag- Three stars for three united colonies

The three stars on the FreedemianFlag1.png Freedemian flag refer to the Rivagien, Ingerish, and Castellanese colonies that united to rebel against their colonial governments. The colors (red for Ingerish, blue for Rivagien, and gold for Castellanese) also correspond to the colonies.

Xuandong/Juandon- the most disputed city in Reedemia

Due to its strategic location along the narrow part of the Strait of Lyc between Freedemia and AN119, Xuandong/Juandong has been one of the most contended pieces of land in Reedemia. The initial colony was Bai in the 1500s, then taken by the Castellanese in the late 1500s, then taken by the Ingerish in the late 1600s.

Strategic Internationalism

Due to the strategic position along the Strait of Lyc, Freedemia's likelihood of being physically attacked is far higher than in the previous location. Freedemia will have a large and strong defense-oriented military, but won't use it as an exploratory military.

Freedemia would only go to war when attacked or at very imminent threat of being attacked, and as an anti-interventionalist nation will never initiate an attack. However, Freedemia will fight back whenever and wherever it is attacked. Freedemia won't be truly neutral anymore, but it will generally assist nations it aligns with using internationalist methods- monetary assistance, diplomatic assistance, and in select cases weapons and assistance. It will not take militaristic action against another country or in favor of another nation unless put directly at risk.

Pacifist Christics- driving the independence movement within the Ingerish colonies

Creed: "Harm not a brother who hast not wronged thee, and do not lash out in anger"

Pacifist Christics made up a large part of the population of the Ingerish colonies and had a lot of influence. This potentially is a large part of why the Ingerish initiate the unity and independence talks among the three colonies.

Pacifist Christicism would have a large impact on the culture of Freedemia over the years- even as the particular religious sect faded into obscurity, many of the pacifist tendencies stuck around.

Nudism culture: Franqueterese body acceptance meets Pacifist Christic rejection of sexual immorality

The Franqueterese influence from the west was already very open about the nude body. It was common in artworks, statues, and even plays and performances, which was also true for Frankelyn and the Franqueterese portion of western Freedemia. Meanwhile, the Pacifist Christics in the Ingerish colony held strong beliefs about respect for women and for others in general, and also strongly denounced sexual immorality and open sexual acts. Over time, these influences met. Rather than clashing, in many ways they largely merged. The body acceptance of the Franqueterese fit well with the respect for women pushed by the Pacifist Christics, and with the body being seen as completely normal and commonplace and the harsh attitude towards sexual actions and content, nudity never gained a sexual connotation in most of Freedemian society. Some exceptions could be seen in the Castellanese regions, which were less directly affected by the Franqueterese body acceptance, but the region still has a loose attitude on nudity.

Women in early Freedemia

Women were more respected as equals with a role to play within Pacifist Christicism than in other religious sects, so within the Ingerish colony especially, women had a bit more of a say than might be expected for the time. In addition, the men across all of the colonies were usually the ones doing most of the hard labor, leaving the women to themselves. This led to a sort of informal politics among the women of the colonies, sometimes known as "washboard politics" or "reading room politics", where they tended to be informed of everything going on and to be some of the more vocal voices while most men besides local and religious leaders focused on the labor and logistics and tended to be informed on politics and current events by their wives. As such, as early as the push for the first post-monarchy constitution, women were pushing for more enumerated rights, and they would get many of their requests, including the right to vote, run for office, and not be barred from workplaces, granted in the 1811 constitution.

At Independence: The Weak Monarchy Era 1737-1809

Free Reedemia would initially begin with a very weak monarchy under king and queen Benjamin and Chloe Cholmondeley, modeled slightly after the Ingerish monarchy, but with significantly less power due to the strong parliament existing alongside that was created to keep the monarchy in check. Even establishing as a monarchy, there was a strong anti-monarch movement growing within Free Reedemia. Benjamin and Chloe fought anti-monarchy sentiments, seeing their granting of a parliamentary check on their leadership as enough of a compromise. Benjamin and Chloe would give birth to a son named Riley in 1752. Riley was never as convinced that his family was rightfully in power, had no interest in becoming king, and generally sympathized with the anti-monarchy movement, but was frequently critiqued and punished by his parents for speaking in favor of the anti-monarchy movement. However, King Benjamin would pass away in 1789, allowing prince Riley to rise to power as the only rightful heir, and after queen Chloe's passing in 1809, Riley decided to step down from power and work with the parliament towards crafting a new constitution that would transform Freedemia into a parliamentary republic.

The Constitutional Parliamentary Republic Era- 1811-1894

During this era, executive leaders of Freedemia were known as premiers and vice premiers, and the govermental system operated very similar to parliamentary monarchies of the time, but without a monarch. Most power was given to the premier and the leaders of the minority governing coalitions.

However, there wasn't a very strong checks and balances system during this era. While people did get to vote for governing coalitions (which fairly quickly evolved (devolved?) into a partisan system), they had no direct say in the leaders of said governing coalitions, and in some cases didn't even have a say in who filled a seat in a region. Coalition leaders and premiers were appointed by the majority coalition/party and were not required to be elected officials from said party. Coalition leaders had no term limits, and had the power to overrule any decision made by the governing coalition, and similarly, the premier had the power to overrule any decision made by parliament at large, though he or she could be overruled by a supermajority vote. Thus, the parliament mostly acted as a lower level extension of the executive branch.

This would become a serious issue and lead to the proposal and ratification of a third constitution that addressed the issues with a clearer checks and balances system, a system that included taking votes directly to the people (this is why the House of Decisions, Freedemia's third legislative house, exists), and a more direct voting system that attempted to decouple candidates from parties so voters could vote based on individual politicians and their platforms.

Modern Democratic Republic Era- 1899-present

Elimination of Political Parties- 1950s

Electoral System

Presidents, Vice Presidents, Executive Whips and Vice Executive Whips

Freedemian presidential elections are split into a primary election and a runoff election.

The Primary Ballot

Presidents and vice presidents run together on the same ticket, with the primary election having between 5 and 25 major candidate pairs. Originally during the parliamentary era and early partisan era, these pairs would be put forward by political parties, either through appointment or via election, but since parties were eliminated in the mid-1950s, all candidates are independent and get on the ballot through support and signatures, as well as publically funded platform mailings to explain their platform and qualifications briefly and gain support. Incumbent presidents, vice presidents, and whips running again are assured a place on the ballot and current lower-level politicians are given priority, but the bar is set low (other than strict deadlines and a background check) to ensure other voices can make it onto the ballot.

The Primary Election

The 5 to 25 candidate pairs that make it onto the final ballot go up against each other in the primary election. This eliminates all but the top two candidate pairs.

The Runoff Election, Executive Whips

After the primary vote is finalized, the top two tickets have a runoff election. The runner up candidate and running mate become Executive Whip and Vice Executive Whip, positions within the administration where they play an advisory role to the president and try to work with them on certain ideas. The Executive Whip is also the 3rd in line for the presidency behind the Vice President, with the Vice Executive Whip 4th in line.

The idea behind the Executive Whips is to ensure that candidates with reasonably different ideas are made to work together on a solution that's more problem-solution focused than strictly partisan or ideological, and that candidates coming from different perspectives can help ensure that problems the President and Vice President may not see are brought to light.

The Central Power Paradox

Freedemia is in a unique spot in balancing federal and local power. Compared to nations like the Federal States, Freedemia has a strong central government. Most logistical things including licenses and IDs, public housing, healthcare, intercity transit, and public higher ed are done mostly at the federal level, not by individual states, and often ensures that states and local municipalities are covering the bases in certain areas like housing and healthcare that are regulated at the federal level. Yet, local municipalities have a lot of say on the details and a lot of power to address their own unique issues free from federal interference. The state acts largely as a go-between. Since the federal has the funding, states have say to an extent on how that funding gets used. States present local priorities to the federal and help set their own local priorities in tandem with the federal.

Overall, Freedemia's system could perhaps be most accurately described as a strong central government in tandem with strong local governments and weak state governments. However, state governments do still have a lot of agency in decision making.

Political Climate

Split over Alliances, Trade, and the Open Economy

Moves like joining the TCC and taking a liberal approach on trade and immigration beginning in the ~1970s made a large impact on Freedemia's rise. The new approach helped Freedemian businesses in tech, fast food, retail, and other major sectors expand and succeed internationally, attracted the best from around the world to its universities and technology/engineering firms, and allowed tourism and entertainment to flourish. These in turn directly helped most cities like Quentinsburgh, Frankelyn, Vandoveur, and Juandon thrive and grow. In addition, new direct rail ferry trade routes from Beaumontan to the Vandoveur shore helped Vandoveur thrive as trade-centered port cities on top of its already growing entertainment industry.

However, in contrast, increased trade and patronage of goods and industry from other TCC nations like Beaumontan, Paroy, and Tigeria directly hurt Freedemian heavy industry, as other nations, especially Beaumontan, had the edge on manufacturing ability and cost. Lawrence and Lenseter, home to much of said industry, were hit extremely hard and have been in a state of stagnation or decline ever since.

This has led to a major political split within Freedemia, where most of the country is strongly in favor of globalization and an open economy but the Lawrence-Lenseter metro is fiercely in opposition. Lawrence State is known to strongly favor protectionism and to vote heavily against globalization /free trade/TCC alliances and those that support it, while metros like Quentinsburgh, Frankelyn/Vandoveur, and Juandon that thrive on it overwhelmingly outvote them.

List of States

  • FR- Frankelyn
  • Frankelyn, FR
  • MG- Margo
  • Sainte-Margo, MG
  • QT- Quentins
  • Quentinsburgh, QT (also national capital)
  • ES- Edenshire
  • Edinhurst, ES
  • WD- Windross
  • Wendale, WD
  • LW- Lawrence
  • Lawrence, LW
  • LS- Leyshire
  • Leyford, LS
  • PL- Pell
  • Pellchester, PL
  • WL- Welthamshire
  • Weltham, WL
  • JD- Juandon
  • Juandon, JD
  • CH- Cholmondeley
  • Cholmondeley, CH
  • CO- Colinas
  • Rosalita, CO
  • GA- Gaviera
  • Juliana, GA
  • TR- Tierra Redimida
  • Los Redimidos, TR

Demographic Estimate

Nationality/Ethnicity

  • 37% Ingerish/Franquese-descended (including Ingerish-Tarephian and Rivagie-Tarephian)
  • 30% Castellanese-descended (including Castellanese-Tarephian)
  • 22% Native Tarephian
  • 7% Meilanese/Bai
  • 3% Other mixed

Religion

  • 44% Christic- Pacifist-derived evangelic denomination
  • 11% Christic- Traditional Pacifist Christic
  • 13% Christic- Conservative prosperity denomination
  • 7% other Christic
  • 9% Ibriyim/Hebraic
  • 6% Imani
  • 5% no religion/non-practicing
  • 2% Koinoia (Meilanese religion)
  • 3% other

Franqueterre Region

  • Frankleyn- colonial seat of government and military hub
  • Vandoveur- grew much later (1900s) as an entertainment and nudism hub. Home to Betterview Studios and StudioOwl, Freedemia's biggest film/entertainment companies.

Ingerish Region

  • Quentinsburgh- colonial seat of governance, capital
  • Lawrence and Lenseter- manufacturing cities
  • Xuandong/Juandon- major strategic colonial military hub, originally Bai colony, briefly a shared trade hub for Ingerish/Castellanese and a port city for the Castellanese, then taken by the Ingerish. Tech and light manufacturing city today.
  • Meijiong

Castellanese Region

  • Los Redimidos- colonial seat of governance
  • Santa Carlina- main military hub
  • Cholmondeley- the home city of the single royal family. Would have originally had a different name during Castellanese colonization

Largest remaining native population of the regions- inspiration from South American and Caribbean natives

Important Historical Names

  • Roosevan-
  • Claude Roosevan- cathedral was named after him- potentially an early Pacifist Christic leader?
  • Fredrick Roosevan- grandson of Claude Roosevan, first president of post-monarchy Freedemia in 1812
  • Cholmondeley- the name of the single royal family of early Freedemia
  • Benjamin Cholmondeley and Chloe Cholmondeley- first king and queen
  • Riley Cholmondeley- second king, son of Benjamin. Stepped down after the death of Queen Chloe to work to transition Freedemia away from monarchy and help draft the new constitution.
  • Hartham?
  • Hallory-
  • Christian Hallory- one of the founding mothers who fought for women's rights to be included in the first post-monarchy constitution

Leaders in Historical Order

Monarchy Era

  • 1737-1789- King Benjamin Cholmondeley and Queen Chloe Cholmondeley
  • 1789-1809- King Riley Cholmondeley

Constitutional Parliamentary Republic Era

  • 1812- Fredrick Roosevan (first premier of Freedemia under the parliamentary system)

Modern Democracy Era

Years President Vice President Executive Whip Vice Exec. Whip Notes
1899-1903 James Elman (C) Linus Frellworth (C) Theodore Whitla (F) Algeria Dreyser (F) First administration to serve under the current Freedemian Constitution.
1903-1907 Theodore Whitla (F) Algenia Dreyser (F) James Elman (C) Linus Frellworth (C) In an upset, Whitla and Dreyser would beat incumbents Elman and Frellworth.
1907-1911 Algenia Dreyser (F) Reginald Fredney (F) Jacque Renee-Pierce (C) Ian Brierhelm (C) Dreyser becomes the first female president or executive leader to be elected directly (not to have taken office upon the death of the premier/president).
1911-1915 Algenia Dreyser (F) Reginald Fredney (F) Fredrick Tandy (N) Andrew Browning (N) With their mild but Freedemia-exceptionalism-based platform, Tandy and Browning become the first Nationalist Party candidates to make Execuitive Whip. Dreyser's reelection would also mark the 100th anniversary of the 1811 Constitution that gave women the right to vote and run for office- a celebratory touch for the first elected female president.
1915-1917 Fredrick Tandy (N) Andrew Browning (N) Fennerson Shrubell (F) Charles Penn (F) Tandy and Browning become the first Nationalist Party candidates to be elected to the presidency. Tandy would become extremely sick with Freedemian Influenza, forcing him to step down.
1917-1919 Andrew Browning (N) Fennerson Shrubell (F) Charles Penn (F) vacant By technicality, if something happens to the president, the vice president takes over and the executive whip becomes VP and so on. As such this led to a strange scenario where the president and vice president were of opposing parties. This led to Browning not being able to do much as president and being voted out in 1919.
1919-1923 Fennerson Shrubell (F) Christian Duncan (F) Nelson Silva (FC) Jared Qubert(FC)
1923-1927 Gerald Darden (N) Deak Patterman (N) Nelson Silva (FC) Carolyn Casey(FC) The newfound success of the Freedemian Centrist Party leads to a sharp split in the vote allowing Darden of the Nationalist Party to win the election. Unfortunately unlike Browning, Darden's nationalist policies were much more extreme and increased in extremity after the election. Darden was a brash man who wanted to show the world that Freedemia was the best in a time where the world was facing massive instability and potential war, even going so far as to deliberately pick fights with surrounding nations. Silva fought Darden's agenda tooth and nail as executive whip, which contributed to the popularity that allowed him to become president in 1927. The Nationalist Party would never win another national election.
1927-1931 Nelson Silva (FC) Carolyn Casey (FC) Adrien Meller (F) Henry A. Parnell (F) Silva spent much of the administration fixing problems that Darden had created. Silva's presidency was largely uneventful but was highly esteemed due to Silva appearing as the face of sanity and stability after Gerald Darden's presidency.
1931-1935 Anthony C. Segani Sr. (FC) Greene Akerson (FC) Henry A. Parnell (F) Joseph Bobbinns (F) Segani was a very popular president, elected to two terms. While his presidency was uneventful, he was considered one of the best presidents for helping keep Freedemia stable during and after times of international instability.
1935-1939 Anthony C. Segani Sr. (FC) Greene Akerson (FC) Jennifer Parnell (F) Charles Rhinesworth (F) After Henry Parnell's failure to win the presidency in 1931, his wife Jennifer, also an active politician, ran. She too would lose to Segani Sr.
1939-1943 Clarence Bond (F) Anthony J. Segani Jr. (F) Robin Rogers (C) Patrick Hansey (C) Bond was somewhat popular for being a man of character and avoiding hyperpartisan conflict, but overall did very little during his presidency and chose to not run again after experiencing health problems near the end of his presidency. Segani was largely seen as an imitator using his father's name to get elected due to his lack of experience and politician-jargon-esque responses, so he was not chosen to replace Bond in the 1943 election.
1943-1947 Robin Rogers (C) Patrick Hansey (C) Carlos Laffey (FC) Jeremiah Stern (FC) Failing to put up a compelling candidate in place of Bond, the Freedemian Party fell out of contention. Former executive whip Rogers became president with promises to get things done that Bond failed to do. She too would largely fail to do any of the things promised.
1947-1951 Hunt P. Daffenschmidt (TSP) DeeDee Hallister (TSP) Jeramiah Stern (FC) Beverley Park (FC) Daffenschmidt, a member of the Tri-State Party, won largely on advertising himself as the guy who could get things done and being the first to use catchy jingles in radio ads and television commercials, standing in stark contrast to unpopular incumbent Rogers or the overly monotone Jeramiah Stern. Daffenschmidt was the first and last Tri-State Party member to win a nationwide election in Freedemia. However, a series of scandals involving Daffenschmidt trying to increase or reduce the amount of states in Freedemia to enact the Tri-State Plan and his tendency for "evil authoritarianism" ensured he would not be reelected and his presidency would be remembered largely as a sad joke.
1951-1955 Sean Bond (FC-I) Julian Gaviera (FC-I) Bennet Denley (C) Samuel Flynn (C) Sean Bond, the son of Clarence Bond and a card carrying Freedemian Centrist, ran in 1947 as an independent after growing tired of watching years and years of party-line drama and nothing getting done, partially on the platform of ending political parties. While many within the Freedemian Centrist Party were furious, his ideas caught on among the people and Bond won easily. Daffenschmidt would lose by large margins with Denley of the Conservative Party becoming executive whip. Bond spent much of his term improving the education system and putting together an infrastructure plan for the future.
1955-1959 Sean Bond (I) Julian Gaviera (I) Katrisse Henderson (FC) Lay Brenner (FC) For the 1955 election, Bond stepped up his fight against political parties. After a tough primary where he was opposed directly and heavily by the funding of the Freedemian Centrist Party, Bond was able to win in the runoff by massive margins. During his second term, Bond successfully got the amendment dismantling and banning political parties added to the constitution.
1959-1963 Sean Bond Julian Gaviera Victor Rubin III Jay Lee Ramirez Bond would run for a third term and win in a landslide with no serious challengers. During this administration Bond funded the creation of the modern FreedemiRail system as well as a plan to transform Quentinsburgh-Freedemia Airstrip into a global-quality international airport. The airport would later be renamed Sean Bond International Airport in his honor. This was the first election where all candidates ran as independents.
1963-1967 Wallace Sanderson Sierra Kirby Ralph Cleary Abbott Ghinden Sanderson would be to foreign policy what Sean Bond was for domestic infrastructure. Overseeing much of the revamp of the Quentinsburgh-Freedemia International Airport and starting major improvements on other international airports in cities around the country, Sanderson also worked to improve connections and relations with surrounding Tarephian countries and with countries around the world. This opening up would eventually lead to much growth for the Freedemian economy, with tourism starting to boom near immediately and with many companies founded around this time or in coming decades finding global success rather than being constrained to Freedemia.
1967-1968 Wallace Sanderson Sierra Kirby Abbott Ghinden Paulie Frettigie Sanderson became very ill partway into his second term, presumably with some sort of cancer. He stepped down to receive treatment in early 1968 and would pass away in 1970.
1968-1971 Sierra Kirby Abbott Ghinden Paulie Frettigie vacant Due to Sanderson stepping down, Kirby became the new president with Ghinden as her VP. Unlike for Sanderson, economics and foreign policy were not Kirby's strongsuits. Ghinden would effectively lead the administration, with a slightly more protectionist spin on Sanderson's opening up. This is partially why the global boom for Freedemian companies was delayed until closer to the economic and technological boom of the 80s. Tourism, however, did continue to flourish.
1971-1975 Abbott Ghinden Edward Francis-Roberts Sierra Kirby Brett West Ghinden, generally seen as the engine behind the Kirby administration, would win handily over her in the 1971 election, continuing the protectionist slow opening of the Freedemian economy.
1975-1979 Edward Francis-Roberts Samuel Minal Fredrick Baum Bo Whellesenki Francis-Roberts would come into office continuing much of Ghinden's economic policies, while opening up substantially for more trade and collaboration with neighboring Paroy. In this way Francis-Roberts was almost the middle ground between Ghinden's weak protectionism and Sanderson's open economy focus. Baum and Whellenski however were stronger in favor of increasing immigration and Freedemia's place as a regional power Francis-Roberts would oversee .
1979-1983 Fredrick Baum Andrew Ames Edward Francis-Roberts Samuel Minal Baum's more liberal approach on opening up to the world for tourism, education, and industry was well received, and voters ushered him into office in 1979 over Francis-Robert's attempt at reelection. Baum is known as one of the key leaders that started Freedemia down its current globalization-friendly trajectory, and the Baum Doctrine named after him reflects this some.
1983-1987 Fredrick Baum Andrew Ames Mallory Brown Dixon Rickle Baum's globalization focus would continue through his second term. Freedemia would be a founding member of the Tarephia Cooperation Council in 1984, fully opening up the Freedemian economy to surrounding nations. However, the 1986 oil spill in Mandatory Meilan off the Freedemian coast would shift focus from economy to environment as Freedemians questioned the impact continuing with oil could have. As such, the 1987 election would be more about the future of Freedemia's energy production methods.
1987-1991 Sarah Gerbertson Leroy Stansel Andrew Ames Brandon Lopez VP Ames, originally the favorite for election, would fail to adequately address the sudden environmental movement, as would executive whips Brown and Rickle. This allowed then lesser known mayor Sarah Gerbertson of Vandoveur to jump into office on an environmental focused platform. The Gerbertson administration began a shift away from gasoline towards hybrids and leads to an eventual transition more towards natural gas within Freedemian production and use alongside the hybrids/electric. There was also a shift towards further development and adoption of solar and hydroelectric, along with a doubling down on nuclear. The shift away from gasoline would also lead to significant investment in public transportation and the FreedemiRail network to further improve the system. This period also saw substantial economic growth as Freedemia rode the wave of the tech revolution with the founding of companies like Stepstone Technology.
1991-1995 Sarah Gerbertson Leroy Stansel Hal Boreen Michelle Simpson Former health executive Hal Boreen came close to an upset running on a healthcare reform platform to include basic primary care for all Freedemians and increase access/hospitals in rural areas. Gerbertson would work closely with Boreen to enact many of his ideas. This administration also saw a continued emphasis on infrastructure in relation to environmental health. However, Gerbertson was criticized going into the 1995 election for repeatedly siding with oil and gas companies for natural gas over renewable electric. Many saw this as a betrayal, and Gebertson would lose the support of many of the environmental groups that had kept her in office previously.
1995-1999 Robert Kenderson Doug H. Thomas Harris Graham Marco Nelson Gerbertson and Stansel would choose not to run again due to losing support over the environmental flip-flopping. Boreen would also not run, believing he'd accomplished what he'd set out to with healthcare. This led to former vice executive whip Simpson not having enough support to make it past the primary, and businessman Robert Kenderson would win over Lenseter mayor Harris Graham. Kenderson would enact many policies that directly hurt the lower class in Freedemia, and would later be charged with corruption over creating and using back-room political funding channels.
1999-2003 Harris Graham Marco Nelson Janet O'Brien Cara Harolds
2003-2007 Cara Harolds Anne Redsten
2007-2011 Cara Harolds Anne Redsten
2011-2015 Cara Harolds Anne Redsten
2015-2017 Angela Rosenthal Tom Morganson
2017-2019 Angela Rosenthal Patrick Houser
2019-2023 Angela Rosenthal Katherine Nelzer

Highway Shields/Classifications

Federal

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Quentinsburgh Sketch

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