|Izaki Kyohwakuku - 華邦共和國|
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|• National languages||Izaki|
|• Regional languages||Aynu Itak, Konbaki, Eituus|
|• President||Irokki Shinsayamo|
|• Vice-President||Eyana Tsokumidas|
|• Total||$ 3,946 billion|
|• Per capita||$ 58,474|
|Drives on the||right|
Geography - 地形
Izaland is located in the south-east Uletha, extending for about 306 thousands sq kilometers, following roughly the shape of a "T". Nearly the 78% of Izaland extension is contained into the Uletha continent, while the remaining territory is distributed on the islands of Kubori and those making the Itakiri Prefecture. Kubori island, one of the largest in Uletha, extends for about 62,000 sq km. The capital city, Sainðaul has the original center within the continental area, but it naturally expanded across the Tandan Strait, including the former city of Nikabul.
From a geographical point of view, we can divide the country into four macro-areas:
Islands - 島系
As already stated, Kubori island makes up nearly the 20% of national territory, and has a regular rectangular shape with a depression on the western side, where Panaireki Bay is located. Most of the settlements are located along the western coast, with the inner area almost unspoiled and still covered by subtropical forests, especially farther south. The south-western part of Kubori island has an intricate system of peninsulas, pointing at the Itakiri Islands.
The Itakiri archipelago is mainly made up by three subtropical island groups:
Most of the territory is occupied by the , and the islands of Itakiri and Bikuore, both exceeding 1,000 square kilometers are the main economical centers of the prefecture. The largest cities are located on these islands, including Sagoma, the capital, and Ketserano (both them on Itakiri), with Atsujīl and Kikknās being the other two biggest cities on Bikuore.
The Sāndaidō Archipelago alone is the vastest among them, and the two main islands are Itakiri and Bikuore, both exceeding 1,000 square kilometers. They have a volcanic origin, and some active volcanos are still present, for example Mount Gusomeki (3421 m) on Oingos, and Mount Eikenjawi (2287 m), on eastern Itakiri. Other notable volcanic islands are Oingos and Luminoe. Besides volcanic islands, there are many coral islands, and in Itakiri the two rare only atoll formations of Izaland are located: Saðuren atoll, and Nukusabo atoll complex (famous for the Heaven Lagoon surrounding the main island within the reef). This precious ecosystem is in danger due to the erosion.
On the south-east of Kubori Island the land extends into the Kaiton Peninsula, pointing south. Off shore, another archipelago of islands, including Basotachi and Ogamoton extends. Izaland has over 400 among islands and inlets, mostly near the coastline, with some exceptions. Most of the biggest islands are comprised within Itakiri Prefecture, where Itakiri and Kahadu islands are the largest ones, each about 1,100 square kilometers wide. Itakiri, Kahadu and the nearby islands are volcanic islands and, despite the limited landmass, they have some peaks exceeding 3000 m.
Other notable islands are Oingos and Ogamoton, still in Itakiri, and Nurihara, making up Midōhinnan Prefecture. As a notable geomorphological feature, the westernmost point of Izaland is the volcanic island of Tsohana, connected with Kubori island by an isthmus.
The Tandan Strait, accross of which the capital is located, is also home to many smaller islands. Since they are located close to the coastline in a highly densely populated area, often they are linked with bridges or tunnels to the mainland. Other island located in sea are Fuendaru, Sumasai and Tekirunan.
Finally, Yenkaidō Prefecture, in the north, also a couple of major islands, Shirituku and TBD island.
Rivers - 河川
[To be updated] The main rivers of Kubori island are the Zaan (蓙杏河, Zaan sāri) flowing for 315 km in the south-western part of Kubori island. The river starts in the Jogare mountains, and its estuary is located where the city of Warohan expands. Other notable rivers in Kubori islands are the Nozaba (濃沙芭河, Nozaba sāri) (182 km) and the Kankayue (巻嘉巍河, Kankayue sāri) (218 km).
Mountains - 山脈
The mountainous reliefs account for about 40% of the surface of Izaland, and are distributed over almost the whole of the island of Kubori, and in the central and northern parts of the continental sector.
The main mountain range is that of the TBD mountains, located between Izaland and the republic of Sanain. These mountains culminate in peaks that reach 5000 m, among which we can mention Mount Torahashi (5189 m) and the Peak Mamuhun (5077 m), the highest peaks in eastern Uletha.
The TBD mountain range, after having demarcated the border with Teberia, and the republic of Sanain, near the Daityenguku National Park it forks, continuing along the border with and UL28f on one side, and marking the geographical division between the prefecture of Yenkaido to the north, and the rest of the continental part to the south. This mountainous section, called the Nokonupuri Mountains (in the Aynu Itak language means "saw-shaped mountains"), which reaches 3200 m in height in the west and gradually degrades to the east, prevents the cold northerly winds from reaching the southern part of Izaland, thus creating a clear climatic division between the north and south of the country.
Around the Usumun lake, in the eastern part of Izaland, there is another smaller mountain massif, that of the Jakumiwa mountains. The main peak is Mount Turigas, 2657 meters high.
Thanks to the privileged position, and the north-south extension of the country, Izaland enjoys different climates, from the alpine to the tropical one. Most of the population lives in a humid subtropical climate area, with a distinctive distribution on the western coast of the island of Kubori, and the plains placed in the center - western part of the Ulethan side. The average temperature in the capital, Sainðaul, is around 20,5 °C, with maximum average of 30°C and minimum average of 12°C
The climate zone can be roughly divided into three zones: the northern area, close to the Aigan Mountain Range, including 5000 m high peaks, sees continental to alpine climate. This area sees frequent snowfall between December to early March. Moving to the area around the capital, the climate shifts to humid subtropical, with long hot summers, cool winters, and summer peak to annual precipitation. On the south-western tip of the insular part of the country, the subtropical climate has some tropical characteristics, while the south-east and the east coast has a tropical monsoon climate, with a wet season from May to October, a dry season from November to April, and consistently very warm to hot temperatures with high humidity.
Ogamoton , Sānpelui and Kotohawa islands, in the south, have a lowest temperatures which never goes below 15°C even during the winter, making them an international holiday resort, especially famous for diving and leisure sports.
With a population of more than 117 millions of inhabitants, Izaland is a heavily densely populated country (about 385 people per sq km), especially considering that vast inner areas of Kubori island and the north-east are not interested by an intensive urban development. The 92,1 of the population belongs to the Izaki ethnicity, with the remaining 7,9% being immigrants, mostly from Pasundan-Padjadjaran, Wiwaxia and Commonia's countries, and other expats from other countries in Uletha (Belphenia, Kojo, Saikyel). The population of Izaland is largely urban, as the major economic centers since the beginning of industrialization have attracted a large part of the young population from rural areas.
It is difficult to trace a genetic profile of the Izanish race, as since the dawn of time there has been a profound mixture of different ethnic groups, both Uletian and Arcanthic. Physiognomically, Izanish people's face appears to be of an oriental type, with dark hair, black almond-shaped eyes and a slightly pronounced nose. However, there is no lack of genotypes belonging to more Western races, such as lighter colored eyes (ocher, olive green and, very rarely, blue) and hair tending to brown.
A characteristic of the territorial development of Izaki urban centers lies in the fact that, compared to other nations, there are few small isolated villages, while the number of large and medium-sized cities is greater. This is due not only to a greater ease in the distribution of goods, but also to the ancient philosophy of "jiyenchohwashisān" (自然調和思想), or "thought of harmony with nature", drawn up from the 5th century BC by the Taemasa dynasty.
This method of land planning was based on both scientific and astrological criteria, and the positioning of towns and villages was well defined. As the Taemasa dynasty aggregated, through conquests, new territories that had independently developed their regional urban planning, it came, in certain cases, to relocate entire villages, if they did not respect the precepts of the "jiyenchohwashisān".
Although urban planning is still based on modern criteria, the ministry of the environment keeps a careful eye in order to avoid land consumption in the territory.
Major metropolitan areas
In addition to the Greater Sainðaul area (about 23.4 million inhabitants), other noteworthy metropolitan areas are that of Warohan-Eyenniyul (15 million), Panaireki (5.6 million), Kichatsura (3.2 million), Isadashi (2.7 million), Shirukami-Sahnajima (1.7 million), Makkeriya (Riyatoma and Makkenoke, 2.9 million), Sannupuri (2.2 million), Daishin (1.6 million), Ikkashiya-Katayoshi ( 1.7 million) and Reilusahna (1.5 million).
Other towns of some importance are, in no particular order: Atsujīl, Sagoma, Kanlisahna, Muanake, Jinneisoke, Nagareki and Poridake.
Government - 政府
Izaland is a parliamentary republic. Executive power is mainly entrusted to the government, headed by the prime minister. National security affairs are divided between the president and the prime minister. The government shares responsibility for foreign affairs with the president.
Legislative power is exercised collectively by the Chamber of Deputies (代議員会, Daiwiwinkwi) and the Senate (元老院, Gwannowin) which together constitute the National Assembly (国会議事堂, Kukkaiwishidān). The chamber has 530 members, the Senate 208. Both chambers are renovated every five years.
Legislative initiative rests with deputies, senators and the Council of Ministers.
Executive power is exercised by the Prime Minister and the Council of Ministers. The President of the Republic appoints the Prime Minister and, upon his proposal, the ministers. The Council of Ministers must obtain the confidence of the Chamber of Deputies.
The President of the Republic is elected by direct suffrage every five years. A citizen who has reached the age of 30 can be elected president. He is also involved in foreign policy and national defense.
The judiciary is represented by the Supreme Court (最高裁判院, Tsaikosaipannwin), composed of judges appointed by the President of the Republic under the recommendation of the National Council of the Judiciary for an indefinite period, and by the Constitutional Court (憲法裁判院, Kenpōsaipannwin), composed of 28 judges chosen by the Chamber of Deputies for a six-year term.
The Izaland flag consists of a blue background, inside which there are two concentric circles, a central red one, surrounded by a white ring. Blue, the symbolic color of Izaland, represents at the same time the color of the sea, and of the numerous streams and lakes that cover the surface of the nation. The red circle indicates the rising of the sun in the east, a direction that has always been of great importance for Izaland, as to the east there is the open sea, and therefore all the trade routes. The white surrounding the red sun indicates the light of the midday sun which, thanks to its heat, allows agricultural activities to flourish. Similarly, the white color is an element with a strong symbolism as an element of purity, according to the Izaki philosophy.
Economy - 経濟
See: Economy of Izaland
Transportation and infrastructures
Izaland counts on an extensive network of roads, railways and maritime links to sustain the high demand of public transportation in the country.
Izaland has a network of [tba] kms of highways connecting the major cities, numbered with the system "A-n", where n is a number. The main route of the network is the A1 highway, connecting the capital and Warohan calling at all the major cities of the western coast. This is not the fastest way to travel between the two cities, but indeed it is the busiest segment, as along its length lives nearly the 70% of the whole country population.
Due to the geological and geographic characteristic of the country, Izaki highways make an extensive use of tunnels and bridges, and this justifies the not too cheap toll price. For this reason, most of the traffic is freight or mass transportation.
The largest cities have urban sections of highways, such as the capital highway in Sainðaul (首都高速道路, shuto kōsoku dōro). There are also some segments which are freeways. Between the continental side and the island side of the country, there are 4 highway links, with one freeway and three paid highways.
Izaland was one of the first countries to introduce railways, as the first railroad, connecting Sainðaul with Kawayatsu, opened in 1845. Now the country counts on xxxx km of tracks, including xxx km of high speed railway.
Rail transport in Izaland is provided by different companies, mainly being:
Todays controls most of the rail network in the country, including the high speed railway, with the subsidiary IZX (the thick line in the map on the right).
Main private railways
Most of the railways in Izaland are built in standard gauge (1,435 mm), including the high speed railway, allowing thus interoperability with the former railways. Some local lines or subway lines have also different gauges, such as 1,067 mm or 1,544 mm. The usual distance between tracks is 5,5 m from the edges.
Almost the 86% of all the railways in Izaland are electrified (overhead lines, 25000 V 50 Hz AC for high speed rail and 3000 V DC for local lines). Non electrified lines are mainly run by hybrid trains or battery trains. Since 2014 Izaland, in order to diminish CO2 emissions, started a massive program of withdrawal of diesel trainsets and locomotives.
In Izaland everyday XX million users ride on different kind of trains, especially in the main urbanized areas. Basically in Izaland Railway services are divided into the following categories:
Railways have played an important role in Izaland since their first diffusion in the 19th century, with the first line opened between Sainðaul and Kawayatsu in 1845.
Suburban or intercity railway lines usually have different types of trains running on their tracks (列車種別, ryessha shubyes) with different stop patterns.
A train that stops at every station is called a local train (普通列車, futsōn-ryessha). Trains that stop at fewer stations and are therefore faster than local trains are classified as Rapid (快速列車, kwaisoku-ryessha), Express (急行列車, kyungyō-ryessha), Limited Express (特急列車, tukkyun-ryessha), etc. and may require surcharges depending on company policies.
Intercity trains, mainly operated by IR, are called City-linker Limited Express (都市連結特急列車, toshi-lyenkes tukkyun-ryessha, often shortened in 都急, tokyun) and run on traditional non-high speed railway (although they can reach 200 kph on certain upgraded lines).
High speed railway (IZX) has different train types, including direct, all stop and fast trains (see the article for further information).
Izaland counts 11 cities with a population over 1 million inhabitants. In these and also less large cities, Izarail, altogether with locally administered subway networks and private railways, operates several commuter lines, using either existent railway tracks and newly built ones, to move million of commuters every day.
Capital suburban Network
The Capital suburban network (首都圏近郊𐐊𐐁ⵗ𐐛ᱺ𐐇𐐀ⵗ𐐠, shutokwen kinkwō nettwākk) serves the urban area of Sainðaul and the main cities and urbanization gravitating around it, such as Riimibaiken, Showanul, Osenude, Shakihori, Oitsura etcetera. It is composed by 19 lines.
Warohan metropolitan network
The second city of Izaland, Warohan also boasts an extensive railway commuter network to link the city center with the many mid-sized cities located in the metro area, such as Eyenniyul, Yatatoshi, Katasogi, Muanake and more. Besides the Izarail lines and, of course, the metro, Warohan has also a mentionable extension of private railways.
Panaireki "Panairail" network
Panairail is the nickname of the railway corridor serving the third city of Izaland, Panaireki, especially stretching on a north-south direction from Nugamochi to Shin-Shikarana.
Kichatsura metropolitan network
Kichatsura suburban railway network opened in 1999, linking the city of Tomekiha to Nugamochi. Some services are integrated into the Panairail network.
High Speed Rail
IZX (IZaland eXpress) is the commercial brand name for the high speed rail services in Izaland, operated by a subsidiary of Izarail, the main railway operator of the country. The high speed railway network mostly uses dedicated tracks (standard gauge) with some segments in common with pre-existing regional railway tracks to extend services to areas where dedicated lines is not (yet) available. The operating speed is usually between 220 to 320 kph on most of the alignment, with some segments allowing as fast as 360 kph speed.
The high speed railway of Izaland (IZX, IZaland eXpress) has the following routes as of 2020:
Urban mass transit
Due to the high density of population, Izaland has many cities with a population over 1 million inhabitants. Besides suburban railway networks, different cities have subway and other mass transit system such as monorails or trams.
The cities with a subway system are:
See also: Airports in Izaland Air transport in Izaland is mainly oriented to long haul flights, since the limited size of the country does not require a vast network of domestic flights. The main international airport of the country is Sainðaul Asunahama International Airport, hub for Izaland Airlines and Uletha Eastern Airways, the two main air carriers of Izaland.
Izaland, with over 400 islands, is a heavily relies on water transportation as well. Although many islands close to the mainland coast are linked with bridges or undersea tunnels, many of the offshore islands, or the not so populated ones have a ferry system. These sea lines are generally covered by the national transportation transit system IZWay, a rechargeable smart card to pay for different means of transportation.
The longest sea route is a weekly ferry from Sainðaul to Ogamoton, via Kanlisahna, taking 18 hours. The ferry leaves Sainðaul port on Fridays, at 23:30, reaching Ogamoton port the following day at 17:30. In case of bad weather or not safe sea conditions, this ferry is often cancelled, however in 2018 finally Ogamoton airport opened.
Izaland, located in a strategic position connecting South-Eastern Uletha and thus Archanta and Northern and Western Uletha, has been since the past times a crossroad for many different cultures, thoughts and religions. Nowadays, the main religions in Izaland are Buddhaism (tentative name), Christism and Hanuism, the latter being Izaki's eclusive religion.