The name Fayaan is derived from the Fayaan settler family, who settled in Noordkaap region during the 16th century. Originally the country was named the "Confederate Union of North Munion" but the name Fayaan was chosen in 1806 to avoid international tensions on the use of the name Munion.
|History of Fayaan|
|• Early colonisation||1500-1610|
|• Golden Age||1610-1700|
|• Ingerish Occupation||1690-1789|
|Independence to Military Rule||1755-1801|
|• Independence Wars||1755-1789|
|• First Republic||1801-1938|
|• Civil War||1931-1938|
|• Golden Decade||1974-1986|
|• Economic Crisis||1986-1994|
|• Tech Age||1994-|
Little is known about the period before Ulethan colonisation. Fayaan was inhabited by Ouisx, Corxich and Huny tribes. Agriculture was probably introduced around 500 BCE? but even in 1500 CE many tribes still lived a hunther-gatherers. The Bai founded several coastal cities and trading posts on the west coast between 1000 and 1500 CE. In southern Fayaan several Kue villages existed.
Colonial Period 1500-1755
Early Lentian colonization 1500-1610
The Lentian explorer Erik Meulenaers with his vessel 'Eenhoorn' is the first known Ulethan visitor of the Fayaan western coast in 1473. Lentian merchantes gained interest in Fayaan as a trading centre for exotic fruits and spices. A private trading company led by the Asselmans and Goedhuys families founded the city of Noordkaap in 1489 (according to oral traditions) or 1492 (according to inscriptions in the Noordkaap Church). Over the next decades, Lentian merchants united in a trading company called Koloniale Kompagnie van Archanta Minor (KKAM) which founded trading centres along the Fayaan western coast. The KKAM encouraged the settlement of both Castellan and Lentian farmers and craftsman, taking also advantage of religious tensions in Uletha.
Golden Age of Colonialism 1610-1690
By the early 1600s, the KKAM structured their Archanta Minor colonies into different governates, each centred around a major trading post: Noordkaap (Noordkaap and Witzandmond), Citroenkust (Zonnevliet), Grootmui, Sint Sebastiaanshaven, Hallond, Santa Cruz, Hoopsbaai, Villa Ronda, Huysburg, Klaarmeer, Yldago, St Baafsland, Triumfo and Vuysburg. Large plantations were erected where tropical fruits and spices were grown. Also, logging become was important, resulting in an increasing shipyard industry that provided Lentian trading companies with ships. The ports towns developped as trading centres between Bai and Uletha.
During the colonial period, society developed in a very strict hierarchical way. Colonies were governed by a governor who was controlled by merchant guilds and agricultural estate owners. Craftsmen and agriculture labourers remained poor and had no political power. In 1630 the Noordkaap Governate was the first to establish an elected parliament Staten Generaal, but only major taxpayers had voting rights. Soon followed the other governates.
Ingerish Period 1690-1765
The wealth of Fayaan attracted the attention of Ingerland. Social unrest increased in the late 1680s. The KKAM had few military forces and had difficulties suppressing revolts in Santa Cruz, Triumfo and Hoopsbaai. Ingerland seized the opportunity and send a fleet to the Hoopsbaai/Santa Cruz area in 1680, under the pretext of defending Ingerish trade routes against piracy. With the KKAM structure weakened by internal struggles and revolts, they were unable to give a proper response. The governates if Santa Cruz and Huysburg raised an own fleet, which was destroyed during the sea battle of la Selva (July 4th 1690). Dyuring the following months Ingerish troops occupied easily the different Fayaan governates, except for Noordkaap. In the same period, the Vuysburg was lost to Kue forces.
Formally the Fayaan region became the Ingerish Protectorate of Northern Archanta. In 1692 New-Willhead was founded as the new governate capital on the southern shores of the Hoopsbaai - near the location of the contemporary parliament in Fayaan City. From New-Willhead the protectorate was governed with an iron hand. Ingerish was introduced as the official administrative and trade language, even though few people spoke Ingerish. The Northern Archanta economy was reshaped to produce and export agricultural goods and mining products. Merchants lost much of their political power, though New-Willhead and Huysburg remained important trading centres.
Independence to Military Rule
Liberation movement and unification (1755-1801/1868)
With decreasing economic profits, Ingerland slowly lost its grip on Northern Archanta. Piracy became common and in the 1740s and 1750s several cities were sacked. Where protection from Ingerish troops was inefficient, several city militia were founded. After a major (but failed) pirate raid on Zonnevliet in 1755, a rebellion broke out in Citroenkust, which started the First Independence War (1755-1765). Aided by Noordkaap troops, Citroenkust, Grootmui and Sint Sebastiaanshaven were liberated from Ingerish occupation. In 1765 the Treaty of Huysburg ended the Independence War and allowed nothern Munion to be independent as the Union of Northern Munion.
Peace was only of a short duration, and in 1780 again a widespread rebellion broke out, starting in Santa Cruz. This started the Santa Cruz War (1780-1789) in which local militia fought with Ingerish troops. Officially Noordkaap was not involved, but they supported several militia financially. After Huysburg (1783), Santa Cruz (1784) and Puerto Cruz (1788) were liberated, the Ingerish retreated. The Treaty of Hoopsbaai (1789) ended the war, allowing the governates to become independent again.
After the Ingerish troops left, Noordkaap, Citroenkust, Sint-Sebastiaanshaven and Hallond were unified in the Union of Northern Munion, but none of the other governates joined in 1789. Gloriosa, formally part of the Santa Cruz Governate, declared independence from Santa Cruz in 1791 and joined the Union. Under economic pressure and fearing renewed Ulethan occupation, soon a political pro-unification movement emerged. This resulted in the founding of the Confederate Union of North Munion in 1801, but Yldago, Santa Cruz and Hoopsbaai didn't become a member. Yldago and Santa Cruz joined the confederation in 1831, after much political pressure. The Hoopsbaai area still had an important Ingerish population and remained heavily divided, lacking a central governate and suffering from a civil war. Military struggles between the different city militia remained common. After several military interventions of Fayaan in the 1830s, the Hoopsbaai State joined the union in 1839 with the promise of safety for the Ingerish population.
In 1806 the confederation was renamed Union of the Colonies of Fayaan, which was a politically more neutral name. Fayaan was the name of a mythical 16th century settlers family which occurs in many mythical tales in the colonies. It remains uncertain if the family really existed, although a Fayaan estate in the Noordkaap State is known since 1590 (pre-dating the myths).
First Republic (1801-1931)
The Union of the Colonies of Fayaan was organized as a confederation where the member states had still relatively much political power. In 1838 the eastern coast was organized as a territory with three states: Hoogland, Gloriosa and Struiskust. To strengthen the national feelings, the new capital Fayaan City was founded in 1868 at the Bay of Hope (Hoopsbaai). Although today the image often exist of Fayaan City being founded in some pristine setting, the Bay of Hope was actually by 1868 already heavily urbanized with the towns of St-Jans-Hoop and St-Denijs-Hope and the adjoining Bai City in the north; and the towns of New-Willhead (now President City), Oxmarsh and La Carolina around the Fayaan Deep. Ingerish settlers remained important in the Hoopsbaai area, and today Fayaan City has still an important Ingerish population. Fayaan City quickly grew as capital, and became the major export harbor and economic hub of Fayaan in the 1870s.
The early days of the First Republic were characterized by economic growth and territorial expansion towards the east, at cost of the indigenous populations. The confederation had chosen a liberal and progressive constitution in 1801, which enabled international trade and later on also first industrialization. Intense trade relationships with both Ulethan states and the Bai estrengthened the economy. Especially Witzandmond was an important international trading center, and from the 1840s on this role was slowly taken over by the Hoopsbaai region (Fayaan City). During the first half of the 1800s the economy was mainly based on agriculture, international trade and some logging and wood export. In the late 1840s the Witzandmond area saw it's first industrialization, followed by the Hoopsbaai area in the 1850s. A modern railway network was constructed from the 1850s on, boosting further industrialization. With rich coal and iron reserves, Fayaan could develop as an industrial nation. Profiting from its location along international maritime trade routes, it also developed an important textile industry.
From the early 1900s, social unrest increased. A combination of high taxes and high government expenditures, corruption and increased competition from other countries resulted in an economic crisis. many factories, especially in the textile industry closed. This resulted in strikes and political instability. During the late 1890s army expenditures had increased a lot, which made the army an important political and social factor, that forcefully suppressed strikes and social unrest. In 1923 the (socialist) president Hannes de Garcia Leenman was assassinated, and the following elections were won by Marius Fillen from the Freedom Party. Those elections were generally considered to be highly impacted by fraud by the military. On June 2nd 1926, Fillen was assassinated, allegedly by communist insurgents. Vice-president Erik Panhoudt took power with the support of the military. he soon started an anti-communist and anti-socialist campaign. Panhoudt was re-elected in the 1927 elections, which was considered relatively fair. But social tensions grew in the next years, with many street protests and strikes. Slowly Fayaan evolved to a kind of civil war, with communist and socialist militia taken over large parts of the city of Witzandmond and also being active in the Fayaan City and Huysburg areas.
Munion Civil War (1931-1938)
The 1931 election process ended in chaos, with massive street protests by both leftists and nationalists. Nationalist groups occupied many election stations in Fayaan City, while the communist militia prevented federal civil servants to enter Witzandmond to organize the election. With less than 26% of cast votes counted, the military-lead election commitee pronounced Jan-Frans Ghyslinck of the Freedom Party as the winner. Ghyselinck had been a general until he was a presidential candidate. In the months that followed, the military arrested many leftists political leaders. Witzandmond was sieged, and taken by the military in late November. Many young leftists (but also liberals) fled the country, mostly to the Federal States of Archanta.It is estimated that about 200 000 Fayaan citizens took refuge in other countries. An additional 50 000 were members of the leftist militia; those that were not killed or captured in the fights with the Fayaan military often fled to the south, joining the Kue Freestate forces in the Munion War. of those 50 000 probably only 5 to 8 000 survived, most of them assimilating in the Kuehong society.
In January 1932, Fayaan border troops reported several incursions of Kue militias crossing the Vang Ngat Strait, although it is generally accepted that this was a false-flag operation. This incident was used by the military to start operations in the Kuehong territory. Northern Kuehong had several large (often illegaly obtained) plantation estates founded by Fayaan citizens, and the main goal of the military was to protect these plantations and incorporate the area into Fayaan. Facing heavy and unexpected resistance from Kuehong militia and citizens, these attempts were not successful and protecting Fayaan plantations in Kuehong came at a high cost. By 1934 the Munion Civil War also expanded to southern Fayaan, especially the El Triumfo state: Kue militia members raided different agricultural settlements, while Fayaan troops occupied several cities in northern Kuehong with the help of the Bai. Fayaan actively helped the Bai and Cinasian troops in northern Munion and used the cities as spearheads to destroy Kue agricultural villages. Fayaan Military forces were known for their cruel treatment of the Kue, and many human rights violations have been recorded.
The Fayaan occupation of Kue lands and cities was expensive and came at a high human cost. Gradually Fayaan had to give up the occupied territories. By late 1937 the front line was more or less at the pre-war border. Puerto Triumfo and parts of its hinterland had been occupied by Kue militia since 1934, but were recaptured in spring 1937. Fayaan troops still occupied some key parts of the city of O-Man, but lost most of their other territory in late 1936 and early 1937. With a high economic and human cost, Fayaan public opinion grew tiried of the war. Secret peace talks started in late 1937, and in January 1938 Fayaan troops retreated from O-Man. In 1938 the Munion Civil War faded out, mainly because of the many casualties with Cinasian troops. Fayaan took this opportunity to retreat from the war without offending the Bai, and in April 1938 the Fayaan military retreated behind the 1931 borders, followed by the signing of a formal peace treaty on May 8th.