Dregovinskaja Impieryja (Dregovinian)
Population: 2 968 300 (2023)
Motto: Pomsta - zachapliennie bahoŭ
Anthem: Vołnaja Kraina
Dregovine (official name: Tsardom of Dregovine) - small, landlocked country located in northern Uletha, breakaway state of Surian Empire during September Revolution. It shares a border with Suria, Geklinia-Dregolesia and Podolia. Considered an Egalian country despite separation from the lake because of presence of Ina river in its borders. The country is a homeland of Dregovinians, however noticeable Lechian, Surian and Podolian minorities. Dominant faith in the country is christicism, divided between Ekelan and Ortholic churches.
Dregovine is a constitutional monarchy, with the tsar, a heir of former Surian imperial family, as a head of a country. Legislative power belongs to unicameral parliament composed of 123 members, tsar however wields power of vetoing the law. Dregovine is considered developing economy.
There are two concurrent theories about the origin of the the name Dregovine. According to one of them the stem dreg- refers to a way (droga in old Velitic), according to the other it refers to the old Velitic dorga (bay). Similar dispute is ongoing about the name Dregolesia. In Dregolesia most people believe the second etymology is true as the region touches the Great Rift Sound. In Dregovine people believe in the opposite theory and the supposed way is Ina river as important trade road.
Country is mostly flat with small mountains and highland in northeast of the country. The most dominant feature are Lido wetlands spreading in the south, around Ina river. North and west of the country contain large amounts of lakes. The biggest river is Ina, flowing from Egalian lake to the Great Rift Sound.
Dregovine is not minerally rich, however some deposits of coal are present. Large scale peat cutting is also present and peat remains one of the main sources of electric power. Soil is considered relatively fertile in the south, mainly in Ina and Egalia voivodeships.
It is very little known about the early presence of human in Dregovine. According to the handful of discoveries, mainly in Siabroŭstva, early humans used mostly wood to build the houses and most of the remnants eroded in later times.
Dregovine is believed to be part of Velitic original homeland from where Velites had spread to more distant parts of northern Uletha, such as Lechia and southern Suria.
Kingdom of Dregia
Dregians, the ancestors of both Dregovinians and Dregolesians established their kingdom in 982. The country at its peak spread as far as present day Łany and swiftly became one of the most important regional powers however confrontation with Egalian Empire and lack of ability to develop neccesary bureaucracy led to rapid weakening in fourteen century. Additionally in 1416 last Dregian king, Ihor died without a heir. the nobility offered the throne to the king Kazimierz of Lechia. For several decades Dregia and Lechia remained separate kingdoms with the sam ruler however growing threat of Suria forced tightening the bonds. The real union came to effect in 1487.
Dregovine was part of the Great Lechia to 1753. During the three centuries many Lechians, especially nobility, settled in Dregovine and Dregolesia bringing Lechian culture with themselves. Different kinds of influence resulted in split of Dregolesians and Dregovinians. During that time period many large feudal land estates, comparable to antique latifundia were established. Some of them are still visible on Dregovinian maps as large areas, often covering several villages of land belonging to one single family. Lechians also founded an university in Litusava in 1656 which was the first university where Dregovinian language was studied.
After devastating war with Suria started in 1748, Dregovine fell under Surian occupation. In 1753 with the treaty of Tazów Great Lechia was officially dissolved and Lechians lost lands on the western side of Great Rift Sound. Dregovinians became to be subject of surianisation but besides that Dregovine experienced significant growth in living standard causing generally positive stance towards Surian government especially among poorer classes of the society. However dissatisfaction over centralised policies towards the minorites Dregovinians initiated many political activities which were supposed to force Surians to make Dregovinian more publicly present. While unsuccessful for many years the change came in early twentieth century when tsar Vladimir IV introduced series of laws which allowed minority languages to be present in public spaces and education.
During September revolution Dregovinians leaned towards their tsar and monarchist, white faction unlike neighboring Dregolesians who pushed for independence in a form of anarchical state.Also Dregovinian Lechian minority supported white army and integrity with remnants of Suria, being afraid of Dregolesian rule as third possible alternative. Being comfortably separated from Surian mainland by large swamps and supported by neighboeing states of Lechia and Pretany they were able to secure their lands in the south but had to give up Dregolesia completely signing a peace treaty as early as 17th November 1912. However in other parts of Suria white army soon started to loose, provoking Demirhan Empire to join the war to prevent spread of communism to their land.
As a Demirhan army entered Suria in early 1913, shortly after that tsar Vladimir and his family were kidnapped and transported to Litusava through Plevia and Pretany. As a response Surian communists headed their army to Litusava but were stopped once again by Dregovinian forces on the Ina river. As a result ceasefire between Surian Tsardom and Socialist Confederation of Suria was signed establishing a provisional border.
Surian Tsardom however did not drop the claims over the entire Suria til the death of tsar Vladimir IV (Uładzimir IV in Dregovinian) in 1932. As a consequence the Tsardom changed its name to Tsardom of White Dregovine in distinction to red Suria.
Litusava where the capital of the country was predistinated to be located was the provincial town where people lived mostly the same for centuries. According to the memories of tsar Vladimir daughter, Nadia:
When we arrived to Litusava there was nothing we used to have in Surian capital. There was not even electricity and the only source of water was the nearby river. We were accomodated in old castle in the old town, cold in the summer, even colder in winter. And that smell! I sometimes understand why the people started the revolution, we treated them so badly...
Shortly after the war the modernization started thanks to help from Demirhan Empire which put itself in not direct conflict with Suria and intended to create an alliance of states neighbouring Suria to counterweight the communism. After formation of Geklinia-Dregolesia in 1915 Dregovine started to seek help there, despite disagreement over the border between them and Dregolesia, as well as those Egalian nations which did not fell into hands of communists.
In 1917 Dregovinian and Geklinian-Dregolesian rulers agreed to hold plebiscite in disputed areas. After the plebiscite was held, majority of the area decided to stay with Dregolesia however Dregovine gained some lands in the western part of the country.
Simultaneously to infrastructural reforms the political reorganization happened as well. The new Constitution was established in 1918 and first elections to parliament were held next year. However the elections were far from democratic - the peasants had limited freedom of movement and therefore some of them could not legally vote. They were however given freedom of movement only three years later and next elections could be seen as moderately fair according to current standards.
Death of tsar Vladimir IV brought cooldown in relations with Suria. Ihar III agreed to drop territorial claims towards Suria and, as a consequence, the white colour was removed from the name of the country however country remained a prominent member of anti-Surian block led by Demirhan Empire.
With peace came the stability and the country, despite significant lacks in infrastructure started to develop. Strategically located on Ina river Dregovina became relatively important trade hub for Egalian nations which brought significant amounts of money. As the country distanced itself more from the Surian past and had to fulfil political requirements made by other neighbours administrative reforms came to being. The most important include:
- New administrative divisions of the country, more useful in small territory (1933),
- Special status of Lechian and Podolian minorities who received autonomous territories (1935) as well as recognition of their languages as official in these regions (1936),
- Change of the official language to Dregovinian and the script from Cyrillic to Latin, largely influenced by the one used in Lechian language (1938).
Another turning point in country history was Dregolesian uprising in Geklinia-Dregolesia, inspired by Suria. Dregovine supported Geklinian monarchy and when the revolt was stopped Dregovine, Geklinia-Dregolesia and Łany decided to come closer to each other. In 1967 the act of union was signed allowing freedom of movement and trade between the three countries. Shortly after it, common currency was also introduced, removing one of the remnants of Surian past - Dregovinian ruble.
Despite reforms tsar remains the central point of Dregovinian politics as head of the government with right of veto. The laws in contrary are voted in democratically elected parliament with 123 members. The members, as well as people, have political freedom of opinion and thought, with the exception that communist views are seen as betrayal to the state and therefore the highest penalty for expression of them is death, however it was never used in country history. Tsar good name is protected by law and insulting the ruler can rsult in fine or prison sentence.
Auronomous Oblast has own legislature with limited powers over education and self-governance composed of 57 members.
Last elections for national parliament were held in 2021 and resulted in stable victory of National Unity Front, the long time dominant party of the country.
Results of 2021 elections
|Party||Percentage of votes||Seats||Short program summary|
Front Nacyjanałnaha Adzinstva (FNA, National Unity Front)
|56,72||77||The party remaining in power since independence, closely associated with the tsar. The party main goal is to keep the status quo however recent initiatives were focused on reduction of inequality.|
Manarchičnaja Sacyjal-Demakratyja (MS-D, Monarchical Socialdemocracy)
|16,53||23||Party much more oriented towards social issues in the country such as economic and systemic inequality. They also want to reduce power of tsar and the influence of the Church over the government introducing complete separation of the two. The members are often accused of being hidden revolutionaries despite their denies.|
Vybarčaja Kampanija Malesorcaŭ (VKI, Electoral Action of Malesorians)
|11,72||16||The party focused on interest of Malesorian minority, possibly separatists.|
Kansiervatyŭnyja Refarmatary (KR, Conservative Reformators)
|5,32||7||Party which wants to transform the country economy into modern, fully capitalist one. On social axis classical liberals.|
|Economy of Dregovine|
|• Total||$91.38 billion|
|• Per capita||$30 784|
|• Total||36.02 billion|
|• Per capita||$12 134|
|HDI (2022)|| 0.817|
|Principal exports||peat, food, wood|
|Principal imports||electronics, fuels|
The country economy is focused on heavy industry, peat production and farming.
Huge impact on the country economy has relatively archaic system of governance. Despite feudal system in entire Suria was removed in 60s of 19th century, the local nobility still owns large amounts of land. After the establishment of 1918 Constitution their rights to keep own local law and collect taxes for using roads were limited. In present times they are only allowed to collect taxes from their tenants, as well as money from penalties from minor crimes. As a result main source of money for Dregovinian nobles are road radars.
The Dregivinian currency is Dregovinian ruble which recently faces serious inflation problems.
|Demographics of Dregovine|
|Recognized minority languages||Lechian, Podolian|
Dominant group of people living in Dregovine are Dregovinians who are believed to be native to the region. Other important group are Lechians living mostly in Szczeglin Voivodeship, followed by Podolians and Surians. Lechians arrived to Dregobine mostly during union with Lechia while Surians came after Dregovine fell into the hands of tsardom. Relatively large amount of Surians are also members of former nobility who left the country after the communist revolution