|Republic of Iviron
Republika Iviron / Репꙋ́бʌика Івирѡ́н (Romanish)
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Iviron (/iː'vaɪrʌn/ ee-Veye-ren; Romanish: Iviron or Івирѡ́н [ivi'ron]), officially Republic of Iviron (Romanish: Republika Iviron or Репꙋ́бʌика Івирѡ́н), formerly known as Ivira, is a country in Central Uletha, on the Iviran Coast. The country spans a total of 14,120 km2 (5,452 sq mi) and has a population of approximately 900,000 as of January 2012. Iviron is bordered by Antharia and Montemassena to the west and the Surian Chara republic to the north and east. The unrecognised breakaway state of Transmarmatia on the country's southeastern border with Suria. Iviron is a unitary parliamentary representative democratic republic with its capital in Marmatia, while the country's largest city and main cultural and commercial centre is Yaffa.
Most of Iviran territory was a part of the Surian Principality of Ivirya between the 7th and the 10th centuries, when it gradually fell to Garlian colonizers, Yaffa being the first Garlian colony and first Romantian language speaking settlement on the Iviran coast. The region was part of the Kingdom of Romany in the 14th century, as well as the Antharian Kingdom in 1789. In XXXX, the region was included in the Surian confederation, as the separate Ivira republic (Репꙋ́бʌика Іви́рѣ in Romanish, Республика Ивиря in Surian), as consequence of the Great War. The republic gained independence from the Surian confederation in 1999, while having ongoing border disputes with the Surian confederation (see Transmarmatian war).
Iviron is one of the poorest countries by GDP per official capita in Central Uletha and has one of the lowest Human Development Indexes in the subcontinent. Iviron is a member state of the Assembly of Nations and has open borders to Antharia and Montemassena, being part of the Statmos Agreement since 2017.
Iviron, known between 1999 and 2004 as Ivira, has a name of unclear provenance. The most common theory derives the term from the Iviran people, etymology of which being connected to the term עָבַר (Iviran for to cross, possibly in reference to the Iviran people having crossed the Quirran river when settling the Iviran Coast region). This theory is disputed however, the Sur term Ivirya being significantly older than the Iviran term, which according to various historical sources is derived from the name of the region itself.
Another theory, proposed by the Antharian historian Stephen Waschke, is that the term stems from the old [Armenian] language, where վիրք (virkʿ) collectively denoted peoples settling regions east of the areas settled by [Armenians]. Other theories involve etymologies from the Mardoumakh language.
The term Ivirya was first mentioned in 712 CE, when the Osnianit Sur principalities of Dukash (Archis) and Toridava (Sens) united to the Ivirya Principality, with capital in Dukash. During the Garlian conquest of the Ivirya region, the term was extended to the Iviran Sea (ga. Marea Iviriae).
In the Middle Ages, the term was used more in relation to the Iviran culture, the term of the historical region being replaced by Romany and later Antharia. The term kept its initial meaning in Surian, being revived with the annexation of the current territory of Iviron into the Surian Confederation. After the 1999 independence of the Republic of Ivira, the state's name was changed to Iviron in 2004, after a name dispute with Antharia - the term Ivira historically referring to territories in both Iviron and Antharia. The term Iviron means from Ivira or of Iviran descent (in reference to the region) in old Antharian.