User:Zhenkang/Sandbox/Kuehong Main Sandbox

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A draft for the history of Kuehong, plus all stuff related to Kuehong.


History

Prehistory

The peninsula is believed to have been inhabited since the 50000 BC, with migrations from Archanta Minor. By the 10th century BC, ethnic cultures began to flourish, such as the Co Xua (the predecessors of the Kue) and the Zuchaws (Neegs). City-states and early small kingdoms were established on the peninsula since the 800BC. The peninsula' strategic sea-lane position fostered inter-island and international trade and was a key link between Archanta and Uletha for a time. It remains debatable as to whether the people from the eastern continents arrived on the peninsula before the Bai.

Early kingdoms

The ancient capital of So Tai, 500AD.

From the 2nd century BCE, the Neeg Kingdom of Zhin/Zuchaw (致賢), formed out of several Neeg states, became the first major kingdom on the peninsula and firmly controlled portions of what will be today's southern Cinasia, with its capital located somewhere south of the Ho River (豪江). The Kue established their kingdom along northern Cinasia and western Kuehong, and the Pwakas and Thoes established their united kingdom in the mountains and the east coast. The Kue managed to conquer the mountain tribes in the 1st century AD, which ushered in the first golden age of the Kue. The Kue kingdom attempted to subdue the Neegs in the south but was unsuccessful. Border skirmishes and other conflicts frequently occurred between both sides, though attempts have been made to secure peace and ties with each other.

The first Kue kingdom broke up in 324AD upon the death of the last king Toinang Xomon, who had no designated successor to the throne. Conflicts aroused over the succession, and many tribes decided to break away from the kingdom and established their own. With the Kue kingdom in shambles, the Neegs launched a costly conquest in 337 AD and established full control over the peninsula.

However, the Neeg victory over the peninsula was short. The Kue proceeded to regroup themselves and managed to overthrow the Neeg rule through the conquest of its capital in 398 AD. The second Kue kingdom was more decentralised, with the tribes having more freedom to rule themselves. Still, the Kue culture started to dominate on the peninsula, with a newly developed script for the Kue language.

In the 6th century AD, the Kue kingdom was invaded by the Krajanesian Kingdom. In the chaos that followed, the Neegs allied with the Krajanesians and helped bring down the Kue. Upon the Krajanesians' successful conquest in 544AD, however, the Neegs turned their backs against the Krajanesians and killed their king in 562. The remnants of the Krajanesian court managed to establish a new alliance with the Kue and defeated the Neegs in 622. Peace did not last long. The Krajanesians refused to allow the Kue to rule themselves, which then led to a war of liberation by the Kue. In 685, the Kue managed to fight off the Krajanesians and proclaimed the 3rd Kue Kingdom.

Kingdom

A portrait of Vua Khon Ngoan.

Under the wise leadership of Vua Khôn Ngoan (Wise King) in the 8th century AD, the new Kue kingdom began to flourish under the Hoai Dynasty. Buddhism was adopted as its state religion, giving rise to more Buddhist temples being built. Formal tribal religions were later discouraged and banned altogether in the later years of his reign. The Kue also signed alliances with the local powers and kingdoms in the region which ensured peace in the region. The Kue culture and language gradually became dominant on the Muinon peninsula.

Even after the death of Vua Khon Ngoan, the Kue kingdom remained prosperous, with new cities being built throughout the peninsula. The alliance with the other powers, however, broke down after his death. The Kue has to repeatedly defend itself against Krajanesian invasions and tribal rebellions. In 788, relations were then reestablished, with the Hoài Dynasty continuing to survive under the overlordship of the Krajanesian Empire as a semi-autonomous vassal state and compulsory ally. The two nations became intertwined for subsequent centuries due to intermarriages between the Krajanesian and the Kue princes and princesses.

Buddhist influences can be seen in the Palace of Giac, in then capital Lim Dat.

In the 12th century AD, a rebellion by some Buddhist scholars, who feared the influence of the Krajanesians, overthrew the Hoai Dynasty and the Giác era was established, reestablishing a fully independent Kue kingdom. Former pro-Krajanesian aristocrats and military officials were removed. The Orinocians invaded the Giac Kingdom in 1233 but failed once again. Under the Giac, the Kue managed to fully occupy what will be today's Fayaan, previously ignored by the Hoai Dynasty and then occupied by the Orinocians.

Colonisation

The Bai explorers first arrived on the peninsula during their first expedition across the Ardentic in 1348. The Vua of Kue welcomed the Bai explorers and has generously given them gifts of spices and gold. The Bai (Suo) Empire and the Kue Kingdom formally signed an alliance in 1412. Over time, however, Kue became increasingly close with Bai and became more economically reliant on the empire. Some of the Kue began to protest against the increasing Bai presence on the peninsula as more Bai began to settle and set up businesses on the peninsula and feared a Bai takeover of the kingdom.

In 1448, a group of Neeg lords launched a coup against the pro-Bai Giac Dynasty, proclaiming the brief Tran Dynasty (陈朝). The Bai, backing the Giac, intervened by sending ships and troops to support the Giac. During the course of the four-year war, called the Mui Campaign, the Bai took over many ports and areas of the peninsula, particularly the south, and managed to defeat the Neegs by launching a controversial genocide against them in 1452. At the end of the war, the Giacs were forced to concede southern Que through the Treaty of Cong Bang. Subsequent treaties, the Treaty of Nam Thinh in 1467 (which saw the formal occupation of its ports under Bai rule) and the Treaty of Phong Thinh in 1479 (which officially puts the Giac Dynasty as a vassal state) resulted in further Bai control over the peninsula. By 1489, the Bai has taken full control of the Muinon peninsula, with the Giac Dynasty becoming mere nominal rulers.

Throughout the colonial era, many southern Bai arrived as soldiers, civil servants, construction workers and traders, dominating commercial and civil life on the peninsula. Names of various towns began to change and the natives' names gradually conformed to the Bai standard. The peninsula was largely controlled by the Royal Muinon Bai Administration, which became poorly funded as the decades go by due to economic problems at home. The officials found it was difficult to govern the peninsula as trade on the peninsula began to stagnate. The weakening Suo Dynasty saw a few losses on the peninsula, such as the annexation of northern Muinon to Castellan, the Dutch and Floresecentans, as well as a few sporadic rebellions by Bai merchants and locals.

Ingerish officials and local riflemen.

Upon the collapse of the Suo Dynasty, several Bai merchants proclaimed their own Yuet Dynasty at the south, while the rest of the Bai Administration remained faithful to the newly-established Lin Dynasty at home, effectively splitting the rest of the peninsula into two. The Lin, having a new alliance with Ingerland, started to lease a few ports over to its ally to boost developments on the peninsula. Other Ulethan powers began to dominate the peninsula, leading to a few disputes and battles over northern Muinon which undermined Bai's authority on the peninsula. Meanwhile, the Yuet also tried to persuade the administration to switch their allegiance to the Yuet instead of the Lin, which was rejected. The Administration also tried to bring down the Yuet Dynasty but without Lin's military presence, the Administration was unable to do so and were only able to bring down attempts by the Yuet to take over the Administration.

Phongthinh Central Station built-in 1876.

In the 18th century, the Lin Dynasty was replaced by the Middle Bai Dynasty. The Middle Bai sought to consolidate its control over its remaining colonies. Some trade leases with the Ulethan powers were forcefully ended or were renegotiated with the Bai having more control over the ports. The Yuet Dynasty was brought down in 1732 and reforms were made in the corrupted Administration. Although it failed to reestablish control over northern Muinon, or Fayaan, a trade deal was made to foster positive developments and trade connections on the peninsula. The reforms made by the Middle Bai Empire did give an initial boost to the local economy but later faltered when corrupt officials began to retake the Administration.

The 19th century saw a rise of Kue nationalism when the Middle Bai tried to forcefully implement Bai culture and displace the local culture. The natives have to endure poor living conditions and were faced with elitist entrance requirements to study in the Bai universities or abroad or unable to find jobs taken up by the Bai. The independence movement began to gain traction, with the creation of an armed militia Alliance for the Liberation of Kuehong aiming to bring about independence by force. Meanwhile, the local Bai population, largely made of merchants, were beginning to be dissatisfied with the higher taxes they were forced to pay for the empire's developments at home and hoped to renegotiate the recent economic policies. However, the Bai government refused to negotiate and the Administration was unable to change the policies.

Gradual reforms were made, such as the replacing the Administration by the Provisional Muinon Council which allows representation by the locals under the Kue National Alliance (KNA), and the Bai workers and unionists under the Progressive Commerce Guild. Although different in purpose, the Alliance and the Guild agreed to cooperate for gradual independence. In 1904, several politicians of the Provisional Muinon Council managed to negotiate the Loang Kheuch Agreement that guaranteed the gradual independence of Muinon as a united state within 10 years. However, several Kue nationalists and other minorities protested against the Agreement, claiming that it only favours the Bai and does not represent the interests of the natives. Riots in the 1910s and attacks by the Alliance led to Bai's reluctance in granting independence, not believing in the State Congress' ability to keep the peace on the peninsula, especially after the assassination of those who signed the agreement in 1912. A controversial decision was then made in 1913 to disband the KNA who is perceived to back the militias. The remainder of the colonial era continued to be ruled by the Bai, and natives, except by those seen as more supportive of the Bai, were barred from being elected into the Council, leading to further unrest on the peninsula even after its independence.

Independence and Partition

Kue soldiers during the civil war.

Upon the fascists' rise to power in the Bai Empire, the fascists proceeded to grant Muinon, along with some of the other Bai territories, independence, under the Colonies Independence Act. Hence, the new country, the Union of Cinasia (named by the newly-formed State Congress), became independent on 2 July 1922, with Ho Ling Wha (郝齡話) as its first president.

With the Bai withdrawal from the peninsula, the Alliance proclaimed the creation of the Kuehong Free State in central Muinon in 1928 and announced its intentions to 'reclaim the peninsula for the natives'. Cinasia attempted to put a stop to the rebellion but was not initially successful as they have no forces to counter the Alliance until the Bai Fascists' intervention, leading to the Muinon War. The war only ended in 1938 after years of stalemate, with an agreement to create a new sovereign State of Kuehong.

The State of Kuehong immediately fell to the Kue communists under So Mot on 31 October 1942, that replaced the already weakened Kue National Alliance (KNA) government. His initial years saw some stability over Kuehong and reformations to the economy by nationalized the various industries and used the increasing state revenues to bolster the military (launching the Sự Đối Đầu movement against its neighbours), fund foreign revolutionaries, and implement social programs emphasizing house-building, healthcare and education projects. However, as the economy and other policies continue to fail due to his mismanagement of the economy, his rule became more autocratic. He took rather extreme measures that greatly isolated Kuehong, including his infamous Nhảy Tuyệt Vời policy that forcibly relocated the urban population to the countryside to work on collective farms. At the same time, mass purges were then conducted in hopes to eliminate those sabotaging the economy. These mass killings, coupled with malnutrition and poor medical care, killed between 1.5 and 2 million people, approximately a quarter of the population. Repeated purges generated growing discontent; by the 1950s, the army, which has not really supported the communists, were mounting a rebellion in the east and overthrew the communists in a coup in 1956.

Meanwhile, Cinasia has fallen into civil war between the communists and two rival factions. Northern Cinasia, largely populated by many Kue refugees and Bai descendants who have assimilated into Kue culture, was ruled under the Namsheng government. The Namsheng government managed to stabilise the region and countered communist attacks by both Kuehong and Cinasia. It has also prospered due to the wealth it has accumulated and the wealth has been used to greatly develop eastern Kuehong. Seeing Cinasia as a lost cause, the Namsheng government decided on the possibility of an alliance or a unification with Kuehong, especially after it helped backed the military coup that brought down the communist regime in Kuehong. The military-junta of Kuehong also seeks stability in the region and legitimacy to its rule and to counter the remaining socialist and communist threats more effectively in the region. Additionally, there were calls by the civilian population in the West for the military to step down for a new civilian government. Eventually, the Namsheng government managed to merge with Kuehong in 1959 through an agreed power-sharing agreement between the Kue military junta and the Namsheng government.

Reunification and military rule

The unification monument in Namthinhvuong.
A military propaganda poster in the 70s.

The new economic and modernisation policies under the united government brought further stability in the region. However, while national sentiments were high, tensions still remained between the Kue and Bai people, resulting in riots in a few cities. In response, a curfew was imposed, with freedom of speech and movement heavily curtailed. The new government formally declared on 9 May 1961 that 'all indigenous groups are equal under the law', and pursued a programme of 'Kuehongese Kuehong' to encourage racial harmony in the region. The programme stressed an acceptance attitude within the multi-racial society, where a race/ethnic accept the racial differences of others in order for all to live together by respecting each other as a citizen in one country.

The lockdown ended in 1962 to pave way for general elections in 1964, resulting in a landslide win for the United Democratic Kuehong Union, a coalition of rightist party led by the Kue Conservative Party. The leftist coalition, however, dismissed the elections as rigged and refused to acknowledge the results, triggering conflict in the region. Despite efforts in mediating the situation, the unrest led to the assassination of the rightist leader by some radicals in March 1967. In light of the assassination, the military took action by staging a coup in August and launched a crackdown against the leftist activists. Even after peace was restored after the crackdown, the military refused to cede power back to the already weakened rightist coalition and banned all political parties and activities. On 13 July 1968, the military formally took power with the swearing-in of the then defence minister Trần Chí Duệ (陈志睿) as the Chairman of the Security and Stability Congress, replacing the vacant posts of the prime minister and president, starting military rule over the country.

The military banked on their broad appeal to the population, by continuing policies promised by the rightist government, which has not been implemented due to the unrest. Due to the policies, the nation recovered economically from the series of political instability beforehand. Massive development took place in the western regions, which saw little development under communist rule. However, the military was criticized for its emphasis on developing large-scale infrastructure projects. Many felt the millions of dollars spent on building new motorways and a rail network wasted, especially since deaths of the villagers were reported to make way for the motorways, with a death toll amounting to around 500; others supported Tran's vision to develop a centre for peace, education, and religion in the heart of the country.

To solidify military rule, the military started the nationalisation of corporations and businesses in the country all under a new trade union indirectly controlled by the military. In 1974, the new constitution was put in place formalising military rule over the country, which also declares all citizens of Kuehong to be part of the military, hence formally turning Kuehong into a stratocracy. A year after, National Service was implemented in light of confrontations with other nations especially in the Sound of Pa and the Belphenian Sea, though many claimed the move is to ensure the military rule involves everyone.

Reforms

Public flats built under military rule in the 70s to 80s.

In 1979, Tran dies, with a new leader Vũ Tuấn Hưng (武俊兴) taking over, beginning a series of social reforms by loosening restrictions and control over the populace. The new leader went on to build new schools and public services funded by the military. The military went on to encourage start-ups in the country, encouraging military-trained officials to also engage in business activities as well. He eventually made his controversial move to allow immigrants in the country. However, his economic policies also saw the rise of 'undesirable elements' in the government, such as illicit drug trade and corruption in the country. While initially, the government denied such charges, the trade was eventually exposed by the leader's own opponents who were pushing for the 'cleansing' of the military government, leading to a series of resignations of prominent officials including Vu himself in 1984. He was replaced by colonel Trần Tu Tín, who continued such reforms, though he was criticised for being slow on implementing his promises of a better Kuehong. Nevertheless, he is known for his efforts in revising the education and healthcare system in Kuehong. He was forced to resign in 1990 due to his failing health.

The new leader, Lý Duc An (李德恩), took a bold step in the reformation of the government itself. To enhance the credibility of the government, he implemented a system of checks and balances, introducing the two four-year term limits for the chairman post and the formal establishment of the legislature - the National Council - led by a Chief Counsellor. In 1992, after the implementation of the new constitution, he launched the first nationwide elections for the new legislature in Kuehong. However, the 1993 elections, initially hailed as Kuehong's first step to democracy, was quickly dismissed as a sham. Half of the 360 seats in the Council were already earlier appointed by the Congress, while the rest were nominated by the Congress for voters to pick. Some of the defeated candidates revealed that they were paid or intimidated to lose. The number of voters was relatively low (of about 120 000) since those eligible to vote comprises of those who ranks are higher than Major.

In 1994, Ly Duc An, despite his promise not to continue for another term, was controversially re-elected as Chairman by the Congress after he arrested his supposed successor for conspiracy and plotting to overthrow him. With no one able to succeed him and his reluctance to delay elections for Chairman, he continued on as Chairman. This sparked a demonstration in Vang Ngat in September that was immediately put down by the military. Nevertheless, Ly was later overthrown in a coup on 29 April 1996 when the military turned against him after Ly attempted to pass a law to extend his term limit. He was replaced by Colonel Diep Duy Tam, who led the bloodless coup. Diep's verbal attacks on corruption earned him much-needed initial support among the populace. Now-Chairman Diep, in response to mounting pressure for political reform, set up a constitutional review commission, including a team of advisors from the AN, to review the 1974 constitution. The recommendations include allowing direct elections by all ranks of the military (i.e. the whole population above the age of 18) to vote, no interference by the Congress in the nomination of the Chief Counselor, increasing the portion of seats for the national elections, and the right of the Council to impeach the Chairman if he/she abuses his/her power. The recommendations were largely accepted. Hence, the constitution was revised and approved with a majority vote in the council and became effective on 1 January 1997. Meanwhile, Diep established and normalised relations with other nations and signed various trade pacts to allow more overseas companies to operate in Kuehong. This has helped significantly improve the nation's economy. Soon after, the military in agreed to lease an army base in Vang Ngat for AN peacekeeping missions for 50 years over political unrest in the region.

21st century

The Neeg rebellion, one of the greatest challenges faced by the military government in the 21st century.

After the 1998 national elections, regarded as 'fair and free', Diep stepped down as chairman to make way for his brother Diep Quang Nhan. Under his tenure, he has to face several crises, such as the Neeg Rebellion in 2001 and further tensions with Belphenia over its military activities in the Belphenian Sea. He also made the controversial decision to dismiss and arrest the then Chief of the Assembly Những Bất Đồng (formerly Chief Counsellor) and 15 other counsellors over 'deep disagreements' in certain policies, especially his decision to embark on numerous mega-projects and his dealings with the rebellion. In response to growing government opposition, Diep's government disbanded several non-governmental organisations (NGOs), considering them 'a threat to national security'. In 2003, however, Diep made the decision to pardon and release the political prisoners on the condition they will not contest in that year's elections. In response, the candidates which supported the pro-democracy movement boycotted the elections, hence the elections were won largely by those supportive of the military. 2003 also saw the first state elections after the decentralisation of power, allowing states to have more autonomy over their own affairs. Diep was then re-elected for another term as chairman. In 2004, the government also made a surprise reduction of national service duration from three years to two and a half years for males and from two and a half years to two years for women. Later that year, the government also legalised of casino gambling, to increase its attractiveness as a tourist destination.

Mass flooding of farms in the aftermath of the typhoon.

In 2009, eastern Kuehong was hit by a severe typhoon, followed by an earthquake. Despite measures put in place to combat the typhoon, there was severe damage to the nation's infrastructure and resulted in deaths estimated from 80,000 to 200,000. The damage from these events resulted in the delays in elections as recovery efforts were made in the low-laying eastern regions which were negatively affected. In 2011, Dipe stepped down and the military committee voted in favour of Vu Yền Lực. The Vu administration took steps to redevelop the damaged areas. Vu, thanks to his efforts to redevelop the damaged areas and social reforms to help the growing elderly population, has gained the support of the majority and was re-elected for another term. In 2018, Vu has floated proposals for further political reforms, including the possibility of a direct election for the Chairman.

Gallery of past Kuehongese leaders (as heads of state)

Name Portrait Term of office Notes
Democratic Kuehong.png Democratic Kuehong
Số Một
(born Đặng Dâu Thạp)
So Mot.jpg 1942-1954 Infamous dictator of Democratic Kuehong, who transformed it under a totalitarian dictatorship and responsible for the killing of many Kuehongese through purges or forced labour.
Unified Kuehong
Military Era (1970s onwards)
1 General Trần Chí Duệ Nguyễn Khánh 1964.jpg 1970-1979 First military leader, who brought the whole nation under the military and formalised military rule.
2 Colonel General Vũ Tuấn Hưng Kyaw Zaw.png 1979-1984 Second military leader who brought about reforms, later resigned in a corruption scandal.
3 Captain Trần Tu Tín Đoàn Khuê.jpg 1984-1990 Third leader, the one behind the government reforms, brought further progress in democracy efforts in the country.
4 General Ly Duc An Senior General Min Aung Hlaing 2017 (cropped).jpg 1990-1996 First one to implement four-year term limits for chairman. However, he didn't keep to his promises of reforms and was later overthrown.
5 Lieutenant General Diep Duy Tam Bouasone.jpg 1996-1998 Though served for a relatively short-term, he helped further made progress in the reformation of Kuehong.
6 Major General Diep Quang Nhan Kem Sokha (2013).jpg 1998-2011 Longest serving military head, has overseen further reforms and modernisation in the country.
7 Senior Colonel Vu Yền Lực Yawd Serk.jpg 2011-present Current chairman of the Congress

Ly Duc An

Ly Duc An
李德恩
Lý Duc An
Ly in 1993
Chairman of the Security and Stability Congress
In office
1 September 1990 - 24 February 1996
Predecessor Trần Tu Tín
Successor Diep Duy Tam

Ly Duc An (born 2 February 1933) was a Kuehongese military official and poltician who led Kuehong as the country's first elected Chairman of the Security and Stability Congress from 1990 to 1996. Initiallt hailed as a reformist, support for hims later dropped when he refused to implement further reforms and purged his opponents. He was later overthrown in a coup in 1996 after his controversial re-election in 1994 and later was put under house arrest for abusing his power and his role in the AB massacre in 1993. He still remains under house arrest to this day.

1967 Coup

1967 Kuehongese coup d'etat
Coup67collage.png

Clockwise from top left: Pro-military supporters and troops expressing their support for the coup, a publicity photograph displaying the earliest support for the coup, tanks on the streets of the then capital Namthinhvuong, the corpse of the interim leader Phúc Kinh Gu who was killed in the midst of the coup, confrontation between anti-military protestors and the military.


Date16 August 1967
LocationFlag of Kuehong.png Kuehong (nationwide)
ResultMilitary victory. End of civilian rule in Kuehong.

The 1967 Kuehongese coup d'etat, or often referred to as the 16 August Revolution, was a military coup d'etat in Kuehong in 1967, organised by the Kuehongese military loyal to then Defence Minister and Chief of the Defence Force Tran Chi Due. The coup deposed and killed interim president Phúc Kinh Gu (福京俱) when he failed to deal with the political instability in the country following the assassination of To Chap Tac.

According to declassified documents on the coup, it was meant to be bloodless, but several protestors disrupted the coup and 'things began to spin out of control' after that. The military only said about 500 died in the coup; many estimated from 1000 to 5000. It was one of the bloodiest incidents in Kuehong's history.

Neeg Rebellion

The Neeg Rebellion was an uprising by the Neeg minority group against the Kue and the government's policies. It took place from 23 April to 17 June 2001 and was considered a major threat to Kuehong's military rule in the 21st century.

The movement initially started out as a protest against the demolition of a Neeg church and the exhumation of a nearby cemetery for a project. It further escalated when a team of rogue soldiers and other Kue forced several Neegs out of the church and stormed the church, starting the Neeg liberation movement calling for Trac Khe to be made a special autonomous region, greater representation for Neegs in government institutions and more laws to protect their rights. The movement spread to the countryside and other towns in the state. Several extremists, including the Neeg Liberation Democratic Force, took advantage of the situation and caused widespread destruction in the state.

Talks were held between a group of moderate Neegs and the Kue government. The Diep government has already planned for a decentralisation of power in 2003 and agreed to cancel the project. Nevertheless, as the violence escalated, the central government decided to launch an invasion into the country, known as Operation Clearwhite, on 15 June, arresting many of those involved in the rebellion and quelling the rebellion, forcing many Neegs to flee to Cinasia. The Operation was condemned by the international community.

The rebellion has led to the deaths of around 1370, almost half of whom were alleged to be the terrorists behind the rebellion. Public discussion on the rebellion and the operation was suppressed for the next ten years until the new government in 2011 decided to further investigate the rebellion and has encouraged studies into the rebellion. Since 2003, among the Neegs, 15 June is commemorated yearly in secret, to remember those who died in the operation.

Greater Cinasia

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Greater Cinasia is the name given to Cinasia between 1938 and 1955, after the formation of the Bai-side of the Muinon Peninsula until its split in 1955 over a People's Revolution in Cinasia, leading to the split into today's Cinasia (under a communist government until 1989) and Eastern Kuehong/Northern Cinasia, which unified with Western Kuehong in 1960.

Politics

Kuehong is a federal parliamentary republic ruled by a military junta. The constitution declares the rule of the military legitimate since 1974 and hence it is a stratocracy, one of the few nations under the system, with the population of Kuehong all considered part of the military under the constitution. It is an executive-led governing system, with the National Security and Stability Committee as the executive branch. The head of state is the Chairman of the General Committee, who serves for at most two five-year terms, while the head of government is the Chief of the National Advisory Assembly (Chief of the Assembly), the leader of the federal legislative branch.

There has been a number of reforms in the government since the 80s, which nowadays gives the legislative more power over decisions, including the power to impeach the Chairman. The reforms also saw the gradual introduction of democracy in the country, with citizens being able to vote for the counsellors in the Assembly. However, central power remains in the Committee, which can force a reconsideration of legislation. The committee can propose new bills, issue subordinate legislation, and has authority to dissolve the legislature.

The Chief of the Assembly is nominated by the Committee and elected by the 280 Counsellors. All of the counsellors, in turn, are elected by the people through a national election. Candidates for the Assembly needed to go through a 'screening process' by the Election Committee. All of the counsellors are not affiliated to any political party (since political parties are banned) but normally aligned themselves into two ideological groups: the pro-military camp (the current majority) and the pro-democracy camp. The elections for the Assembly is held every five years (with the exception of 2009, which was delayed until 2011 due to a severe typhoon), the most recent of which was held in 2016. Registered military personnel of age 21 and above may vote for the members of the Assembly and, in most of the states, for the state legislative chamber. Voting is not mandatory, but in recent years this has been debated upon.

The Supreme National's Court of Kuehong, headed by a chief justice, is the country's highest court of appeal, though it is also answerable to the National Advisory Assembly. The legal system of Kuehong runs parallel with the legal system of the military. Beneath the Supreme People's Court stand the provincial municipal courts and numerous local courts. Kuehong is known to have very tough penalties for certain offences as rape, rioting, vandalism, and certain immigration offences. Homosexuality is banned in Kuehong.

Despite the political reforms allowing greater democracy in Kuehong, critics still maintained that the regime remains authoritarian. There still remains on restrictions of speech and transparency of the government, but many acknowledged the improvements in curtailing democracy and the rule of law and justice in Kuehong. For example, in 2016, the Assembly managed to pass certain changes regarding the National Penal Code, changing the policy from mandatory to discretionary capital punishment.

Foreign relations

Kuehong's current foreign policy is to "consistently implement a policy of independence, self-reliance, peace, co-operation, and positive development" with regard to Kuehong and other nations. Foreign relations with Ulethna nations since the 21st century has markedly improved; it has previously been strained due to the nation's human rights abuses under military rule and remained largely isolated due to sanctions and arms embargo. Ties were reestablished with Kuehong took massive reforms in its political system. Meanwhile, Kuehong still has close ties with Northern Archantan nations, with such corporations having invested into the country and extracting the country's natural resources.

Bilateral relations with Cinasia and Fayaan remain strong. Previously, however, Kuehong refused to recognise its neighbours' sovereignty and has claimed them as part of Kuehong even after the partitioning of Muinon, resulting in the Muinon Confrontation that continued until the 50s. Since the end of the confrontation, ties were established with the Cinasian and the Fayaan governments in 1960 and 1962 respectively. However, territorial disputes still remain and efforts have been made to resolve such issues.

Kuehong in recent years has also taken an increasingly active role on the international stage. It has contributed troops to the international peacekeeping effort and has hosted the Archantan office for the Assembly of Nations Peacekeeping troops, in addition to leasing several bases for AN peacekeeping training. It is also a member of the Assembly of Nations.

Military

Being a stratocracy, all aspects of Kuehong's politics fall under the military and influences people's livelihoods as well. Under the stratocracy, everyone is considered part of the Kuehongese military. The Kuehongese People's Defence Forces (KPDF) consists of the Kuehong People's Army, the Kuehong People's Public Security and the Kuehong Civil Defence Force, headed by the Chairman of the General Committee. The KPDF consists of the army, air force and navy. The KPDF is assisted by resources from its secret services - the Domestic Military Intelligence Directorate (DMID) and the International Military Intelligence Directorate (IMID). Besides being involved in various border conflicts with its neighbours, the KPDF has recently taken part in several peacekeeping missions worldwide.

As Kuehong is a stratocracy, the military strength of the country consists of the entire population above 12. Most Kuehongese are drafted into the military at the age of 18, with men serving for two years and six months and women two years. Only healthy personnel above 18 and below 55 are to be in the armed forces, with others taking up voluntary community services or other less-active roles in the military. Kuehong has one of the world's highest percentage of citizens with military training.


List of rail lines in Kuehong

Description Established Length Stations Relation Gauge
Western Kuehong Railway Corridor 1936 1,726 kilometres (1,072 mi) 191
Railroad tracks on the North–South Railway near Mỹ Sơn, in central Vietnam.

The Western Kuehong Railway Corridor is the primary railway line serving western Kuehong.

Major stations
Hanoi–Lào Cai Railway 1906 296 kilometres (184 mi)[1] 40 Metre gauge
Travelling on the HanoiLào Cai line.

The railway link from Hanoi to Lào Cai was originally built by the French administration of Indochina in the early 20th century, as part of an international railway link between Haiphong and the Chinese city of Kunming.

Major stations
International links
Hanoi–Đồng Đăng Railway 1902 163 kilometres (101 mi) 23 Mixed gauge
Friendship Pass, on the China–Vietnam border near Dong Dang.

Đồng Đăng is a station at the Vietnamese border with China, forming a part of the international Hanoi-Nanning rail link. There is direct international passenger service on the line (the  Beijing-Nanning-Hanoi Through Train).

Major stations
International links
Kép–Hạ Long Railway 1950s 106 kilometres (66 mi) 12 4.5 hrs Standard gauge
Major stations
Hanoi–Haiphong Railway 1902 18 Metre gauge

The railway link from Hanoi to Haiphong was originally built by the French administration of Indochina in the early 20th century, as part of an international railway link between Haiphong and the Chinese city of Kunming.

Major stations
Hanoi–Thái Nguyên Railway 1962 75 kilometres (47 mi) 14 Mixed gauge

Also known as the Hanoi-Quan Trieu line or the Dong Anh-Quan Trieu line.

Major stations
Thái Nguyên–Kép 1966 57 kilometres (35 mi) 6 ?? Standard gauge

The Thái Nguyên–Kép railway line was a strategic, standard-gauge line constructed between October 1965 and December 1966 by a railroad engineering division of the Chinese People's Liberation Army, who operated in North Vietnam repairing railway lines at the request of Ho Chi Minh.

Major stations
Pho Lu–Xuan Giao ?? 11 kilometres (6.8 mi)[2] 2 ?? Metre gauge
The Pho Lu–Xuan Giao branch crossing the Bo River on a bridge shared with the National Route 4E

Also called the Pho Lu–Pom Han line. A branch line connected to the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway at Phố Lu, south of Lào Cai, used to carry apatite from the mines located along the line to the fertilizer factory located at Tien Kien.

Tien Kien–Bai Bang ?? 10.5 kilometres (6.5 mi) ?? ?? Metre gauge?
Tien Kien–Lam Thao ?? 4.1 kilometres (2.5 mi) ?? ?? Metre gauge

A branch line connected to the Yunnan–Vietnam Railway, near Phú Thọ. Originally served a military complex.

Contour sketches

Kuehong south contours 1.jpg
Kuehong south contours 2.jpg

Names for Kuehong

Franchises in Kuehong

Notes for every state in Kuehong

State Remarks
States under former Democratic Kuehong.png Democratic Kuehong
邦咯 Vâng Ngát Island off the coast of Kuehong. Modelled largely on Penang and SG (more rural version), with sone other minor influences like HK and Langkawi. A key economic hub and gateway to the outside world for Kuehong.
巴生 Bơ Sinh Mini-borneo, maybe more of Sabah, and some bits of Johor. Also infusing some inspiration of Chiang Rai/Chiang Mai (northern Thailand). Rural and more farming (the breadbasket of Kuehong), with a number of towns and railway lines connecting to these towns. Many of the Kue resided there during the communist era, due to an attempt to shift the economy's focus to agriculture. Has also many former military camps (some may be reused today) and labour camps for the populace at the time. Currently, the state is also progressing in the mining industry.
打领 Chiến Lính Selangor, much more developed for towns and cities with advanced transportation infrastructure. Towns may appear more socialist, and still remains the centre of industrialisation for the port of Phong Thinh
卓溪 Trác Khê One of the Neeg-populated states. Similar to Terranganu (and some Rakhine State influences), with infamous military facilities that house the Neeg (OGF Hmong) in the name of security protection. There can be some so-called 'Liberated Zones' under the Zuchaw regime. Oil and gas along the coastline, but largely the area is forested and undeveloped due to the ongoing crisis.
利处 Lợi Xớ Another poorly developed state due to the ongoing unrest the Kue military and Neegs, plus tensions with the ethnic Rohingya. More focus on farming and agriculture, plus palm oil and rubber plantations. Also has a minor tin industry there. (probably similar to Bo Sinh but poorer and less urbanised)
States under former Beichen-flag-1.png Eastern Kuehong
野麻 Dã Ma အမံၤယ် တၢ်ဆူးတၢ်ဆါ Beach and nature paradise of Kuehong. Known for OGF Kachin/karen people. Most forested, have a timbre and paper industry and several jade mines. The coastline has beautiful beaches and also rivers and lakes. Kuehong has since made efforts to preserve the environment there.
斗湖 Đấu Hồ Hosts the former capital (which will be modelled after Bangkok and Ho Chi Minh City). May model on Java. More mangrove swamps and deltas, rather flat. Notable for many settlements set up by Bai, maybe key former forts, palaces and Taoist temples.
泰保 Thái Bầu/ Hủ Ánh pu Notable for being the site of many battles during the confrontation between Kuehong and Cinasia. Former Buddhist site (sim to Kamphaeng Phet, Angkor Wat, Phichit) and many ruins. Takes on a minority language Nung (Hu people).
枋林 Phương Lâm ထိူၼ်ႇ Modelled after parts of Burma, especially Shan State, and Cambodia. More rural but used to have a key capital of a former kingdom ruled by the Thoe people. (More modern) Yen Luan to model after Siem Reap. More extensive ruins and currently being industrialised, due to its location near Fayaan

Personal mapping quick references

For my personal quick references for comparisons with real world cities. (Cities that I planned to develop in the short-term, not in order.)

Vang Ngat

Vang Ngat is meant to be somewhat similar to Penang, Malaysia, and Singapore. Since it has quite an advantage of being close to Uletha, I am thinking of it as an international city and a cultural bridge between Northern Archanta and Uletha.

The Chinese characters Vang Ngat is actually a Chinese translation of an island (Pulau Pangkor) in Malaysia, which I have visited. Similarly, for the capital, O-man, the Chinese characters are actually from a Chinese translation of an island in Singapore (Pulau Ubin).

Bakdep (capital) and Phongthinh

Bakdep is meant to be a rather well-developed and planned city, something along the lines of Naypyidaw, Myanmar. The addition of a nearby port city is an inspiration of Klang, Malaysia, and the relationship between Incheon and Seoul. Bakdep means 'Beautiful North'.

Namthinhvuong

Namthinhvuong means 'prosperous south', though it can be quite far from it given its rampant crime rates and stuff. It is an analogue to Ho Chi Minh City.

Currently, most of its mapping were formerly Subway's work, some bits and pieces of the major cities of Meilan.

other stuff

Vang Ngat

Muinon Peninsula

The Muinon Peninsula (sometimes known as the Fayaan Peninsula) is a peninsula extending from northern Archanta. At its terminus is the northernmost tip of the Archantan continent. The area largely comprises of Cinasia, Fayaan and Kuehong. The peninsula is separated from Uletha by the Belphenian Sea and to its east is the Ardentic Ocean.

Zuchaw (AR906)

The Kingdom of Zuchaw, simply known as Zuchaw, is a breakaway state in Northern Archanta. It is largely composed of enclaves in the southern Kuehong and northern Cinasian regions. It is the homeland of the Neeg people.

The ancient Kingdom of Zuchaw was established between the Dehaus and Kues' territories. However, the wars between the Dehuas and Kues led to the collapse of the kingdom. Several Neegs under Bai colonisation rebelled and formed the short-lived Zuchaw Kingdom in the 18th century, but the rebellion was suppressed. The Neegs called for an independent kingdom when the Bai withdrew and later the partition of Muinon; such calls were rejected. Nevertheless, the Neegs themselves have established a government-in-exile the Royal Zuchaw Council.

The RZC continued attacks against Cinasia and Kuehong throughout the 20th century. In 1979, the Kuehongese and Cinasian governments agreed to put certain portions of the Neeg-majority lands under the RZC. Still, the RZC continued to claim jurisdiction over the former Kingdom of Zuchaw. Since 2010, after the collapse of the Suav Dynasty, the kingdom's authority has been split between the two - the New Zuchaw Civil Council, which controls the enclaves in Cinasia, and the Zuchaw Liberation Organisation, which controls the enclaves in Kuehong.

See also

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