Iscu

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The AN Territory of Iscu
Escu
Iscu.png
FlagCoat of arms

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Motto:
"Escua"
The infinite waters
CapitalPort Holy
Largest cityPort Holy
Official languagesIscuan Ingerish, Iscuan
DemonymEscuan
GovernmentRepublic
 • AN Commissioner of IscuAris F. Sadele
Area
 • Total271.78 km2
104.94 sq mi
Population
 • Census (2020)13711
GDP (PPP)
 • Total$0.0000424 Trillion
 • Per capita$3092.407
HDI (2018)Increase .5443
medium
TimezoneWT +6
CurrencyUnified Standard Dollar (USD)

The AN Territory of Iscu , commonly called Escu by most of its inhabitants , and formerly known as the Republic of Iscu before a complete government collapse is an island territory in the continent of Uletha, in the Asperic Ocean. It consists of 5 atolls and 3 islands, as well as multiple smaller islets. Iscu is not a sovereign nation, but still takes part in multiple international organizations, sometimes as an observer. Although the lingua franca is Ingerish, multiple dialects of the Iscuan language are also spoken, with the inhabitants of the main island speaking a patois that combines Iscuan with Ingerish.

History

Prior to 0 AD

Artist's representation of the voyage of the Native Iscuans

The first settlers of the islands of Iscu were Gobrasi people[1], who traveled in sail-rafts across the Asperic until they reached the atoll of Kadſa, where they would settle. The current scholarly opinion is that this happened around 1000 BCE. [2] The natives developed a system of governance and a unique religion and lived in scattered groups of small huts, farming and fishing the land and water.[3] Around 900 BCE, another group of Gobrasi would journey to what is now the Main Island of Iscu. They spoke the same language, and likely came from the same region of the Gobras Peninsula. They developed contact with the group on Kadſa, and also had contact with the inhabitants of islands possibly as far north as Cariocas.

0-600

Drawings of Native Iscuan carvings, ca. 1543

The Iscuan people had by 50 AD condensed into larger villages. On Kadſa Atoll, around a half-century later, one priest in their religion would claim to be god himself, and would begin the worshiping of a god-king that continues today. The religion became a driving force in the Iscuan society, and resulted in numerous technological advances. The villages slowly condensed into towns, and pyramidal temples, were made. These temples, which were erected over 100 years, are made out of large slabs of sedimentary stone mined from a large quarry, and most follow a pyramidal design. The god-king settled in Ghaadradlar, and that town became large and the de-facto capital. Slowly, the temples were added onto over the next 100 years, and the one in Ghaadradlar became the biggest of them all. The huts that the Iscuan people had lived in for centuries were torn down and replaced with fired clay coming from volcanic origins, a much more durable and easy solution. Over the next 300 years, the society on Kadſa would flourish, as the religion and culture of the island developed in complexity and the population grew. On the Main Island, the inhabitants were also developing a different religious system, which for a time promoted isolationism, which resulted in the loss of contact with Kadſa and the other islanders.[4]

600-1500

The next 700 years would be largely uneventful for the Iscuan people aside from two events. It is believed that sometime in the late 12th century a series of civil wars broke out on Kadſa, as evidenced by the ruins of some smaller villages alongside skulls with human weapon damage. [3] On the Main Island the inhabitants removed their former leader from power, and destroyed the majority of evidence of that governing system, which remains a mystery today. The main islanders established a much looser system of governance, with each village being a small polity, and the individual leaders of each loosely worked together. [5]

1500-1600

The Ingerish were the first colonial power to discover the main island of Iscu, in 1516. They attempted to form a small settlement, but got into a conflict with the natives and were forced to retreat. After another abortive attempt to negotiate with natives resulted in an Ingerish-incited massacre, the Ingerish captain William McRyalay managed to successfully negotiate with the Iscuans in 1529, setting up a system where the Iscuans would be given Ingerish protection and would be able to trade and live with the Ingerish, in exchange for the Ingerish being able settle on the islands. The Ingerish then founded Port Holy and later discovered Loconon Atoll. They natives described the country as "Escua", and the name was noted down as Iscu, and became the name of the colony. The Lentians, who had set up a powerful trading system in the Asperic, visited the northern islands in 1532, with some settlers founding Endeburg. The Lentians took great advantage of their outpost on the edge of the Plurinesian, stirring the anger of the Ingerish, who were displeased that the Lentians were hijacking their trade routes. By 1552, the issue nearly developed into a war when a group of Lentiens founded Ael on the Main Island, but the Lentian government was persuaded to relinquish their claims to the islands with assurances of Lentians being allowed to continue to live there in lieu of war. [6] Later Ingerish expeditions to the south resulted in first contact with the natives of Kadſa Atoll, who were wary but friendly. The natives were mostly left alone, primarily because they were violent when provoked, as Captain Fred Bearnes learned in 1567, when he attempted to kidnap a native woman and was killed by an arrow, along with half his crew. The natives of that atoll therefore developed a reputation for being savages, and as the Ingerish had discovered other uninhabited atolls, they were happy to let the natives be alone.[7] The Ingerish formally established Iscu, Maka, and multiple other possessions as the Ingerish Territory of the Northern Asperic in 1573, separating them from the Ingerish Tropical Territory. However, the islands remained under direct rule of the Ingerish Home Office, which appointed a Consul to rule the islands from Gobras City.

1600-1800

Governor William Sanderhowe (in office: 1601-1635)

Iscu continued to grow in population over the next 200 years. Developing a reputation among sailing crews for being a remote and peaceful location, the Ingerish population grew steadily, and the Ingerish inhabitants rapidly eclipsed the Iscuans, who were forced to coexist more and more with the Ingerish, to the point where the two groups were tightly knitted together. In 1601 a permanent governor was appointed to the islands in conjunction with the creation of the Iscuan Territory, an incorporated territory separated from the remaining islands of the Ingerish Territory of the Northern Asperic. This ended direct rule from Ingerland, as the governor was allowed to govern with a high degree of freedom. William Sanderhowe was the first governor of Iscu, serving until 1635 and was also a prolific writer, especially in the two decades after his tenure had ended, and his books are frequently looked at to provide a clearer image of Iscu in the 17th Century. The native peoples of Iscu were given the ability to continue their self-governance on a municipal level, not being subject to the 4 mayors the governor appointed, but were forced to concede authority to the Governor otherwise. [8][9]

1800-1900

1st President Anthony Kinnon

By the 1800s, the Iscuans were very different from the Ingerish settlers who had first met with the native people, and had developed their unique patois, a combination of Iscuan and Ingerish. A drive for independence succeeded in 1814 with little fuss, and Iscu became a republic. An interim constitution was enacted by Ingerland where the current governor would remain for four years with a mandate to ensure a peaceful transition and implement a new and democratic constitution. This succeeded, and the governor, Anthony Kinnon, became popular enough for his efforts that he was elected the first president. Iscu suffered from independence at first, becoming poorer without the support of Ingerland. [10]

1900-1970

Iscu steadily grew in the 1900s, and became a reasonably successful country for its stature, although most inhabitants were still very much on the edge of poverty. During the Great War, Iscu suffered through multiple battles, but was eventually fully protected by the FSA in exchange for serving as a base of Asperic operations. Iscu came to depend on the FSA even more than before the war for economic stability, defense, aid and other services. Good relations with the FSA, as well as protection and continued aid and economic support was ensured by the South Port Treaty, in exchange for the FSA to be able to carry out nuclear testing on multiple atolls in the west of Iscu and the establishment of a military base on the island of Basengrove. Iscu was a veiled protectorate of the FSA during this time. An period of large economic growth would begin in early 1966, as the economy was buoyed by the assurances of the FSA.

1970-1980

After non-proliferation treaties were signed in the "De-Nuclear Period" from 1974-78, the FSA stopped activities in Iscu almost entirely, having irradiated most of King Earnest Atoll and all of Keen Atoll. The FSA signed the second South Port Treaty in 1979, which removed all obligations set up by the first treaty. The decoupling of the FSA from Iscu was likely influenced in part by the recent election of Darrel Short.

Decades of Corruption

President Darrel Short

The government of Iscu prior to the Ten Days of Insanity and the associated collapse of the Iscuan government was "corrupt to the very core", as described by Gobrassanyan Diplomat George Kabamatu.[11] The corruption, which although always present in a small degree since independence from the Ingerish in 1814 and even before that, had drastically increased since the 60s, with money pouring in from the booming phosphate mines, other investment and tourism providing a chance for some politicians to take advantage of their positions. The corruption soon pervaded most parts of the government, but did not truly take off until the election of Darrel Short in 1978. As president, the corruption increased drastically, and began to rapidly affect the economy, and more notably widened the already major income disparity to a shocking level. This began to cause dissent among the populace, and numerous protests were violently put down. In 1984, the elections for president were blatantly rigged, and violence broke out at the polling places. By this time the corruption in the government and some of the major phosphate and other companies was starting to divide the government into factions, and Short was unable to control the divided government, leading to his assassination by a splinter party on November 10th, 1985. Luke Lamara was appointed interim president, but lacked the support of a majority of parties. By this time, the economy had entered a recession. [12]

Unrest among the populace, and the beginning of a slow slide into chaos of the government and military set the stage for the Ten Days of Insanity.

The Ten Days of Insanity

The Ten Days of Insanity, also sometimes called the ten days of madness/chaos/unrest or even the The Ten Days War, began one month after the assassination of Darrel Short, on December 10th, 1985, and lasted until December 20th, 1985. It was a period of intense violence, and the complete collapse of the Iscuan government, military, and economy.

Day 1

The unrest began with protests on day 1, which were marked by extreme retaliation by the police and military, but due to the sheer number of protesters and the arms they were carrying, they retaliated, resulting in violent riots (in Port Holy and South Port). Many of the protesters burned down government buildings, with a popular chant going "We'll burn you". Although the riots had died down by 8:00 at night after the military brought out the tanks and massacred many of the most peaceful protesters in Central Square two hours earlier, a boat carrying phosphates exploded on the north coast, and the resulting explosion wrecked a fleet of fishing vessels that had been nearby, further incensing the populace as phosphates were a scape-goat for corruption.

Fires in Port Holy seen from the other side of the island

Day 2

Further riots, this time centered in Seaedretetar. Other unrest in the rest of the country. Some of the rioters managed to take control of some of the tanks, and destroyed a statue of President Short.

Day 3

The governmental collapse began in full on the third day, with various violent splinter parties taking up arms to either fight other parties or to fight the rioters, which continued to attack members of the government. At this time the military began to splinter as well. The day ended with fires beginning to burn in many slums in Seadretetar.

Day 4

One part of the military attempted a coup, which was blocked by the other half of the military. The attempted coup, which destroyed the president's house and killed hundreds of civilians in the crossfire, resulted in the military being decimated. Riots continued, although not as large as in the first few days. The Seghe Slum Fire begins in full force in Seadretetar, burning all of the Seghe Slum and spreading further west.

Day 5

In what is often called the climax of the Ten Days of Insanity, the capitol building was blown up. It remains unknown as to what group the bomber was. In addition, international news and other nations began to pay attention to Iscu at this time. The government had now completely collapsed and there was no leadership whatsoever. Rioters continued to hunt down splinter violent groups, and many government officials had either fled or been killed or imprisoned.

Days 6-10

Marked by general unrest. Various smaller skirmishes and confrontations happened throughout this time, and the island of Basengrove was set on fire.

AN Intervention And Administration

By Day 6 of the unrest, the AN had begun to discuss a potential an peacekeeping operation to place Iscu under an AN mandate. By the 8th, the mandate had been written and voted on, with the resounding result to place the former country of Iscu under AN administration, enforced by a peacekeeping and rebuilding operation. By day 9, a peacekeeping operation was being organized, and troops were being prepared, along with food aid. The troops arrived on the 10th, with FSA and Gobrasi peacekeepers leading the operation. By January order had been fully restored, and The Iscu Convention was held as the AN reconvened for 1986, which established the governmental system.

AN Administration

The AN continues to administrate Iscu to this day as an AN Territory.

Geography

Boat preparing to enter Loconon Atoll

Iscu is composed of 5 atolls and 5 islands, all of which vary in size. The major and largest island, The Big Island, is the home of the majority of Iscu's population, along with the two much smaller islands just off its coast. The largest atoll is Earnest Atoll. [13]

Wildlife

Iscuan Giant Turtle

Iscu has a diverse collection of flora and fauna, nearly 42% of which are endemic to the country, one of the highest rates in the world. Notable species include the Iscuan Blue Parrot, the Jaywhistle Shark, and the Iscuan Giant Turtle, which are possibly the longest-lived and largest turtles in the world. The turtles grow to be over 1.5 meters in length, and largest specimens have reached nearly 2.2 meters. Despite being called turtles, they more accurately fit the description of tortoises, as they only go into water occasionally and are mostly land based. There are three main species, with the largest found on Kadſa Atoll, and the other two found on the main islands. A related species of somewhat smaller size inhabited Earnest Atoll, but no sightings have been recorded since the 1940s.

Location

Iscu is a chain of islands located just above the equator in the rough middle of the Asperic Ocean, and spans 500 km. Its closest neighbors are Ma'akuha and St Marie and St Helene on the east, and Nahuwa Atoll on the east, almost 1000 km away.[13]

Climate

[Iscu-Port Holy]
Climate chart
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
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32
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Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Source: Ministry of Statistics
Imperial conversion
JFMAMJJASOND
 
 
4.3
 
 
88
76
 
 
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4.7
 
 
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6.3
 
 
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6.5
 
 
89
79
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Iscu has a warm climate all year round, and gets a decent amount of rain all year as well. The tropical island climate is well suited for a diversity of species, many of which can only be found in Iscu. Sadly, due to climate change Iscu is sinking, and by 2100 all of the atolls and islands other than the main islands will likely be underwater. [14]

It is rare for Iscu to get any large storms or other massive weather phenomenon; the last severe storm that has been recorded was in 1923, and was described as being "like a nightmare taken the shape of the wind and the rain" by an Ingerish captain in the area at the time.

Because of the warm climate and predominantly sunny skies, the country is known as the "Asperic Paradise", and was a common vacation destination for Ingerish nobility for some time.

Government

The AN appoints a new commissioner and commission to oversee the island every 6 years, and also appoints other officials to administrate other functions of the nation. The islands operate under international law. However, on the main island each municipality is governed by a mayor, who is appointed by the commissioner, but must be a native of the island (this requirement has existed since 2000). These mayors may set certain laws and regulations for each municipality (with approval from the commission), which includes taxes and public spending. However, Iscu is not a country, and so has no national tax. Because of this, all municipalities have very low or nil tax rates, and instead rely on yearly funding from the AN, revenue from the territory-owned phosphate company, and, because with effectively no taxes Iscu is a tax haven, revenue resulting from headquartered companies. This results in a well-ordered and efficient territory, and is widely considered to be a successful example of AN governance.

However, since the AN only has so much money to give to Iscu, government spending is fairly low. Iscu also remains poor, although extreme poverty has been effectively eliminated, and the economy is improving with tourism and investment increasing.

Government TLDs

The AN Administration has maintained a website for the territory since 2003, and it is registered under the .ic.an domain. .ic domains are available for rent, and it became popular with online forums in the late 2000s, with notable websites using it including bas.ic and mag.ic.

Military

Ever since the Ten Days of Insanity, Iscu has had no military, and all surviving military vehicles were sold in 1987 to Suvuma. The only military present are the AN peacekeepers, who number around 7530, and multiple FSA military bases.

Administrative divisions

Gnome-edit-redo-bw.svg See also: Administrative divisions of Iscu

Iscu has no administrative divisions at a province wide level aside from the semi-autonomous native territory, which operates in complete isolation from the rest of the world aside from the few scientists and envoys allowed to travel there. The main island is divided into 14 municipalities, and all settlements on the atolls are administered directly by the AN Administrator of Iscu, and do not have a municipal government.

Demographics

Religious affiliation

The Ingerish brought christicism to the islands when they arrived, and it has competed with Iscuan spiritualism ever since. [15]

Language

There are two major languages spoken by people in Iscu: Escuan Ingerish and Iscuan. Escuan Ingerish is spoken by around 81% of the population, and Iscuan by around 98%. The isolated Native Escuans, known as the Kadſa Group, speak an "un-corrupted" version of Iscuan with no outside influence since their arrival to the Atoll. Lentian is spoken by around 3.5% of the population, primarily in Endeburg.

Escuan Ingerish

The product of centuries of intermixing between Ingerish and Iscuan speakers, this patois incorporates elements of Escuan phonology into Ingerish words, primarily by removing the letters "i" and "l", and replacing them in general with "e" and "ſ" , although "l" is most often simply removed. "Ö" is also used when there are two "l"s in a row, such as "Atoll" which becomes "Atoö". However, in cases where it is practical to merely remove the offending letter, it is simply excised from the word, such as in the case of Endeburg, formerly known as Lendeburg. It is the second-most widely spoken language in Iscu, and an official language. The patois has existed in some form since around the late 1700s, and variations, giving more prominence to either Ingerish or Iscuan are also in existence.

Escuan

Escuan is the native language of the Iscuan people, and is still taught in schools, with a slightly higher number of speakers than the patois. It is notable for being a direct relative to Proto-Gobrasi, with little influence by other languages, in particular in the Kadſa Group, which has remained completely isolated for millennia. The Iscuan spoken on the main island has taken words and some elements from both Mah'akuan and Ingerish. It is also notable for being written without breaks in the sentence, using connectors (d after vowels and a after consonants) and to indicate word separation, and dashes to indicate pauses. D and A are uncommon as the beginning of words due to their usage as connectors.

Khaanerka Escuan

The dialect of Iscuan spoken on the island of Khaanerka.

Phrase Book:

Sentence in Escuan Ingerish in Iscuan/Escuan
Where is the train station? Where es the tran staton? Eahredederatranatro?
There is no train station. There es no tran staton. Ederededpodtranatro.
What? How big is this country anyways? What? How beg es thes country anyways? Amek? Ecedraradedoredavenkredomo?
I am an ignorant tourist, please forgive me. E am a gnorant tourest, please forgeve me. Ademafaderϙeemadehaoradame.
My postillion has been struck by lightning. My postöon has been struck by eghtneg. Amodposöonaledaghredomelodaherkaro.


Education system

Health system

Basic healthcare services are provided by the AN administration. However, more advanced healthcare such as most surgeries, orthodontics, and optometry (non-child), along with other specialized procedures is not covered by the administration healthcare provisions, and there are two private hospitals that cover these services. [16]

Public safety

The crime rate in Iscu has lowered considerably from its peak in the 1980s. [17] Most crime is petty, especially on Loconon Atoll, which is noted for its pickpockets. [18] The peacekeepers, fire services, and medical responders are all administrated by the AN administration, and hospitals and pharmacies are a mix of both private and government owned companies, and all are strictly regulated. The peacekeepers are generally well regarded by the public. It is for this reason that the AN Mandate and Administration of Iscu is considered to be one of the most successful operations yet. [19]

Working life

Economy

Gnome-edit-redo-bw.svg See also: Economy of Iscu

The Iscuan economy is supported by five main industries: Farming, Tourism, Fishing, and Mining. Recently,

Historically, farming and fishing were the main occupations of the Iscuan people, and have continued to be important to the livelihood of many Iscuans. Iscu is one of the few places where vanilla is a native plant, and due to the high desirability of the plant, vanilla is now the most widespread crop grown in Iscu, accounting for 56% of all crop exports. Tea is the second most grown crop, with the popular tea brands Abednego Tea and Royal Iscuan originating from Ingerish landholders who took advantage of the unique fruity taste of Iscuan tea.


References

  1. Smith, G (1970) Ghaadradlar-A Study, 1st edn., Ingerland: Geordi Forge Books.
  2. Jabardie, A.B (1989) La Peuples de la Mer, Une Etude, 1st edn., Rivador: .
  3. 3.0 3.1 Geront, G (2005) The Early History of the Iscuan Peoples - Definitive Edition, 3rd edn., Iscu: Iscu Books.
  4. Geront, G (2008) Religion in Iscuan Natives, 1st edn., Iscu: Iscu Books
  5. Ramada, R. (1992) 'Examining the pre-colonization political structure of small islands', Anthropology Today, 31(3), pp. 34.
  6. Danzi, S (2015) How Lentians in the Plurinesian are reclaiming their heritage, Available at: https://www.stantonreport.com/lentians-plurinesian-heritage (Accessed: 2022).
  7. Presser-Vanet, E,D. (2018) Savages? Who Are the Mysterious Native Iscuans?, Available at: https://www.esperanzatribune.com/culture/savages-who-are-the-mysterious-native-iscuans (Accessed: 1st March 2020).
  8. Lyselon, O., Merke, A.P., and Gymison, M. (2003) William Sanderhowe - A Modern Retrospective, 2nd edn., Huntington : Graham Books.
  9. The First AN Commission on Iscu (1988) Colonial and modern injustices in Iscu , St Richardus, Pretany: The Assembly of Nations.
  10. Solace, W (1992) The Governor-President: The Life of Anthony Kinnon, 1st edn., Gobras City: Graham Books.
  11. Kabamatu, G (1982) Senior Diplomat, an Autobiography, 1st edn., Khaiwoon: Khaiwoon-Marapura Publisher inc.
  12. Assembly of Nations, Iscu Administration (2018) The Ten Days of Insanity, Available at: https://goviscu.ic.an
  13. 13.0 13.1 Mares, G (2008) Geography of Iscu, 35th edn., Port Holy, Iscu: Iscu Books.
  14. Forear, J (2019) Sinking Islands in the Asperic, Available at: https://stantonpost.org/article/climate/Sinking_Islands_in_the_Asperic
  15. AN Department of Statistics (2018) 'Religion In Iscu', Iscu Census 2018, (), pp. 123.
  16. Assembly of Nations (2020) Iscu Health Program, Available at: https://governmentiscu.health.ic.an (Accessed: 2020).
  17. Iscu Department of Statistics (2018) 'Crime In Iscu', Iscu Annual Statistic Report 2018, (), pp. 24-26.
  18. Iscu Department of Statistics (2018) 'Crime In Iscu', Iscu Annual Statistic Report 2018, (), pp. 65.
  19. Government of Iscu (2020) Services of Iscu, Available at: https://governmentiscu.ic.an (Accessed: 2019).