Atreisia

From OpenGeofiction
Flag of Atreisia Kingdom Atreisia
Atreisië / Atrèsy (Lentian / Frenquese Atresian)
Capital: Atreiburg
Population: 20475600 (2023)

Loading map...

Atreisia (pronounced Atraisia), officially the Kingdom of Atreisia ('Koninkrijk Atreisië' or 'Krönregime Atrèsy') is a country in northwestern Uletha. It is located in between Franqueterre and Lentia, and culturally influenced by both countries.


Geography

Area: 90600 km² Population Density: 226 i/km² Population: 20475600

History

Open Book icon.svg
History of Atreisia
Pre-Bond(before 1408)
• Atreisian Iron Ageca. 700BCE-20BCE
• Romantish Atreisia20BCE - 257
• Local nobles257-800
• Counties of Franqueterre800-1408
Bond1408-1793
• Bond of Atreisië1408-1556
• Religious Civil War1556-1628
• Republican Bond1628-1793
Modern Kingdomfrom 1793
• Vassal state of Franqueterre1793-1815
• Independence and Unification1815-1838
• Kingdom of States1838-1919
• Federate Kingdomfrom 1919


Terrirorial History Overview (1000-1850)

to be deleted

Pre-Bond Bond 1793-1815 Since 1815
Princely Abbey Ezen (~950-1076)

Princely State Friede (~1000-1076) Princely Abbey State Ezen-Friede (1076-1408)

Princely Abbey State Ezen-Friede (1408-1838)

Bond member since 1408

State Ezen-Friede (since 1838)
County of Franquelle (~980-1628) County of Franquelle (1628-1793)

Bond member since 1793

Republic of AtreisiaFranquelle (1793-1815) Franquelle Land (since 1815)
County Halm (~1020-1429)

Spitten:

  • County Spitten (~950-1099)
  • Burgravate Spitten (1099-1592)

County Acher (~900-1408)

County Acher (1408-1429)

County Acher-Halm (1429-1592) (after Halm was concerred)

County Groot Acher (1592-1793)

(after Spitten joined)

Republic of AtreisiaAcher (1793-1815) Acher-Kust (since 1815)
Part of County of Rosania (~850-1076)

Burgravate 't Burge (1076-1408)

Burgravate 't Burge (1408-1556)

Reformed Republic of De Oudburg (1556-1602)

Republic of Oudburg (1602-1793)

République du Nord Franqueterre: part of Département Rosne (1793-1815) Oudburg Land (since 1815)
County of Beren (945-1408)

Incorporated:

  • 1306: County of Rozenvallei (~960-1306)
  • 1382: County of Linten (~960-1382)
County of Beren (1408-1838)
  • Bond Member since 1408
  • Incorporated Koksland in 1509
  • Lost County of Jerze in 1578
Beren (since 1838)
County 'der Koks' (1045-1509)
County of Jerze (1578-1838)
  • Split from County of Beren in 1578

Bond (1408-1793)

Bond of Atreisië (1408-1556)

Civil War (1556-1628)

Republic (1628-1793)

Revolution and vassal state of Franqueterre (1793-1815)

Discontent with the social structures of the ancien regime was further fueled by famine in the summer of 1789. Uprisings erupted in several major cities but were suppressed by federal republican forces. The violence was primarily directed against the nobility and the church, with numerous churches, abbeys, and castles being destroyed. Following the quelling of the uprisings, key liberal leaders such as Emmanuel Robbenjager, Niels Koopmans, and Johannes Papen fled to Franqueterre.

In Franqueterre, a revolutionary force was mobilized by the exiled, which invaded Atreisia in May 1793. With the help of Franqueterre, Atreisia was largely conquered, except for parts of the Aulpen, where the federal government retreated to Beren. Emmanuel Robbenjager perished in one of the battles. On July 17, 1793, the triumvirate of the liberal Niels Koopmans and the left-revolutionaries Johannes Papen and Karel Bouchez was appointed as the head of the newly established Revolutionary Republic of Atreisia. Before long, there was significant discord within the triumvirate. The liberals staged a coup on August 26, 1793, but failed, after which the left-revolutionary took control and appointed Johannes Papen as first president. Revolutionary Republic of Atreisia became even more a vasal state of Franqueterre.

The Terror (1793-1796)

After the 1793 coup, a period known as 'the terror' unfolded, lasting approximately three years and characterized by widespread political and social purges. Initially targeting liberal factions, many liberals fled abroad seeking refuge. However, internal strife within the left-revolutionary factions soon emerged. The primary factions included the Puriteinen, backed mainly by revolutionary militants and urban craftsmen, led by Johannes Papen and Dirk Kelder; the Boeren Faction, enjoying support from the farmers, led by Johannes Keirels; and the Christian-Revolutionary faction, comprising revolutionaries who disagreed with the rejection of religion, led by Michiel Maermens and Hans Koewachter. In 1795, a new faction emerged, the Willemieten, led by Willem Koenen and Willem Maershel, garnering support from the military as a more moderate counter to the Puriteinen.

On February 2, 1794, Johannes Papen was ousted from power, and on March 5, 1794, he was executed by guillotine. Following internal strife, Michiel Maermens of the Christian-Revolutionary faction was appointed as the new consensus president on June 7, 1794. However, his faction faced increasingly fierce opposition from others, leading him to flee to Halmyde in mid-November 1794 and eventually leave Atreisia on December 12, 1794, never to return. Dirk Kelder of the Puriteinen was instated as president on January 4, 1795.

A highly bloody period, the Red Terror, of purges followed from March to May 1795, with modern historians estimating at least 8,000 executions in 80 days. Noble houses that hadn't fled the country were nearly wiped out, and the Christian-Revolutionary faction also faced significant losses. In response, the Willemieten faction emerged, quickly gaining control over several major cities. Together with the Boeren Faction, they staged a coup on September 11, 1795, resulting in President Kelder's demise. Willem Koenen was appointed president on September 15, 1795.

Localized purges continued into early 1796, but by February 1796, 'the terror' had definitively come to an end.

Post Terror Republic (1796-1815)

After the terror, the various factions endeavored to rebuild the Revolutionary Republic of Atreisia. In 1798, a half-hearted campaign against the Bond was launched, only to be quickly abandoned due to foreign threats. Between 1798 and 1815, the Revolutionary Republic found itself embroiled in numerous military campaigns, becoming entangled in various coalition wars. Significant defeats in 1810-1812 greatly weakened the state's position. The substantial cost of military campaigns, coupled with crop failures resulting from the conscription of many farmers into the army, fueled growing unrest.

An eastern campaign with coalition members in the winter of 1814-1815 ended in total failure, resulting in the decimation of the army. In May 1815, a coalition of liberals, remnants of the nobility, and the Bond managed to assemble an expeditionary force with the assistance of several international partners. Following a successful landing in Spiedam on June 8, 1815, a campaign ensued towards Oudburg. The city was captured with minimal resistance on June 18th 1815. In the following weeks all of Atreisia was conquerred by the Bond's army.

Bond during the revolution

Until 1815 the Revolutionary Republic of Atreisia remained a puppet state of Franqueterre. A few states remained independent in what still beared the official name of Bond of Atreisië: Beren, Ezen-Friede. The Bondsraad established itself in the city of Beren in 1794, and from there, what remained of Atreisia was governed as a republic.

Constitutional monarchy (1815-)

Early Kingdom

Following the successful campaign of the Bond, it was formally reinstated on July 17th 1815. Under international pressure, the League was transformed from a presidential democracy into a monarchy, and the Count of Beren was crowned as King Boudewijn I on August 2, 1815. Between 1815 and 1838, he ruled Atreisia in an authoritarian manner, allowing few constitutional reforms and gradually diminishing the rights of the member states. Alongside Lentian private investors, he spearheaded the significant development of several mining regions. As a result, the Industrial Revolution in Atreisia began around 1825, leading to a rapid increase in prosperity, particularly among the restored nobility and prominent merchants.

Constitutional Monarchy 1838-1885

King Boudewijn I died suddenly on March 7, 1838, in a hunting accident in the Aulps, leading to an uncertain succession as his son Boudewijn was not a strong personality. The Staten General convened on March 15 and refused hereditary succession. Nevertheless, the Archbishop of Oudburg crowned Boudewijn II as king on March 19. In the following days, tensions rose as it became clear Boudewijn II lacked military support, leading to his abdication on March 26. His youngest brother, Karel, a promising 19-year-old officer with military support, emerged as the consensus candidate. Politically inexperienced, he had to make significant concessions to the Staten General, resulting in a new constitution drafted in early April. It greatly reduced royal power and vested significant authority in a government elected by a newly established parliament, which was the new name for the Staten Generaal. With Karel I's coronation on May 1, 1838, and the enactment of the new constitution on the same day, Atreisia was transformed into a modern, liberal constitutional monarchy.

In the 1840s and 1850s, rapid industrialization occurred primarily in the west, with large-scale mining and steel industries around Urras, metallurgy around Oudburg, and textile manufacturing around Oudburg-Assel. Starting in 1865, the major valleys in the Aulps also began to industrialize, utilizing water power for large sawmills, quarries, and some mines. From 1870, the chemical industry became significant, especially around Oudburg and Zoutburg, while the glass industry developed in Spiedam.

This industrial revolution also brought a revolution in transport. Railways were built, new canals were dug, and existing ones were widened. The network of old roads was gradually replaced by wide, straight stone roads.

This industrial revolution brought prosperity to a small segment of the population. However, the living and working conditions of urban workers were deplorable, and wages were low. The federal army and the militias of the member states retained considerable power, with military wages significantly higher than those of workers. Although Atreisia was organized as a democracy, there was no universal suffrage, which severely limited the power of the working class. Both the traditional and reformist churches provided social organization but aimed primarily to maintain general order among the populace.

In 1851, the 'Mancier Law' was enacted, named after Erik Mancier, a parliament member and bank owner. This law established stringent banking secrecy. Combined with a strong neutrality policy, liberal governance, and the presence of state militias, this led to significant growth in the banking sector from 1855, particularly in cities like Beren and Aulpstad.

In contrast to the cities, large parts of the countryside in the 1800s saw little industrialization. Cottage industries often remained an important supplementary income source, but agriculture and forestry were the main sectors. Medieval agricultural improvements like fertilization led to large harvests, but long, harsh winters with frost extending into spring caused crop failures. As the state prioritized feeding the cities, the countryside suffered more from famines. The most notable famines occurred in 1830-31, 1838, 1847, 1855, 1872-74, and 1890. These famines led to migration to the New World, particularly from impoverished rural villages.

Internationally, Atreisia played the role of a liberal trading partner, viewing other nations in Uletha as markets for its industrial development. Atreisia pursued a strong neutrality policy, carefully balancing relationships with other powerful states in Uletha. Since the Middle Ages, the militias of the member states often served as mercenary armies, but this practice was banned in 1854 to maintain neutrality.

Rise of socialism 1885-1910

In the mid-19th century, the Christian movement primarily organized the workers' movement, while more socialist movements were strongly suppressed. However, under international influence, the first socialist workers' association, the 'Brotherhood of Weavers' (Broederschap der Wevers), was founded in Spiedam in 1881. Christian mutual societies had existed since the 1860s, but in 1883 the first scoialist ' Onderlingen Broederschap Mutualiteit ' was established in Oudburg. Although illegal socialist newspapers had been circulating for years, 'Solidair Oudburg' became the first licensed socialist newspaper in 1885. These events were crucial for the strong growth of socialism in the 1880s. Inspired by international examples, Edward Otters founded the 'Socialist Workers Party of Oudburg' (SAPO) in 1887. In the following months and years, similar parties were founded in various cities, eventually merging into the 'Atreisian Workers' Party' (AAP) in 1892. In 1894, the AAP secured its first parliamentary seat (Edward Otters). By 1895, the workers' movement had established a network of social organizations, including mutual societies, a workers' bank, and their own bakeries and shops.

During the same period, the Christian workers pillar also became more organized. Though often playing a more limited role, they too established mutual societies and their own bakeries. In 1887, a workers' wing was formed within the Christian Party, securing two seats in the 1894 elections. The Christian workers' movement had better contacts with employers but was often criticized for achieving little. This submissive role contributed to the rising popularity of the socialists.

In 1897, the United Socialist Workers' Congress presented key demands to the government: universal suffrage, compulsory and free neutral education, and the abolition of child labor under the age of 12. Previous years had seen numerous strikes against local wage cuts or reductions in working hours, but the Socialist Workers' Congress marked the beginning of well-organized strikes. A major strike in late 1897 was brutally suppressed. In the lead-up to the 1900 elections, large strikes were organized from December 1899 onwards, initially achieving little and often ending in violence. An extreme faction split from the AAP in February 1900, forming the 'Communist Revolutionary Party' (CRP). They occupied the ports of Oudburg and Spiedam from March 10 to May 8, with the military eventually quelling the occupation, resulting in over 500 deaths. Despite the elections proceeding as scheduled in May 1900, the social unrest instilled fear of revolution among the upper classes. Consequently, in August, a law for universal plural voting for men was passed.

In the 1904 elections, despite significant victories by socialist and communist parties, the conservative majority held power due to the plural voting system. By 1908, rising social unrest and large strikes, coupled with the exclusion of the Communist Revolutionary Party from the elections, deepened political tensions. The situation escalated in 1909 with massive communist-led strikes, resulting in over 2,400 deaths as the government forcefully suppressed the uprisings. By mid-1910, with communist militias occupying parts of Oudburg and fears of revolution mounting, the parliament passed sweeping reforms and a new constitution. These included reducing the king's powers, improving workers' rights with a 48-hour workweek, and establishing universal suffrage for both men and women, thus transforming Oudburg into a more democratic society.

Democratic constitutional monarchy 1910-1929

The political landscape of Atreisia was marked by intense volatility between 1910 and 1929. In the late 1910 elections, communists and socialists dominated urban areas, while conservatives retained control in smaller towns and rural regions. However, the grand coalition government of socialists, liberals, and conservatives collapsed after just one year, leading to increased political instability.

From 1911 to 1929, Atreisia saw a series of unstable governments, with large confilcts with the popular communist party. By 1918, the country faced significant economic decline, especially in the industrial sectors. Contributing factors included social unrest, rising wages, and trade restrictions. Though the banking sector continued to thrive.

In 1912, the Atreïsische National Party (ANP), a nationalist fascist party, was founded. Initially small, it gained popularity post-1920, fueled by street violence, anti-communist sentiment, political chaos, and the perceived ineffectiveness of conservative leaders. With substantial support from the military, the ANP became a formidable force. Originally led by Hans Weldekens, the party saw a major shift in 1921 when Erik Jagers, a charismatic fascist leader, took control, steering the ANP to prominence in Atriesia's fraught political arena.

Moderne Staat Fascism 1929-1950

In late 1929, the Communist Party was banned, signaling a significant political shift. Early in 1930, the Conservative Party withdrew its support for the government, leading to the call for new elections. In response to the ensuing political instability, the military staged a coup on March 7, 1930. Erik Jagers was appointed as the new Prime Minister. Following the coup, the parliament was dissolved, and all other political parties were outlawed, consolidating power under the new regime, often refered to as 'Moderne Staat'.

Under Erik Jagers' leadership, significant economic reforms were implemented, particularly in the industrial sectors. Major state-owned enterprises were privatized, while labor unions were banned and social protections were significantly reduced. The economy opened up to international markets, yet certain strategic sectors, such as rail transport, energy production, and key mining operations, were nationalized and rationalized.

The agricultural sector also underwent profound changes. Where there had been numerous small, family-owned farms up until the 1920s, these farms were consolidated into larger, more professional operations. Mechanization, which accelerated after 1940, improved agricultural knowledge and methods, and an active role by the government led to a substantial increase in productivity.

The government heavily invested in modernizing infrastructure. Ports were upgraded, new airports were constructed, and the first motorways opened in 1938. The liberal approach to the service sector, including banking, continued, fostering significant growth in banks and insurance companies.

While initially, there was a degree of tolerance for political activities by other parties, the regime became increasingly repressive from 1935 onwards. Hundreds of political opponents were arrested, and it is estimated that around 1,250 political adversaries were executed during the period known as the 'Moderne Staat'.

Third Republic 1950-1987

Fourth Republic

Environment

Physical Geography

Atreisia, a captivating land, is defined by the Aulpen mountain range at its heart. These majestic mountains, forming the central backbone with a general east-west direction, interlink with adjacent ranges in neighboring territories. Comprising central massifs surrounded by fouthill massifs, the Aulpen dominates the landscape.

To the north of the Aulpen, a diverse expanse unfolds—eroded low mountain chains, expansive plateaus, and sedimentary basins characterize this region. At the northernmost edge lies the Neeve River, carving through its sedimentary basin, offering a blend of rugged terrain and serene plains, enhancing Atreisia's scenic allure.

Stretching along the northwest coast are the eastern extensions of the Morcanol Bay. This coastal belt encompasses a mosaic of coastal marshlands, dominated by sandy beaches.

To the south of the Aulpen, a similar topographical tapestry emerges—eroded low mountain chains, undulating plateaus, and interconnected sedimentary basins form part of the larger Ijsne River basin, contributing to Atreisia's diverse geographical makeup.

Geology

56.143/51.438 396385

Loading map...

Highest mountains

The Aulpen range boast many peaks with an elevation above 3000 m asl. The highest mountains are

Name Height Bondsstaat Aulpine Region
Koningskroon 4572 Bondsland Beren Koningskroon Massif
Koninginnekroon 4430 Bondsland Beren Koningskroon Massif
Hemelspits 4310 Bondsland Beren Hemelspits Massif
Grote Naald 4108 Witteberg Massief
Driespits 4211 Witteberg Massief
Rode Doom 4075 Witteberg Massief
Kleine Naald 4066 Witteberg Massief
Witteberg 4250 Witteberg Massief
Johannespiek 3099 Witteberg Massief
Zadelhoorn 4007 Witteberg Massief
Bielderspits 4080 Witteberg Massief
Hectors Piek 4029 Witteberg Massief
St Bernard Piek 4346 Witteberg Massief
Kleine St Bernard Piek 4092 Witteberg Massief
Oldhoorn 4273 Witteberg Massief
Hoge Aulp 4033 Witteberg Massief
Zonspits 4270 Zonspits Massief
Hoogspits 4317 Hoogspits Massief
Misthoorn 3765 Misthoorn Massief
Windhoorn 4292 Windhoorn Massief

There are some other important peaks, with less elevated heights, but a siginifcant socio-cultural importance:

Name Height Bondsstaat Aulpine Region
Meidenhoorn 2901
Witte Tand 3951 Witteberg Massief
Finnberg 3510 Witteberg Massief
Misthoorn 3765 Misthoorn Massief

Nature Reserves and National Parks

Atreisia has five levels of protection classes for nature and landscape parks:

  • nature reserves which have a varying protection level (1 to 3) but which are always small (<10 km²)
  • protection class 1: biologic protection areas: areas where all human activities are prohibited, inclusing recreation
  • protection class 2: national parks: focus on protecting biodiversity and natural landscapes, in some cases also human landscapes when essential to biodiversity; economic activities in general are prohibited, except for low impact activities such as hiking; only park buildings allowed; infrastructure limited to essential infrastructure
  • protection class 3: regional (nature) parks: protect both natural and human landscape elements, with a focus on preserving biodiversity; economic activities are bound to permits, and include mainly traditional agriculture and traditional rural activities (including forestry)
  • protection class 4: landscape parks: focus is on protecting traditional human and natural landscapes; economic activities are bound to permits, and include mainly traditional rural activities (agriculture, forestry)

Below an overview of protection class 2 and 3 are provided

Koksland National Park

Located in the northern region of the Aulpen mountain range, Koksland National Park features a high mountain plateau nestled between two ridges, with the ridges not significantly higher than the plateau itself. Forests dominate the lower western areas, while higher elevations boast alpine meadows, along with numerous smaller lakes and peatlands. The park offers outstanding hiking opportunities, especially for multi-day treks, allowing visitors to explore its diverse terrain. Wildlife abounds, including bears, wolves, lynxes, deer, chamois, and marmots. However, the park is renowned primarily for its unique flora and hosts a few rare fish species. Known as a habitat for breeding birds, notable species include the golden eagle, bearded vulture, snow finch, and whooper swan. Within the park's boundaries lies Bevermeren, a small tourist village functioning as an enclave.

National Park Hoge Jorra

National Park Hoge Jorra is part of the bigger Regionaal Natuurpark Hoge Jorra and protects the higher parts of the Western Jorra.

Government

Government icon (black).svg
Government of Atreisia
Federate ceremonial constitutional monarchy
CapitalAtreiburg
Head of state
• QueenAstrid I
• Minister-PresidentPhilip Asselmans
Legislature
• Upper houseStaten Generaal or Parliament
AtreisiaSG.svg
JudiciaryGrondwettelijk Hof
Major political parties
  CDP
  Liberalen
  SDP
  Het Midden
  LU
  Groene
  KP
XX


Atreisia is a federated ceremonial constitutional monarchy where power is divided between the federal government and the governments of its federation members, known as “Bondslanden.” The head of state is the king, who primarily serves a ceremonial role. The real political power resides with the Prime Minister, who is appointed by the parliament. The parliament consists of 200 members, 180 of whom are elected, while the remaining 20 are appointed by the Bondslanden.

The federal governance of Atreisia is defined by its third constitution, enacted in 1950, which is largely based on the first constitution from 1838. Any amendment to the constitution requires a two-thirds majority in the parliament. Members of parliament are elected every four years using an apportionment method.

Each of the Bondslanden also has its own parliament, with terms varying between four and five years, depending on the specific Bondsland.

The constitution delineates the division of powers between the federal government and the Bondslanden:

  • Federal Powers: Foreign affairs, defense, federal legislation, customs, monetary policy, postal and telecommunication services, and federal highways.
  • Bondslanden Powers: Education, healthcare, police, local government, and certain fiscal authorities.






Regional Geography

Atreisia is a country with a large diversity of cultural and natural landscapes. Below we detail on the typical properties of those landscapes:

Bondsland Beren

Loading map...

The Bondland of Beren, named after the former Duchy of Beren, once a prominent seat of power, boasts its capital in the city of Beren. Positioned at the confluence of the Aar and Murge rivers, the city of Beren stands as the thriving social and economic epicenter, renowned for its plethora of monuments, inviting cityscape, esteemed university, and robust banking sector.

The State of Beren, nestled within the mountainous expanse of the "Aulpen," is characterized by its dramatic terrain and expansive valleys. Notable among these valleys are the Murge, Linten, Witte Traune, and Rook valleys, each contributing to the state's diverse landscape. Towards the eastern boundary, the state extends to encompass the Grootmeer, a glacial overdeepened mountain lake, adding to the region's natural allure. Within this stunning setting, other significant cities within the state include Wildburg, Rozenburg, and Lintenbrug, each contributing to the cultural and economic diversity of the region. Beren is celebrated for its picturesque landscapes featuring towering mountain ranges, sprawling plateaus, and iconic peaks such as Hemelspits (4310 m) and Koningskroon (4572 m), along with prominent plateaus like Wolfsplateau and Koksland. This stunning setting of Beren is also home to a rich variety of wildlife, including deer, bears, ibexes, and majestic birds like the golden eagle.

While historically reliant on mining, forestry, and agriculture, the modern economy of Beren thrives on specialized industries, particularly in leisure products (skiing, skateboarding, cycling), outdoor apparel, dairy products, luxury furniture, and a robust international banking sector. The Murge and Linten valleys serve as hubs for both population density and economic activities.

Renowned as a haven for winter sports and summer outdoor activities such as hiking, mountain biking, birdwatching, mountain climbing, and parasailing, Beren attracts outdoor enthusiasts year-round. Beren city, a hotspot for cultural tourism, draws visitors keen on exploring its historical heritage and vibrant cultural scene.

Major transport routes traverse the Murge and Linten valleys, with Beren city situated along a crucial North-South railway line, complemented by branch lines to smaller valleys and Lintenbrug. Expressways connect the Grootmeer through the Linten valley to Beren city and a second North-South expressway passing through Beren city, linking the two routes.

Historically, Beren's significance stemmed from its influential dukes, fostering a robust economy for centuries, and the famed Beren Legion —a renowned mercenary force from the pre-modern era, often engaged in significant battles.

Bondsland Jorra

Bondsland Acher-Kust

Provincie Watermark: The Watermark Province is a predominantly rural area characterized by flat terrain and numerous villages. Its primary and only city, Waterkampen, serves as the capital and largely functions as a commuter town for Spiedam. Watermark comprises low-lying regions originally formed as coastal marshlands, now repurposed for agricultural use, primarily featuring pastures with grazing cows, contributing to a thriving dairy industry producing milk and cheese. Additionally, there are scattered orchards within the area. The province boasts numerous coastal lakes, some of which have been drained, while those remaining hold significant ecological value. A network of canals and drainage channels crisscrosses the landscape. Along the coastline stretches a wide dune belt, home to a few coastal villages with limited tourism opportunities.

Bondsland Ezen-Friede

Ezen-Friede is a small territory situated on the northwest coast of Atreisia. Comprising two small towns, Ezen and Friede, it historically formed the 'Princely Abbey State Ezen-Friede', established around the abbies of Ezen and Friede.The historic abbeys, founded between 945 and 970 AD, suffered devastation in 1793, leaving only ruins of the once-vibrant structures of the Ezen Abbey. Parts of Friedes grand abbey church and some buildings still endure.

The territory boasts a rural landscape dominated by meadows, forests, heathlands, and bogs. Despite its limited commercial activity, both Ezen and Friede contribute to the local economy. Agriculture, primarily dairy farming due to extensive pasturelands, is a significant sector, while fishing, particularly in Ezen, remains vital.

Notably, a substantial portion of the territory is occupied by the Witte Venen National Park, characterized by moors, heathlands, and forests.

Today, Ezen Friede faces several major challenges, including aging population, depopulation, unemployment, and poverty. Since the 1990s, there has been an ongoing consideration of integrating into the Bondsland of Acher-Kust. After a referendum in 1998, Ezen Friede delegated several powers to the Acher-Kust, including responsibilities over national infrastructure such as public works, transportation, waterways, and water policies, along with healthcare and security. However, in 2007, the proposal for incorporation into Acher-Kust narrowly missed approval. Following a subsequent referendum in 2009, additional authorities over public transportation, environmental matters and spatial planning were transferred. A new referendum is scheduled for 2025 to decide on the potential incorporation into Acher-Kust.

Franquelle Land

Franquelle, historically a Franquese-speaking duchy, has was integrated into the Bond in 1628 during the religious conflicts. Originally a stronghold of the Franquese language, Franquelle experienced a linguistic transition over the past century. While Franquese remained prevalent, Lentisch gradually gained prominence, and today, a small majority of the population identifies as Lentisch speakers. Urras remains the stronghold of Franquese speakers.

The late 19th century marked a transformative period for Franquelle, with the discovery of coal reserves in the 1850s triggering a rapid industrialization around Urras that persisted until the mid-20th century. The Urras region emerged as a hub for coal mining and metallurgical industries, sustaining its economic significance to the present day. The extraction of coal remains a vital industry, closely tied to the metallurgical sector. In the northern region, encompassing Seilles and Franquelle, a thriving small and medium-sized enterprise sector prevails. Manufacturing, food processing, and transportation activities form the backbone of the industry in this area, fostering economic diversity and resilience.

Urras, the largest city in Franquelle, stands as a symbol of industrial prowess. However, it grapples with socio-economic and environmental challenges, including high unemployment rates and the closure of traditional industries. Franquelle, the second-largest city, serves as the administrative capital and historical policymaking center. Recent decades have witnessed substantial modernization, particularly in the realm of digital service-oriented businesses. The western inland region of Franquelle boasts dense forests interspersed with picturesque villages, creating a tranquil contrast to the urban bustle.

Bondsland Wouder

Situated in the northern foothills of the Aulps, Bondland Wouder is defined by its dominant physical features: two vast glacial lakes, Starnemeer and Ziemmeer, and the expansive Murge Valley to the east. The region's landscape is characterized by those north-south oriented lakes and valley, intersected by synclinal and anticlinal folds. Land use predominantly consists of extensive forests and pasturelands, with limited cropland. Ravenstad, the capital since 1838, functions as a suburb of Oudburg, while the historic capital is Zoutburg. The population centers around Ravenstad and in the Murge Valley, including Murgeburcht and Zoutburg, with Goudburg located to the west. The Murge Valley historically served as a vital trade route, connecting Oudburg to Beren and beyond to the south. The economy thrived on trade along this axis, with also notable salt mines near Zoutburg and gold mines near Goudburg until around 1750.

Infrastructure

Road infrastructure

Road infrastructure is the repsonsability of the Federal, Bondsland and Municipal level.

The federal government manages highways (called A-roads), expressways (called X-roads), ringways (called R-roads) and national ways (called N-roads). Each bondsland is responsible for roads between muncipalities. Municipalities are responsible for local roads. Some roads (especially highways) are held by private consessions. Some roads have also toll, mainly bridges, tunnels and some highway stretches.

Number Main cities Remarks
A1 Halmyde-Oudburg-Aulpstad
A4 Assel-Oudburg (Oost) - ...
A8 Beren-Oudburg-
A10 Connecting A1 to Lentia
A22 Spiedam- Direction Sonnenburg
X1 Oudburg Airport-Bossum-Uras Prolongiation planned to Spiedam.
X14 Machunne valley expressway

Katsberg-Bad

First parts build in 2014, large stretches now under construction but final completion not expected before 2035.
X15 Spiedam to A1 connection
X84 Connection X14-A8 near Kampe Planned to be constructed 2030-2038. First preparatory works starting 2025. R15 Spiedam Ring