Geklinia-Dregolesia

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United Kingdom of Geklinia-Dregolesia
Zjednoczone Królestwo Żeklinii-Dregolezji
Сполучене Королівство Жеклінії-Дреголесії
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Motto:
"Zjednoczneni i niepokonani
Єдиний і непереможений"
United and undefeated
CapitalDobranka
Official languagesLechian, Dregolesian, Podolian and Zamednovchan
 • Regional languagesLanian Lechian, Kalmish, Dregovnian
DemonymGeklin-Dregolesian
GovernmentFederal parliamentary semi-constitutional monarchy
Area
 • Total137696.32 km2
53164.85 sq mi
Population
 • Estimate16,095,220
GDP (PPP)2019
 • Total641.251 billion $
 • Per capita33,476.6 $
HDI (2022)Steady 0.804
very high
TimezoneWUT +5h
CurrencyNedelican Universa (Ʉ or NDU)
Drives on theright

Geklinia-Dregolesia (Lechian: Żeklinia-Dregolezja, Dregolesian: Жеклінія-Дреголесія) is a country in West Uletha. It spans 138000 square kilometers (53000 sq mi) along the east coast of the Great Rift and inland. It is bordered by Lany in the north, UL14d in the east and Podolia, Dregovine and Suria to the south. 16.1 million people live in Geklinia-Dregolesia, majority of which are either Geklins or Dregolesians. The country however has a significant Iviran population, compared to its neighbours. Dobranka is the country's capital, but Chashavinsk is the biggest city. The official languages are Geklin Lechian and Dregolesian.

The idea of a united Geklinia and Dregolesia is a bit over a century old, being born in 1849 during the reign of King Gregory II, 24 years after Geklinia gained independence. Both countries had a history of being ruled by Lechia or Suria for most of the medieval period, regularly getting invaded by one or another. After 1912 Surian Revolution, Dregolesia managed to gain independence, however it was short lived, because in 1915 Geklin-backed forces have entered biggest cities and proclaimed a Dregolesian State dependent on Geklinia. On 17th of November 1916, the Treaty of Ridkiv ending the Dregolesian Civil War became a compromise between Geklinia and Dregolesia, which in turn imposed the government of the former to create a new multinational constitution for a united state. This process lasted until 28th of June 1917, when the Queen Alice signed a new constitution, which finally proclaimed the country.

History

Etymology

The realm's official name is in Lechian: Zjednoczone Królestwo Żeklinii-Dregolezji and in Dregolesian: Spolučene Koroliwstwo Žekliniǐ-Dregolesiǐ (Ingerish: United Kingdom of Geklinia-Dregolesia), though in everyday speech Geklinia-Dregolesia is used (Lechian: Żeklinia-Dregolezja; Dregolesian: Žekliniǎ-Dregolesiǎ). This name has been chosen in 1917 over rejected proposals such as Dual Kingdom or Duopopulian Kingdom[1].

The name Geklinia is ingericized version of Lechian Żeklinia, which in turn comes from Proto-Slevic rěkà meaning "river" combined with "slow/lazy" lěnь, as Geklinia River has a low flow rate at it's delta. The first mentions of a nation occupying the lands around the river appeared in Osianian documents from as far back as 7th century, where they were described as Terra Geclinurum.

The name Dregolesia is a much newer concept, being first mentioned around 1204 during the First Lechian-Sur War, where a Sur court-chronicler has described the Lechian attack as an attempt to seize Zemli Dregovskoho Lesa which directly translates to "Lands of the Dregov Forest". The forest is believed to have taken it's name from Proto-Slevic dòrga, a word for "way" or "road", as all merchants heading north needed to cross it. The term "Dregov Les" over time evolved into Dregolesiǎ, however it would be only until around late 17th century, when a nation describing themselves as Dregolesians would form.

Prehistory

Early History

Middle Ages

Industrialisation

Turbulent Times

Independence of Dregolesia

In early February 1912, the Lido-Dregolesian militia captured Mirgorod and Chashavinsk. Not a whole month later, on March 15th 1912, the Republic of Dregolesia separated from Lido under the lead of Oleg Syvirianovich. However, the newly formed state was very unstable and quickly after fell into a civil war. On 11th of June 1912, monarchist forces supported by the Kingdom of Geklinia took control over northern territories, establishing a Kingdom of Northern Dregolesia. 4 days later, on 15th of June 1912, anarchist forces rose up south of Molvaty mountains, but failed to capture any major city. Communist revolutionaries rose up on 29th of June 1912 in the industrialized region of Bir and Mizhrichkavsk. The nationalist government managed to defend the most important cities, including the state's capital - Chashavinsk. On 23rd of July 1912, the communist militia organized the Mezhova massacre, where 298 men were caught, sentenced for treason against the communist regime and murdered. The Kingdom of Northern Dregolesia managed to secure major part of Chashavinsk-Ivaniv railway line, which was crucial for the nationalist army on the coast. The Anarchist army finally managed to break nationalist defences in Rychavsk and captured the city on 31st of August 1912, not long after, they were met with communist revolutionaries coming from the north. Bloody battles took place in the suburbs of the city, that lasted for several weeks, when the anarchists, without much support had to retreat and leave the city on 21st of September 1912.

War with neighbours > United Geklinia-Dregolesia > Plebiscite > Currency

Post-Unification

The Great War

Results of the plebiscite

Modern History

Post-Great War (1940-1965)

Post-Revolution Kingdom (1965-2000)

Most of the revolutionaries were caught and arrested by the police and secret services by the end of May 1965. The leaders Volodyslav Rohonirovenko, Pavlo Kopertin and Kyrylo Davinich have been accused of treason and were executed by hanging in 1966. These actions by the government Łukasz Świderczyn of had a mixed reaction from Geklin-Dregolesian citizens, with several major protests erupting in kingdom's cities.

After 1965, the government of the United Kingdom had to shift its focus towards equalising life quality between Geklinia and Dregolesia. The then Prime Minister Łukasz Świderczyn put the blame on what he called "secret Surian spy networks"[2] in his April 19th speech in Chashavinsk. He tried to turn the public eye's attention away from the rising gaps between two halves of the kingdom, however his attempts were futile. Due to major protests against the government of Świderczyn, in July 1965 King Bogdan forced new elections. The 26-years-long government of a conservative party came to an end, as for the first time a left-leaning party National Worker's Movement came into power with Liubomyr Karshenko becoming a new Prime Minister.

Contemporary history (after 2000)

Economy

As of 2022, the economy of Geklinia-Dregolesia is the biggest in the Nedelica Union and one of the biggest on the southern Great Sea coast. The unemployment rate is 4.5% according to Królewski Urząd Statystyczny (Royal Statistics Office). The majority of working population works in the service sector, every third - in manufacturing and every tenth in agriculture.

Geklinia-Dregolesia uses the Nedelica Universa (NDU, Ʉ), which is used in the Nedelica Union countries since 198x, it replaced the Geklin-Dregolesian Universa used since 1919. The nominal GDP of Geklinia-Dregolesia is worth 233.945 billion $ or 19070.4 $ per person.

The most powerful company of Geklinia-Dregolesia, Ulano Group was established in 1829 by Ryszard Ułanowski, at the time called Ułanowski Trading Company. Low competition on the newly independent Geklinia has allowed Ułanowski to expand his company across more fields, such as hotel industry in 1845 or textile manufacturing in 1849. In the young country, new companies had a very easy time growing in size. The industrial revolution has propelled urban growth, as people from rural regions moved to work in new factories. Service sector also grew rapidly, with new banks being opened, notably the General Bank of Geklinia, back then known as Banque Generale de Géclinie.

Ulano Group, the most powerful company in Geklinia-Dregolesia according to INEiF studies.

Rebuilding the country after the Great War provided great conditions for some companies to rise. Ułanowski Trading Company has rebranded and restructured to Ulano Group with several subsidiaries, at the time the most notable one being food and material trade branch, as those were desperately needed in regions destroyed by the war. Ułanowski family got several grants from the government, that today are estimated to be equivalent to 311 million $. This has played major role in further expansion of an already big corporation. In 1952, Ulano had invested in expansion of iron production in central Dregolesia, managing to keep a lot of income from it. This was the case until 1965, when the 1965 Dregolesian Revolution gave the government a good opportunity to seize a lot of assets from private hands. Since then the biggest players from Ulano Group were Ulano InCo, responsible for trading and managing construction projects, and Ulano Insurance, which became a trusted insurer for the citizens. Statistics by INEiF from 2021 show that Ulano Group produced a total worth 99.4 billion $ of revenue and was responsible for a bit over 21% of Geklin-Dregolesian GDP.

Infrastructure

Ground Transportation - The Noun Project.svg
Infrastructure of Geklinia-Dregolesia
Driving sideright
Railways
• Passing sideright
Gauge1435mm
• Electrification3kV
Mains electricity230V 50Hz
Telephone code+28
Internet TLD.gd

Railways

Geklinia-Dregolesia has a dense railway network. The majority of tracks are standard gauge, however there still exists few hundred kilometres of narrow gauge lines. The owner of almost every standard gauge railway line is the state-owned company called Royal Railway Lines. Passenger and freight services are done by several regional operators.

Railway operators in Geklinia-Dregolesia
name region service types founded/defunct in
Koleje Żeklińskie
'Geklin Railways'
Nationwide passenger trains 1990
Дреголесійська Регіональна Залізниця
'Dregolesian Regional Railways'
Dregolesia passenger trains 1990
Istoĉni Ẑalezni Puty
'Eastern Railway Company'
Zamednovcha passenger trains 1990
GekDregCargo Nationwide freight trains 1990
Królewskie Przewozy Kolejowe
'Royal Railway Transport'
Nationwide all 184x/1990
Дреголесійська Залізниця
'Dregolesian Regional Railways'
Dregolesia all 1912/1918

One of the biggest rail rolling stock manufacturers in the world, Ulano Rail S.A., was founded in Geklinia-Dregolesia in 1934. The company grew significantly after acquiring new production plants and later merging with Cabelian manufacturer Lorande SA and renaming itself to Ulano-Lorande SA. As of June 2023 Ulano-Lorande has 11 production lines worldwide, producing rolling stock for countless tram, metro and railway systems.

Roads

The road network of Geklinia-Dregolesia comprises six highways, several expressways, and many lower-classification roads.

Airlines

In its history Geklinia-Dregolesia had two major aircraft manufacturers. The first most prominent one was Tazowskie Zakłady Awiatorskie, which existed from 1921 until its bankruptcy in 1949. TZA has produced both military and civilian aircrafts. After the Great War, a Plavativ manufacturer Mikhail Hordiyenko rose to dominate the market with his company co-owned by Plevian engineer … Sabbalini.

Since 1982 there is only one airport handling intercontinental flights, the International Airport Geklinia-Dregolesia, located southwest of Mizhrichkavsk, on the border between Geklinia and Dregolesia. Prior to construction of it, both Dobranka and Chashavinsk each handled international flights on their local airports. Other major cities like Moremir, Bogan and Nedelica have their own airports.

The national carrier is GeDe Air, established in 1981 as a merger of former GekLines and Aviakompaniya Dregolot. It operates flights from all national airports. Another big player in airline industry is Air Nedelica, a low-cost carrier flying between the countries of the Nedelica Union.

Demographics

In June 2023, Geklinia-Dregolesia's population was estimated to be around 16.2 million by the Royal Statistics Office, with the fertility rate slowly declining in recent years. Since 2021, when the recorded fertility rate was 1.79, it has dropped to 1.71 children per woman in 2023. The country's population is centered around big urban areas, as over 5 million people reside in the metropolitan areas of the biggest cities. Overall population density is around 122 inhabitants per sq kilometer. The government of Geklinia-Dregolesia is trying to stop the urbanization of the country by various pro-agricultural social programmes and laws.

The major hubs of Geklinia-Dregolesia are Chashavinsk (1.6 million), Dobranka (1.2 million), Moremir (0.8 million), Bogan (0.6 million) and Nedelica (0.5 million). These five urban centres create the core of the kingdom's transportation network.

Geklinia-Dregolesia is in majority formed by two nationalities: Dregolesians and Geklin-Lechians. The former slightly outnumber Geklin-Lechians by around one million people, this has caused serious issues in the past, as the power was held by the smaller group of people. This has changed after 1965 Dregolesian Revolution, which brought major changes to the country's government structure. From then on, there has been a lot of pressure to popularize a Geklin-Dregolesian identity which citizens could represent themselves with. On the most recent statistics 73% of the population declare themselves as Geklin-Dregolesians, with 63% choosing Geklin-Lechian as a subidentity, 28% Dregolesians and the remaining 5% choosing other minority subidentities.

The kingdom has seen a drop in immigration since early 2000s. Before that it has been a destination for Surians and Dregovnians, but since the economic situation in these countries is equalizing to that of Geklinia-Dregolesia, less and less people come to work in the country. The trend is reversed when it comes to emigration. In search of better living standards, Geklin-Dregolesians often emigrate to countries such as Lechia, Plevia or Ohemia. According to KUS, in 2023, around 4000 people immigrated to UKGD, while around 13000 emigrated to a different country.

Largest cities of Geklinia-Dregolesia
Rank City County Population in 2013 Population in 2023 Growth km² mi²
1 Chashavinsk City of Chashavinsk 1,499,749 1,594,233 6.3% 430.7
2 Dobranka Royal Capital City of Dobranka 1,053,326 1,180,779 12.1% 265
3 Moremir City of Moremir 746,660 814,606 9.1% 372
4 Bogan City of Bogan 497,766 566,458 13.8% 242.6
5 Nedelica City of Nedelica 542,535 523,546 -3.5% 162.7
6 Rychavsksk City of Rychavsk 313,840 322,628 2.8% 134.9
7 Tazów Tazów County 317,232 309,301 -2.5% 134.6
8 Śwjyntoprykopice Śwjyntoprykopice County 248,002 248,746 0.3% 117.9
9 Mizhrichkavsk Mizhrichkavsk County 127,177 130,738 3.8% 123.4
10 Ivaniv Ivaniv County 122,213 110,847 -9.3% 122.5
11 Bir City of Bir 117,927 105,663 -10.4% 210
12 Żabiniec Żabiniec County 101,903 95,585 -6.2% 91.8
13 Zadorozh Zadorozh County 83,371 89,791 7.7% 106.2
14 Podwiyrch Podwiyrch County 90,041 88,420 -1.8% 66.7
15 Zygmuntów Dobrzanka County 66,960 69,906 4.4%
16 Plavativ Plavativ County 58,658 60,242 2.7%
17 Gorodishche Chashavinske Eastern Chashavinsk County 60,368 59,221 -1.9%
18 Nishla Nishla County 57,712 55,519 -3.8%
19 Novovajsk Zheran' County 52,310 53,356 2.0%
20 Łany Dobrzańskie Dobrzanka County 49,550 52,672 6.3%
21 Ridkiv Ridkiv County 55,688 50,899 -8.6%

Climate

Culture

Holidays and traditions

Sports

Cuisine

Geklin-Dregolesian cuisine shares similarities with its neighbouring countries. Most notable regional dish is pierogi, in Geklinia filled with mashed potatoes and cheese and in Dregolesia called 'varenyky', they're often filled with mushrooms and sauerkraut. Soups are also a common part of the national cuisine, the most popular one being the chicken soup and pickle soup.

Among the most popular desserts in Geklinia-Dregolesia are cheesecake (sernik/syrnyk) or a specific type of a cream pie called kremówka/kremovka.

Music

Tourism

Government and politics

References

  1. prof. Przemysław M. (1981). The Beginnings of Our Nation Uniwersytet Tazowski, pp. 91-92. UUI: UR-051:41501001923
  2. The Royal Mail Gazeta Królewska (1965). Wydanie z dnia 20 kwietnia 1965r., pp. 2.