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Flag of Kojo Republic of Kojo
State Seal

Kojo Jōbun-Myeru (Kojoshi)
Capital: Pyingshum
Population: 40,000,000 (2020)
Motto: Jōbun fa, Jōbun lui (By the People, for the People)
Anthem: Pāng re Maltyam (March to Glory)

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Kojo (/ko̞dʒo̞/) is located on the Axian peninsular in south-east Uletha. It borders the Sound of Pa in the south, Ataraxia in the west, UL31a in the north and Pyeokchin in the east. Despite a civilisatory history dating back to the Stone Age, Kojo came into being as a unified nation state only after 1668. It is a parliamentary republic whose democratic character dates back to the revolution of 1828. Although consisting of 13 regions, called iki, political power is concentrated on the national level on one side and the municipalities on the other. Kojo has a dense network of infrastructure for road, rail, water and air transport. With an HDI of 0.903 and a GPD per capita of 57,850 Int$ (PPP, 2021), it is classified as a very highly developed country. Being the only Kojoshi-speaking nation in the world, yet at the same time having been in constant exchange with its neighboring countries, it has developed a culture marked both by unique idiosyncrasies and the incorporation of foreign traits.

Kojo (/ko̞dʒo̞/) ta Uleta so akudyong bue Kottsōchi de nambu. Aku máre Taman'yumi, limbē máre Atarakkusī, kibō máre UL31a, dyong máre Dyokkun aéku kokkyōyu. Karetaki hyeto buntamshandeaki lishi kāwaryuzu, Kojo fa 1668ttari yéri assol'yora'e azaggumyeru kuemere. Demomínzudaeki umki fa 1828ttari hyeto zádang‘u párlekaidaeki jōbunmyeru ku. Iki dash gwoshu 13so gōsaei dash kóntitueyu kāwaryuzu, sēzudaeki pyuesan fa zággaisaē ko munchipalsaē aéku icchonkwaeyu. Kojo bue laidō-, chegicha-, hún'gō- ko aenkamfuhīchon so ikaldon rézo fa nambu. Kojo so HDI fa 0.903, hyoelminkacha pa HAG fa 57,850 Int$ (PPP, 2021tali) ku sokki, Kojo sum song raiyuē ébolpang zággaitsol so alfya hyuém dashkalgaelu. Ashkal so asaso, Kojoshi sum ingamu zággaitsol dash, nōtomzū halfāndaeki zággaitsol mi umkinku ongkwoéshu sokki, Kojo ta asasong yuralchēgwin’gwae ko sochizággai áyunki sum ikkontsudoen fa umkishu tyungbon sum maekkafaeme.


Community Noun project 4864.svg
Geography of Kojo
ContinentUletha (south-eastern)
RegionAxian peninsular
Population40,000,000 (2020)
• Total267,630 km2
Population density150 km2
Major riversKime, PH
Time zoneWUT+7:00 (no summer time)


The western half of Kojo is characterised by relatively infertile soil and lower precipitation than the rest of the country. Originally loosely covered by bush and forest, most of the natural vegetation was cut down in different phases of human settlement since at least the 5th century up until the early 20th century. This has led to a serious wash out of the thin layer of natural humus and decreased utility for agriculture even further. Today, the region is mostly used for extensive pastoral farming, and reforestation programmes are undertaken since the late 20th century. Its coastal areas are known for wide, sandy beaches and mild climate.

In contrast, the Kojolese heartland allows for more intensive agriculture. Because of this and because the rivers allowed for easy transport of goods even before the advent of the railway, the majority of the country's population can be found here. The deltas of the Kime and Dagwan are part of a special cultivated landscape, as humans have tried since millenia to exploit its fertile and irrigated lands while being confronted by storm tides and its innavigatability.

Along the eastern coast, in Cheryuman-iki, mountains meet the sea, creating some stunning landscapes. Due to the general current of the winds bringing humid air from the oceans in the south-east, this region has some of the highest precipitation in Kojo and a pronounced rain season in early autumn. The region's flora is very diverse, with lots of different micro-climates creating pockets of vegetation reaching from mediterrean to temperate rainforests.

The Kojolese heartland is framed by low mountain ranges that develop into high mountains to the north and east. Population and arable land is mostly concentrated along the rivers and streams, while the slopes of the mountains are mostly covered by forest and some mountain pastures. Above the tree line, scrubs and barren rock as well as year-round snow in the very north dominate the landscape. Many valleys in the north were converted into reservoirs during the 20th century, allowing for a more effective flood control of the rivers heading for the lowlands as well as harnessing electricity.

Grasslands in Lainyerō-iki
Farmland near Rajjihaim
Farmland and hills east of Formajiá
Flood fields in the Kime delta
Beach near Mataman in Fóskiman-iki, 20 km west of Ántibes
Rocky coast in Cheryuman-iki...
...with lush vegetation on rain-rich windward side.
mid-range mountains between Rō and Īme
Peaks near Todo, Kibōkamuluel-hibu
Border to UL31a

Topography and Bathymetry


Kojo lies mostly within a humid subtropical climate (Cfa). Most precipitation occurs during the summer half of the year with July generally being the rainiest month. To the west, climate transitions into a cold steppe climate (BSk) due to less humid air reaching this area from the Sound of Pa to the south-east. In the mountains, temperature differences throughout the year and the day tend to increase compares to the plains, with precipitation strongly depending on the local topographic causing the air currents from the Sound of Pa to release their humidity. At the coast, temperatures tend to be more regulated by the sea. While the flat western coastline sees little precipitation, the steep eastern coast experiences more extreme rainfall events.

Climate chart
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate chart
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate chart
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate chart
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate chart
Average max. and min. temperatures in °C
Precipitation totals in mm
Imperial conversion
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches

Human Geography

The population is highly concentrated in the country's urban areas, with almost half of its inhabitants living in cities proper of 100,000 or larger and nearly a quarter in the capital alone. The eastern half of the country, where rivers running from the mountains to the sea provide water for year-round agriculture and easy transportation of goods, is much more densely populated than the western half. The river Kime and the coast are the two most important axes of population centers.

Cities in Kojo over 100,000 inhabitants, circle area proportional to population of city proper.
City name Inhabitants Comment Region Cosmo City Ranking
Career Leisure Transport Affordability
Pyingshum 8,600,000 capital and primate city Pyingshum-iki B A B F
Finkyáse 2,435,600 second largest urban area Fóskiman-iki A A B D
Yoyomi 1,464,500 largest city in the east with landmark castle Wāfyeíkko-iki B A B D
Jaka 1,210,000 largest harbor Pacchipyan-iki B B B E
Busakyueng 840,000 Kyoélnain-iki A B C E
Womenlū 780,000 Fóskiman-iki B B B D
Kwaengdō 760,000 Cheryuman-iki C C C D
Wenzū 650,000 spa city Wāfyeíkko-iki B C C D
Manlung 590,000 center for the east Lainyerō-iki C C B C
Oreppyo 580,000 Lainyerō-iki C C C B
Hetta 440,000 Pacchipyan-iki B C C D
Ántibes 400,000 Fóskiman-iki C B C D
Kahyuemgúchi 370,000 Pyingshum-iki C C C C
Nároggul 355,000 Degyáhin-Kibaku Yuwantsūm-Shikime-iki C C C C
Góhomi 340,000 skiing, sanatoriums, and health resorts Kyoélnain-iki B B C D
Geryong 320,000 Sappaér-iki D C C B
Kari 310,000 Wāfyeíkko-iki D E C B
Arákkanai 264,000 Wāfyeíkko-iki C B B C
Ojufyeng 260,000 Pacchipyan-iki B C B D
255,000 historic, holy city of the faith Gitaenhōlyuē Rō-iki B A D D
Zúkshi (F. h.) 235,000 Fóskiman-iki C B C D
Leshfyomi-sul 225,000 Degyáhin-Kibaku Yuwantsūm-Shikime-iki C B B C
Toefyei 225,000 "Kojo's most boring city" Wāfyeíkko-iki D F C C
Tsuyenji 220,000 expensive summer holiday destination Cheryuman-iki C A C E
Kimelíngsan-shu 215,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki C D C C
Tamrong 210,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki C D C C
Kippa 205,000 part of Kime-Yuwan industrial agglomeration Gyoéng'guffe-iki D C B B
Formajiá 200,000 Pyingshum-iki B C B D
Igilaē 195,000 seat of the Constitutional Court Gyoéng'guffe-iki B B A D
Tinglyū 194,000 Chin'yaku-iki A A B C
Púlmaerong 205,000 part of Kime-Yuwan industrial agglomeration Gyoéng'guffe-iki D C B B
Unzai 165,000 Kyoélnain-iki B C F C
Toribiri 160,000 winter sports destination and mining Nainchok-iki C B D D
Chin-Jōrin 150,000 Nainchok-iki C D C B
Īme 150,000 Chin'yaku-iki C D D C
Hóshumsul 145,000 part of Kime-Yuwan industrial agglomeration Gyoéng'guffe-iki C D C B
Laófil 135,000 Pyingshum-iki C E C C
Shangmē 135,000 Nainchok-iki C C C B
Láoféi 130,000 Gyoéng'guffe-iki D C B C
Palda 120,000 Lainyerō-iki E E C A
Rajjihaim 120,000 part of Kime-Yuwan industrial agglomeration Gyoéng'guffe-iki E F C A
Zúkshi (C. h.) 115,000 Cheryuman-iki C B C C
Línai 110,000 at mouth of pristine mountain lake Chin'yaku-iki C C C B
Maikulā 110,000 Pyingshum suburb with former royal palace Pyingshum-iki B C B C
Makalasueng 105,000 Kyoélnain-iki C D B C
Jippun 105,000 Lainyerō-iki D E D A
Duēkain 105,000 part of Kime-Yuwan industrial agglomeration Gyoéng'guffe-iki D C C B
Kōnil 100,000 Lainyerō-iki C E D B



Tribal structures without verifiable connections lived throughout the territory of modern Kojo since the stone age. There have been various findings of ancient tools, cave drawings and primitive clothing from that era, but no form of recorded writing. Earliest housing and farming facilities date back to around 7,000 b.c., indicating that sedentarism had spread from central Uletha to the Axian peninsular around that time.

First, second or third century until 614: Kon'yo Darasushan ("1st Rō-age")

Most historians agree that the unified Symvanist faith (Gitaenhōlyuē) must have emerged over time from a large number of only loosely connected tribal rites and believe systems. The oldest written documents ever found in Kojo describe a sacrificial ritual. At the time of discovery in 1796 they were dated back to the year 313. The fact that the ritual was described in a normative way and with emphasis on what types of fees worshippers had to hand over is proof of the emergence of complex societal structures. The creation of these documents is an important cornerstone in Kojolese historic science and is used to mark the beginning of the Kon'yo Age, also called first Rō-age (Kon'yo being the name of the village close to Rō were the documents were found). Rō would remain the most productive center in the region for the coming centuries, forming the first larger urban settlement in the region and excerting cultural influence over most of the eastern half of modern Kojo. New radiologic assessments suggest that the artifacts might actually be up to 200 years older than previously thought.

614 until 876: Kyómre Darasushan ("PH age")


876 until 1200: Gnō Darasushan ("2nd Rō-age")

Despite Rō still being of high religious significance for worshippers across the region, there had not been any type of significant, central authority claiming theological primacy. The religion was perpetrated by independent local high priests, chiefs etc., of which the ones teaching in Rō were simply a little more influential due to the significance of the city in religious teachings. However, in 876 (other sources claim 873), local representatives congregated in Rō (back then called Gnō) and decided on a precisely defined set of core teachings and rituals, thereby starting the process of formation of a unified Symvanist Church. They did this in reaction to military pressure from neighbouring regions. This common enemy posed a power-political incentive for the local tribes to unite, and under the spiritual leadership of a common religious centre they sought to strengthen their defensive abilities. However, modern historians agree that at the time, the tribes that congregated only accounted for a small minority of the total populace, and that the agreement did not have wide-felt impacts on the religious practices and daily lifes. Instead, it was most likely just a festive side-event to the more politically motivated alliance-building, with its role for Kojolese history being exaggered in the centuries later on. Nevertheless, the following over 300 years were marked by further spiritual and organisational consolidation of Symvanism, its spread across the country, and the (re-)emergence of Rō as the major religious, cultural, economic and political centre.

1200 until 1620: Yochomryi Darasushan ("Yoyomi-age)

The Kojolese middle ages are referred to as Yoyomi-age, because the city (called Yochomryi before a Nihonification of the name in the 17th century) eclipsed the importance of close by Rō. Yochomryi started as a military bastion and quickly turned into the capital of the Zerka Kingom, which back then formed the eastern edge of the Pyilser-speaking cultural sphere and was in a strategical defense location against powers from the east. Despite the undoubtful strong military, economic and cultural dominance of the Zerka kingdom and its capital during this age, this time was also marked by a more polycentric and variable balance of importance among the many kingdoms and principalities that made up the territory of modern Kojo.

1620 until 1668: The Thousand Kingdoms' War and Kojolese Unification

Up to around 1620, the area of modern Kojo was a rag rug of small kingdoms and principalities. The countless small conflicts eventually escalated, and in 1620 the whole region descended into a state of war. Additionally, partly caused by the conflict and partly by unfavorable climate conditions, a great famine forced large parts of the population to flee from starvation, mingling languages and culture. As a result, most political structures were disrupted and only few rulers were able to stay in charge of their territories at all. Things slowly settled down, while the survivors of the big migration started to build their new lives and new political structures arouse where the former sovereigns lost control.

During that time, the King in charge of today's Pyingshum and the area around it, King Surb Rēkku from the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, whose dominion did well economically and militarily after the big migration, intensified his aspiration to gain more control over the other kingdoms in the area, and his family's kingdom quickly rose in power. In 1622, four years into his reign and at the age of 20, he married 18 years old Chihaya Nabunga, daughter of the Nihonese leader Ato Nabunga and his concubine, or rather co-empress, Queen Riya. Riya was the Nihonese king's favourite and therefore most wealthy concubine, which lead to her daughter being known as "the vein princess". The Nihonese leader hoped that the marriage would increase his general political influence in the north; marrying his daughter to the Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty, he gambled that Surb Rēkku would be able to unify the area of today's Kojo. Eventually, in 1668, four years before Surb Rēkku's death at the age of 70, an area quite similar to today's Kojo was unified by the King and his Nihonese wife. Although the Pyilser-krun'a dynasty ensured their control over the newly acquired territories by instituting feudal lords and controlling instead of replacing local power structures, their capital Pyingshum became the cultural and economic center of the new kingdom. The eras since then are therefore sometimes collectively referred to as the "Pyinshum-age" in Kojolese history.

1668 until 1828: High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty

The country entered a phase called "High Pyilser-krun'a Dynasty" (in contrast to the early Pyilser-krun'a dynasty where the house's rule was limited to the area around Pyingshum). The era was marked by a slow but steady draw of administration, science and trade to the new kingdom's capital, where it flourished. Also, the marriage to Nihonese royalty not only had a vast influence on rules and rites in the royal court itself, but also drew, in addition to the already quite extensive court society, a considerable number of Nihonese migrants. That had a significant impact on the the Kojolese language and culture. Also during this age, the different local cultures and Pyilser-languages that had been mixed by the war, famine and big migration slowly consolidated, resulting in modern Kojo's more uniform culture and language.

1828 until 1834: Revolution and downfall of the monarchy

As the first vibe of industrialization swept through the country, social problems became apparent. The emerging urban working class was suffering under their bad living and working conditions. Their ruler's way of spending enormous amounts of money on splendour and luxury was perceived as a sign of incompetence and extravagant at best, and malice at worst. After rising tensions, spread of antimonarchist material such as leaflets and eventually civil-war-like states in some industrial neighbourhoods throughout the country, the worker's uprising eventually overthrew the ruling King Surb-Racchi and his local aristocratic administrations in 1828. It was decisive to the success of their undertaking that the military collaborated with them during the last days of the revolution and especially during the raid on the palace. Surb-Racchi was executed, and the following years were marked by a power-struggle between the democratic and partially socialistic movements on one side and the military forces on the other, at times again under civil-war like conditions. After six years of fighting, partial military dictatorship and social unrest, a semi-democratic constitution was written and proclaimed in 1834.

1834 until 1939: First Constitution

It took several years for the effects of the democratic revolution in Pyingshum to spread through the country and reach the more distant regions. One reason was that the new democratic order reinstated some of the local aristocrats previously appointed by the King as governors as a way to calm and control the military throughout the nation. However the new centralistic state did not intend to prolong the tradition of granting the local posts of power to the previous office holder's descendant, but instead aimed for local administrations more closely aligned with the national government. Throughout the first decades of the new rule, many reinstated local chiefs tried to resist this slow transfer of power away from hereditary rule and abolition of nobleness, which caused a number of state crisis's and even small armed conflicts. In general, the early phase of the Kojolese Republic was marked by a cultural tension between the democratic capital Pyingshum and the territories further out, where local rulers tried to uphold their influence by waging their subjects against the influence of the central government. However, by the late 19th century, the last hereditary local ruler was replaced by a bureaucratic chief administer appointed by the central government. This achievement was aided by the rapid growth of railways, which, besides now being the driving force behind industrialisation, enabled the government to more effectively control the regional administrations.

The second half of the 19th century was, politically, marked by further consolidation of power in the capital Pyingshum. Industrialisation now was transforming the economy at a rapid pace and drew the masses towards the country's growing urban areas. Social norms and ideals were shifting. Religious adherence plummeted, and by the turn of the century less than half of the population was describing themselves as active performers of Symvanism.

Since 1939: Second Constitution

The political system of Kojo was marked by a strong rivalry between the office of president and his Chancellor in the early 20th century, as the office of Chancellor was continuously expanding its power and influence, while still being formally subordinated to the president. As the chancellor had to be approved by parliament, president and chancellor sometimes were from different ends of the political spectrum, and the only thing the president could do was to dissolve parliament and schedule reelections. When between 1928 and 1938 there were a total of 9 re-elections, it was decided that to guarantee a functioning government, there would have to be a major redraft of the political structure. Under the new system, the chancellor was now a post more independent from the president, and the president was reduced to a merely representative figure. In the same instance, the redraft of the constitution was used to get rid of parts that still alluded to the classist elements relevant during the transition phase of the young democracy and replaced by norms more fitting for the mature republic.

The 20th century was marked by a rapid increase in living standard for the average person. The economy slowly transformed from being centered on agricultural and industrial production to the service industry. With the spread of the automobile, different urban forms and a higher degree of separation between work and home became common.

The flooding of Kalaē in 2008 was the nation's deathliest natural disaster of the 21st century, with an official death toll of 2,268.


Kojo is a parliamentary and constitutional republic. Its a centralist state in the sense that there are no constituent states or provinces with any noteworthy degree of autonomy. The municipal level however has a comparatively high degree of independence from the national government compared to other democratic countries. The Constitution of the Republic of Kojo divides the government into three branches: the legislative (parliament), the executive (president, chancellor and administration) and the judiciary (courts). The "Administration" is often cited as a separate, fourth pillar of the republic, because it often exhibits a life on its own and largely constitutes a constant factor, even when elected governments change.

For a detailed description and list of the spatial administrative division of the country, please refer to the main article: Administrative divisions of Kojo.


The President (Gozóngchō) is the head of state, elected by the presidential convention. Their work composes of mostly representative tasks. For example, the President is the highest representative of the state, appoints Ambassadors, has to sign laws to formally enact them, and is a last instance of check for constitutionality in general. They serve for 7 years and can only be re-elected once. They reside in the Presidential Mansion (Gozóngchō so Jaesan).


The nation's unicameral parliament, the Jōbunhakke (lit. "People Assembly"), forms the legislative. It's elected by the people every 4 years via proportional representation (mixed-member). It consists of at least 460 members, with some additional levelling-mandates depending on the results of the district votes. Besides passing laws, its members most importantly elect the Chancellor (Gankakuchō) at the beginning of every new term and constitute one half of the presidential convention that elects the President. In its last election in 2022, seven parties got past the 5-%-hurdle and are represented in Parliament. No independent candidates won a district. The election results and subsequent seat allocation is:

Short Party Name Platform Votes Seats
MDK Myingsa-Demomínzusha so Kushuen
"Social-Democrats' Party"
center-left 25.2 % 139
26.9 %
RK Ra'ékomsha so Kushuen
"Conservative Party"
center-right 21.0 % 116
22.5 %
KD Kaná Dóze
"Green Left"
ecologist, socially liberal, market-interventionist 14.9 % 82
15.9 %
BF Baré Fosshi
"Forward strongly"
socially liberal, ecologist 10.1 % 56
10.9 %
GAN Ganfol Mónal Lui
"Group for Moral"
authoritarian 9.2 % 51
9.9 %
AFK Azato-Figúyensur so Kushuen
"Party of free Liberalism"
market and socially liberal 8.0 % 43
8.3 %
MKL Menkoli-Koerósal Linbi
"Strong Tree Trunk Movement"
localist, traditionalist, ecologist, grassroot 5.2 % 29
5.6 %
Others 6.4 % 0
Sum 100.0 % 516
  KD: 82 seats
  MDK: 139 seats
  BF: 56 seats
  RK: 116 seats
  AFK: 43 seats
  MKL: 29 seats
  GAN: 51 seats
Rough policy stands of major political parties in Kojo, relative to Kojolese mainstream.

While laws are discussed and ultimately passed by a vote in the main chamber, parliamentary work mostly takes place in committees (Saekkai). They largely mirror the government's ministries. Members of Parliament are also organized in groups (Hakkedan), usually according to the party they are a member of.

Standing Committees in the current legislature with number of members:

  • 01: Main Committee, 40 (Zóngsaekkai)
  • 02: Petition Committee, 26 (Jōbunittai nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 12: Committee for Interior Affairs, 40 (Būla nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 13: Committee for External Affairs, 39 (Sotta nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 14: Committee for Finances, 40 (Búkinmolno nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 16: Legal Committee, 38 (Héngyi nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 171: Committee for Labour and Social Affairs, 40 (Gōzo ko Myingsamolno nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 172: Committee for Health and Sports, 26 (Yingmálsol ko Taigi nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 18: Committee for Economic Affairs, 36 (Kishamolno nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 19: Committee for Education and Culture, 36 (Goakyan ko Tsungbon nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 20: Committee for Environmental Affairs, 20 (Yultai nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 21: Committee for Infrastructure and Energy, 33 (Hīshíbyaeng ko Uzam nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 95: Committee for Defense, 28 (Fángri nijúinde Saekkai)
  • 97: Committee for Intelligence Services, 9 (Tokapparyuē so Kyanfā nijúinde Saekkai)

Municipalities' Council

Besides the Jōbunhakke, there is another legislative body, the National Municipalities' Council (Zággai Hāmaeltai Kókke, ZHK). It has a unique make up, as it is an assembly of representatives from the municipal level. Every city (sur) and rural district (hibu) casts one vote. The votes can carry different voting power according to the population, depending on the type of vote. Representatives in the ZHK are usually non-political officials of the municipality they represent and are only reimbursed for their travel and other expenses. They are bound to vote as instructed by their municipality's government. For important votes it is common that mayors or other high-ranking local politicians come to Pyingshum to cast their municipality's vote.

The ZHK's approval is needed for laws that change the financial or power relationship between local and the national government as well as changes to the constitution. In all cases when the ZHK does not approve a law proposed by the Jōbunhakke, the Jōbunhakke can schedule a popular vote which in turn can overwrite the ZHK's decision. Since the constitution doesn't provide for any other mean of changing the constitution by popular vote, there have been cases in the past where the ZHK purposefully denied approval to such a law in order to enable a popular vote, even though its members themselves were generally in favour of the change, because the matter was deemed so important that the public should vote on it. The members of the ZHK also elect the second half of the presidential convention, which in turn elects the president.

Because it only has very limited functions, the ZHK is usually not counted as a second chamber of parliament. Historically, the ZHK was never intended by the fathers of the constitution when it was written in 1834. It formed as a sort of common lobbying institution for the municipalities, to represent their interests in national politics. When the constitution was thoroughly reformed in 1939 provisions about the ZHK and the types of laws that needed its consent were codified, but to this day it is not recognised as a second chamber of parliament. After the great fire of 1984 and during the subsequent rebuilding of a part of the government quarter in Gankakuchō-Pang, a representative building was erected for the ZHK just north of the Chancellery.


The Chancellor (Gankakuchō) is the head of government. They are not elected by the people, instead after parliamentary elections the Jōbunhakke elects a Chancellor with a simply majority of its members. Usually, they are leader of the strongest political party in the new government. The Chancellor appoints the rest of the government, most importantly the ministers, by formally suggesting them to the President, who then has to appoint them. The Chancellor is traditionally the single most influential person in politics, since they define the guidelines of inner and foreign policy. Due to historical reasons, they come 3rd after the president and the president of the parliament in official state protocol. This also reflects in the location of the Chancellery (Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe), located in Pyingshum's Gankakuchō-Pang, which is less prominent than those of the presidential mansion or parliament.

The current incubent is 52 year-old Madelaén Sáku (MDK). She was first elected in 2016 and re-elected twice since then. She is the second woman to hold this office after Ushira Tsungmaéi (RK) from 2004 to 2008, and the first one not born a Kojolese citizen; her parents immigrated from Khaiwoon in 1973 when she was 5 years old.


A rather unique feature of the Kojolese political system is the emphasis on a strict border between the government and "The Administration" (Dáhano). The administration is often cited as the 4th division of power. While the executive branch such as the Chancellor and the Ministers are mostly focused on drafting laws and enacting policy in their respective fields, these policies are then executed by the various national, regional and municipal agencies. Although the various agencies are under the direct control of either the national or respective municipal government(s), they are said to exhibit a life on their own. The way policies are enacted in practicality is strongly shaped by the administration's own way of doing things.

Career paths in the administration usually start in municipal or regional agencies, with aspirants working their way up through the regional or national agencies. Very successful high school or university graduates are also sometimes recruited directly into higher ranks, especially after graduating from the prestigious and hard to get into School of Higher Administration (Kōkumin Ekól). It is estimated that among leadership positions in the regional and national administration (excluding the ministries themselves), ca. 70 % have worked up their way from entry-level positions, 25 % are Kōkumin Ekól graduates and only another 5 % are career changers who have worked outside of the administration for some time. Unlike in a lot of other democracies, the Kojolese constitution knows a number of cases where the passive suffrage is restricted: anyone employed in the national or regional administration cannot run for office in national elections for 5 years after their last day of employment, extending to 10 years for positions of leadership. Similarly, many municipalities also use their constitutional right to institute such regulations on a municipal level.

The following list only includes civil services provided by the national government and its regional embodiments. The municipal administration and their bottom-up counter parts on the regional levels (such as garbage, public order offices, schooling infrastructure, public transportation etc.) as well as agencies not classified as part of the executive (such as the parliament administration or institutions relating to the courts' self-management) are not included. The ministries oversee a lot of different agencies and services, to which they delegate most of the technical work and interaction with the public. Besides drafting laws, the ministries most importantly set policy guidelines for their subordinate agencies. On a regional level, all agencies and services by the national government are also coordinated by the respective region's Prefect, who is appointed by the Chancellor. They are mostly responsible for managing everyday operations, advising the central government on regional matters, coordinating the agencies among each other and with the municipalities administration, appointing important leadership roles, as well as disaster relief and representing the central government in their region.

The most common name for institutions with nation-wide scope of action is Kyanfā ("Agency"). Regional institutions under national directive are called Sháchu ("Service"). Agencies which oversee regional services are amended with the prefix "Central" (Zóngshinkyanfā), while Agencies with no oversight over the corresponding regional Services (because they are directly controlled by the ministry as well) usually bear the title "National" (Zággaikyanfā). The aforementioned naming scheme only applies to the administration under the directive of the national government. City departments or offices are usually called buéro, while agencies instituted on the regional level but operating under the directive of the respective region's municipalities are called uelfā. While most agencies and services are referred to using an abbreviation of their full name in everyday use, there are inconsistencies regarding their long-name variants. While some names include grammatical particles to emphasizes their respective grammatical function (Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā, lit. "Agency for Protecting the Constitution"), other names do not (Oetsōno Kyanfā, lit. "Migration Agency").

Schematic illustration of the usual naming conventions for agencies in the Kojolese national, municipal and regional administration as well as their relationships among each other.


  • Office of the Presidential bureau (Gozóngchō so Hyokyanfā, Pyingshum)
  • National Auditing Authority (Zággai Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā, Pyingshum)
  • Constitution Protection-Agency (Shínchopō sum shárukanyaesói so Kyanfā (SHSHK), Pyingshum)
  • Kojolese Central Bank (Kojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng, Pyingshum)
  • National Archive (Zággai Altífōwe, Pyingshum)
  • Chancellor (Gankakuchō, Pyingshum)
    • The Chancellery (Gankakuchō so Hyosilwe, Pyingshum)
    • Office of the Press Secretary
    • Officer of State for Digital Affairs
    • Officer of State for Relations with the Arkatsum Kingdom
    • 13 Prefects (Maekkyosil)
    • Ministry of the Interior (Būla so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Administrative Issues
      • Central Police Agency (Atóm'yi Zóngshinkyanfā, Duēkain)
        • 13 regional Police Departments
      • Central Criminal Prosecution Agency
      • 22 Police Academies
      • Customs Office
      • Agency for Digital Security
      • Agency for Meteorology
      • National Agency for Monument and Landscape Conservation
      • 13 regional Monument and Landscape Conservation Services
      • 15 regional Archives
      • Agency for Migration (Oetsōno Kyanfā, Kwaengdō)
      • National Agency for Civil Protection and Disaster Prevention
      • Agency for Technical Assistance
        • 11 regional Technical Relief Services
      • Central Agency for Spatial Planning, Mapping and Interregional Cooperation (Wamzudamolno, Nomshusói ko Mijidōdaeki Kyakkai Zóngshinkyanfā, Jaka)
        • 13 regional Spatial Planning Services
      • Agency for Volunteer Service (Kámpō Ashkan Kyanfā, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for National Elections (Zággaitsūn Kyanfā, Unzai)
    • Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Sotta so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Foreign Intelligence Agency (Dózai-Tokapparyuē so Kyanfā (DTK), Pyingshum)
      • Agency for the Promotion of Kojolese Culture and Language Abroad
      • Embassies of Kojo abroad
    • Ministry of Finance (Búkinmolno so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Financial Services Certification
      • National Agency for Taxation (Harkai nijúinde Zággaikyanfā, Hóshumsul)
      • 13 regional Taxation Services
        • xxx local collection offices (Búkinfā)
      • National Agency for Remuneration
      • 13 regional Remuneration Services
      • National Agency for National Asset Management
      • 13 regional Asset Management Services
    • Ministry of Defence (Fángri so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Kojolese Military (Kojo so Forsamé, Hittouel)
      • Military Counter-Intelligence Agency (Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā (FJK), Pyingshum)
      • 2 Universities of the Armed Forces (Forsamé so Ōnagara, Pyingshum and Jaka)
      • Agency for Acqusition
    • Ministry of Justice (Héngyi so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency of Justice (Héngyi so Kyanfā, Pyingshum)
      • Central Agency for Consumers' Rights
        • 13 regional Consumers' Rights Services
      • Public Prosecutor's Agency
        • 13 regional Public Prosecution Services
        • 12 regional Penitentiary and Resocialisation Services
    • Ministry of Labour, Social Issues and Sports (Gōzo, Myingsamolno ko Taigi so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Work (Ashkan Kyanfā, Púlmaerong)
      • Ribal Kecskés Institute for Transmissible Diseases (Ribal Kecskéskaso roenglanzáu Yokkae nijúinde, Pyingshum)
      • Central Agency for Public Health
        • 12 regional Public Health Services
      • Agency for Drug and Medical Services Certification
      • Agency for the Advancement of Competitive Sport (Mankaidaeki Taigi so Yaeshittehīchon lui Kyanfā, Jaka)
        • 7 regional athletes' contact bureaus
      • Agency for Workers' Protection
      • Oversight-Agency for the five obligatory insurance services (Hizo Akken sum Elpyaenfi-Kyanfā, Tinglyū)
      • Care Agency
      • Agency for Family
      • Anti-discrimination Agency
      • Central Agency for Youth
        • 13 regional Youth Services
        • Media Inspection Agency
    • Ministry of Economic Affairs and Trade (Kishamolno ko Jijiyaengmolno so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Patents and Trademarks
      • Agency for Statistics
      • Agency for Import and Export Monitoring (Jaka)
      • Cartell Agency
      • Agency for Food Safety
      • Agency for Caration and Standardisation
      • Agency for Mining and Pitmen
      • Agency for Professional Training
      • Agency for Funds Distribution and General Affairs
    • Ministry of Education, Innovation and Culture (Goakyan, Líno ko Tsungbon so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Public Health Education
      • Agency for Political Education
      • National Library (Zággai Besoegawan, Pyingshum)
      • 21 Central Libraries
      • 5 National Museums (Jōbun-Showugan, "People's Museum": two in Pyingshum (History, Art), one in XX (Science and Technology), XX (Sport) and Yoyomi (Geology))
      • National Agency for the Coordination of Vocational Training
      • 13 regional bureaus for the Coordination of Vocational Training
      • Agency for Pre-natal care, Daycare and Preschool
      • Agency for Primary and Secondary Schooling
      • Oversight-Agency for Higher Education
      • Central Agency for Archaeology
        • 13 regional Archaeology Services
      • National Agency for Conservation of the Intangible
      • 13 regional Services for Conservation of the Intangible
      • Agency for Material Acquisition and Distribution (Sowenlichidoemsol so Mishisói ko Otamishisói lui Kyanfā, Shīmau)
      • Kojolese Research Funding Society
    • Ministry of the Environment (Yultai so Naelnimyue, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Nuclear Safety and Disposal
      • National Agency for Environmental Research
      • 13 regional Environment and Sustainability Services
      • Central Agency for Woodlands, Ranching, Hunting and Firearms
        • 12 regional Forestry and Ranching Services
        • 12 regional Hunting Services
        • 59 regional Firearm Services
      • Central Veterinary and Animal Welfare Examination Agency
        • 38 regional Veterinary and Animal Welfare Examination Services
    • Ministry of Infrastructure, Communication and Energy (Hīshíbyaeng, Denching ko Uzam so Naelnimyue)
      • Aviation Agency (A'érosaē so Kyanfā, Pyingshum)
        • Lower Agency for Air Traffic Control "Kojocontrol" (Aensaē Ishkel Bangfā, Pyingshum)
        • Lower Agency for Aircraft, Aerodrome and Personnel Certification (Aenlai, A'éropō ko Rinin so Shataeiyusói Bangfā, Pyingshum)
      • Agency for Waterways and Shipfare (Hún'gō ko Champyonsaē Kyanfā, Kippa)
      • Agency for Roads (Michi Kyanfā, Kippa; research institution)
      • National Agency for Planning, Construction and Upkeep of Motorways
      • 12 Regional Road Planning, Construction and Upkeep Services
        • XX motorway maintenance facilities (Kōfogótsu Zoékasóijo)
      • Road Approving Agency (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Motor Vehicles Admission Board (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Agency for Railway Infrastructure and Operation (research institution)
      • Agency for Railway Certification (licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Kojo Railway Company (Kojo Hyengshō Sanan, non-licensed, private company owned by the government)
      • Agency for Signal Communication
      • Agency for Post Affairs
      • Agency for Energy Production, Subsidies and Emission Certificate Trade
        • Agency for dams and Hydroelectricity
      • Agency for the Power, Gas and Water Networks
      • Central Agency for Communication and Data Networks
        • 10 regional Data Networks Services
      • Agency for Passenger and Freight Transport (regulatory authority)

Municipal Level

The Kojolese constitution defines the scope of responsibility for the national government on one hand (handled by the agencies listed above), and the municipalities (surs and in the case of rural areas hibus and Pangs, each with their own respective administration) on the other. In general, laws and regulations are always enforced by the same level that also sets the relevant rules, with some exceptions (most notably devolved duties). The following list give an overview over the competences at the national and local:

Competences of the national level are constitutionally restricted to:
  • foreign relations
  • trade and customs
  • defence
  • law enforcement (police, corrective facilities)
  • secret services
  • judiciary (the courts)
  • civil, criminal, financial, administrative, labour and constitutional laws except some exemptions
  • social security and services (most of the execution devolved to municipalities)
  • education (school syllabus and teaching personnel, all higher education) and research
  • infrastructure of regional or higher importance (regional roads, railways without trams or metros, all ports and airports, power transmission lines, pipelines etc.)
  • national and regional spatial planning
  • preservation of areas, objects and customs of national significance
  • procedures of national elections
  • matters of national administration (municipal personnel, administrative buildings and infrastructure)

Competences of the municipal level (surs, hibus, pangs) encompass everything not assigned to the national government, commonly:

  • libraries, parks, sporting facilities, museums, swimming pools, cemeteries and other local amenities
  • day-care, kindergarten, vocational schooling and training
  • only buildings: schools, municipal courts
  • local roads and public transport
  • ordinances of public order (street music, gambling, drug use [not trade], outdoor advertising, cityscape)
  • office of public order (speeding/parking tickets, noise complaints, littering)
  • local spatial and urban planning
  • building permits
  • social housing
  • social non-monetary services (youth and family welfare, care for sick and elderly)
  • rental law
  • healthcare
  • promotion of local business, tourism etc.
  • fire fighting and local disaster relief
  • record keeping (domicile, marriages, property ownership, ID issuing (devolved), vehicle registration (devolved))
  • local power, water, and gas provisions, telecommunication networks
  • waste collection, cleaning
  • local preservation
  • culture and art
  • volunteer services
  • forestry, hunting, farming and environmental protection and services
  • procedures for local elections
  • execution of local and national elections
  • matters of local administration (municipal personnel, administrative buildings and infrastructure)
  • distribution of monetary social and employment services (devolved)
The national level can generate income through every mean not reserved to the local level, commonly:
  • all taxes not reserved for the local level
  • fees for national services
  • debt

The means the municipal level can generate income are constitutionally restricted to:

  • some taxes (immobile property, resource extraction, agriculture, additional sales taxes)
  • fees for local services (parking, transportation, waste collection, entrance fees, building permits...)
  • fixed allocations from the national level, usually proportional to local tax revenues or population
  • dynamic allocations from the national level: grants, funding programmes, etc.
  • debt

Municipalities' legal rights or obligations can be classified into one of three "classes of sovereignty". A municipality's right to set the rules regarding its own elections (within the democratic principles of the constitution) or veto a change to its boundaries are core principels of municipal sovereignty. No simple law passed at the national level, even if approved by the ZHK, can strip an individual municipality of such rights. The only, though quite hypothetical way to amend this would be a change to the constitution's definition of those core principles.

One step further down the line there are the (simple) constitutionally granted sovereignties. They for example include the types of taxes municipalities can levy or what areas of law and public order they can regulate. To make changes to such issues, a law must pass the Jōbunhakke with a simple majority and the ZHK with a dual majority (both majority of population and entities).

Lastly, there are laws that indirectly affect the municipal level (regulatory and/or financially), but do not infringe on their sovereignties. Those include laws that devolve administrative functions from the national government to the local governments, such as changes to the social welfare system which is in part carried out on the local level by the municipalities. Also, environmental laws that are enforced by municipalities or changes to education standards like requiring Wifi in school buildings would fall in this category. Besides a simple majority in the Jōbunhakke, such laws also need a popular majority in the ZHK (meaning that surs and hibus representing at least half of the Kojolese population approve).

Due to the fact that municipalities are autonomous in regard to their internal affairs, there is wide variety in the way they structure their administration and politics. For example, there is an unmanageable diversity of local electoral law, especially among smaller towns and villages. While every municipality is bound by the democratic principles laid out in the constitution, they are free as to how to embellish them. Among exceptionally small villages it is common to elect a mayor by a majority vote, sometimes with and sometimes without run-offs, and to not have a local council elected alongside. Places that do elect local councils do so using many different kinds of voting procedures, from systems using electoral districts and a first-pass-the-post-approach to mixed-member proportionate party lists systems with multiple transferable candidate and list votes per voter.

Regional Level

Kojo is a centralist state, with elections only taking place at the national and the municipal level. The intermediate regions ("Iki") form a stage for balance of interest and cooperation. The national government's (top-down) Iki-administration is headed by a prefect, who is sent by and represents the central government. The prefects execute the central government's policies in their respective regions and manage the regional services (Sháchu). In the numerous areas overlapping with the municipalities' jurisdiction, the prefect frequently serves as a local negotiator. They are also responsible for imminent relief in the case of catastrophes and are only allowed to leave their Iki when instructed to do so by the central government. On the local side, municipalities coordinate their efforts on the Iki-level bottom-up to voice their interests to the national government and seize synergies. The degree to which this happens varies from region to region: in some, a large regional bureaucracy controlled by the region's municipalities does a lot of everyday administrative tasks, such as transit planning, preservation or healthcare. In others, those matters are dealt with by each individual municipality and their common regional administration only facilitates voluntary coordination and lobbying. For an in-depth explanation, please refer to the main article: Administrative divisions of Kojo.

The following list contains all 13 regions in Kojo with their name, population, size, population density and cities above 100,000 inhabitants (Prefects' seats in bold).

Name of Iki Population Area km² (land) Pop. Density in./km² Largest cities OGF relation
Pyingshum-iki 12,169,000 11,954 1,018 Pyingshum, Kahyuemgúchi, Formajiá, Laófil, Maikulā border
Kyoélnain-iki 1,815,000 41,170 44 Busakyueng, Góhomi, Unzai, Makalasueng border
Cheryuman-iki xxx,xxx 5,884 xx Kwaengdō, Tsuyenji, Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.) border
Degyáhin-Kibaku Yuwantsūm-Shikime-iki xxx,xxx 10,025 xx Nároggul, Leshfyomi-sul border
Nainchok-iki 955,000 36,288 26 Toribiri, Chin-Jōrin, Shangmē border
Sappaér-iki 678,000 7,484 91 Geryong border
Fóskiman-iki 5,215,000 7,920 658 Finkyáse, Womenlū, Ántibes, Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.) border
Lainyerō-iki 3,105,000 104,755 30 Manlung, Oreppyo, Palda, Jippun, Kōnil border
Pacchipyan-iki 3,249,000 3,101 1,048 Jaka, Hetta, Ojufyeng border
Rō-iki 255,000 73 3,502.7 border
Wāfyeíkko-iki x,xxx,xxx 17,075 xx Yoyomi, Wenzū, Arákkanai, Toefyei border
Chin'yaku-iki 1,680,000 5,655 297 Tinglyū, Īme, Línai border
Gyoéng'guffe-iki 3,420,000 19,876 172 Kimelíngsan-shu, Tamrong, Kippa, Igilaē, Púlmaerong, Hóshumsul, Láoféi, Rajjihaim, Duēkain border


Constitutional Court court of last appeal regarding interpretation of the constitution
Shínchopō nijúinde Dattarān
The Five National Courts courts of last appeal für ordinary, finance, labour, social and administrative jurisdiction
Hizo Dattarān
Regional Courts revisionary courts for all cases in their respective Iki
Municipal Courts entry courts for all but extraordinary cases, one per sur or hibu, sometimes with branch offices
District Courts Pyingshum and Finkyáse only, one per Dengshō, in minor cases, replace Municipal Courts

The courts form the judiciary and are independent. The supreme court and two of five courts of last appeal are situated in the city of Igilaē, with the other three national courts also situated in cities other than the capital Pyingshum, in order to physically represent the independence of the Judiciary from the other branches of government.

The constitutional court (Shínchopō nijúinde Dattarān, lit. "Supreme court about the constitution", situated in Igilaē) has the last say in all controversies over the constitution. The other courts of last appeal are all responsible for a distinct area of law and can be appealed to by anyone on any legal dispute after going through the lower stages in the court hierarchy. These so called national courts are:

  • Tsōbolakān nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of ordinary jurisdiction; usually concerned with issues of civil or criminal law; Finkyáse
  • Búkinmolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of financial jurisdiction; concerned with taxation, customs and public finances; Igilaē; not to be confused with the central auditing authority (Búkinshutugēl Sanzyofā) in Pyingshum
  • Gōzomolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of labour jurisdiction; Igilaē
  • Myingsamolno nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of social jurisdiction; Tinglyū
  • Tōyo nijúinde Dattarān; supreme court of administrative jurisdiction; concerned with legal disputes over administrative acts, usually between citizens and the state or between different agencies; Láoféi

The lower courts are organised on a regional (Gōsaeidaran) and municipal (Munchipaldaran) level. In the two biggest cities, Pyingshum and Finkyáse, cases of civil law or other (minor) cases can be dealt with at even more local district courts (Shottarān) instead of the municipal court. However, if the court's ruling is appealed, the case then advances to the regional court and is not again heard at the municipal court.


Military expenditure accounts for 2.6 % of the country's GDP. It includes the army (Bánakin), the air force (Óduekin) and the navy (Paushil). Other subdivisions and associated agencies include the medical service, the military counter-intelligence service (Fanglyué-Jōto so Kyanfā, "FJK"), a cyber unit, strategical planning offices and more. The entirety of the armed forces are called "Kojo so Forsamé".

The Bánakin (army) consists of about 35,000 soldiers, which are organised in 52 squadrons called Zóngkai. One or several squadrons are stationed at one of 30 bases (called Kázen), not including small non-military offices for administrative purposes.

The Óduekin (air force) employs around 15,000 soldiers, organized in four tactical units, two transport units (with the one stationed in Pyingshum also having a sub-unit dedicated to government flights), two helicopter units, two ground-based air defence units and two training units. Those units are called pyoéton and are usually stationed on bases adjacent to purely military or mixed-use airports.

About 8,000 soldiers serving in the Paushil (marine) secure Kojolese territorial waters and borders. Custom and sea rescue operations are carried out by different entities. The four marine bases are called Pautang (an otherwise archaic word for harbour) and located in Zúkshi (Cheryuman h.), Jaka, Arákkanai, and PH near Zúkshi (Fóskiman h.).


Kojo flag ddtuga.png
Seal Kojo screenshot.svg

The Kojolese flag has been the national symbol since the democratic revolution in 1834. It features a blue, gold, and green horizontal stripe separated by white. They stand for the three landscapes "water/coast", "crops/farmland", and "forest/mountains". On the left they are covered by a red zig-zag-bar. This symbolised the bloodshed during the civil war, with battle banners after the fight having been spilled by the blood of both the defeated establishment and the victorious revolutionist. It's used for all types of official and informal purposes, representing the Kojolese nation.

The state seal in its pure form is used exclusively for representative purposes in the name of the whole nation. This includes use on monuments, special awards, or international treaties. The President, Chancellor, and Parliament carry variations of the state seal which are used for important formal acts of those offices instead of the respective office holder's signature (e.g. appointing ministers, requesting dissolution of parliament, or passing laws). Furthermore, the symbolism of the duck with pen and hammer is also taken up in the logos of those three and most other national agencies. The state seal's symbolism dates back to the mid 19th century. The pen and the hammer symbolise the righteousness and wisdom of the intellectual proponents and the industrious and determined working class behind the revolution and democracy respectively. The duck was choosen as the Kojolese national animal due to its multi-talented use in agriculture, such as controlling pests, laying eggs, and providing meat and feathers, as well as its humble and balanced character. This and the national motto "By the People, for the People" differentiate the self-proclaimed commoners-oriented Kojolese Republic from the self-centered and wasteful Kojolese Monarchy. Since the 1960s, the duck as the national animal has also taken on a slightly humorous note, especially when used as a mascot in visual media or sports.

The Ikis, Kojo's regions, are explicitly barred from using emblems, since all sovereignty in Kojo is vested in either the national or the municipal level. At the municipal level, rural Pangs, Hibus and Surs are entitled to carrying a flag, seal, or other emblems of their liking, which most (but not all) do in varying forms. Those emblems usually carry a lot of historic regional symbolism in them.


Ground Transportation - The Noun Project.svg
Infrastructure of Kojo
Driving sideRight
• Passing sideRight
• ElectrificationVaries
Telephone code+388
Internet TLD.ko

Key Data

At 3.5 trips per day and person, Kojo has a comparatively high average mobility rate. Reasons include high female employment, age distribution and high division of labour. The average length of a commute from home to work is 11.7 km. At 410 passenger cars per 1,000 inhabitants, car ownership in Kojo is lower than in other similarly developed countries. Mode share, that is the share of trips (not traffic volume) undertaken via a specific mode, varies strongly depending on urbanisation and other local factors.

Spatial Planning

Spatial planning encompasses two related tasks: to ensure a spatially comprehensive yet economical supply with public and private goods (from grocery stores over courts to department stores and major hospitals), and to plan the transportation network accordingly. In Kojo, spatial planning is carried out on the national level by the central government, and by the hibus and surs in cooperation with central government on the regional level.

It is based on the Central Place Theory which categorises settlements into four categories. This categorisation does not say anything about the political status of a settlement, but defines spatial planning goals about what kinds of goods and services should be available in that place. In a second step, there are nationally and regionally defined minimum accessibility thresholds, stating that from any inhabited place, one should be able to reach the nearest place of a given category in a set amount of time. Infrastructure is then planned accordingly. This process is under regular revision, with either transportation links being improved or, if deemed more feasible, placed being recategorised into higher categories to serve an underserved area. The four categories are:

  • International Node (Mijizággai Noé): Metropolises that connect the region or nation to the international economy. In Kojo, only Pyingshum, Finkyáse, Kippa, Jaka, and Yoyomi fall into this category. Airfare infrastructure is concentrated on these cities, as well as international organisations or highly specialised service industries such as consulting.
  • Higher Center (Hangshin): Cities that cover periodic needs, which includes amenities such as: cinema, large department store, hospital, a representation of the regional authority, theatre, higher education.
  • Basic Center (Sōshin): Covers all necessities of everyday life. This includes for example: comprehensive options for grocery and some retail shopping, post office, bank, representation of the local authority (registering a car, collecting social benefits etc.), police station, local court, library, primary and middle schools, basic medical care.
  • Phone Box (Denkan): Covers the basic necessities of everyday life. The name dates back to the early days of the telephone, when the government aimed to ensure that everyone should be able to reach a public telephone in the next village by bicycle. While those are now rendered obsolete by new technologies, Phone Box-Places still need to provide residents with a post box, a small shop to purchase the most basic food items and a bus stop served at least once daily.


The road network is hierarchical, with the different types of roads indicating different design standards as well as which layer of government is responsible.

Class Naming Jurisdiction Link function Design standard and access Mapping Image
Gimbye Kōfogótsu
(lit. Gimbye Highclass road)
G ### National Agency for Planning, Construction and Upkeep of Motorways (national funding) Long-distance At least two lanes per direction with structural center-barrier. Grade-separate. Tolled with some exceptions. 120 km/h, local and temporal restrictions might apply. Red for three or more lanes per direction (motorway)

Dark orange for two lanes per direction (trunk)

Bundesautobahn 3.jpg
Other National Roads
Dōdaeki Zóngtsūfogótsu
(lit. Regional main through road)
D ### 12 Regional Road Planning, Construction and Upkeep Services (national funding) Interregional At least one wide lane per direction. 50/70/100 km/h. Can exhibit motorway-like design features on heavily used sections. Orange (primary)
Bundesstraße 20 bei Parkstetten.jpg
Regional Roads
Dōdaeki Tsūfogótsu
(lit. Regional through road)
I ###
numbers unique only in each region
Road Agency of the respective Iki (aggregate municipal funding) Regional At least one wide lane per direction. 50/70/100 km/h. In rare cases exhibits motorway-like design features on heavily used sections. Yellow (secondary)
L23 in Temmen-Ringenwalde 2021-05-29 04.jpg
District Roads
Hibu so Tsūfogótsu
(lit. District through road)
H ###, S ###
numbers unique only in each Hibu/Sur
Road Agency of the respective Hibu/Sur (municipal funding) Link between or through settlements At least one lane per direction. 30/50/70/100 km/h. White, bold (tertiary)
Kreisstraße EI 21 Haunstetten-Kinding.jpg
Municipal Streets Differs by municipality Road Agency of the respective Pang (in Hibus, unless dependent Pang), Sur (in Surs) or Dengshō (in Pyingshum and Finkyáse) (municipal funding) Access to adjunctive lots, no link function Must be passable. 10/30/50/70 km/h. White (unclassified)
Dorfstraße (Bederwitz) (4).JPG

Motorways (G) are numbered with single, double or three digits. The numbering system is as follows:

  • Single digits
    • 1 - 9: main motorways for very long distance travel
  • Double digits
    • 11 - 19: shorter motorways in Pyingshum region
    • 20 - 39: additional important long-distance motorways leading towards Pyingshum
    • 40 - 59: additional important long-distance motorways not leading towards Pyingshum
    • 60 - 69: shorter motorways in the center and south
    • 70 - 79: shorter motorways in the west
    • 80 - 89: shorter motorways in the east
    • 91 - 99: short motorways leading inside the Pyingshum inner belt motorway
  • Three digits
    • 100: Pyingshum inner belt motorway
    • 101 - 189: more shorter motorways in Pyingshum region
    • 600 - 689: more shorter motorways in the center and south
    • 700 - 789: more shorter motorways in the west
    • 800 - 889: more shorter motorways in the east
    • 900 - 989: special (as of now, only airport loops)
    • X90 - X99: disconnected sections of a main motorway starting with X


Kojo has a dense and highly utilised railway network with a wide range of passenger rail services and freight operations. They are for the most part operated by Kojo Hyengshō Sanan ("Kojo Railway Company", KHS), a state-owned company. Around 80 % of track-kilometres are electrified. With few exceptions such as mountain railways, railways operate on standard gauge.

Name Fare Stopping Pattern Maximum Speed


Demand-responsive Only calls at major cities (usually at least 100,000 inhabitants). Some Sprinter-services offer non-stop connections between major metropolises, skipping even more intermediate stops. 280/300/320 km/h on dedicated tracks, depending on rolling stock


Calls at major cities and regional centers. 200/250 km/h on dedicated tracks, depending on rolling stock, often lower on tracks shared with freight and regional trains
Kūyú-chegicha Papáchē

(Regional Rail Express, KCP)

Local transit pricing scheme Only calls at large towns and the most important stations in major cities. 160/200 km/h in some exceptions, 250 km/h when using IC tracks
Kūyú-chegicha Soémipapáchē

(Regional Rail Semi-Express, KCS)

KC-like stopping pattern on one and KCP-like stopping pattern on the other part of its route. Usually used in the commuter belt of large cities. 120/160 km/h, lower on curvy sections

(Regional Rail, KC)

Calls at every stop. 120 km/h, lower on curvy sections

IC & CC Services

IC CC2b.png
IC CC2 frequ.png
Train No. Terminus via Terminus t/d, dir. Rolling stock Notes
12xxx Pyingshum ADC Kippa ZC, Láoféi IC, Kimelíngsan-shu Jaka 7 (5+5)
13xxx Pyingshum ADC Kippa ZC Jaka 8 (5S+5)
14xxx Pyingshum ADC Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Kippa-Púlmaerong Tamrong 8 (3)
15xxx Pyingshum ADC Leshyomi-sul, Kippa ZC, Láoféi IC, Kimelíngsan-shu Jaka 9 (5+5), (3)
18xxx Pyingshum ADC Kippa ZC Ojufyeng 4 (4+4)
16xxx Pyingshum ADC Kippa ZC, Hetta, Womenlū-S. Finkyáse 11 (5S+4)
17xxx Pyingshum ADC Kahyuemgúchi, Leshfyomi-sul, Kippa ZC, Láoféi IC, Hetta, Womenlū-S., Finkyáse Ántibes 10 (4+4)
20xxx Pyingshum ADC Finkyáse, (Ántibes,) -UL30a- 24 (5S+5S) GoldStar
22xxx Pyingshum ADC - Finkyáse 8 (5S+5)
23xxx Pyingshum ADC - Womenlū ZC 6 (5+5)
24xxx Pyingshum ADC Kahyuemgúchi, Nároggul-T. B., Igilaē, Womenlū-S., (Zúkshi (F. h.),) Finkyáse Ántibes 15 (4+4)
29xxx Pyingshum ADC Womenlū-S., Zúkshi (F. h.), Finkyáse, Ántibes 6 (3) spring and autumn holiday
31xxx Pyingshum KDC - Yoyomi 24 (5S+5)
33xxx Pyingshum KDC Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.), Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 8 (5S+5)
34xxx Pyingshum KDC Formajiá IC, (Tinglyū,) Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.) Kwaengdō 17 (4+4)
39xxx Pyingshum KDC Tinglyū, Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.), Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 4 (3) spring and autumn holiday
41xxx Pyingshum KDC Formajiá IC, Wenzū, Toefyei Arákkanai 19 (3)
50xxx Pyingshum KDC Tinglyū, Namgyeong/남경, Jungpo/중포부, Nagareki/沼浦, Reilusahna/清浦, (Shirukami/荒釜,) (Sahnajima/灣湧) Sainðaul/作安崎 18 (5S+5S) Minarajaki
51xxx Pyingshum KDC Formajiá IC, Tinglyū, Īme, Kyungwelsul (b. h.), PH/…, PH/… Namgyeong/남경 16 (5S+5) Minarajaki
60xxx -UL30a- Finkyáse, Jaka, Yoyomi, Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 8 (5S+5)
61xxx -UL30a- (Ántibes,) Finkyáse, Jaka Yoyomi 8 (5S+5S)
63xxx Ántibes Finkyáse, Zúkshi (F. h.), Womenlū-S., Hetta, Jaka, Ojufyeng, Arákkanai, Kari, YYM, Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.) Kwaengdō 6 (4+4)
64xxx Finkyáse Womenlū-S., Hetta, Jaka, Arákkanai, YYM, Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.) Kwaengdō 6 (4+4)
69xxx -UL30a- Ántibes, Finkyáse, (Zúkshi (F. h.),) Womenlū-S., Hetta, Jaka, Arákkanai, YYM, Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.), Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 6 (4+4) spring and autumn holiday
71xxx Ántibes Finkyáse, (Zúkshi (F. h.),) Womenlū-S., (Igilaē,) Nároggul-T. B., Leshfyomi-sul, PSM, Formajiá IC, (Tinglyū,) Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.), Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 21 (4+4)
73xxx Finkyáse Zúkshi (F. h.), Womenlū-S., Nároggul-T. B.,Leshfyomi-sul, PSM, Formajiá IC, Tinglyū, Yoyomi, Zúkshi (c. h.), Kwaengdō Tsuyenji 6 (4+4) spring and autumn holiday
80xxx Pyingshum KDC Buskyueng L., Góhomi -Pyeokchin- 8; 16 (5S+5); (3) winter holidays
81xxx Pyingshum KDC Buskyueng L., Doikku Góhomi 6; 12 (5S+5); (2N) winter holidays
86xxx Pyingshum KDC - Busakyueng ZC 18 (4+4)
91xxx Pyingshum LDC Oreppyo, Kōnil Manlung 18 (3)
()=some trains, italic = extra seasonal services/trains/carriages
CC Services
Train No. Terminus via Terminus t/d, dir. Rolling stock Notes
170xx Oreppyo Nároggul ZC, Púlmaerong, Wenzū Yoyomi 9 (2N+2N)
180xx Oreppyo Nároggul ZC, Kippa, (Wenzū) Yoyomi 15 (2N+2N)
260xx Unzai Línai, Īme, Tinglyū, Wenzū, Toefyei, Pītom, Kimelíngsan-shu Jaka 12 (2N)
330xx Pyingshum LDC Toribiri, -UL31a-, -Samane- -Luthesia- 17 Samane rolling stock
340xx Pyingshum LDC Pyingshum Z.-F., Toribiri, -UL31a-, -Samane- -Luthesia- 2 Samane rolling stock Night train
360xx Pyingshum LDC Pyingshum Z.-F. Toribiri 2; 5 (2N); (2N+2N) winter holidays
370xx Kippa-A. Kippa ZC, Kippa-P., Kimaéchul, Sújoshí, Pyingshum Z.-F. Toribiri 2; 5 (2N+2N); (3) winter holidays
550xx Geryong Manlung, Jippun, Rosshi. (H. h.) Finkyáse 18 (2N)
560xx Pyingshum KDC Pyingshum D. H., Tarappel-Finglyúson Línai 6 (2N)
750xx Busakyueng ZC Tarappel-Finglyúson, Formajiá ZC, Formajiá IC, PSM, Kimaéchul, Kippa-P., Kippa ZC Kippa-A. 18 (2N)
770xx Pyingshum LDC Pyingshum Z.-F., Chin-Jōrin Shangmē 14 (2N)
780xx Kippa-A. Kippa ZC, Kippa-P., Kimaéchul, Sújoshí, Pyingshum Z.-F., Chin-Jōrin Shangmē 4 (2N)
870xx Pyingshum KDC Pyingshum K.-K., Makalasueng, Tsumani, Busakyueng L. Unzai 10 (2N)
900xx Pyingshum LDC (Pyingshum L. H.,) Oreppyo, (Palda,) Geryong -UL30a- 13 (3)
910xx Pyingshum LDC Pyingshum L. H., Oreppyo, Palda Geryong 11 (3)
()=some trains, italic = extra seasonal services/trains/carriages

IC & CC Rolling Stock

KHS employs the binationally manufactured THC trains (Ataraxian: Train à Haute Célérité, Kojolese: Tōsoryokku Huwochē, lit. "high-speed liner") for its long-distance services. They are produced by the Atarxian-Kojolese manufacturer CAR. The first train model, the THC 1, was built between 1977 and 1987, but no models remain in use today.

Nr. Year Length Seats (single set) v_max
In use Notes
2 1989 200 m 386
1st 111, 2nd 275
220 10 unrefurbished, only backup
2 N 2005 200 m 402
1st 81, 2nd 321
250 34 refurbished, used for CC services
3 1995 289 m 669
181, 2nd 488
320 20 no double traction possible
4 2006 200 m 510
1st 100, 2nd 410
300 63 higher capacity
5 2016 200 m 446
1st 106, 2nd 340
320 35 higher comfort
5S 2016 200 m 404
S 18, 1st 82, 2nd 304
320 54 Trains with superior class


Domestic air traffic plays only a minor role in Kojo's transportation system due to the country's size and an attractive road and rail infrastructure. The majority of domestic flights serve as feeder flights for onward international travel. The majority of international air traffic goes through one of the four national airports in Pyingshum, Finkyáse, Jaka and Yoyomi. These airports receive funding from the national government for capital investments, expressing their strategic importance to the nation's international connectivity. The Kime-Yuwan region is the only agglomeration designated as an "international node" in spatial planning whose airport is not classified as a national airport. Its airport, like the other regional airports, are exclusively financed by the ikis and municipalities to boost local competitiveness. In total, Kojolese national and regional airports served 104 million passengers (departing and landing, domestic passengers counted twice) and handled 869,000 aircraft movements in 2019. Besides the four national and eight regional airports there are a large number of small airfields used for leisure (lózipō) or sporadic business flights.

City(s) Code PAX (million passengers) Freight (thousand tonnes) Flight mov. Runways Gates Location Notes
Pyingshum PSM 67.3 2,200 489,000 4 165 (94 bridge, 71 bus) Map Largest passenger and freight volume
Finkyáse FIN 10.8 340 92,000 2 48 (37 bridge, 11 bus) Map
Jaka JAK 7.1 670 87,000 2 32 (TBM) Map
Yoyomi YYM 6.7 310 71,000 3 33 (23 bridge, 10 bus) Map
Púlmaerong, Kippa, Duēkain KIM 3.0 200 38,000 1 18 (8 bridge, 10 bus) Map Focus on LCC and holiday flights
Busakyueng 1.5 2 18,000 1
Kwaengdō 1.4 4 17,000 1
Womenlū 1.1 0 14,000 1
Toribiri 0.9 2 14,000 1
Manlung 0.9 4 12,000 1
Wenzū 0.6 22 8,000 1
Oreppyo 0.4 0 6,000 1
Pyingshum (Longte Puechaésa) 0.07 2 33,000 1 - Map Mostly charter flights

KojAir is the largest airline operating in Kojo, and the only native airline of the country. As of 2021, it is the only operator of scheduled domestic flights in Kojo. Pyingshum International Airport is the airline's hub, most long-haul flights depart here. KojAir is a founding member of the OneSky airline alliance.


With an extensive coastline of almost 1,000 km and numerous natural and artificial inland waterways, shipping is an integral part of Kojo's transportation network. The nation's largest port in Jaka connects the country's manufacturing industry to the global economy. The largest river, Kime, allows for easy distribution of heavy goods to, from and among the industrial regions. Since the late 19th century, a number of artificial canals connects the Kime river system to Kojo's second largest river system in the east, allowing for continous inland shipping without transfer to seagoing vessels.

Passenger ferries most significantly serve as an inexpensive mean to cross the Sound of Pa to neighbouring countries especially for travellers with cars. Besides that, there are a number of both leisure and conventional ferry services on large rivers and lakes. For cruise ships, refer to Kojo#Tourism.

Public Transit


main article: Pyingshum#Public_Transit





YYM groß mergedlines.svg


Q159810 noun 509351 ccParkjisun economy.svg
Economy of Kojo
Social market economy
CurrencyZubi (Z)
Monetary authorityKojo Zóngshin-weibyaeng
GDP (PPP)2021 estimate
• Total$2.3 trillion
• Per capita$57,850
HDI (2020)Decrease 0.903
very high
Principal exportsServices, manufactures goods, niche agricultural products
Principal importsElectronics, oil, machinery
Industries and sectors

Key Data

Kojo has a diversified market economy. The nation's GDP amounts to a total of 2,314,375,000,000 Int$, 57,850 Int$ per capita (PPP, 2021). Its main exports are services, manufactured goods, especially a comparatively small array of highly specialised high-tech niche products, as well as a subset of high-value agricultural products. The primary, secondary and tertiary sector each contribute 1.1 %, 26.6 % and 72.3 % to the economy.

The median income across Kojo is relatively even. Outliers to the top are the capital Pyingshum, Fóskiman-iki around Finkyáse with a very developed service industry and Pacchipyan-iki around the harbour city of Jaka. On the other end, the former industrial heart of the nation, Kippa, is still recovering from far-reaching structural change, and rural areas such as Lainyerō-iki and Degyáhin-iki can be found at the bottom of the table as well because these regions lack large urban centres of over-regional significance. Differences in cost of living readjust these differences to a small degree.

While income is spread relatively even compared to other developed countries (Gini-coefficient: 0.26), wealth is more concentrated (Gini-coefficient: 0.88). There are several reasons for this: the pension entitlements of the pay-as-you-go public pension systems is not accounted for as an individual's asset, a compartively low home-ownership rate (44 %), and a number of long-established wealthy industrialist families who were able to grow their fortunes in part over several centuries. The country's wealthiest family by far is the Dencho family, who all together hold 67 % of shares of Dento, the nation's most highly valued company. Seven members of the family occupy position 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 7 and 9 of the list of the richest people in Kojo.


The national currency is called "Zubi". There is no further subdivision of the Zubi into a smaller unit. The following tables show all denominations, whether it is a coin or a paper bill, what it portrays on the back and front and what these images are supposed to represent:

Value Form Front Back
1 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
2 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
5 Coin Only number for the value Small tree
10 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
20 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
50 Coin Number with Globe in the background, cosmopolitanism National coat of arms, patriotism
100 Bill Arc of Unity (Dyenféi Kō) in Pyingshum, unity Scene of Mountains in the background with a river meandering to the foreground, resembling the diversity in Kojo's landscapes (mountains, rivers, semi-desert, forest, farmland, coast)
200 Bill Kids in a Kindergarten, pupils in a classroom, students in a lecture, education Elderly resting in a garden, helping some adults with planting, being cared for, respect for the elderly
500 Bill Soldiers in a battlefield, war Wide landscape with villages scattered across; people come together to celebrate, peace
1,000 Bill Ancient cave drawings showing stone tools from the stone age, history Stylised scientific instruments, progress
5,000 Bill King Surb Rēkku, unifier of the country, with his wife "the vein princess" Chihaya Nabun'ga from UL30c, international influence Map of Kojo, unity and sovereignty
10,000 Bill Symbolic group of people, standing for the people's uprising in 1834 and the democratic revolution, democracy The original copy of the constitution, with key words in large print, core values and constitutionality

The current exchange rate is 1 Zubi = 0.0435 Int$, 1 Int$ = 23 Z.

Primary Sector

The flat, irrigated croplands in the east of the country allow for intense and almost year-round agriculture. The western part in turn is mostly used for extensive pasture farming. The mountains in the north and east are used for forestry. While fishery takes place along the whole coastline, the eastern region of Cheryuman-iki accounts for about 40 % of catch volume and 60 % of catch value due to the nutrition-rich waters and some high-value seafoods found in the area such as lobsters and oysters.

The mining industry consists of two major branches: in central Kojo, coalfields have played an important role in the country's industrialisation. Despite growing environmental concerns, competition from oversea markets and reserves running out over the last decades,a handful of coal mines is still active, mostly open pits providing coal for power plants and industrial applications. In the mountainous areas, especially between Busakyueng and Línai, several metal ores and other minerals have been mined since centuries and continue to be so. In terms of fossile fuels, rare metals and earths and other minerals, Kojo is dependent on imports.

Secondary Sector

Kojo's manufacturing sector is slightly stronger than in most other highly developed countries, yet still far less pronounced than the tertiary sector. Besides construction, vehicles and machinery, chemicals and pharmaceutics as well as food products are the most important industries. A number of niche products where Kojolese companies are among the world's leading are especially relevant for exports, such as capital goods, high-value household appliances and bio-technical products.

Tertiary Sector

The service sector is the largest employer and contributor to the nation's GDP. Public services such as schools, health, administration, police etc. combined make up the largest portion in terms of employment and value added, followed by trade/transport/hospitality, corporate services, research and development, and real estate. Especially in terms of digital and cultural services such as media, Kojo is a net importer. In finance and tourism, imports and exports break roughly even, with large sums of money flowing both in and out of the country due to its strong global integration. In corporate services such as consulting and training, but also in research and development, Kojo shows a strong export surplus.


Final Energy Consumption - Overview

FEC by medium per year
Medium Total [PJ] Rel. [%] Per capita
Electricity (all sources) 1144.22 34.7
Coal (non-electric) 130.58 4.0
Gas (non-electric) 705.54 21.4
Oil (non-electric) 637.15 19.3
Renewable (non-electric) 311.94 9.5
Long-distance heating 349.22 10.6
Sum 3,278.65 100.0 82.5 GJ
FEC by source per year
Category Subcategory Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Renewable Biomass/-fuel 245.65 7.6
Hydroelectric 39.87 1.2
Solar 191.09 5.9
Geothermal 98.55 3.0
Wind 331.56 10.2
Nuclear - 183.08 5.6
Fossil Coal 331.96 10.2
Gas 827.98 25.5
Oil 650.88 20.0
Long-distance heating - 349.22 10.7
Sum 3,278.65 100.0
FEC by sector per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Industry 1168.20 35.4
Household 693.00 21.0
Commerce&Services 762.30 23.1
Transportation 676.50 20.5
Sum 3,278.65 100.0

Final Energy Consumption - Medium per Sector

FEC of Industry by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Electricity (all sources) 438.08 37.5
Coal (non-electric) 128.50 11.0
Gas (non-electric) 389.01 33.3
Oil (non-electric) 17.52 1.5
Renewable (non-electric) 67.76 5.8
Long-distance heating 103.97 8.9
Sum 1,168.20 100.0
FEC of Households by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Electricity (all sources) 205.13 29.6
Coal (non-electric) 2.08 0.3
Gas (non-electric) 160.78 23.2
Oil (non-electric) 90.78 13.1
Renewable (non-electric) 125.43 18.1
Long-distance heating 108.80 15.7
Sum 693.00 100.0
FEC of Commerce&Services by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Electricity (all sources) 304.16 39.9
Coal (non-electric) 0.00 0.0
Gas (non-electric) 151.70 19.9
Oil (non-electric) 100.62 13.2
Renewable (non-electric) 69.37 9.1
Long-distance heating 136.45 17.9
Sum 762,30 100.0
FEC of Transportation by medium per year
Sector Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Electricity (all sources) 196.86 29.1
Coal (non-electric) 0.00 0.0
Gas (non-electric) 4.06 0.6
Oil (non-electric) 428.22 63.3
Renewable (non-electric) 49.38 7.3
Sum 676.5 100.0
Electricity Production by source per year
Category Subcategory Abs. [PJ] Rel. [%]
Renewable Biomass 93.83 8.2
Hydroelectric 26.32 2.3
Solar 191.09 16.7
Geothermal 1.14 0.1
Wind 311.23 27.2
Nuclear Nuclear 183.08 16.0
Fossil Coal 201.38 17.6
Gas 122.43 10.7
Oil 13.73 1.2
Sum 1,144.22 100.0

Power Plants (Electricity)

List of all offshore wind parks and all onshore wind parks over 50 MW installed power:

Name Installed Power (MW) N. of Turbines Off/Onshore
PH 1700 221 Offshore
PH 1520 196 Offshore
PH 1360 169 Offshore
PH 1350 178 Offshore
PH 880 126 Offshore
PH 880 126 Offshore
PH 620 86 Offshore
PH 570 79 Offshore
PH 490 70 Offshore
PH 400 59 Offshore
PH 400 63 Offshore
PH 390 55 Offshore
PH 340 56 Offshore
PH 330 54 Offshore
PH 330 54 Offshore
PH 330 61 Offshore
PH 320 52 Offshore
PH 300 50 Offshore
PH 290 51 Offshore
PH 280 46 Offshore
PH 280 40 Offshore
PH 270 42 Offshore
PH 270 41 Offshore
PH 210 38 Offshore
PH 190 38 Offshore
PH 180 37 Offshore
PH 170 31 Offshore
PH 150 40 Offshore
PH 150 35 Offshore
PH 120 26 Offshore
PH 90 40 Offshore
PH 90 29 Offshore
PH 50 28 Offshore
PH 45 15 Offshore
PH 30 10 Offshore
PH 210 62 Onshore
PH 200 101 Onshore
PH 160 52 Onshore
PH 120 71 Onshore
PH 110 52 Onshore
PH 100 60 Onshore
PH 90 34 Onshore
PH 90 68 Onshore
PH 80 33 Onshore
PH 80 62 Onshore
PH 80 30 Onshore
PH 70 68 Onshore
PH 70 56 Onshore
PH 70 41 Onshore
PH 70 50 Onshore
PH 70 29 Onshore
PH 60 39 Onshore
PH 60 28 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 26 Onshore
PH 60 59 Onshore
PH 50 20 Onshore
PH 50 42 Onshore
PH 50 37 Onshore
PH 50 32 Onshore
PH 50 19 Onshore
PH 50 18 Onshore
PH 50 52 Onshore
various <50 MW 19746 - Onshore

List of all coal power plants:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 1080
PH 960
PH1a 880
PH1b 880
PH 850
PH4b 800
PH 760
PH2a 750
PH 710
PH4a 700
PH 680
PH 630
PH 610
PH 600
PH 520
PH 520
PH2b 500
PH2c 500
PH 480
PH 450
PH 410
PH 360
PH 350
PH3a 350
PH3b 350
PH 340
PH 300
PH 260
PH 220
PH 110
PH 50
PH 50
PH 40

List of all nuclear power plants:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH1a 1410
PH1b 1410
PH 1250
PH3a 1200
PH 1130
PH2b 1100
PH3b 1100
PH2a 1100

List of all gas power plants over 100 MW installed Power:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 1030
PH 960
PH 890
PH 840
PH 590
PH 590
PH 560
PH 500
PH 440
PH 440
PH 430
PH 430
PH 420
PH 420
PH 410
PH 410
PH 400
PH 360
PH 360
PH 350
PH 340
PH 290
PH 230
PH 200
PH 160
PH 160
PH 140
PH 140
PH 140
PH 120
PH 120
PH 120
PH 120
PH 110
PH 110
PH 100
various <100 MW 1700

List of all oil power plants over 100 MW installed Power:

Name Installed Power (MW)
PH 360
PH 280
PH 280
PH 160
PH 120
various <100 MW 230


Due to a wide variety of landscapes and cities, Kojo attracts numerous tourists from abroad and the country itself. In 2019, a total of 24 million travellers from abroad visited Kojo. They spent an average of 3.4 nights per visit, amounting to 81.6 million overnight stays. International travellers spent a total of 125.66 billion Int$, or 1,540 Int$ on average per night and guest (the average is inflated by a small number of affluent visitors who purchase expensive luxury and consumer products). An international traveller is defined as someone coming from abroad who stays for at least one night. Kojolese nationals undertook 189 million travels in total, 85 % of which (161 million) where inside the nation. On each inland trip they spent on average 4.4 nights away from home, or 707 million overnight stays in total. The difference to international visitors is largely due to the fact that a large portion of the national travel is leisure holiday; most national business travellers return home on the same day. On the other hand, international guests have a high share of business travellers staying only one or two nights, or city tourists that also stay only a handful of nights.

There are four distinct holiday seasons arising from the country's climate. From late March to mid June, medium temperatures and little rainfall means agreeable conditions for beach vacations on the western and eastern coast or city trips. Due to this and a five week school holiday, this is the busiest holiday season. During the hot and humid summer from mid June to late August, especially city dwellers will often go on short hiking retreats in the north, where humidity is lower, or to the western coast, where the ocean offers some cooling and the rainy season is not very strong. September, October, and November largely mirror the conditions during the spring and are hence also popular for beach vacations on either coast or general travel. During the winter months from December to February, temperatures are chilly throughout most of the country. Of the little travel that still takes place, most is concentrated on a few expensive skiing resort towns in the far north.

Education and Research


Schooling career for pupils in Kojo

In total, there are around 4,150,000 pupils in Kojo, with around 340,000 pupils entering and leaving the schooling system each year. For under 3 year-olds, the care system is under complete control of the municipalities, meaning costs and quality vary strongly between regions. Around a third of children under the age of 3 are looked after in such daycares. Most parents (~85 %) send their 3-6 year-olds to public kindergarten, which is free nationwide. Visiting a school is also free and up to the age of 16 mandatory. From the age of 5 1/2 to 6 1/2, children enter Káurēbi (primary school), which lasts 5 years. From grade 6 to 9 (4 more years) the pupils then visit Midirēbi (middle school). After middle school, the around 15 year old students decide whether they want to enter Zukkyamlu (vocational school) or continue to Shōminagara (similar to high school with a more academic focus), if they have an adequate grade average in year 8 and 9 and the final exams.

At a vocational school, students are introduced to job life by doing an apprenticeship and visiting school on a 20 % to 80 %-basis at the same time. Depending on the chosen training, they leave the Zukkyamlu after 2 to 4 years to enter the regular work force. Students who went to Zukkyamlu are not banned from university however. Especially in recent years it became more and more common to visit evening schools which allow Zukkyamlu graduates to enrol in university programmes fitting their practical training and job life.

Students who choose to attend Shōminagara pass through another 3 years of education, before they choose whether they now want to leave school and enter the work force with the option of visiting a limited number of subjects at university later on after a few years of job experience, or remain in school for 1 last years (grade 13). After finishing that last years and passing the end of the year exam in year 13, students are allowed to every subject universities offer, sometimes though limited by a certain average-grade threshold for very popular or demanding subjects. This score is calculated by weighting the results of year 12 at 1/4, the results of year 13 at 1/3 and the results of the final exam at 5/12.

Students are playfully introduced to a first foreign language from 3rd to 5th grade in Káurēbi (Primary school), usually Ingerish. From grade 6 to 9 the pupils then visit Midirēbi (Middle School) where they continue their foreign language from primary school and also choose a second foreign language. Students going to a Zukkyamlu for vocational training can take language courses depending on their field of training, usually with a stronger focus on in-job application. At Shōminagara the amount of language classes a student takes varies between 1 and 3 depending on the course of study. Some private and especially international schools form exceptions.

To cater to particularly gifted children, "special schools" (Mashkal Shōminagara or in some cases Mashkal Zukkyamlu) are established throughout the country which specialise on a specific field of study. Pupils commute to these schools from across the region and in some cases nation or stay in the schools' boarding homes. Around 2 % of post-middle-school-students attend those special schools, which require specific examinations at the end of 9th grade.

Name Location Students Specialisation
Name Place (tbm) xxx xxxxx
Akkime hakki Mashkal Zukkyamlu Pyingshum, Dachiya-dasu-Pang 960 culinary, gastronomy, hospitality
Alne'anum Mashkal Shōminagara Pyingshum, Lamtyaichi-Pang 530 history, social sciences
Kolkai "Ron'gál Fendi" Pyingshum, Daiamondoshi-Pang 750 arts and humanities
"Arkal Toisen" Mashkal Shōminagara Pyingshum, Senjahi-Pang 360 performing arts
Man bue Han'garashōminagara Pyingshum, Man-Pang 860 Mathematics, Sciences, Technology
Mashkal Shōminagara "Leander Breu" Pyingshum, Dachiya-dasu-Pang 640 Sciences
Mashkal Zukkyamlu "Koerben Osanīsan" Pyingshum, Kūtokkyaen-Pang 250 Ceramics, pottery, masonry and other handicraft
Mashkal Shōminagara "Kolchaim" Pyingshum, PH-Pang 820 Sports
Mashkal Shōminagara "Yassun Breuer" Pyingshum, Lí-Pang 1320 pedagogy, humanities
Mezoérushi Chin Mashkal Shōminagara Pyingshum, Kū Mezoérushi-Pang 1320 Mathematics, Sciences
Rōcchael de Mashkal Shōminagara Pyingshum, Kūtokkyaen-Pang 770 Mathematics
St. Byingzan Mashkal Shōminagara Pyingshum, Agunas-Pang 820 entrepeneurship, law, philosophy and management
Yisra'al Yētekelshōminagara Pyingshum, Mádoka-Fil-Pang 1130 Ancient and modern languages

School holidays are oriented around national holidays as well as the travel seasons. The school year starts in May, after a five week holiday. After just about a month of school, for June Solstice, a one week break is given. In late August, another two week summer break takes place. A three week "harvest holiday" in October stems from the times where many children had to help bring in the harvest, but nowadays is just another popular vacationing season. Finally, from late December to early January a two week winter holiday encompasses December Solstice, Christmas, and New Year.

Higher Education

Public universities (Ōnagara) are generally tuition free. About 10 % of students study at private universities which charge tuitions, however their degrees are usually slightly less sought-after than degrees from public universities. Besides normal public and private universities, there are also a handful of special institutions under direct control of the government with special tasks, such as the Kōkumin Ekól (School of Higher Administration) or the Ginken Sobul (Institute for Free Research).

Most subjects are either offered on a Būmal (Bachelor, usually 3 years) and Zangákka (Masters, an additional 2 years) basis, or in some cases are only offered as a straight 5 years programme resulting in the title Rōka (Diploma). Students studying towards their first Būmal are classified as Undergraduates, students studying towards their first Zangákka are referred to as Graduates, and researchers with a Zangákka or Rōka degree working towards an Ōkarong (PhD) or similar are identified as Doctorals.

The following list contains all institutions of tertiary education in Kojo:

City Name Location Date Students General Notes
Finkyáse Finkyáse Ōnagara Various campi 1584 82,000
Jaka Chuso Azugáki-Folajji North of New Town 1786 27,050 Very autochthonous uni with 4 competing houses, focused on sport
Jaka Forsamé so Ōnagara - Jaka PH 1942 1,300 One of two universities of the armed forces.
Jaka Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara New town north of main station 1806 15,650
Hóshumsul Kime Gigyōnagara (Node TBA) Revitalised harbour area in the Old Northern Harbour 1976 38,600
Kippa Kippa Ōnagara (Node TBA) Former Musical College 1959 39,900
Pyingshum Doldae Ōnagara -Pang, Kibō-Dengshō 2,200 The only other (public) sport university in Kojo besides the well renown Chuso Azugáki-Folajji.
Pyingshum Forsamé so Ōnagara - Pyingshum PH 1971 2,100 One of two universities of the armed forces. Spread over two campi, Gaerié and Kanfel.
Pyingshum Ginken Sobul Building in the heart of Daiamondoshi-Pang 1710/1877 N.A. Special elite institution for post-doctoral research with no teaching responsibilities.
Pyingshum Ginjin Ōnagara Various campi 1677/1837/1894 256,900 Largest Kojolese university
Pyingshum Kōkumin Ekól Building in the heart of Daiamondoshi-Pang 1850 150 Elite school for the administration
Pyingshum Maeltsu Ōnagara Raketéchonshae-Pang, Mezoérushi-Dengshō 1962 9,800 Private. Medical care, therapy and similar
Pyingshum Maffyu-Taeldong Ōnagara Dosō-Pang, Sasu-so-kyaeng-Dengshō 4,000 Private art and design school
Pyingshum School of International Business Studies Pyingshum Gankakuchō-Pang, Dosyaeng-Dengshō 4,600 Private, IBS and related subjects
Pyingshum Yoelwe Aensaē Ōnagara [1]Lyaesh'uel Zyendō hakki-Pang, Porāgu-Dengshō 1982 3,200 Private, aviation related courses
Byucchi (near Pyingshum) Pyingshum Polihan'gara Byucchi 1960 17,050 Polytechnical College with suburban campus
Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara xx,xxx
Yoyomi Yoyomi Gigyōnagara PH 1935 22,000
Yoyomi Yoyomi Ōnagara PH 1888 34,000
Graduates from tertiary education by field of study
Field Number of students % of students
social/business sc., law, economics 30.1
health & soc. services 18.8
engineering, manufacturing & construction 18.2
arts and humanities 12.0
nat. sciences, math &IT 11.5
teacher-training 9.3

BMS University Ranking

BMS University Ranking is an annual publication of university rankings and related publications by Bāraen ko Myanlyi so Sáratta (BMS, "Bāraen and Myanlyi's Rankings"). It is very influential and by far the most quoted source for higher education and research ranking in Kojo.

The Ōnagara so Sōbolsáratta ("General Overview Ranking of Universities", OS) ranks the top-20 universities in Kojo on a yearly basis. Its publication is of general interest in Kojo and often commented on even in national news. The ranking is calculated in a similar fashion to the field and subject rankings, however overall campus facilities, extracurricular activities, international reputation and more are also taken into consideration with a weight of 25 %. For 2020 the ranking went as follows:

University Ranking (overall)
1 Ginjin Ōnagara (Pyingshum)
2 Chuso Azugáki-Folajji (Jaka)
3 Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
4 Finkyáse PH
5 Kime Gigyōnagara (Hóshumsul)
6 Yoyomi Ōnagara
7 Īme PH
8 Góhomi PH
9 Igilaē Uni PH
10 Kwaengdō Ōnagara

A small number of special institutions with limited public access are not included, for example the National Administration School or military academies. Because sport and P.E. is not assessed as a subject or represented in a field, the Chuso Azugáki-Folajji in Jaka does not show up in the field or subject ranking, despite being the centre of an Elite Research Cluster and the second best university overall.

BMS also publishes a more nuanced Field and Subject Ranking (Dómaen so Sáratta & Senka so Sáratta). The universities are assessed on 6 points for each field and subject:

  • number/quality of published scientific papers (20 %)
  • employer/recruiter reputation (20 %)
  • campus and research facilities (20 %)
  • local connectivity to private businesses and research facilities, e.g. third-party funds (20 %)
  • student-teacher ratio (10 %)
  • share of international lectures and students in that field (10 %)

Because often there are several degree programs at a university falling under one subject, the winner of a field overall is not always the university with the best-placed subjects individually. For example, although Ginjin Ōnagara VI doesn't rank as the very best in any Natural Science, because it has a very solid standing across all engineering and natural sciences it still ranks as the third best overall. In 2017 the ranking went as follows:

Field Ranking + Subject Ranking
Field, Subject 1 2 3
Natural Science Kime Gigyōnagara (Hóshumsul) Unzai PH Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Mathematics, Science and Engineering)
Mathematics Unzai PH Finkyáse Ōnagara
Physics Yoyomi Gigyōnagara
Chemistry Kime Gigyōnagara (Hóshumsul)
Biology Hetta PH
Engineering Kime Gigyōnagara (Hóshumsul)
IT/Computer Science Unzai PH Finkyáse Ōnagara
Human Sciences Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Education, Pedagogy and Human Sciences) Finkyáse Ōnagara Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
Anthropology Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Education, Pedagogy and Human Sciences)
Linguistics Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Languages, International Affairs and Culture Studies)
Culture Sciences Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Languages, International Affairs and Culture Studies)
History Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara
Literature&Philosophy Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Literature, History and Philosophy)
Social Sciences Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Politics and Social Sciences)
Politics Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Politics and Social Sciences)
Pedagogy Yoyomi Ōnagara
Social Work Geryong PH
Medicine&Psychology Góhomi PH Yoyomi Ōnagara Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Medicine)
Medicine Góhomi PH Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Medicine)
Psychology Yoyomi Ōnagara Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Medicine)
Organisational Studies Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Law and Business) Igilaē PH
Law Igilaē PH Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Law and Business) Kwaengdō Ōnagara
Business Studies Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Law and Business) Busakyueng PH Tampo-Joelgue Ōnagara (Jaka)
Economics Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Law and Business)
Public Administration
Arts Finkyáse Ōnagara Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Art, Music and Design)
Performing Arts Finkyáse Ōnagara Yoyomi Ōnagara
Architecture Kwaengdō Ōnagara
Design Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Art, Music and Design)

To recognise highly competitive and specialised study, research and business clusters, BMS has classified nine outstanding Elite Clusters in Kojo, each associated with a university, that are at the spearhead of international research and education in their field. Characteristics are, amongst others, a large amount of private capital, local business networks, international student and lecturer body, and in general an outstanding reputation on the national and international level. These clusters are, in alphabetical order of their city:

City Cluster name (Ingerish) Associated Research Facili(es) Notes
Góhomi Cancer and Hereditary Disease Research and Treatment Centre Góhomi Uni PH
Finkyáse International Fine and Performing Arts Collaborative Finkyáse Uni PH
Hetta Hetta Research Cluster for Bioengineering Hetta Uni PH
Igilaē Igilaē Committee for Kojolese and International Constitutional Law and Jurisdiction Igilaē Uni PH Igilaē is also seat of Kojo's highest courts.
Jaka Competitive Sport, Education and Research Region Kime Delta Chuso Azugáki-Folajji Very autochthonous
Hóshumsul Mechanical Engineering Education and Research Cluster Kippa Kime Gigyōnagara The region is Kojo's traditional manufacturing centres; also leads BMS field ranking for "Science and Engineering"
Wenzū Dento high-precision engineering research and development cluster Wenzū Uni PH Dento is Kojo's most valued single company, and high-precision engineering is arguably the most important export commodity
Pyingshum Combined Intercultural Communication and Research Institutions Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Languages, International Affairs and Culture Studies) Focused on the study of foreign cultures, languages, and cross-cultural understanding
Pyingshum Ginjin Centre for Domestic and International Business and Economics Ginjin Ōnagara (F. of Law and Business)
Kojolese Classical and Theological Studies Research Assoziation Rō Tōchuekyana Ōnagara In Rō the ancient Kojolese belief system is still worshipped
Unzai Unzai Advanced Theoretical Mathematics Research Cluster Unzai Uni PH

Research and Development

There are three main pillars for research and development conducted in Kojo: universities, the private sector and research institutions that are funded by public and private money to varying degrees.

At universities, research is being conducted in the form of theses writing and research projects funded either by public research grants or private enterprises etc. The BMS University Ranking endorses outstanding research clusters associated with specific universities.

Many large technology companies also operate private research and development subdivisions, aiming more at applied science than basic research, to improve their products and efficiency. Especially when dealing with highly sensitive matters that are at high risk of being divulged to competitors, the research of often exclusively conducted in-house and kept secret until patents are secured.

Lastly, there are a number of private research institutions, which are usually specialised on certain fields of expertise. They usually cooperate with companies, universities or apply for research grants or private projects. Besides a small number of unaffiliated or loosely cooperating research institutions, many belong to one of Kojo's three big science associations:

  • Gaminchāsal-Ríkinassol, xx institutes mostly focused on applied science, such as manufacturing, pharmaceutical, computer science and more. 30 % publicly funded.
    • Arákkanai: Sumaron Han'gara nijúinde Gaminchāsalkaso (Gaminchasal Institute for underwater technology)
    • PH
  • Todei-Fússan-Ríkinwúhakkai, xx institutes mostly focused on basic science such as particle physics, space travel, mathematics and more. Emerged out of the consolidation of the Todei and Fússan institutes. 70 % publicly funded .
    • Jaka: Engshōka nijúinde Todei-Fússankaso (Todei-Fússan Institute for Meteorology)
    • PH
  • Gaeryong-Wúhakkai, xx institutes mostly focused on topics regarding the humanities. Named after an Historian. 78 % publicly funded
    • PH
    • PH



Noun project 288.svg
Demographics of Kojo
Official languagesKojoshi
Recognized minority languagesAtaraxian Franquese (Sappaér-iki)
No Religion
LiteracySteady 98.1%
Life expectancyIncrease 79 (male)
Steady 82 (female)
Age distribution in the Kojolese population.

The birth rate is 1.56 children per women, less than the 2.1 needed for a maintaining the current population. However, since decades the total population has remained mostly constant due to immigration outnumbering emigration. The average age is 43. The incarceration rate is 72 people / 100,000 inhabitants. Religion and ethnicity are not recorded during the national cencus. Hence, only worshippers affiliated with a registered religious community are known to statistics. It is assumed that about 4.5 % and 4 % of the population self-identifies as Christic or Irfan respectively.

Population density of Pangs in Yoyomi, a city in eastern Kojo.
GMNHI-scores (indicating the socio-economic well-being) of Pangs in Yoyomi, a city in eastern Kojo.


The largest migrant communities in Kojo can be divided into two groups: neighbouring countries, most notably Izaland; and developing central and western Ulethan countries.


The native Kojolese religion is called Gitaenhōlyuē (from ancient Rōlese "gitenaly", "knowledge"), or Symvanism in Ingerish (from ancient Greek [ogf-vers?] "συμβάν" "symván", "event, happening"). Since the 18th century, the Kojolese faith had been in decline. Only about 0.6 % of the population (~1/4 of a million people) still pray to traditional Kojolese Gods and Goddesses. A notable exception is the city of Rō, where 37 % (~70,000) of the city's population still claim to adhere to this faith. Out of the 6.8 % of the total population who claim to "attend to a religion", the other 6.2 % are people with migration background that still hold the believe of their home country or parents. Christic denominations make up the largest collective, with 3,6 % of the population adhering to a Christic faith. Around 2 % of the population adhere to an Irfan faith.

The origins of the Symvanist faith are difficult to pin down. Its roots can be traced back as early as some tribal rites and traditions in the 2nd and 3rd century A.D. The oldest written records are from the 9th century, and the centralist organised religious community can be traced back to about the same time. There are three basic theological principles (called Shukkyubu) of the faith:

  1. the idea that the universe spontaneously came into existence (with the creation of earth by Gods and Goddesses following later on)
  2. that Gods and Goddesses are representations of fundamental principles of nature
  3. the concept of veneration of events and places (and saints associated with them), especially in regards to noble human values.

Gitaenhōlyuē knows seven ministries (Hartolifūgen, also known as sacraments). The sacraments in their current form have been established mostly unchanged since about 400 years. Strictly speaking they do not need to be carried out by church officials but usually are. It's considered especially desireable to carry out each ministry at a temple dedicated to that ceremony. They are seen as important rituals to mark major transformations in life. Traces can be found in contemporary non-religious Kojolese culture as well, most notably at birth, marriage and death.

  1. Baptism (Yeritatyaitchi): a ceremony where the newborn is ritually washed. It is similar to a christening, however in the Symvanist rite name giving plays no role. Many temples that fall into this 1st ministry are located at special water sources or wells.
  2. Confirmation (Jínchō): carried out on youths around the age of 14. It forms the completion of a two-months-period of teaching about the Symvanist faith carried out by a layperson. The young believer is then, after their conscious decision, ritually welcomed to the Symvanist church. Shrines of the 2nd Ministry are often associated with deeds of loyalty, fidelity and faithfulness.
  3. Remission (Kōkai): begins with a meditation of the sinner, who then writes their deeds out on paper and what they did to reimburse the aggrieved. They then proceed to burn these notes, usually in special fire places in the appropriate temple, and hope that the Gods grant forgiveness. It is one of two Sacraments that are not dedicated to a specific and single point in life.
  4. Marriage (Harsanīgi): Symvanism places high value on the ritualised bonding between a man and a woman. However, quite opposite to other customs, marriages need to occur after a child is born. The father and the mother then, together with their first child (later children are automatically included, although sometimes separate rituals are held for them as well), create a "family". It is important to note that every individual is only allowed to be in one of these "families" at any given time, meaning children leave their parents Harsanīgi when and only when they themselves marry. When a spouse dies, the other partner then may marry another partner, who then becomes the parent of the other's children. Similarly, when an orphan lost both parents, a couple may adopt it by including it in their (or founding a new) family. These differences to other Ulethan cultures still reflect in modern Kojolese family law, although the necessity to bear kids to form a civil union no longer exists. Temples where Symvanist weddings are held are usually unsurprisingly dedicated to events relating to close family bounds, loyalty, love, fertility or good fortune.
  5. PH
  6. Wake (Arkanāl): describes a period of 2 days and two nights (with exceptions made for victims of epidemics to reduce the risk of spreading the disease further or in situations of war), during which the deceased is kept on display in a shrine. This time is meant to give family and friends, but also neighbours and other acquaintances the chance to bid farewell to the defunct, who is often laid into an open casket. Temples of the 6th Ministry are often, but not always, close to cemeteries and relate to various events connected to death, grief, ascension or communication with ancestors.
  7. Intercession (Chūsai, archaic Barélhosutān): the second of the two Sacraments not carried out at a specific point in life. Describes the formal act of sending wishes to spirits, comparable to praying. This is done in a ritual similar to remissions, but instead of burning, believers soak their pieces of paper with their wishes on them in water so that they dissolve. The resulting mud is then spread on beds on the temple ground, and flowers or trees are planted in them. The petitioner may come back and water the soil to boost their request. Though there are specific shrines dedicated to this practice, the ritual is also commonly performed at all other types of shrines (with some exceptions where there simply is no space). Many shrines of the 7th Ministry are located next to other important shrines, where the Intercession of believers to the spirit of the original shrine has been "proven" over time to be fulfilled with a high likelihood.


Buildings&Objects Intangible Landscapes&Nature Reserves Description
AN Taē so Zaráng
AN World heritage
Assigned by the Assembly of Nations.
Azaggudaeki Gántsu
National Treasure
Azaggudaeki Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
National Cultural Custom
Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
National Protected Reservate/Landscape
Unconditional efforts for preservation. Assigned by national Parliament and Government.
Émino Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Outstanding Cultural Property
High national efforts for preservation. Assigned by national Parliament and Government.
Zóngmo Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Important Cultural Property
Maecchaē Tsungbondaeki Kuttuem
Great Cultural Custom
Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū/Tasha
Regional Protected Reservate/Landscape
Some public efforts for preservation. Assigned by respective regional administration (municipal).
Genji Tsungbondaeki Gukyaei
Local Cultural Property
Local subsidies might be granted to private owners, but mostly restrictive measures against alteration or demolition. Assigned by municipality.

National Treasures and Cultural Properties:

Protected Landscapes and Nature Reserves:

  • Kime Daelta Bōhoguyam - Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū (Jaka)
  • Joenji Kaezī - Azaggudaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū
  • Kime Lawazaē - Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Ferapū (Jaka)
  • Palandashae Tsungkuttuemchi - Dōdaeki Shárukanyaelorau Tasha (Kwaengdō)

Protected Cultural Customs:



Television is widely spread in Kojo as a medium of entertainment and information. There is a public and a large number of private broadcasters, many of whom broadcast on more than one channel:

  • KT1 (Kojo so Telébizyon ara, "Kojolese Television One"), the country's biggest broadcaster, is a private media conglomerate that dates back to 1942, making its main channel the second oldest TV channel in the country and the oldest still in operation. The company's various channels generate a combined 26 % of all viewership in Kojolese TV. Its headquarters are situated in Gaerié so-Pang, Pyingshum. Its channels cover a broad range of topics, from light entertainment to high culture and political news.
  • YKT (Yaére Kojo so Telébizyon, "Second Kojolese Television") is a public broadcaster and the second largest by viewership. It was instituted in 1961 as a separate entity from already existing public radio, as it was believed that two independently organized public broadcasting companies were needed to ensure unbiased news overage and reciprocal control. The viewership share is estimated to be 23 %. The broadcaster's headquarter is situated in Ojufyeng, with a large studio for coverage from the capital in Gankakuchō-Pang, Pyingshum.
  • BKCH (Byoenbi Kojo so Chúngko, "General Kojo radio communication") provides public radio stations, both national and local, as well as Kojo's international radio station KR1. BKCH's radio channels account for around two thirds of national radio listenership. BKCH was founded by the government in 1947. The broadcasting agency keeps a studio inside the Humenyamin Chezi complex in Daiamondoshi-Pang, Pyingshum, next to the ministry of interior and with the main studio looking out onto the Jōbunhakke. The agency's main administration however is seated in Yoyomi. BKCH offers a limited number of online live video broadcasts, which have been rising in popularity and are a matter of ongoing legal dispute with the other public broadcasting company YKT.
  • ...

There are several daily and weekly newspapers being circulated nationwide. The most important ones are:

  • TuR, a daily newspaper with a focus on boulevard, general interest and scandals. Kanjen Group.
  • Urban ("The Friday"), a weekly newspaper with focus on politics, society and economics, with slight lean to the political right. Urban Publishing Company.
  • Kalbum, a daily newspaper with focus on politics, society and economics, with slight lean to the political left and strong commentary. Kanjen Group.
  • ...


New Year firework with onlookers
Outdoor festival with young people celebrating Summer Equinox
A typical Wōmain family dinner meal

Kojolese holidays and festivals are traditionally dominated by the symvanist solar calender. With rising irreligiousity, many of those experienced a shift in customs, however they are still widely observed. Since the middle of the 20th century, internationally known holidays such as Christmas, New Year, Valentine's Day or Easter have experienced rising prominence to varying degrees, but are to this day usually not considered national holidays (days off work for the whole country, marked in grey in the table below). The same applies to customs brought to Kojo by immigrant communities. Besides a small number of national holidays, many holidays and festivities are local customs celebrated only in specific cities or regions.

Name Date Local Customs
New Year
01.01. Kojo According to internationally used Gregorian Calender. Became a National Holiday in 1965.
March Equinox
20.03. Kojo Least intensively observed holiday of the four solar holidays. Local customs varying.
3 consecutive days after the first new moon after the March Equinox Yoyomi Celebrating the end of winter with costumes, exuberant parties and parades.
22.03~25.04. Kojo Observed strictly only by Christics, commercial referencing in whole society
Labour Day
01.05. Kojo Only holiday that is made up for by a free Monday if it falls on a weekend.


07.05. Kojo -Major war-
June Solstice
20./21.06. Kojo Celebrated mostly outdoors, such as concerts, fireworks etc. Cultural Climax of the year, just before the start of the rain season.
Jōbunmyeru so Zan’ne
Republic Day
03.08. Kojo Since both the overthrow of the Pyilser-Krun'a dynasty and the proclamation of the first constitution took place in winter, the August third was chosen as the national holiday in 1842, formally to commermorate the formation of the constitutional council that drafted the first constitution. The second constitution of 1939 was purposefully proclaimed on August the third.
September Equinox
23.09. Kojo Customs connect to old Symvanist rides praying to the Gods for a good harvest.
Taigi so Zan’ne
Sport Day
31.09. Kojo For grades 1 to 6 and 8, a nation-wide athletics competition takes place. In other classes, individual sporting events take place. While techincally a day off, employers and coworkrers are also encouraged to organize or participate in sporting events. Seniors organize mass Tai-Chi and Yoga events in parks.
December Solstice
21./22.12. Kojo In comparison to PH much more domestic and family oriented, similar to Christmas in Christic countries including gift-giving, savory meals and attending religious services. Increasing mixture with Christmas-related customs.
24.-26.12. Kojo While christmas itself is not observed as a holiday, many international christmas customs such as gift-giving have been transferred to the December Solstice a couple of days prior.


  • Nowadays, Kojo uses the internationally known 24-hour-system to divide the day into hours, minutes and seconds. It became widespread with the expansion of the railway network, which from the beginning operated on this more "modern" known from abroad system. Up to the late 19th century however, a traditional Kojolese system was used. In that system, not midnight, but sunrise was used as the reference point. From the moment of sunrise, "shilpa"s (the equivalent of hours) were counted. One shilpa is equal to one 12th of the duration from sunrise to sunset on the summer solstice. After sunset, the shilpa-count starts at zero again, counting the "dark" shilpas. As a result, the amount of day- and night-shilpas in a day changes throughout the year. Also, a shilpa would be longer in northern regions than in the south, as summer days are longer the higher the latitude. The counting system is therefore not used for exact time measuring in the modern world, however traces survived in the form of proverbs or set expressions.
  • Because of the different wedding-culture describes in Kojo#Religion, last names in Kojo are not inherited. Once a new Harsanīgi is formed, the couple decides on a new last name for them and their children called nálnūm (literally "chosen name"). As a result, Kojo today has one of the most diverse ranges of last names, as couples can choose traditional or religiously meaningful names as well as neologisms. The choice of the "chosen name" is regarded as one of the most important step stones in live and is often seen as very telling in regards to the choosing couple's character. Despite the overall non-religiousness of the Kojolese people, the ceremonial foundation of a Harsanīgi and the proclamation of a new last name is one of the traditional rites that has retained a high degree of practice and prestige. Since 1989 there are legal provisions that allow couples who marry to choose one of the partners' as their new common last name instead of choosing a nálnūm. This option was introduced to accomodate foreign residents and immigrants, but is also used by around 5 % of the native population.


A job ad from the Kojolese foreign ministry in Ingerish...
... and Kojolese, written in the Kēikishi-register.

Kojolese, or Kojoshi, is the national language of Kojo. It developed from the Pyilser dialect spoken around the center-north of the country and is the only living language of the Kimo-Axian language family. Since 1701, the Romantian script is used in writing instead of the previously used Pyilser alphabet and Meilanese characters imported via UL30c.



Standard Kojolese has eight vowels and 22 consonants. Every vowel can either be realised unmarked, pitched (indicated by an acute diacritic, ◌́) or long (indicated by a makron diacritic, ◌̄).

Bilabial Labiodental Alveolar Palato-alveolar Alveolo-


Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m (/m/) n (/n/) ng (ŋ)1
Stop p (/p/),

b (/b/)

t (/t/),

d (/d/)

k (/k/),


Affricate ts (/t͡s/) j (/dʒ/) ch (/t͡ɕ),
Fricative f (/f/) s (/s/),

z (/z/)

sh (/ɕ/) h (/h/)
Approximant y (/j/) w (/w/)
Tap r (/ɾ/)³
Lateral approximant l (/l/)
  1. only final
  2. indicated by double consonant or implied with vowel-initial syllables
    (in writing marked by ' when needed to distinguish syllable borders)
  3. realised as trill /r/ when used as a final consonant

orange: non-final
green: versatile
yellow: non-final with common exceptions in names and archaic expressions

Front Central Back
Close i (/i/), ue (/y/) u (/ɯ/)
Close-mid oe (/ø/)
Mid e (/e̞/) o (/o̞/)
Open-mid ae (/ɛ/)
Open a (/ä/)

Syllables adhere to one of the following patterns (V = vowel, K = non-final consonant, M = versatile consonant):

  • V ("o")
  • KV ("po")
  • MV ("no")
  • VM ("on")
  • KVM ("pon")
  • MVM ("non")

The glottal /ʔ/ usually precedes every syllable-initiating vowel, but is not regarded as a separate consonant in this syllable scheme; for example, in the place name "Kim'eru", /kim.ʔe̞.ɾɯ/ would count as KV.V.KV. When a syllable ending with a vowel is followed by a syllable starting with a vowel, under specific circumstances the glottal is not realised and the syllables merge in spoken language, namely when the sylabbles are part of what is consideres to be a single, meaning-carrying word part, like "kai" in "kaijōmengwe" (for "come together" in " event hall"). In this case, the word is pronounced /käi.dʒo̞:.me̞ŋ.we̞/ instead of /kä.ʔi.dʒo̞:.me̞ŋ.we̞/. This does not affect the formal sylabble pattern however which remains KV.V.KV.MVK.KV. The same goes for loan words such as "maeil" ("E-Mail", /mɛjl/ instead of /mɛ.ʔil/). Exceptions to this rule exist however, such as "a'éropō" ("airport", loand word from Franquese, /ʔä.ʔe̞.ɾɯ.po̞:/). The glottal always precedes a syllable initiating vowel when the previous syllable is part of a different word or word component such as in "osoingamsói" ("responsibility", /ʔo̞.so̞.ʔin.gäm.so̞i/). The glottal marks the separation between the oso-prefix and the rest of the word, while the final /i/ has no trouble merging with the /so̞/ since it is part of the same word part.

The letter Y (/j/) plays a dual role. It can act as a normal non-final consonant, like in "Yoyomi" (/jo̞.jo̞.mi/). When following a syllable-initial consonant however, it palatalises the consonant and is not counted as a separate consonant in the syllable-scheme, like in "Pyingshum" (/pjiŋ.ɕɯm/, KVM.MVM). Similarly, the consonant clusters "kw-" and "gw-" are interpreted as a single (non-final) consonant (/kʷ/ and /gʷ/).

Apostrophies (') are used to to mark syllables boundaries when the pronounciation would otherwise be inconclusive. This can be the case when it would be otherwise unclear if "ue", "ae" or "oe" are supposed to be pronounced as mutated or separate vowels ("a'éropō"), if "ng" is pronounced as /ŋ/ or a syllable ending with n and the next starting with g ("fan’goel", /fän.gøl/ instead of /fäŋ.ʔøl/), or if a "y" palatises or is a consonant in its own right ("Taman'yumi", /tä.män.jɯ.mi/ instead of /tä.mä.njɯ.mi/).

Distribution and Dialects


Spoken and written Kojolese knows three distinct registries, that is styles of speech depending on the communicative situation. They vary in the type of vocabular and grammatical features used and convey different tones of ambiguity and formality.

Tanōikishi ("acquainted registry") is the least formal style of speech and used among friends and family members. It is characterised by a high degree of ambiguity by omitting parts of speech conveyed by context and using words with a broad range of meaning (for example, Tanōikishi only uses six pronouns while Rikaiikishi uses 14). It features the least amount of loanwords from Franquese and Nihonese, however since the middle of the 20th century an increasing influence of Ingerish can be observed.

Kēikishi ("formal registry") is the polite form used with strangers or known people in formal settings (such as teachers). In tone with its formal nature, usually no parts of speech are omitted and there are several grammatical and lexical features for expressing various degrees of gratitude or social hierarchy. It features comparatively many Nihonese loan words, dating back to the early High Pyilser-Krun'a Dynasty when the Nihonese court of Chihaya Nabunga excerted strong influence on Kojolese aristocratic culture.

Rikaikishi ("scientific registry") is used in legal and scientific writing and speech. Its grammatical features do not allow for ambiguity unless explicitly marked as such. As a result, it employs a wider range of grammatical features and a more nuanced vocabulary than the other two registries. Due to the strong influence of Ataraxian Franquesse on the Kojolese legal system there are a lot of Ataraxian loanwords. Even most native speakers first get in contact with Rikaikishi during Middle School and have to actively study it in order to take full command of the language. While it allows for a very clear and information-rich style of communication, such as in scientific studies, laws or contracts, it is also criticised for creating a barrier for the less educated. This is particularly challenging when for example legal statements have a different or sometimes even opposite meaning to what a similar expression would mean in one of the other registries.

Vocabulary and Grammar

For a dictionary and an in-depth explanation of grammatical features, please refer to the main article.

Diplomatic Relations

Other Nations

Country Embassy in Kojo Notes Kojolese embassy abroad Notes
Template:Al-Kaza Pyingshum No active owner? City (no node defined)
Flag of Antharia.svg Antharia Pyingshum Barradin
Template:Ardisphere Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Template:Balam-Utz Pyingshum Motul; to be mapped
Template:Belphenia Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Bloenlandflag.JPG Bloenland Pyingshum To be mapped (no node defined)
To be mapped (no node defined) To be mapped (no node defined)
To be mapped (no node defined) To be mapped (no node defined)
Template:Broceliande Pyingshum Valoris
Canterra flag.png Canterra Pyingshum Nautecove
Drabantia flag.png Drabantia Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Esheinflag.png Eshein Pyingshum Noy Tyrinn
Template:Fawltryncham Pyingshum Whangiora
Izaland flag.png Izaland Pyingshum Additional office space elsewhere Sainðaul
Yoyomi (Consulate) Panaireki (Consulate)
Finkyáse (Consulate) City (no node defined)
Flag of the FSA.svg Federal States Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Khaiwoon flag.png Khaiwoon Pyingshum Khaiwoon
FlagKofuku.jpg Kofuku Pyingshum Bako-Huz
Latflag.png Latina Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Flag-le.png Leresso Pyingshum Aludres
MauretiaFlag-new.svg Mauretia Pyingshum Iola
Mergania flag.png Mergania Pyingshum Freistat
Neberlian Flag.png Neberly Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Template:Neo Delta Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Oéshkaernain Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Template:Østermark Pyingshum Mynninghamn
Template:Pretany Pyingshum Succeeded by Prettania? City (no node defined)
Template:Rémnokkälja Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Template:Remsfalen Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Template:Samiloor Pyingshum Carispoole
Flag-se.png Semanya Pyingshum To be mapped (no node defined)
Template:Tárasses Consulate Viejo Tárasses
Vodeo Flag.png Vodeo Pyingshum To be mapped (no node defined)
UL30a Pyingshum City (no node defined)
Finkyáse (Consulate) City (no node defined)
City (Consulate) (no node defined) City (no node defined)
UL30c Pyingshum City (no node defined)
City (Consulate) (no node defined) City (no node defined)
Yoyomi (Consulate) City (no node defined)

Available buildings:

  1. Pyingshum
  2. Pyingshum
  3. Pyingshum
  4. Pyingshum

Intergovernmental Organizations