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Barzona

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Flag of Barzona Barzona
Coat of arms

Bazona (Taqueza), Batzona (Nahuat), Barzone (Franquese), Barzona (Castellanese, Nanquin), Bazhona (Cubutacubun), Barsuna (Ediyana, Yañatibu), Barsona (Emanapak), Parxona (Meyfe), Parsona (Itanese)
Capital: Carante
Population: TBD (2020)
Motto: « Terra libre, unita e feliz »
Anthem: TBD

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Barzona, officially the Republic of Barzona is a country in southern Tarephia along the Strait of Lyc. Barzona is comprised of the mainland of Barzona along with two island departments. The capital city is Carante and the most populous city is Barzona. Barzona is divided into 16 departments, two of them are insular (island) departments away from Barzona). Mainland departments are divided into cantons, of which there are 90. Cantons and insular departments are divided into municipalities, there are 684 in Barzona.

Barzona was settled by several indigenous cultures prior to the time of colonization, with advanced civilizations and settlements. The Franquese were the first to colonize what is now Barzona, starting in the 13th century onward. The Castellanese settled Barzona in the 16th century, taking over from the Franquese. Barzona declared independence in 1817 and the entire territory was liberated from Castellanese rule in 1821. Barzona was a part of the Republic of Gran Fojenica (with Allendea) until 1833. Barzona went through a period of civil and military governments for many decades. From 1965 to 1978 Barzona was under a military dictatorship before transitioning to democratic rule.

Barzona is a member of the Assembly of Nations and Tarephian Cooperation Council.


Republic of Barzona
Template:Lang
FlagCoat of arms
FlagCoat of arms

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Motto:
"Terra libre, unita e feliz"
A free land, united and happy
CapitalCarante
Largest cityBarzona
Official languagesBarzuna
 • Regional languagesFranquese, castellanese, various indigenous languages
DemonymBarzuna
GovernmentConstitutional, presidential republic
 • PresidentTBD
 • Vice PresidentTBD
LegislatureCogreso na Diputados
Area
 • Total65405.65 km2
 • Water (%)14%
Population
 • Estimate (2019)TBD
 • Census (2010)TBD
 • DensityTBD/km2
TBD/sq mi
TimezoneCentral Tarephia Standard Time (WUT +1:00)
CurrencyLira (BAL)
Drives on theright

Barzona, officially the Republic of Barzona (Barzonian: Republica na Barzona) is a country located in southwestern Tarephia. It is bordered by Hueyapan to the north, Allendea to the west and Broceliande to the south, as well as Valaga and Tempeira in insular areas. Barzona has a surface area of 56459.24km² (total with territorial waters 66939.56 km²) and a population of ?. The capital city is Carante, and the largest city is Barzona.

Barzona is a diverse country despite its small size, unofficially divided into five regions, costa (the coast), serra (the mountains), selva (the jungle), marca (the march) and insular Barzona. It is ecologically diverse, with a lot of flora and fauna, beaches, mountains and highlands, and dense, humid rainforest. Barzona is a member of the Assembly of Nations and the Tarephia Cooperation Council.

History

Medieval period

The coastal area and coastal-interior regions of Barzona were explored from Broceliande from the 13th century. Probably the first settled area of Barzona by the Rivagiens was the village of Sant-Miquel; the local church was consecrated in 1202. The indigenous people of the area attacked and harassed against the Franqueterre knights exploring the region, who were forced to build castles to defend their areas and became limited in their general settlement due to the difficulty in subjugating the indigenous peoples. By the end of the 13th century, the walled towns of Bergantin (ca. 1268) and Barzona (1280) were created to help control trade along the coast, followed by Port-Lis, Iban and Fontanet in the 14th century. Many villages in the Marca and Daube region were established.

By the early 16th century, they were still limited to a handful of coastal towns, castles and fortresses. In the early 15th century an expedition of knights sailed up the Yavi River in the jungle to explore the area, but were lost and likely died from disease or animals, or were killed by indigenous peoples.

The Castellanese arrived in t1650s, and over the next 40 years were able to subjugate a lot of modern-day Allendea and Barzona, having support from the coastal and lowland caciques for fighting the Franquese, and using their support to cross the mountains and settle them.

Dictatorship and civil war

Start of the dictatorship

Despite a 20 year period of Conservative domination after the Martell dictatorship Barzona was a prospering country, elections were generally free and fair and economic growth was significant to raise the standard of living. President David Salas was assassinated in 1957 by a dissatisfied worker but the government was not worried. The military was also placated by the government policies and basically only operated under the rule of law. The election of Julian Delbonis to president, of the Liberal party and the peaceful power transition worried some officers in the government, who thought he would be the start of leftist policies and collapse of Barzona's stability. His government did not have a significant majority in the congress but was able to pass popular policies that the working and rural class supported. By 1965 it looked likely he might be reelected and a month before the scheduled election he was assassinated in a coup and junior military officers formed a junta to take power and avoid a catastrophic leftist destruction of Barzona. The junta announced it was taking power only as long as needed to make sure Barzona was safe and they could organize elections.

Gabriel Passos Ricard took power as main leader in November 1965. By then the junta had dissolved the congress, removed some rights in the national security interests and began to prosecute leftists that would destabilize Barzona. Many musicians, writers, artists criticized the government in protests and through their art but were often detained, arrested, even killed or disappeared.

From 1968 the number of protests increased as it was cleared the military government was becoming more repressive and there was no real plan to transition to democracy. A major protest of workers and students took place at the Piaza nalla Republica on 16 May, maybe 10000 people filled the plaza and the streets but chaos erupted when troops sent to end the protest opened fire and nine people were killed. Industrial strikes paralyzed Carante, Barzona, Mondier in the summer of 1968 and in Barzona they were put down violently by the military.

In March 1969 a soldier was killed by a driving car and others were shot at at the Piaza nalla Republica, the government responded by increasing the armed presence in Carante and barricading the streets around the main plaza and the government buildings. Several large strikes occurred also in June and October, and a large cement factory in Villalis was petrol bombed by workers, leading to a state of emergency in the Barzona city area until January 1970.

Beginning of the conflict

In mid-1969, Esquedra Republicana na Barzona (ERB) was founded by rural farmers, students and working class dissatisfied by the government repression, erosion of civil liberties and felt that in the current path Barzona would implement martial law and destroy the country. Jaime Castell, Sebastian Encines, Kiko Santana and Genevieva Margueron were the key leaders. ERB was at first based in the Piscua (now Uneda Nacional) area and made an announcement through press they will fight the government in order to prevent more oppression. A group of ERB militants launched the first bullets of the civil war, attacking an army security post near Allendea (Serrania) in November 1969 to show the government they were serious, six soldiers and 2 insurgents were killed. The government responded with an operation with commandos, using helicopters to bring 40 soldiers to Piscua. In order to terrorize ERB they decided to attack the town (3 January) during the Christmas season to stop the insurgency quickly and punish the locals. This was the second deadliest attack of the civil war, the local priest, Father Ibarra hid about 200 people inside of the church but he was killed trying to negotiate and the church was attacked, together with further fighting and shooting over 600 people were killed.

Instead of ending the insurgency the attack horrified a lot of rural people, workers, students, activists and the numbers of ERB quickly rose. Forzas Armadas 3 na Janvier (FA-3) was formed in the aftermath of the attack by students and dissatisfied soldiers in Fabregas. While ERB began regrouping after the Piscua attack and training new recruits in the jungle, FA-3 began planning an attack in Carante. They decided to attack the building of the Guarda Civil (civil guard), the paramilitary police since it was easier to get to than the important buildings in the city center. A car exploded outside building on 7 April 1970, shattering windows, injuring at least a dozen people and one death. The capital was quickly put on lockdown, police and military checkpoints everywhere and 3 days later the military announced martial law in all of Barzona. By the summer of 1970 ERB had close to 1000 troops and was in control of areas in Selva Department (now Yavi Dept.) and Serrania Department, especially the towns of Piscua, Santa Virginia, Buna Vista, Sant-Josep Ispilca. ERB checkpoints existed in the road between Allendea and Narvas, also on the Pasacana-Tacos road, making road driving in the area difficult and dangerous. The growing rainforest tourism was killed, since it was difficult to ensure the safety of tourists in areas where ERB controlled or was active.

Barzona Libre (BL) was founded in 1971 in the northwest of Barzona by Juan Torres, Marco Antonio Benavides, Daisy Milena Tocarruncho, Franco Sastoque in Sant-Martin Department as a socialist political organization to protest the government and military. Initially was committed to non violence but when the Guarda Civil arrested Torres and other members and “disappeared” them for no reason, BL began to arm themselves. In 1971-72 a lot of BL’s attacks were low intensity operations, attacking police posts, farms or large and rich people to give back to the indigenous and poor.

1972 and 1973 army operations

The army began planning major operations against ERB primarily and also BL. Over 6000 soldiers were used for a major sweep of Yavi and Serrania departments starting in March 1972. The forward presence of ERB was in Tacos, at least 800 troops were in the town area and the army first used artillery against the town, destroying many homes and forcing a lot of people out. When the army came in they killed at least 35 remaining civilians and disappeared many more. The army continued to Eu Eden and Buna Vista, in Buna Vista 60 soldiers died and 196 ERB guerrillas died in the biggest battle of this operation, and may rebel weapons were seized. The army continued to Piscua mostly unopposed and took the town and declared ERB destroyed in September. ERB members still operated and there were a lot of low intensity attacks on police, army checkpoints but for the time being did not have the capability for a large scale attack. The army finalized operation by taking Santa Virginia in November 1972, most of ERB fled south and west into the jungle and the highway from Narvas-Carante was fully under government control for the first time in over 2 years.

In May 1973 the army launched a second operation in Sant-Martin Department against Barzona Libre. The army attacked Santa Ana Cuhuma, center of BL operations and killed over 600 BL guerrillas and at least 300 civilians, forcing BL nearly destroyed BL’s fighting power and saw a lot of civilians killed and many farms burned and destroyed. The number 3 of BL, Daisy Milena Tocarruncho was captured, tortured and killed and many BL fighters fled into Allendea and Hueyapan.

ERB and BL alliance

The major army operations proved to the different guerrilla groups that they needed to work together in order to have any change of defeating the army. Sastoque and M.A. Benavides met with Kiko Santana and Encines in August 1973 and announced a formal alliance and joint command. They began rebuilding, training, smuggling weapons into Barzona to plan for a new offensive.

At the same time the Frente na Liberacia nal Poble Barzuno (FLPB) was being founded, a group founded mostly by rural farmers and some ex-soldiers in northern part of Yavi Department. The group first became known when they attacked the military base of Santa Eduvigis, they never took the base but killed 25 soldiers and lost only a few themselves. FLPB allied themself with BL and ERB shortly after. They were involved in vicious attacks in rural areas, against landowners and

In April 1974 the guerrillas launched the ”Tocarruncho” general offensive, a major attempt to take back territory and push more at the heart of government controlled zones. From April to August 1974 guerrillas took back Santa Virginia and Piscua, reestablished themselves in Casar and Cerrovert cantons (Sant-Martin dept.) fought and attacked military in Allendea, Gardes, Cerrovert and Safiza and destroyed 4 aircraft in the Narvas air force base. The military succeeded in stopping ERB in Cornel and forced them back to Allendea but they could not cross the Allendea river to push them back more. FLPB attacked the Santa Eduvigis base again, forcing the military out and even taking control of the town and nearby Penianera border crossing.

There were major changes to the military government and even more paranoia since they could not believe the rebels could get to within 50 km of Carante almost unopposed.

Forza Armada Revolucionaria Urbana (FARU) was founded in 1975 by more radical supporters of ERB who believed that if the guerrillas couldn't take Barzona they could at least create terror within the city to force the government to concede.

1978 ceasefire

Map of the conflict in 1978

By 1977 Barzona’s civil war had no end in sight. The government forces campaigns, use of commandos, aircraft and bombing of rebel positions and areas did not fully defeat them, and the continued fighting led to supply problems in most cities, disruption to normal life, shortages of food and basic necessities, inflation. Carante was in a state of lockdown for 7 years by then and the citizens were desperate for its end and small scale protests began taking place with frequency not seen since the late 60s. The Guarda Civil responded to a student protest and occupation at the National University on 5 October 1977 with violence and 45 students were killed and at least 35 injured. The city was paralized for the next weeks with strikes, student protests, serious disruptions to transit. On 16 October a large truck ran through barricades in the old town of Carante and In order to try and restore normality in the city and prevent a total collapse of the government Col. Henderson Grenas' government began reaching out unofficially to the guerrilla leadership to try and broker a ceasefire.

Before Christmas 1977 the government announced it began discussions with the guerrillas to the public and in January it was reported that on 14 February 1978 (St. Valentines) all sides would cease violence and elections would be held in July for a civilian government. The ceasefire took effect but there were many irregularities, a lot of mistrust and frequent violations. It was not helped by the fact that the government did not invite FARU to the discussions, and FA-3 did not sign on because they were not satisfied with what the government said they were doing and actually did. ERB put forward a lot of candidates and declared Sebastian Encines as their candidate for president. The military and political establishment backed Felix Casamont, a more moderate leftist politician who was likely to be supported by most of the urban population and a strong candidate to defeat a takeover by ERB. Felix Casamont was elected president and ERB denounced violations of the electoral process. Because of this distrust between both sides was at a record low, ERB was certain that the government wouldn't truly honor their promises at peace and the government became more certain that ERB and BL didn't really intend to disarm. Major violence did not take place between 1979 and 1981 but after 1980 BL and ERB began smuggling in more weapons to replace those they handed in as part of the disarmament process. A lot of the paramilitary and death squads were disbanded but a lot of the ex-members continued to exist unofficially and replaced government weapons with others illegally brought in.

Final peace process

In December 1981 the government uncovered a major weapons cache in Sinsontecana and accused the rebels of plotting to destabilize the peace process. The government responded with more troop presence in Carante and Serrania department. ERB and BL released a statement condemning the government actions since they are just placing troops to facilitate taking power and deposing the elected government. The government became certain that the guerrillas were planning a new offensive against Carante and in order to prevent a total collapse of order they deposed president Casamont in a "temporary situational control" on 3 March 1981. BL and ERB responded by opening fire against soldiers in Allendea, Belmont and Safiza shortly after and declared they would push to Carante.

Junior officers led a countercoup on 27 May 1981 and restored president Casamont and announced they would cease major operations and invited the guerrillas back to the table to discuss a new ceasefire. In July all sides met [in tbd] to discuss final and lasting peace process. On 15 September 1981 a general ceasefire and peace talks were announced. After what happened between 1978 and 1981 the guerrillas would not instantly disarm and part of the peace process involved a 5 year monitoring period where all sides agreed to stop armed operations and violence and monitor to avoid further breakout of violence. There were still many irregularities and breakouts of localized violence but not enough to derail the peace process. On 15 September 1986 all sides signed the final peace accord for Barzona. News reports at the time and subsequent reports on the peace process still noted several violations of the peace accords between 1981 and 1990 but all sides remained committed to a lasting peace.

Geography

Barzona is divided into four geographic and climactic regions; from east to west are selva (rainforest), serra (mountains), costa (coast) and izulas (islands). Each area has a variety of different flora, fauna.

Government and politics

Administrative divisions

The first level subdivisions of Barzona are departments, equivalent to provinces or states elsewhere. Departments are further divided into Cantons, which are themselves comprised of municipalities of various sizes, with one as cantonal seat. Muncipalities are either urban, with a larger town or city, or rural, which can include different villages and localities in one municipality. In Barzona, there are 65 cantons and 279 municipalities. Barzona can also be divided into continental and insular Barzona, continental Barzona being on the Tarephian mainland and insular Barzona comprising of many islands and rocks. Both the insular departments, Bussot and Santa Elena e as Izulas do not have cantons.

Administrative divisions of Barzona
Department Area (km²) Population Capital
Flag Aurora 1071.69 Port-Lis
Flag Barzona 4550.78 Barzona
Flag of Caborna.png
Caborna 3194.16 Caborna
Flag Calvet 3935.40 Iban
Flag of Carante.png
Carante 1778.24 Carante
Flag Centro 3704.44 Barrigan
Flag of Daube.png
Daube 6140.45 Pasacana
Flag of Esquibel.png
Esquibel 5504.01 Ferramont
Flag of Marca.png
Marca 8711.09 Mondier
Flag of Niesa.png
Niesa 6940.96 Niesa
Flag Sant-Martin 8524.03 Safiza
Flag of Serrania.png
Serrania 4809.80 Belmont
Flag Vianna 1611.48 Vianna
Flag of Yavi.png
Yavi[1] 12,072.34 Narvas
Insular departments
Flag of Bussot.png
Bussot 3194.09[2] Montfort
Flag of Santa Elena e as Izulas.png
Santa Elena e as Izulas 2313.37[3] 1181 Santa Elena

International relations

Barzona has relations with several countries.

Country Embassy in country Embassy in Barzona
AiranniaFlag.png Airannia TBD Via Rambaud/Cer Encinas, Barzona
Allendea-Flag.png Allendea Calle Valoris, Catamia Via Orado sec. Country Club, Col. Estela, Carante
2 Brasonia.png Brasonia Estácio, Campo Verde Via 9ª Oriente, Col. Delbonis, Carante
DrapeauCAB.svg Cabelia TBD Via Fabregas, Col. Centenario, Carante
Flag of the FSA.svg Federal States Passamaqueets Avenua, Huntington CD Fin Carrier Serra-Grana, Col. Estela, Carante
Via Passarella/Pso Belmont, Barzona
FreedemianFlag.png Freedemia Mark Street, Quentinsburgh Carrier Costanza/Via Estela, Col. Estela, Carante
Template:Geare Nazare Rounde, Bellavance Col. Delbonis, Carante
GobrassanyaFlag01.png Gobrassanya Lafayette Tower, Henil Place, Gobras City Via Soria, Col. Beaumontan, Carante
Flag of Kuehong.png Kuehong Đại lộ Diệp Quang Nhận, Bắc Đẹp Col. Delbonis, Carante
2 Makahe.png Maka'he Guarapa`ry, Kataryna Torre Diana 1, Carrier Granadina, Centro, Carante
Izaland flag.png Izaland Rosemane Gate Tower, Churi Lan, Saindaul Via 32ª Oriente, Citade Radial, Carante
Flag of Suria.png Suria Чубукский проспект, Zheleznya Carrier Castro/Via 19ª, Col. Centenario, Carante
Tempeira Flag.png Tempeira Avenida das Nações, Tiléia Carrier Diana/Via 2ª, Col. Diana, Carante
Flag of Tigeria.png Tigeria TBD Via Lion, Col. Delbonis, Carante
Xochimalta-flag.png Xochimalta Todos los Santos, Xochimalta Via 16ª/Carrier 16, Col. Centenario, Carante

Heads of State

Heads of State of Barzona

Head of State of Carante

Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
1 Santiago marinho.jpg Juan Piero Belmont
(1763-1827)
9 June 1817

25 September 1817
Military Head of State and Generalissimo
Allendea-Flag.png President of the Republic of Gran Fojenica CoA Allendea (Castellanese).png

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
1 CoA Allendea (Castellanese).png Carlos Fernández Valdilla
(TBD-1823)
25 September 1817

1823
National Party Died in office
2 CoA Allendea (Castellanese).png Julio Martín Peort
(TBD-TBD)
1823

1831
Independence Front
3 CoA Allendea (Castellanese).png Juan Manuel Nuseva
(TBD-TBD)
1831

9 June 1833
Interior Party
30px President of the South Tarephian Republic

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
1 100 lira Barzona.png Mateus Barrigan
(1766-1834)
9 June 1833

7 May 1834
Independent Died in office
2 80px Francisco Figueras Costa
(1783-1854)
7 May 1834

2 December 1835
Independent
3 Manuel Bartolome Ferreyros.JPG Lucio Belcamp
(1785-1843)
2 December 1835

4 April 1836
Military
4 80px Antonio Villacis e Martell
(1792-1855)
4 April 1836

12 September 1836
Independent
5 80px Eusebio Gardes
(1791-1863)
12 September 1836

21 May 1837
Independent
6 80px Antonio Villacis e Martell
(1792-1855)
21 May 1837

6 February 1839
Independent Deposed in coup
30px President of the Republic of Barzona 25px

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
7 Manuel Bartolome Ferreyros.JPG Lucio Belcamp
(1785-1843)
6 February 1839

9 December 1841
Military Promulgated new constitution, establishing Republic of Barzona
8 80px Antonio Nicollet
(1800-1866)
9 December 1841

12 March 1842
Conservative Deposed in coup
9 Manuel Bartolome Ferreyros.JPG Lucio Belcamp
(1785-1843)
12 March 1842

5 April 1843
Military Third term, assassinated
10 80px Henrique Belmont e Tárrega
(1804-1880)
5 April 1843

18 July 1844
Liberal
11 80px Antonio Nicollet
(1800-1866)
18 July 1844

2 June 1847
Conservative
12 80px Victor Castelmont
(1796-1854)
2 June 1847

12 April 1851
Conservative
13 80px Federico Bartols
(1788-1858)
12 April 1851

16 April 1855
Conservative
14 80px Eusebio Verrier
(1789-1856)
16 April 1855

21 July 1855
Conservative
30px President of the United States of Barzona 25px

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
15 80px Arthur Fontenoy
(1792-1869)
21 July 1855

4 January 1859
Liberal Took over in coup, established new constitution.
16 80px Juan Felipe Benavides
(1801-1874)
4 January 1859

8 October 1862
Liberal
17 80px Sebastian Fuster
(1809-1882)
8 October 1862

21 October 1866
Independent
18 80px Felix Villanova Santmartin
(1804-1877)
21 October 1866

14 May 1869
Liberal Deposed in coup
19 Camilo N Carrillo.jpg Juan Antonio Serra
(1812-1843)
14 May 1869

26 March 1874
Military
20 80px Juan Martines Becerra
(1810-1890)
26 March 1874

2 July 1874
Independent
21 80px Gilberto Sarria
(1819-1892)
2 July 1874

19 November 1877
Conservative
22 80px Felix Villanova Santmartin
(1804-1877)
19 November 1877

22 December 1877
Liberal Died in office
23 80px Juan Josep Olente
(1822-1906)
22 December 1877

16 May 1882
Liberal
24 80px Miquel Ferrier
(1824-1911)
16 May 1882

22 October 1883
Liberal
25 80px Gilberto Sarria
(1819-1892)
22 October 1883

28 July 1887
Conservative
26 80px Miquel Ferrier
(1824-1911)
28 July 1887

6 November 1888
Liberal
27 Aurelio Sousa Matute.jpg Eusebio Tempines
(1830-1923)
6 November 1888

14 May 1889
Liberal
Bandiera na Barzona.png President of the Republic of Barzona Coat of Arms of Barzona.png

Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2 Template:Legend2

Portrait President Term of office Party Notes
28 Juan Martin Echenique.jpg Piero Esquibel
(1821-1896)
14 May 1889

2 November 1889
Military Took over in coup, ushered in military era
29 German Leguia y Martinez.JPG Felipe Jordes Viergens
(1841-1927)
2 November 1889

1 March 1892
Military
30 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Antonio Fulbright
(1848-1929)
1 March 1892

18 January 1893
Military
31 Cesar Canevaro.jpg Domenique Fortuna
(1842-1944)
18 January 1893

23 February 1898
Conservative
32 Francisco José Eguiguren Escudero.JPG Miquel Ferrier
(1824-1911)
23 February 1898

2 March 1903
Liberal
33 Cesar Canevaro.jpg Domenique Fortuna
(1842-1944)
2 March 1903

14 April 1906
Conservative
34 German Arenas.jpg Andreus Soto Bouras
(1860-1939)
14 April 1906

1 June 1914
Conservative
35 IsaacAlzamora.jpg Camilo Fontana Buchmann
(1853-1933)
1 June 1914

21 May 1916
Independent
36 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Eusebio Tempines
(1830-1923)
21 May 1916

12 May 1921
Liberal
37 Cesar Canevaro.jpg Domenique Fortuna
(1842-1944)
12 May 1921

28 November 1922
Conservative Fortuna's last term
38 Gerardo Balbuena.jpg Juan Francisco Brasefort
(1863-1938)
28 November 1922

10 November 1927
Liberal
39 José Manuel García Bedoya.jpg Paulo Artigas
(1867-1940)
10 November 1927

9 March 1930
Liberal
Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Junta Nacional 9 March 1930

10 August 1930
Military
40 Jorge Prado.jpg Andreus Martell
(1888-1962)
10 August 1930

18 January 1939
Military
41 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Piero Encines
(1891-1975)
18 January 1939

12 December 1943
Conservative
42 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Manuel Silva Martell
(1902-1987)
12 December 1943

30 November 1948
Conservative
43 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Gilberto Saldania
(1885-1960)
30 November 1948

16 July 1953
Conservative
44 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png David Salas
(1891-1957)
16 July 1953

2 April 1957
Conservative Assassinated
45 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Gilberto Saldania
(1885-1960)
2 April 1957

2 July 1960
Conservative
46 Líber Seregni 1971.jpg Julian Delbonis
(1914-1965)
2 July 1960

21 May 1965
Liberal Killed in coup
Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Junta Nacional 21 May 1965

28 November 1965
Military
47 Lieutenant General (FAP) Rolando Gilardi Rodriguez.jpg Gabriel Passos Ricard
(1921-1984)
28 November 1965

26 May 1971
Military
48 Sergio Castillo Aránguiz.jpg Paulo Tenente
(1918-1990)
26 May 1971

14 January 1973
Military
49 General Sergio Poblete.jpg Andreus Torres
(1928-2004)
14 January 1973

21 June 1974
Military
50 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Antonio Henderson Grenas
(1922-2011)
21 June 1974

12 July 1978
Military Led transition to democratic government after mass protests
51 Luis Maria Piñerua Ordaz.jpg Felix Casamont
(1931-2018)
12 July 1978

3 March 1981
Democratic Alliance Deposed by coup
52 Coat of Arms of Barzona.png Felipe Abbas
(1917-2005)
3 March 1981

27 May 1981
Independent Proclaimed president by military coup that was defeated with countercoup months later
53 Luis Maria Piñerua Ordaz.jpg Felix Casamont
(1931-2018)
27 May 1981

27 May 1986
Democratic Alliance
54 Ledezma.jpg Juan Josep Cousins Salomon
(1936-1960)
27 May 1986

22 May 1991
Conservative
55 Rubén Estuardo Morales Monroy.jpg Mario Villanova
(1940-)
22 May 1991

22 May 1996
Conservative Investigated for corruption, in prison since 2010
56 Her Excellency Ms. Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, Vice-President of the Dominican Republic (8957848699)-edit.jpg Lisette Masis
(1955-)
22 May 1996

4 January 2005
Democratic Alliance Impeached by congress, sentenced 7 years in prison in 2008 for corruption
57 Presidente del Parlamento de El Salvador, Sigfrido Reyes, en entrevista en La Radio de la Asamblea Nacional (8590190483).jpg Piero Bos
(1956-)
4 January 2005

8 October 2005
Democratic Alliance Interim president
58 Mauricio Interiano.jpg Sebastian Capels
(1962-)
8 October 2005

7 October 2015
Conservative Charged with embezzlement by courts in 2018, fled country
59 Henrique Capriles en Lara, Venezuela.jpg Mario Nadir
(1970-)
7 October 2015

7 December 2020
Democratic Alliance Corruption rumors while in government
60 Her Excellency Ms. Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, Vice-President of the Dominican Republic (8957848699)-edit.jpg Lisette Masis
(1955-)
7 December 2020

NOVA

Current cabinet

The Masis government took office in December 2020. The present composition is the same as took office in 2020 with the exception of Minister of Technologic Development when Clara Lucia Cárdenas Riguert replaced Diego Gutierres in September 2021. Magdalie Placide (National Unity) was the first government minister to come from Santa Elena.

Masis government

Ministry Current minister Assumed office
Presidenta
President
Her Excellency Ms. Margarita Cedeño de Fernández, Vice-President of the Dominican Republic (8957848699)-edit.jpg
Lisette Masis 21 December 2020
Vicepresidente
Vice president
Marlon Tabora Munoz 2021.jpg
Felix Ducasse 21 December 2020
Relacias Externas
External Relations
(Ernesto Muyshondt) El alcalde de San Salvador se interesa por las políticas de movilidad de Madrid.jpg
Antonio Izarra 21 December 2020
Educacia
Education
Angelamariarobledo.jpg
Ana Maria Mascena 21 December 2020
Defensa
Defense
Omar Chehade (cropped).png
Luis Miquel Jaradat Soler 21 December 2020
Finanzas
Finance
Avil Ramírez V..jpg
Henry Torres Martel 21 December 2020
Economia Nacional e eu Travall
National Economy and Work
Viviane Morales Hoyos.jpg
Janneth Fontenoy Garrigues 21 December 2020
Transportes e Mobileda
Transport and Mobility
23 de marzo de 2018 - Encuentro con Embajador de Ecuador ante la ONU en Ginebra Suiza, Luis Gallegos. (26101642037).jpg
Carlos Barbieri 21 December 2020
Hazenda
State
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Alberto Monserrate Bartols 21 December 2020
Justicia
Justice
Mario Duran.jpg
Brayan Saldania 21 December 2020
Saneda e Proteccias Sociales
Health and Social Protections
Azalia Avilés (bilde 01).JPG
Eveline Zubizarreta 21 December 2020
Industria e Turizmo
Industry and Tourism
Óscar Chinchilla (cropped).jpg
Milton Josep Castevel Figueroa 21 December 2020
Diretos Humanos e Egualeda
Human Rights and Equality
Marisol Espinoza.jpg
Elsy Vergara Ribas 21 December 2020
Agricultura e Devolvemento Rural
Agriculture and Rural Development
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Josep Dupont Santmartin 21 December 2020
Uneda Nacional
National Unity
Diana Pokie 2016, 1.png
Magdalie Placide 21 December 2020
Cienza e Devolvemento Tecnologico
Science and Technologic Development
PRESIDENTA DE LA ASAMBLEA NACIONAL, GUADALUPE LLORI, REUNIÓN CON MINISTRA DE TELECOMUNICACIONES VIANNA MAINO. ECUADOR, 28 DE JUNIO DEL 2021 (cropped).jpg
Clara Lucia Cárdenas Riguert 10 September 2021

Economy

Krispy logo

Barzona has a mixed economy, with significant policy and sectoral changes from agriculture and raw material extraction to more diversification into new sectors.

Agriculture in Barzona has traditionally centered on various tropical fruits, coffee and chocolate. Fishing is also important in Barzona, primarily along the coasts. Mining, typically for copper and nickel were a big sector in the economy, though that industry has been in decline over the past 30 years. Logging is important economic activity in the jungles of western Barzona. In the last 20 years, tourism has become one of the fastest-growing industries in Barzona.

Businesses in Barzona

One of the most successful businesses of Barzona is Krispy, a fried chicken restaurant chain that originated in Barzona city and is now present nationally. Many businesses in Barzona are from other TCC nations and contribute to the economy.

Demographics and culture

Ethnicity

Racial and Ethnic Composition
Race/Ethnicity
Mestizo
  
58.7%
White
  
35.1%
Indigenous
  
4%
Creole
  
1.2%
Other
  
1%
Estimate for now

The people of Barzona come from a variety of ancestries. Over half of Barzuna are mestizo, a mix of (Castellanese, Franquese) white with indigenous. White Barzuna people are the second largest ethnic group. Indigenous are found throughout Barzona, the biggest ethnic group is the Edikanana (commonly known as Yavi after the river), followed by Taqueza, Yañacuita, Nanquin, Meyfe, Onoyoyo (used to be known as Daida, a Yavi term that means angry) and Itanese.

Language

Barzona is a multilingual nation though the Barzuna language is the most widely spoken language in the country and the only official language of the republic. In the past it was considered the language of the peasants and working class, while colonial administrators spoke Castellanese, but since the 18th century has become the main language of Barzona. Towns along parts of the border with Allendea, such as Narvas, Castellanese is spoken and understood due to proximity to Allendea, others like Santa Margarita the Castellanese language is the most common. Franquese is spoken in Bussot, the lingua franca of the island, and a local Franquese-based patois (franquais or patois Sainte-Elenais) is the most common language in Santa Elena.

The traditional largest indigenous language of Barzona is the Taqueza language, spoken though most of the country but because of the colonial history saw a massive decline in speakers where it is endangered in the modern period. The further north you get toward the border with Hueyapán the Taqueza language becomes less prevalent and instead Nawat dialects are more common, though also the number of speakers reduced dramatically due to colonization and government policies. In much of Yavi Department (and in neighbouring areas of Allendea), the Ediyana language is spoken by the Edikanana (Yavi) peoples. In western Esquibel department there are divergent Ediyana dialect still spoken by a few indigenous people. The related Yañacuita language is spoken in north and central Yavi department. In the south of the department Onoyoyo is spoken in a few remote communities, which is an isolate language. In Sant-Martin department, Cubutacubun is the most common indigenous language, particularly in the north and west. In the southwest area (Eu Volcan canton) a variety of the Meyfe language spoken in Allendea is spoken. Nanquin is spoken by the indigenous people of the Santa Marta islands, experts don't know the position of the language in linguistics very well, but there are some similarities with the Taqueza languages observed. In the south coast of Bussot there are still a few Itanese communities where the Itanese language is spoken, it used to be the historic language of the island but the indigenous were displaced to a few areas of the more remote south coast.

Climate

Barzona has a fairly varied though largely warmer climate owing to its geographic location and latitude. Coastal Barzona is fairly warm and humid, but benefits from a see brreze to bring cooler weather. Mountainous areas of Barzona tend to be cooler and often perpetually springlike, with cool-cold winters, though snow is very rare aside from mountain summits. Inner Barzona (Yavi Department) is consistently very hot and humid, characterized by a a fairly rainy summer and a comparatively drier winter.

Culture

Cuisine

The interior of Barzona has a cuisine influenced by the combination of indigenous and Castellanese dishes. Common foods throughout the country include dishes like fried chicken, polardo farcido (a stuffed chicken), empanadas, baleadas and pupusas, quesadilla na formaze (a cheese cake), casamento (rice and beans served with tortillas and breakfast). A lot of dishes are similar to other countries in the region due to the colonial history. Barzonan cuisine is moderately spicy, fragrant and hearty. In Carante and the mountains one of the most typical dishes is the simultanio (or simultanio serrano), a stew of chicken, pork, beef (sometimes also lamb) with potatoes, plantains, yuca, corn and tortillas. Certain exotic dishes can also be found in parts of the country, such as iguana, garrobo (armadillo) and others.


In Southern Barzona and coastal Barzona, Franquese based dishes are a major part of the traditional food, often using local ingredients and substitutions. Seafood is also important in the local food. A lot of the dishes such as estofat, bollabasa and others are often served with spicy chiles and boiled corn, which are not present in the original Franquese dish. In this part of Barzona you can find for example pistou soup, though the pistou is generally spicy and the soup is often done with black beans. Barzonan casolet (cassoulet) is prepared with achiote to give it a red color. A lot of dishes make use of seafood, including stews and other fish dishes like fried fish, ceviche, marmitaco. Seafood empanadas are also a specialty of the coast. In the very south east of Barzona esgargotes berganinos (escargots bergantins) as a local delicacy, stewed with a chili sauce.

In the rainforest area there is a unique cuisine based off of the indigenous culture. Dishes are mainly focused on freshwater fish, yuca, other herbs and tubers, tacazo (dish with boiled plantain) and some meat like pork, chicken and capybara. The islands of Barzona have their own unique cuisine as well. In Bussot a lot of the food is similar to southern Barzona and Broceliande with dishes like ratatouille, bouillabaise, cassoulet, fried and stewed seafood. They also have their own version of empanadas, the empanade, which is always fried unlike in the mainland of Barzona and are usually served with chiles. In Sainte-Elena and La Pitaye seafood is a major part of the cuisine, with dishes like stews, fried fish, shrimp, such as divé de pwason (combination plate of different fried fishes) and estoufad de poulpe (a octupus stew). A popular fast food is boquit/bokit, a flatbread sandwich. Bussotian and Sainte-Elenian cuisine is sometimes spicier than in Barzona.

Military

The Forzas Armadas na Barzona is the armed forces. There are three branches of the military, the army, air force and coast guard. During the dictatorship period, Barzona maintained a well-equipped army, and had air force and navy that lagged behind in alocated funds and resources. Since the 1980s, more of a focus is placed on Barzona's contribution to Lycene and TCC defence, and the government embarked on a program throug the 1990s that eliminated the navy in exchange for better equipped coast guard, and brought more funding to the air force to become a speciality for Barzona.

Army

Air force

  • Base aeria na Pinos: Largest air force base, contains fighter and fighter-bomber aircraft, helicopters, transport/cargo aircraft. Is also used by the Federal States Air Force 13th Air Expeditionary Wing.
  • Base aeria na Narvas: Along Allendea border on Yavi River, contains a few fighter aircraft and transport and supply helicopters.
  • Base aeria na Santa Carolina: Base in Barzona city with fighter and transport units.
  • Base aeria Sandrina: Base in the Carante area, has mostly transport aircraft and some fighter-bombers.

Coast guard

Gallery

Notes and references

  1. Yavi was known as Departamento nalla Selva before being renamed on 1 January 2016 after consultation with indigenous peoples of the area.
  2. Surface area for the islands, rocks and islets comprising the department totals just 102.4km².
  3. Surface area for the islands comprising the department totals just 6.25km².