Izaland

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Flag of Izaland Republic of Izaland
The "hwihwa" rotating flower

華邦共和國
Izaki Kyohwakuku
(Izaki)
Capital: Sainðaul
Population: 117,820,936 (2022)

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The Republic of Izaland (華邦共和國, Izaki Kyohwakuku), commonly referred as Izaland is a country in south-east Uletha occupying part of the continental landmass of Eastern Uletha and the whole island of Kubori (making part about the 20 % of the total 307,242.72 sq km of surface. The capital city is Sainðaul (also spelled Saindzaul), located across the Tandan Strait. Izaland's neighbor countries are Belphenia and Neun to the east, UL28h, Saikyel, and Blönland to the north, and Pyeokchin to the west, while the southern part protrudes into the the Sound of Pa.

With nearly 118 million inhabitants, with a population density of 385 people per sq km, Izaland is one of the most densely populated nations, but most of the inhabitants live in the capital area (alone containing more than 22 million people) and in the bigger cities along Kubori island's western shore, such as Kichatsura, Panaireki and Warohan. Other major urban areas are Isadashi, about 100 km north from Sainðaul, Riyatoma, the main city of the central continental area, and Sannupuri, the largest port on the Gulf of Volta.

Izaland is an economically advanced nation, with high standards of life and wealth, boosted by the miraculous economical growth accomplished by the nation after the World war.

In Izaki (romanised): [👂 listen recording here]
Izaki kyohwakuku, tsōntsī Izaki (angerigounde Izaland), dōnnan-Urezhūs askashi yo. Izaki, Kubori-hamas ðennyukus (haiyo myensheku ðenkukudo 306,710 km2-s juitte yaku 20% yo) suma, Urezhū tairikis ispunli wichi to. Izakis shuto Tandan kaikyō toeyan Sainðaul yutte, daini toshi nanbun paikusumu Warohan yo. Izakis rinkukūn, shikisankan Saikyel ta Byulenlanti ta UL28h, narisankan Belfenya ta Nuen, nijisankan Pekutsin, sebunte otsumisankan Pākutō yohan.

Zhinkumisto 1 peipō kilometuri noilke 385 zhin yutte, zhinku yaku 118 mantōn yohan paemōn, juminnis daibubun shutokwennen ta Warohan, Panaireki, Kichatsuras kihtoken Kubori-hamas saibun yohan nazae ōdan toshīn pae. Nazae juyo tan toshibūn, juwon dairikus Riyatoma ta Sainðullul yaku 100 km nantanke yon Isadashi, epagohte Volta-hannas tsaidais sāreotoka yon Sannupuri yohan.

華邦共和邦', 通称 「華邦」 (𖬒ᐡ𖬭𖬰𑃸𖬬ᛁ語𖬒𐐢ᐡ𖬮𖬰𑃸 𖬒ᛁ𖬖𖬰𖬠ᐡd), 東南宇礼洲ᒢ 國 ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸. 華邦, 久保利島ᒢ 全域ᒢ (𖬨𖬒ᛁꓩ𖬒 面積全國土 306,710 km2-ᒢ 中ⲅ𖬮𑃸 約 20% ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸) 𖬖𐐢𖬊, 宇礼洲大陸ᒢ 一部ᐡ𖬠ᛁ 位置 𖬮ᐤ𖬬𑃸. 華邦ᒢ 首都 𖬮ᐡ𖬮𖬰ᐡ 海峡 𖬮ᐤ𖬒𑃸𐭘𖬒ᐡ 作安崎 ɿ𖬒ⲅ𖬮𑃸, 第二都市 南部ᐡ 𖬡𖬒ᛁ𖬭𐐢𖬖𐐢𖬊𐐢 深灣 ꓩ𖬒. 華邦ᒢ 隣国𖬒𐐢ᐡ, 北側ᐡ 𖬖𖬒ᛁꓶ𖬭ᘁ 𖬮 ɿ𖬇𖬰𖬈ɭᐢ𖬈ᐢ𖬁ᛁ 𖬮 𖬒𐐢ᘁ28H, 東側ᐡ 𖬡𖬰𑃸ᘁ𖬌𑃸𐭘𖭑 𖬮 𖭑𐐢𖬮ɭᐢ, 西側ᐡ 碧珍, 𖬖𑃸𖬡𖬰𐐢ᐡ𖬮𑃸 南側 𖬡𖬒海 ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸𖬨ᐡ.

人口密度 1 𖬡𑃸ᛁ𖬡ᐤ𖬒ᐤ 𖬭ᛁ𖬠ᐤ𖬊𑃸𖬮𐐢𖬬ᛁ 𖭑ᐤ𖬒ᛁᘁ𖬭𑃸 385 人 ɿ𖬒ⲅ𖬮𑃸, 人口 約 118 𖬊ᐡ𖬮ᐤ𖬒ᐤᐡ ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸𖬨ᐡ 𖬡𖬒𑃸𖬊ᐤ𖬒ᐤᐡ, 住民𖭑ᛁᒢ 大部分 首都圏𖭑𑃸ᐡ 𖬮 深灣, 若浦, 亀茶裂ᒢ 𖬭ᛁh𖬮ᐤ𖬭𑃸ᐡ 久保利島ᒢ 西部ᐡ ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸𖬨ᐡ 𖭑𖬖𖬰𖬒𑃸 大ᐡ 都市𖬒ᛁᐡ 𖬡𖬒𑃸𖬬𑃸. 𖭑𖬖𖬰𖬒𑃸 重要 他ᐡ 都市部𖬒𐐢ᐡ, 中央 大陸ᒢ 追庥 𖬮 作安崎𖬠𐐢ᘁ 約100 km 𖭑ᐡ𖬮ᐡ𖬭𑃸 ꓩ𖬒ᐡ 安村, 𖬒𑃸𖬡𖬭𖬰ᐤh𖬮𑃸 𖬌𖬰ᐤᘁ𖬮-灣𖭑ᒢ 最大ᒢ 港町 ꓩ𖬒ᐡ 乾山 ꓩ𖬒𖬬𑃸𖬨ᐡ.

History

Open Book icon.svg
History of Izaland
Kōmun Era
甲文時代)
until year 75 AD
Busshō Era
仏照時代
75 - 453
Kanaskashi Era
二國時代
453 - 1178

The history of Izaland is still in progress and the following information might change in the future according to the development of other nations in Eastern Uletha.

Prehistory

Izaland is believed to have been settled since 50,000 BC, with migrations of settlers from western Uletha. The presence of tall mountain ranges in the central-northern part of the territory has meant that, until relatively modern times, the contacts between the populations of the north, and those of the south, were sporadic, and limited to feeble commercial exchanges.

The earliest populations were initially hunters and gatherers, and tended to settle along the great rivers of the central highlands, which offered environments rich in provisions and able to allow the continuity of the first communities. Often it was a matter of nomadic aggregations, which moved together with the animals that allowed their sustenance. The first agricultural techniques, spread from the west around the 13th century BC, allowed the improvement of the yield of crops, and the trade in rice, soybeans and other cereals led to the birth of the first cities and the first semi-organized communities.

The first urban centers in the north of the country were governed by a central family, who managed the administration relying on a series of senior councilors, as well as seers (called akeru, or ikoru), often represented by the elderly women of the village, who were believed were closest to the gods and spirits of nature.

A system in force in present-day western Izaland was that of the rindokareri in which a certain number of advisers and seers were exchanged between some allied villages, with the aim of providing more genuine data and predictions unrelated to possible elements of corruption or favors to certain inhabitants of a village.

1st to 8th century - The prominence of Illashun and Sopeke kingdoms

King Tainal II of Sopeke (1013? - 1078)

Around the year 0 the territory that currently corresponds to Izaland was divided into a large number of small non-centralized entities, with the exception of two kingdoms that were gradually starting to stand out in the local landscape: the Kingdom of Illashun (院良春王国, with its center in the current city of Illashiya), and the Kingdom of Sopeke (岨坪畍王国), located where the prefectures of Riyatoma and Makkenoke are now located, in the center of the continental area of Izaland.

The first trade between the two nations began to develop starting from the year 75 AD, when some inscriptions found in the historical site of Haketono (横榁) suggest that the diplomatic mission by Prince Kukeyatan Urevi had taken place who, from Illashun, went with a mighty escort, exploring to the north. This allowed the Illashun Kingdom to establish the first diplomatic relations with King Tainal II of Sopeke.

The two kingdoms experienced a certain period of peaceful coexistence and the main products of exchange were amber from the north and food products from the south.

However, around the 1st century AD, traders from the Nihonese homeland and the Bai Empire started to establish trading ports and coastal towns on the Ashin (Axian) Peninsula, resulting in strong Bai and Nihonese influences on the local cultures. After the Great Unification between the kingdoms of Illashun and Sopeke (1178) , the newly established Kingdom of Sopeshun rose into prominence around the 3rd century AD, and dominated most of Kubori Island and the Izaki mainland until its collapse in the 8th century. The Sopeshun Kingdom attempted several times to subdue the southern Kubori tribes to secure control of the coastal ports; the tribes instead unified to establish the rival Ipseris Federation that would remain outside Sopeshun control. With the fragmentation of the Sopeshun Kingdom, the Kubori King launched its conquests over the Izaki mainland.

The Ðenzhū era (the warring provinces)

9th century to 13th century - The Awangusain Dinasty

Until the 13th century, the new kingdom became the dominant power on the Axian Peninsula, with further expansion into Belphenia and surrounding states, making it - de facto - an Empire (made official with the Kyentei Law, in 1281). Ushering Izaland's golden age, especially during the rule of Emperor Haraba the Awangusain Kingdom controlled trade and established a network of tributary states in the region, strengthening relations with Pasundan and the Kojolese tribes, such as the Yochomryi.

The Sanbakai conflict (三馬懐紛争) (1298-1302) marked the end of the Awangusain Empire, turning it back to a weakened Kingdom. The Kubori islanders began to rebel against the Awangusain government due to opposition against increased taxation and the empire's failures to address the repeated floods and droughts. The merchants of the Bai Suo Dynasty took this opportunity to aid the rebels and overthrow the Awangusain Kingdom and, in 1302, Takihasu Mitsuburi, an eminent merchant originally from the Itakiri archipelago, enriched by his trading fleets which had contributed to bringing wealth both to the coffers of Awangusain and to those of other trading partners in the region, with his skilled diplomacy he obtained the role as a regional inspector for the southern part of Kubori from the Suo Dynasty. In 1312 he obtained the title of King, and took the name of King Chodae I.

13th century to 1xxx - The Nakai Kingdom, rise and collapse

The subsequent Nakai Kingdom (奈堺王国, from the name of the Royal Palace built in Warohan) was effectively a Suo protectorate, with Bai merchants granted concessions and privileges to dominate trade in the region. Under Bai's control, the coastal cities of Warohan, Daishin, Kanlisahna, and Kokendake (the former name of Sainðaul) expanded rapidly, as the Suo sought to install its own fleet to protect its possessions in the region.

Following the Suo's collapse, the Nakai Kingdom, for a brief period, became effectively independent from Bai control. The Nakai, along with Belphenia, Kojo and Pasundan, competed to take control of Bai's possessions in the Axian Peninsula, along with western Ulethan powers seeking colonisation opportunities in the region. The Nakai fell under the influence of Ulethan powers for the remainder of its existence, impacting local culture and customs.

19th century, the first attempts of a Republic, and a still divided country

The first stages of industrialization

With industrialization in the 19th century, the emergence of a working class led to several social problems that the Nakai monarchy was unable to deal with. Ideals of a democratic republic began to spread in Izaland, with Kojo's and Belphenia's transformation into a unitary republic and Bai's constitutional monarchy. Dissatisfaction with Ulethan overlordship led to a few rebellions, until the 1877 Panaireki Revolution that brought an end to the Nakai Kingdom.

The new Izaki Republic, however, soon split apart with the Republic of Kubori declaring independence over cultural and political differences between Kubori and the mainland. The Izaki Republic was brief, however, as its president took the breakaway as an excuse to amass executive powers and declared himself Emperor soon after. During the early 20th century, Kubori and Izaland waged a series of low-scale conflicts especially over the control of Saindaul. Kubori collapsed into a civil war between socialists and pro-democratic factions upon the death of its statesman. The Izaki Kingdom took this opportunity to seize control of Kubori and successfully annexed the island in 1934.

Later 20th century

Until the 50s, Izaland remained a totalitarian state, when the 3rd Izaki King began a series of democratic reforms, which halted briefly when a faction launched a coup and assassinated the Izaki King, igniting the the New Panaireki Revolution that eventually brought an end to the Izaki Kingdom and the establishment of the modern republic through a popular referendum held on 23 September 19 195x.

Geography - 地形

Community Noun project 4864.svg
Geography of Izaland
ContinentUletha (South-Eastern)
RegionAxian peninsular
Population117,820,936 (2022)
Area
• Total307243 km2
118627 sq mi
• Water (%)TBA
Population density383,6 km2
1395,24 sq mi
Major riversShinkōsari, Nozaba, Zaan, Kyunida
Major lakesSatsohonu, Usumūn, Irinoen
Time zoneWUT+8:00 (IST)
Izaland climates 4 zones.png

Izaland is located in the south-east Uletha, extending for about 306 thousands sq kilometers, following roughly the shape of a "T". Nearly the 78% of Izaland extension is contained into the Uletha continent, while the remaining territory is distributed on the islands of Kubori and those making the Itakiri Prefecture. Kubori island, one of the largest in Uletha, extends for about 62,000 sq km. The capital city, Sainðaul has the original center within the continental area, but it naturally expanded across the Tandan Strait, including the former city of Nikabul.

From a geographical point of view, we can divide the country into four macro-areas:

  1. The northern part, corresponding to the prefecture of Yenkaido, which overlooks the Gulf of Volta and tends to have mild summers and somewhat harsher winters, due to the northern winds that are blocked by the northern mountain range. Doonpuku prefecture is also often considered part of this region, characterized by a vast plain exploited for agricultural purposes, and relatively sparsely populated.
  2. The central part, a plain that extends diagonally from north-west to south-east for about 600 km, bordered to the north by the northern mountain range. This area sees the population concentrated in several medium-large urban centers, including Riyatoma, Makkenoke and Poridake. Due to the distance from the coasts, this area experiences a temperate continental climate, which causes hot summers and cold winters.
  3. The coastal area, which extends in the southern part of the Ulethian area, and along the coasts of the island of Kubori. The climate varies from coastal temperate to subtropical temperate. This area is prone to monsoon disturbances coming from the south-east.
  4. The southern coasts of Kubori and the smaller islands, whose characteristics are found in a subtropical climate with a strong presence of seasonal rainfall.

Islands - 島系

The island of Shirituku, in the north
A mangrove forest on Oingos Island, Itakiri archipelago

As already stated, Kubori island makes up nearly the 20% of national territory, and has a regular rectangular shape with a depression on the western side, where Panaireki Bay is located. Most of the settlements are located along the western coast, with the inner area almost unspoiled and still covered by subtropical forests, especially farther south. The south-western part of Kubori island has an intricate system of peninsulas, pointing at the Itakiri Islands.

The Itakiri archipelago is mainly made up by three subtropical island groups:

  • The Sāndaidō Archipelago (双大島諸島, Sāndaidō tsodō), comprising the largest island in the north, Itakiri, Bikuore, Oingos, Luminoe and Yeron, plus other minor islands;
  • The Kōmuvai Archipelago (---諸島, Kōmuvai tsodō), made up by the little islands of Katohawa, Sānpelui and Imonatu, the southernmost point of Izaland, placed about 45 km south from Oingos;
  • The Ogamoton Archipelago (---諸島, Ogamoton tsodō), formed by Ogamoton, Zodovaku, and other islands, including Gifawonna

Most of the territory is occupied by the , and the islands of Itakiri and Bikuore, both exceeding 1,000 square kilometers are the main economical centers of the prefecture. The largest cities are located on these islands, including Sagoma, the capital, and Ketserano (both them on Itakiri), with Atsujīl and Kikknās being the other two biggest cities on Bikuore.

The Sāndaidō Archipelago alone is the vastest among them, and the two main islands are Itakiri and Bikuore, both exceeding 1,000 square kilometers. They have a volcanic origin, and some active volcanos are still present, for example Mount Gusomeki (3421 m) on Oingos, and Mount Eikenjawi (2287 m), on eastern Itakiri. Other notable volcanic islands are Oingos and Luminoe. Besides volcanic islands, there are many coral islands, and in Itakiri the two rare only atoll formations of Izaland are located: Saðuren atoll, and Nukusabo atoll complex (famous for the Heaven Lagoon surrounding the main island within the reef). This precious ecosystem is in danger due to the erosion.

On the south-east of Kubori Island the land extends into the Kaiton Peninsula, pointing south. Off shore, another archipelago of islands, including Basotachi and Ogamoton extends. Izaland has over 400 among islands and inlets, mostly near the coastline, with some exceptions. Most of the biggest islands are comprised within Itakiri Prefecture, where Itakiri and Kahadu islands are the largest ones, each about 1,100 square kilometers wide. Itakiri, Kahadu and the nearby islands are volcanic islands and, despite the limited landmass, they have some peaks exceeding 3000 m.

Other notable islands are Oingos and Ogamoton, still in Itakiri, and Nurihara, making up Midōhinnan Prefecture. As a notable geomorphological feature, the westernmost point of Izaland is the volcanic island of Tsohana, connected with Kubori island by an isthmus.

The Tandan Strait, accross of which the capital is located, is also home to many smaller islands. Since they are located close to the coastline in a highly densely populated area, often they are linked with bridges or tunnels to the mainland. Other island located in sea are Fuendaru, Sumasai and Tekirunan.

Finally, Yenkaidō Prefecture, in the north, also a couple of major islands, Shirituku and TBD island.

Rivers - 河川

[To be updated] The main rivers of Kubori island are the Zaan (蓙杏河, Zaan sāri) flowing for 315 km in the south-western part of Kubori island. The river starts in the Jogare mountains, and its estuary is located where the city of Warohan expands. Other notable rivers in Kubori islands are the Nozaba (濃沙芭河, Nozaba sāri) (182 km) and the Kankayue (巻嘉巍河, Kankayue sāri) (218 km).

Mountains - 山脈

Mount Torahashi, the highest peak of Izaland and Eastern Uletha

The mountainous reliefs account for about 40% of the surface of Izaland, and are distributed over almost the whole of the island of Kubori, and in the central and northern parts of the continental sector.

The main mountain range is that of the TBD mountains, located between Izaland and the republic of Sanain. These mountains culminate in peaks that reach 5000 m, among which we can mention Mount Torahashi (5189 m) and the Peak Mamuhun (5077 m), the highest peaks in eastern Uletha.

The TBD mountain range, after having demarcated the border with Teberia, and the republic of Sanain, near the Daityenguku National Park it forks, continuing along the border with and UL28f on one side, and marking the geographical division between the prefecture of Yenkaido to the north, and the rest of the continental part to the south. This mountainous section, called the Nokonupuri Mountains (in the Aynu Itak language means "saw-shaped mountains"), which reaches 3200 m in height in the west and gradually degrades to the east, prevents the cold northerly winds from reaching the southern part of Izaland, thus creating a clear climatic division between the north and south of the country.

Around the Usumun lake, in the eastern part of Izaland, there is another smaller mountain massif, that of the Jakumiwa mountains. The main peak is Mount Turigas, 2657 meters high.

Climate

Thanks to the privileged position, and the north-south extension of the country, Izaland enjoys different climates, from the alpine to the tropical one. Most of the population lives in a humid subtropical climate area, with a distinctive distribution on the western coast of the island of Kubori, and the plains placed in the center - western part of the Ulethan side. The average temperature in the capital, Sainðaul, is around 20,5 °C, with maximum average of 30°C and minimum average of 12°C

The climate zone can be roughly divided into three zones: the northern area, close to the Aigan Mountain Range, including 5000 m high peaks, sees continental to alpine climate. This area sees frequent snowfall between December to early March. Moving to the area around the capital, the climate shifts to humid subtropical, with long hot summers, cool winters, and summer peak to annual precipitation. On the south-western tip of the insular part of the country, the subtropical climate has some tropical characteristics, while the south-east and the east coast has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity.

Ogamoton , Sānpelui and Kotohawa islands, in the south, have a lowest temperatures which never goes below 15°C even during the winter, making them an international holiday resort, especially famous for diving and leisure sports.

Government - 政府

Government icon (black).svg
Government of Izaland
Parliamentary republic
CapitalSainðaul
Head of state
• PresidentIrokki Shinsayamo
• Prime MinisterTariki Tara
• Ministry of JusticeYukki Uitanma
LegislatureNational Assembly (國會議事堂)
• Upper houseDaiwiwinkwi
(代議員會)
Izaland political party.svg
• Lower houseGwannowin (元老院)
JudiciarySupreme Court of Izaland
Major political parties
  Minjudān
民主党: 251 seats
  Shinhwadān
新華党: 174 seats
  Tsinkukudān
進國党: 39 seats
  Ankukukwi
安國會: 28 seats
  Izaland Communist Party
華邦共産党: 22 seats
  Gonshutai
厳手隊: 16 seats
AN, IWO, EUOIA, ASUN (observer)

State system

Izaland is a parliamentary republic. Executive power is mainly entrusted to the government, headed by the prime minister. National security affairs are divided between the president and the prime minister. The government shares responsibility for foreign affairs with the president.

Legislative power is exercised collectively by the Chamber of Deputies (代議員會, Daiwiwinkwi) and the Senate (元老院, Gwannowin) which together constitute the National Assembly (國會議事堂, Kukkaiwishidān). The chamber has 530 members, the Senate 208. Both chambers are renovated every five years.

Legislative initiative rests with deputies, senators and the Council of Ministers.

Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister and, upon his proposal, the ministers. The Council of Ministers must obtain the confidence of the Chamber of Deputies.

The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage every five years. A citizen who has reached the age of 30 can be elected president. He is also involved in foreign policy and national defense.

The judiciary is represented by the Supreme Court (最高裁判院, Tsaikosaipannwin), composed of judges appointed by the President of the Republic under the recommendation of the National Council of the Judiciary for an indefinite period, and by the Constitutional Court (憲法裁判院, Kenpōsaipannwin), composed of 28 judges chosen by the Chamber of Deputies for a six-year term.

Ministeries

Izaland has 13 ministries and two commissions. Their names and information are given in the table below.

Name Izaki Minister Map
Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries 農林水産部 (Nōrin-Suisanbu) Rihasamo Yungas
Ministry of Communications and Digitalisation 通信𖬒𖬰ᛁ𖬐𖬰ᛁ𖬁ᐤᐡ化部 (Tsōnshin-Dijitolkabu) Zharaku Margerītta
Ministry of Labour and Welfare 厚生労働部 (Kōseirōdōnbu) Hansai Jān Yanabu
Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Tourism 文化遺産観光部 (Munkwa-Wisan-Kwankwōbu) Shobenihki Laura
National Health and Sports Commission 衛生健康委員會 (Weisei-Kēnkān Wiwinkwi) Tottanheira Yūnki
Ministry of Defense 國防部 (Kukubānbu) Baba Daryu
Ministry of Economy and Finance 經濟財政部 (Keiðai-Ðaiseibu) Tentossan Chechila
Ministry of Education and Research 教育研究部 (Kyōiku-Kenkyunbu) Kawadanki Misae
Ministry of Foreign Affairs 外務部 (Waimubu) Nutazoi Taski
Ministry of Trade and Industry 商務産業部 (Shānmu-Sanwyabu) Wikehake Anuppi
Ministry of Internal Affairs 内務部 (Naemubu) Ōdasāri Kasume
Ministry of the Environment and Green Policies 環境翠策部 (Kwankyōn-Shuitsakubu) Tanjinen Rika
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport 國土基設交通部 (Kukudo-Estonore-Kōtsōnbu) Ilgerunta Rī Saomi
Ministry of Justice 法務部 (Pōmubu) Uitanma Yukki
National Public Safety Commission 國家公安委員會 (Kukka-Kōan Wiwinkwi) Hinutake Seizhi

Flag

The Flag of Izaland
Color scheme Dark Gray Blue Red White
CMYK 0/79/84/27 0/29/78/0 90/67/0/34

The Izaland flag consists of a blue background, inside which there are two concentric circles, a central red one, surrounded by a white ring. Blue, the symbolic color of Izaland, represents at the same time the color of the sea, and of the numerous streams and lakes that cover the surface of the nation. The red circle indicates the rising of the sun in the east, a direction that has always been of great importance for Izaland, as to the east there is the open sea, and therefore all the trade routes. The white surrounding the red sun indicates the light of the midday sun which, thanks to its heat, allows agricultural activities to flourish. Similarly, the white color is an element with a strong symbolism as an element of purity, according to the Izaki philosophy.

Economy - 経濟

See: Economy of Izaland

Transportation and infrastructures

Ground Transportation - The Noun Project.svg
Infrastructure of Izaland
Driving sideleft
Railways
• Passing sideleft
Gauge1453mm
• Electrificationcontact line (mostly)
Standard: 3000V DC
High Speed: 25kV AC
Mains electricity220V 60 hz
Telephone code+381
Internet TLD.iz, .co.iz

Izaland counts on an extensive network of roads, railways and maritime links to sustain the high demand of public transportation in the country.

Roads

Izaland has a network of [tba] kms of highways connecting the major cities, numbered with the system "A-n", where n is a number. The main route of the network is the A1 highway, connecting the capital and Warohan calling at all the major cities of the western coast. This is not the fastest way to travel between the two cities, but indeed it is the busiest segment, as along its length lives nearly the 70% of the whole country population.

Due to the geological and geographic characteristic of the country, Izaki highways make an extensive use of tunnels and bridges, and this justifies the not too cheap toll price. For this reason, most of the traffic is freight or mass transportation.

Urban highways

The largest cities have urban sections of highways, such as the capital highway in Sainðaul (首都高速道路, shuto kōsoku dōro). There are also some segments which are freeways. Between the continental side and the island side of the country, there are 4 highway links, with one freeway and three paid highways.

Railways

A parade of Izaki trains

Izaland was one of the first countries to introduce railways, as the first railroad, connecting Sainðaul with Kawayatsu, opened in 1845. Now the country counts on xxxx km of tracks, including xxx km of high speed railway.

Overview

Rail transport in Izaland is provided by different companies, mainly being:

Izarail logo.png
  • Izarail: the main railway company, formerly a group controlled by the state, got privatized in 1998.

Todays controls most of the rail network in the country, including the high speed railway, with the subsidiary IZX (the thick line in the map on the right).

  • Several private companies, mostly controlling suburban lines in certain cities and subway networks
  • Izarail Kwabus, the national-wide freight operator (outside Kubori Island, foreigner freight railway operators are allowed to enter Izaland)
Main private railways

Gauge

Most of the railways in Izaland are built in standard gauge (1,435 mm), including the high speed railway, allowing thus interoperability with the former railways. Some local lines or subway lines have also different gauges, such as 1,067 mm or 1,544 mm. The usual distance between tracks is 5,5 m from the edges.

Electrification

Almost the 86% of all the railways in Izaland are electrified (overhead lines, 25000 V 50 Hz AC for high speed rail and 3000 V DC for local lines). Non electrified lines are mainly run by hybrid trains or battery trains. Since 2014 Izaland, in order to diminish CO2 emissions, started a massive program of withdrawal of diesel trainsets and locomotives.

Passenger Service

In Izaland everyday XX million users ride on different kind of trains, especially in the main urbanized areas. Basically in Izaland Railway services are divided into the following categories:

Caption text
Icon Service Hanji Izaki (romanised) Additional fee Notes
IZ SLicon.svg Local urban 都市圏普通列車 toshikwen futsōn-lyessha No Service available on urban and suburban networks, integrated with subways, trams, busses and other means of transportation - all stop
IZ SRicon.svg Rapid urban 都市圏普通列車 toshikwen kwaisoku-ryessha No Service available on urban and suburban networks, integrated with subways, trams, busses and other means of transportation - selected stops
IZ Licon.svg Local regional 地方普通列車 jibān futsōn-lyessha No Service available between minor cities, or originating from major cities linking with the smaller ones - all stop
IZ Ricon.svg Rapid regional 地方普通列車 jibān kwaisoku-ryessha No Service available between minor cities, or originating from major cities linking with the smaller ones - selected stops
IZ LEicon.svg Limited Express 特急列車 tukkyun-lyessha Yes Comfortable and fast service linking together the main cities, especially where a high speed infrastructure is not available. The average speeds are between 150 and 200 kph.
30px IZX (high speed) 高速列車 kosoku-ryessha Yes Very fast service linking the major cities to the capital, running mostly on a dedicated high speed infrastructure. The average speeds are between 250 and 360 kph
30px Touristic trains 観光列車 kwankwān-lyessha Yes Leisure trains using specially built carriages or restored older ones, traveling on scenic railways or formerly closed tracks maintained just for touristic purposes.
30px Night Trains 夜行列車 yagyou-ryessha Yes Network of trains connecting cities far each others traveling by night.

History

Railways have played an important role in Izaland since their first diffusion in the 19th century, with the first line opened between Sainðaul and Kawayatsu in 1845.

Timeline
  • 1838 - Planning of the first national railway network
  • 1841 - Beginning of the construction works for a railway between Sainðaul and Nowodate (nowadays Shirukami)
  • 1845 - Opening of the first section to Kawayatsu
  • 1847 - Opening of the remaining section to Nowodate
  • 1848 - Opening of the Warohan Railway, between Warohan and Naeba, the first railway section on Kubori island
  • 1852 - Accident of Toryoshun, an explosion happened during the tunnel excavation works of the Subusai Line
  • 1903 - Opening of the Aigan Alps railway, and first international connection
  • 1913 - Start of the Shuto Tsōnkin Chesdo, the first commuter railway network in Izaland
  • 1933 - Opening of the first two lines of Sainðaul metro
  • 1975 - Opening of the first High Speed railway, from Niji-Sainðaul to Warohan
  • 1978 - Opening of the Sainðaul - Humabe Kukujai Resort Line (then called Shin-Keihuku Line) from Sainðaul to Isadashi
  • 1986 - Opening of the first railway tunnel between Sainðaul and Kubori island allowing direct services from Sainðaul to Warohan and other cities.

Train types

Suburban or intercity railway lines usually have different types of trains running on their tracks (列車種別, ryessha shubyes) with different stop patterns.

A train that stops at every station is called a local train (普通列車, futsōn-ryessha). Trains that stop at fewer stations and are therefore faster than local trains are classified as Rapid (快速列車, kwaisoku-ryessha), Express (急行列車, kyungyō-ryessha), Limited Express (特急列車, tukkyun-ryessha), etc. and may require surcharges depending on company policies.

Intercity trains, mainly operated by IR, are called City-linker Limited Express (都市連結特急列車, toshi-lyenkes tukkyun-ryessha, often shortened in 都急, tokyun) and run on traditional non-high speed railway (although they can reach 200 kph on certain upgraded lines).

High speed railway (IZX) has different train types, including direct, all stop and fast trains (see the article for further information).

Commuter networks

Izaland counts 11 cities with a population over 1 million inhabitants. In these and also less large cities, Izarail, altogether with locally administered subway networks and private railways, operates several commuter lines, using either existent railway tracks and newly built ones, to move million of commuters every day.

Capital suburban Network
The capital suburban network logo

The Capital suburban network (首都圏近郊𐐊𐐁ⵗ𐐛ᱺ𐐇𐐀ⵗ𐐠, shutokwen kinkwō nettwākk) serves the urban area of Sainðaul and the main cities and urbanization gravitating around it, such as Riimibaiken, Showanul, Osenude, Shakihori, Oitsura etcetera. It is composed by 19 lines.

  • ■ CO Chikaoi Line
  • ■ IS Ikasei Line
  • ■ SO Sabuonno Line
  • ■ MA Morikūn Line
  • ■ GS Igashaku Line
  • ■ LL Loop Line
  • ■ SI Sainniga Line
  • ■ AX Airport Express
  • ■ BS Ibashii Line
  • ■ SU Shirause Line
  • ■ KS Kawasabu Line
  • ■ KH Kawashaku Line
  • ■ RI Riimiilla Line
  • ■ JA Jisakūn Line
  • ■ HO Hashionno Line
  • ■ OI Onnoilla Line
  • ■ OJ Onnojukan Line
  • ■ AM Airport MegaExpress
  • ■ SM Shiimori Line
Warohan metropolitan network

The second city of Izaland, Warohan also boasts an extensive railway commuter network to link the city center with the many mid-sized cities located in the metro area, such as Eyenniyul, Yatatoshi, Katasogi, Muanake and more. Besides the Izarail lines and, of course, the metro, Warohan has also a mentionable extension of private railways.

Panaireki "Panairail" network

Panairail is the nickname of the railway corridor serving the third city of Izaland, Panaireki, especially stretching on a north-south direction from Nugamochi to Shin-Shikarana.

Kichatsura metropolitan network

Kichatsura suburban railway network opened in 1999, linking the city of Tomekiha to Nugamochi. Some services are integrated into the Panairail network.

High Speed Rail

IZX Network as of 2022

IZX (IZaland eXpress) is the commercial brand name for the high speed rail services in Izaland, operated by a subsidiary of Izarail, the main railway operator of the country. The high speed railway network mostly uses dedicated tracks (standard gauge) with some segments in common with pre-existing regional railway tracks to extend services to areas where dedicated lines is not (yet) available. The operating speed is usually between 220 to 320 kph on most of the alignment, with some segments allowing as fast as 360 kph speed.

The high speed railway of Izaland (IZX, IZaland eXpress) has the following routes as of 2020:

  • Ryānkai Line (Sainðaul - Asaji-Torimoshi - Enikezya - Nari-Odanuri - Todakuri-Tojirushi - Isadashi - Beikejo - Rinnajin - Aihasa - Humabe Kukujai Resort - Fukuoka - Kahenji-Nukkistama - Riyatoma - Kōsa-Hannan - Shin-Makkenoke - Chunnitai - Sannupuri)
  • Sainðaul - Nagareki Line (Sainðaul - Agasuriho-Ugutsumasa - Kawayatsu - Shin-Abiro-Kungōsan - Sahnajima-Juwon - Shirukami - Arasano - Reilusahna - Shiki-Kwōpas - Nagareki)
  • Sainðaul - Warohan Saikai Line (Sainðaul - Sainðaul Niji - Sainðaul International Airport - La Piana Matu / (Accesso a La Piana) - Hashimakori-Juwon - Wodoriha IR - Shin-Eriraul - Nappawa - Otsumi-Komishinan - Kamahoraya - Shin-Kichatsura - Nugamochi - Panaireki - Hyomonan Resort - Shin-Imihatsorul - Naeba - Eyenniyul-Juwon - Warohan) - 570,46 km
  • Sainðaul - Warohan Naeryuku Shiki-Tanshuku Line (Sainðaul - Sainðaul Niji - Sainðaul International Airport - Pyanuza - Nagayamatsu - Totsushei - Keishunneul - Otsumi-Komishinan - Kamahoraya - Shin-Kichatsura - Nugamochi - Panaireki - Hyomonan Resort - Shin-Imihatsorul - Naeba - Eyenniyul-Juwon - Warohan)
  • Sainðaul - Warohan Naeryuku Otsumi-Tanshuku Line (Sakamuso - Showanul - Katayoshi - Chopatsu - Kohtosōre - Shin-Kichatsura - Nugamochi - Panaireki - Hyomonan Resort - Shin-Imihatsorul - Naeba - Eyenniyul-Juwon - Warohan)
  • Warohan - Daishin Nankai Line (Warohan - Satsokoibo - Shin-Nuskajui - Daishin) - 115,6 km

Urban mass transit

Due to the high density of population, Izaland has many cities with a population over 1 million inhabitants. Besides suburban railway networks, different cities have subway and other mass transit system such as monorails or trams.

The cities with a subway system are:

  • Sainðaul
  • Warohan
  • Panaireki
  • Riimibaiken (part of the Capital metropolitan subway)
  • Daishin
  • Kichatsura
  • Eyenniyul
  • Komishinan (light metro)
  • Fukuyau (monorail)
  • Onnojaris
  • Sabullan (part of the Capital metropolitan subway)
  • Pewanari
  • Enikezya (part of the Capital metropolitan subway)
  • Shakihori (part of the Capital metropolitan subway)
  • Sahnajima
  • Isadashi
  • Kanlisahna
  • Illashiya
  • Honutsaki (light metro)
  • Nugamochi

Air transport

See also: Airports in Izaland Air transport in Izaland is mainly oriented to long haul flights, since the limited size of the country does not require a vast network of domestic flights. The main international airport of the country is Sainðaul Asunahama International Airport, hub for Izaland Airlines and Uletha Eastern Airways, the two main air carriers of Izaland.

Low cost carriers include IzaFly, subsidiary of Izaland Airlines, and Mike Wings, operating mainly charters and leisure flights in Eastern Ulethia.

Waterways

Izaland, with over 400 islands, is a heavily relies on water transportation as well. Although many islands close to the mainland coast are linked with bridges or undersea tunnels, many of the offshore islands, or the not so populated ones have a ferry system. These sea lines are generally covered by the national transportation transit system IZWay, a rechargeable smart card to pay for different means of transportation.

The longest sea route is a weekly ferry from Sainðaul to Ogamoton, via Kanlisahna, taking 18 hours. The ferry leaves Sainðaul port on Fridays, at 23:30, reaching Ogamoton port the following day at 17:30. In case of bad weather or not safe sea conditions, this ferry is often cancelled, however in 2018 finally Ogamoton airport opened.

Culture

Religion

Izaland, located in a strategic position connecting South-Eastern Uletha and thus Archanta and Northern and Western Uletha, has been since the past times a crossroad for many different cultures, thoughts and religions. Nowadays, the main religions in Izaland are Buddhaism (tentative name), Christism and Hanuism, the latter being Izaki's eclusive religion.

Cuisine

The Izaki cuisine represents a meeting point between the culinary traditions of Northern Archanta and Western Uletha, with an emphasis on the use of fresh and possibly unprocessed ingredients. For geographical and historical reasons, the culinary style varies considerably from north to south.

Southern dishes are much closer to Archanta cuisines, focusing on rice and seafood, while the continental area sees a greater influence of Nordic cuisines, with potatoes and other tubers appearing on the table more often, as well as farinaceous products (in Izaland bread made with rice flour is widely consumed and, in the northern regions, that made with rye flour is the most common).

Typical base aliments
  • 米包, konunakke - rice bread
  • 白米, charakonu - white rice
  • 二粒麦, "opira" - emmer wheat
  • 芋, "wataba" - potato
  • 甘芋, "alkawataba" - sweet potato
Seafood dishes

Fish makes up the vast majority of the protein content of the Izaki diet, consumed both raw (rijome) and cooked. The cooking styles are very varied, using both Archantian-influenced condiments (soy sauce, coconut oil) and methods typical of the Kalmish nations of Western Uletha.

  • 新鮮丼 Shinsen-fudoa - a bowl of rice covered by fresh raw fish (rijome)
  • 立鮪丼, Imihatsi-fudoa - a regional variation of the sasumihewa-fudoa mainly eaten in Imihatsorul. Lean tuna is dipped in a special sauce containing soy sauce, sugar, sake, sesame seeds, egg yolk, etc., and placed on top of the rice. Typical toppings are green onions and ginger.
  • 生身, Rijome - fresh raw fish usually flavored with soy sauce and lemon juice
  • 𖬊𐐢𖭑ɭᣗ魚, "munermiwē" - cooked fishe like trouts, plaices or fillets of haddock, coated in flour , fried in butter until golden brown, sprinkled with lemon juice and covered by parsley, usually served with potatoes; this recipe comes from the northern countries such as Blönland and Saikyel, and is totally integrated into the local diet in northern Izaland.


Meat

The kinds of meat mainly consumed in Izaland are, in addition to fish, chicken, and, to a lesser extent, pork beef, and mutton in the north, however, compared to other nations, the consumption of meat is relatively low, due to religious and ethical reasons (about half of the inhabitants of Izaland appear to be pescatarians). Intensive farming is not allowed, and all meat is generally imported or produced locally at organic farms, although this means that meat is more expensive than elsewhere. However, vegetarian alternatives are very readily available, particularly soy products, such as tofu (豆腐, nateyunbe) and seitan, as well as lab-grown meat (擬肉, suikkohei), which can be purchased for a similar price to that produced locally in almost any supermarket.

Sweets and desserts

The Izaki confectionery tradition is heavily based on the use of seasonal fruit and natural sweeteners, such as cane sugar. Very common flavors are mint, green tea (抹茶, mascha), coffee and red beans (赤豆, nabie). Western pastry also reaches high levels, especially in the north of the country, where, for historical reasons, the cuisine has been influenced by the nations of the northern Uletha.

Izaland flag.png Izaland
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Regional topics
Neighboring territoriesKojo flag ddtuga.png Kojo
Regional organizationsASUN