Tempeira, officially the Democracia Federalista Tempeirana (Ingerish - Tempeiran Federalist Democracy), is a constitutional democratic federalist republic in Central Tarephia. It has two capitals, Mar Agosto and Tiléia, its largest city being Tiléia. It borders Barzona, Valaga, TA101, Tarephia Equatorial, Vodeo, Dania, TA109c and Araguán.
|Tempeiran Federalist Democracy|
"Nós somos Tempeira, Tempeira é Diversidade"
We are Tempeira, Tempeira is Diversity
A Canção dos Pássaros Sagrados
|Capital||Mar Agosto ;Tiléia (8.1 million)|
|Largest city||Tiléia (10.1 million)|
|Official languages||Tempeiran Florescentian, Tempeiran Sign Language, Caleuchean, Guarinán|
|• President||Yolandá Marka|
|• Vice President||Pedro Atalaia|
|Legislature||Tempeiran Bicameral Legislature|
|• Upper house||Chamber of Senators|
|• Lower house||Chamber of Deputies|
|• Estimate (2020)||82,009,349|
|• Census (2017)||81,630,000|
|Currency||Acol, symbol A¨|
|Drives on the||right|
During the First Republican Revolt of 1750, citizens of Maer A'gosto (now Mar Agosto) dumped tons of spices into the water as a form of rebellion. During these acts, poet Pascal de Tubarões wrote to the Florescentian Metropolis: "They are screaming like rabid animals, and acting like them to! One particular phrase that has been uttered a lot is 'Season the Sea' (Tempeira o Mar, in florescentian)."
This phrase became a symbol or revolt, during the Independence War, the Confederation of the Free Nations used Tempeira O Mar as their official name, in form of rebellion. With time during the war, the phrase because only the first word, hence the name of the nation.
- Ká - Caleuchean Kingdom
- Caguimbói - Guarinán Kingdom
- Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescenta - Florescentan Kingdom
- Neue Erlösung - New Kalmish Confederation
- Terrossa - United Colonies
- Afluentes - Florescentan Kingdom
- Maer Flor - Epucaleuche Republic
- Tempeira - Tempeira
The archeological evidence provided by researches at the Royal University of Corico show that prior to the Middle Peleolithic, there is no sign of hominin habitation, around 40,000 BP, the first signs of human habitation are found in the Guixma Paleolithic Area in the Tempeiran Central Sitian Valley. Their lifes were nomadic, and their diet consisted in animals found in the plains of the region, however, due to a lack of caves and coverage of vegetation during the era, caused by a colder climate, their non-permanent habitations were more similar to the ones found the in the nothern and southern polar and subpolar regions. There is evidence of controled fires by the nomadic people in the Guixma Valley whenever they would leave their old place of habitation, the reasons are still unclear.
The coastal plains were also inhabited, however, more sparcly, the sandy, wind blown terrains of the time were hard to live in, however, that terrain enabled the inhabitation of the Santa Helena Island Chain.
During this time there have been identified four distinct cultures, the Early Sitian Culture (ESC), Lower Helena Culture (LHC), Cajueiros Culture (CC) and the Sanguicol Culture (SC).
During this period at the end of the last glacial period, the region would have gone through different types of change, while the Sitian Valley gorged itself with the start of agriculture and a wetter climate, the coast suffered through a rising sea level and rise in rains while the Cajueiros region suffered through a process of drying and the change for an steppe biome.
Coastal Mesolithic Tempeira saw the extintion of the Lower Helena Culture, that based mostly on the consuption of shellfish and cruteceans, while the Sanguicol Culture migrated south and diverged. The wetter conditions made for a new tropical forest biome to flourish, while this was good for the diet diversity for the multiple cultures formed, the loss of open space and a new space for diseases stopped the development of permanent settlements during the period. The LHC disapeared, although genetic evidence shows they are the progenitorsof the Helenian People. While the SC separated to become the New Sanguicol Culture, the Tantantan Culture, the Guyval Mound Culture and the Catamia Culture.
The Cajueiros Culture was extint after the steppefication of the Cajueiros Region. The new Border Vodeo Culture was a small sparce group that left the caves of the region, however, did not advance to agriculture.
The Sitian Valley did not go through great changes in the climate besides a bigger wet climate with new subtropical forests forming in certain regions of the valley, for this reasons, archeologists do not put the Sitian Valley in the Mesolithic Period.
The Neolithic brought the sendentarism of most of the Sitian Cultures around 10,000 BP and the Coastal Region in 9,500-9,000 BP. The creation of settlements created a better ground for trading routes and innovation, the commoners life was more secure, with cities in certain regions with walls and mudbrick houses. The Sitian Valley at that point separated in 3 cultures: The Early Craton Mound Culture, Upper Sitian Culture and Tropical Sitian Culture. The Sitian Cultures dominated the fertile Sitian and Che River Valleys during the Neolithic.
The Costal Cultures with their small canoes started to specialize in fishing on the many lagoons dotting the coast, with inland costal cultures migrating during monsoons to the coast to avoid chronic flash floods and mudslides. During that time, semi-permanent settlements formed on the verge of trading roads, with the most important being Early Guyval, Tataramen, Judialz and Trapiches.
Guarinán and Sitian Cultures
The Neolithic period was marked in Tempeira by permanent or semi-permanent settlements that would shift locations during decades (this does not include the Craton site and the Minerva Site), the end of Neolitich in Tempeira is marked by the Craton Stone found in the Carotaba region, a inscripted stone with the description of the location of Craton with a small map of the region, dated to 6,500 BP.
The Craton Site is a anomaly on the Bronze Age record, while the entire Sitian Valley started building with bricks and the Early Craton Mound Culture ending, Craton kept a mound tradition on the floodplains of the Paranumbu Lake, the Craton Site has been the longest inhabited settlement on the region, with period of abandoment followed by new inhabitants, which puzzles archeologists on what was the reason for the repeated re-settlement of the site.
The Bronze Age brought forth the Sitian Kingdoms, the Polyval Kingdom and the Thra Lei Empire. During that time the jungles and steppes of the north and east pushed focus and activity to the Sitian River Delta and the coast line. The expansion through trading routes gave Sitian states great power in the region, even founding two known colonies in the Cajueiros Region, the Paranumbu Lake became a hotspot for trade. The first city found on the region was Aprto in the region of the Apa Massa lake north shores. Development was slow an around three different interactions of sitian written languague came to pass between 6,400 - 4,700 BP. Around 4,500 BP the Sitian kingdoms situated at the mouth of the Sitian River collapse due to reasons unknown, while activity in the region was still strong, this collapse created economic issues for the inland kingdoms that now had to spend resources to control the region back.
Around 2,500 and 1,900 BP the entire region suffered from a collapse caused by climate change and mass migration. The Sitian Cultures fully collapse with their language going extint and their descendants being engulfed by other cultures. A drought period pushed Guarinans from the Barzona Region and Caleuche from the Altiplano Region to migrate to the Sitian River Valley and triumph over the kingdoms at the time, changing language and culture forever. Thraian Culture survived but moved south to include parts of Araguan. Sitians were absorved by new cultures, while a small enclave of sitians might have moved south as far as Freedemia until being absorved by the locals there.
Migration is confusing during that time, with Caleuche from the north moving to the coast and Guarinans from the coast moving inland. The migration of Guarinan is important, it is believed that they interacted more with Sitians and might have shared land during some point exchanging cultures, until a second collapse ended Sitians. Archeologists have identified a gap in southern migration to Freedemia from Sitians, most of Paroy lacks any evidence of Sitians, but close to Fotja Rejt they reapear. Sitians were important in the pre-establishment of agriculture on the valley and the construction of canals. Their culture likely affected the Guarinan Culture, dividing it from the rest of their culture.
Caleuche Empire and Ceuci-Quaraí
Rivagiens arrives around 1240 in Caleuche territory, Tantantan receives the new visitors with suspictions and the appointed king, Mache III, offers the colonizers a small piece of land east of the city, becoming the Colony of Tropical Waters, however, this was the only outpost Rivagiens had on the Empire's border, and through is existence it was the only place were Caleuche and Franquese traded, since in 1260, Emperor Nichatón decreted that the franquese colonizers should have limits of how much presence they could hold inside of the empire. The outpost, in its growing years, was mostly abandoned after Rivagiens cessed to exist. Tropical Waters population that was left joined the Caleuche population in Tantantan.
The Franquese influence on the tempeiran coast was small, with a few outpost that were constantly attacked by the Caleuche Pirates, a groups of Caleuche settlers that inhabited outside of the empire's borders.
Florescenta, wanting to expand its territory, aimed to carve out small pieces of land through out the tarephian region. In 1350, Florescenta lands on Estreito, founding the Nossa Terra Sagrada de Nova Florescenta (Ingerish - Our Sacred Land of New Florescenta) on the backwater regions of south Tempeira).
Florescentan colonizers go up the coast.
Florescenta founds Vila Maria Antunes in 1400, its destroyed in 1410 by Caleuche Pirates, Florescenta invades the Pirate Islands and subjugates them for the time being. Maer de A'gosto is founded in 1422.
Caleuche now borders New Florescenta.
Caleuche loses Tantantan in a battle against the Franquese minority and Florescentians in 1502
The Colonial Wars
Caleuche declares war to Florescenta in 1505, the fortress city of Machacol is destroyed. In 1530 the war ends with Caleuche being forced to open its coastal continent lands for colonizing and trading. Colonizing is slow.
New Kalmish Confederation and United Colonies
The New Kalmish Confederation (in Kalmish, Neukalmischer Bund), was formed by florescentian order to push for colonization of caleuceh lands. In 1609, the first group of Kalmish settlers come.
In 1612 the first Plevian settlers come to the southern reaches of the old Caleuche empire.
In 1660 the kalmish and plevian colonies both join in a loose confederation to declare independence from New Florescenta, on the orders of Kalm and Plevia. The Kalmish form a confederation of city-states, while the Plevians form a small oligarchy called Terrossa, with the capital being Trantano.
In 1695 both are defeated, since both Florescenta and Caleuche fought them. Most settlers flee south.
In 1709 a cholera outbreak in the Ceuci-Quaraí weakens their borders, now under threat by florescentian mercenaries. A weakened Caleuche from the war against Terrossa and the Bund proposes a unification of both nations, using the old neutral grounds as the new ground for a capital. Aristocracy pushes for larger voting rights for citizens, to better separate them from colonizers.
Tiléia is founded in 1720 and the Epucaleuche Republic is formed. With two elected kings and one huge senate being elected into power every 10 years.
This Republic would continue to exist officialy until 1770, when it was annexed by New Florescenta as a double protactorate.
The now Epucaleuche Republic brings on dreams of a republic being formed. In 1789 Salvador Quaraí, a politician pro-republic is killed in a public square by florescentian guards.
The murder causes revolts across all colony cities. In 1791 port workes throw spices into the sea in Maer de A'gosto. In 1792 the revolts are surpressed
Slave Revolts and Cajueiro
The population held slave revolts in 1791, multiple communities start killing their masters and running towards the country side. In 1796 troops are sent to eliminate the "threath", now freed man run towards the Vodeo border, a region not controlled at the time by Florescenta. Cajueiro is founded in 1799.
Exiled Nobles and the New Monarchy
A group of nobles is exiled in 1795 from florescenta, they land on now colony of Afluentes in 1796. This group, backed by monarquists establishes a new monarchy that would rival against the indigenous ones.
In 1800 Florescenta decides to unify every colony in the colony of afluentes. The smaller governments are gone and Maer becomes the capital of the colony.
A Nation starts to be born
In 1809 republicans use this unification to declare independence, on the city of Tiléia. Indigenous forces join, together with Cajueiros. In 1811 they win the Battle of Novo Cratón.
Independence and Federalism
Florescenta fails to defend its colony, and in 1819, Tempeira becomes independent. The many culturally diverse regions forced the new goverment to allow for more independence for states to be formed. The Tempeiran Federalist Democracy annexes Cajueiros the same year it gets independence.
The final form of Tempeira is made in 1860, when the state of Escudos is separated from Quaraí.
The Militarism Fail
In 1934 the military believes that the economic downfall of tempeira is to be blamed for the rights given to the population, who has becomed to spoiled. The high council decided to overthrow the government. In 1937 they invade Mar Agosto, however, the lower ranks of the military revolt and take control over the coup, stopping it.
The Social Wave
The failed coup pushes the population more to the left. The first socialist president is elected during this time.
Dealing with inequality
The "Big Slide"
Art and Music