Originally, Torola was home to many native peoples. Among those were the Pacate and the Budrian people, with the Pacate being the largest. Primarily living on the north coast, they were a sedentary people who primarily strived off of agriculture. One of the most important settlements is where modern day Ragoha is. Originally known as Racuyua (which the name for modern day Ragoha was derived from), it was a large settlement that was home to at least 10,000. Although the Castellanese and Franquese would come to colonize the land, they would not initially reach Racuyua.
In the early 14th century, Franquese colonists made their way onto the Budrian Peninsula, establishing the colony of Rivière Sable on the northwestern coast of Torola. The Castellanese would later establish the La Horquilla colony on the eastern side. Slowly these colonies grew to encompass most of Torola. Eventually, the Castellanese reached Racuyua. Originally, the Castellanese were friendly towards the native Pacate people. However, the peace abruptly came to an end following several Pacate ambushes on the colonists, prompting a short war which resulted in the Castellanese gaining the rest of the territory. The Franquese would sign a treaty with the Castellanese in 1523 to establish a formal border between the Rivière Sable colony and the La Horquilla colony. This treaty gave Castellan the majority of modern day Torola, with the Castellanese-held lands being reorganized into the Torola colony in 1601, with the administrative center being based in the now-renamed Ragoja. The colony would be held by the Castellanese for the next two centuries. The new Torolan language would also emerge as the language of the common people, while Spanish was still the primary language used by the nobility and upper-class.
War for independence
Around 1729, neighboring Paroy was in rebellion against its colonial power, eventually declaring independence four years later in 1733. In addition, Freedemian revolutionaries began declaring independence in this year, gaining its independence in around 1737. The whole region was in constant rebellion as colony-after-colony declared and fought for independence. Meanwhile, Torola was still a colony under the Castellanese, with the Franquese still holding onto the Sable colony. The majority of the colonial Castellanese government officials of the region relocated to Ragoja, helping to strengthen the colonial presence in Torola. Since Torola was now one of the last few remaining Castellanese colonies in the region, it began to receive more attention from the mainland. Although this may have made Torola seem very well off, the territory had many problems. Among these the colonial government was very corrupt, meaning that most funds were usually diverted to the aristocracy. The primary people who actually had a good quality of life were the small percentage of aristocrats, and wealth inequality was extremely high due to this. Torolan citizens were outraged about this. One military officer named Cristofe Romën and his supporters issued a petition to the Colonial government on March 18th, 1784, asking for reform. The petition also stated that if the demands were not met or outright rejected, Romën would call his supporters to arms and rebel. Word of the news spread throughout Ragoja, and many across the colony began preparing for a colony-wide rebellion.
Ultimately, the colonial government rejected the demands, almost expected by Romën. After four days of sending the petition, Romën walked into the main square in Bavález, and cried "Torolans, if you wish to live, then you must fight! To arms, to death with the Castellanese!" This cry was seen as the beginning of the Torolan War for Independence, and March 24th is now celebrated as Torola's national day.
Soon following this, war officially broke out between the Nationalists and the Loyalists. Nationalist militias besieged and captured port towns on the northern coast, especially the city of La Forquia, a major port city which the Castellanese used to trade while Ragoha was unstable. Additionally, native Pacate and Budrian groups also incited rebellions further inland. Eventually, the majority of the country was under Nationalist control, and soon, the war would end in a Nationalist victory. The Castellanese signed the Treaty of Nerschach, and officially recognized an independent Torolan state. Cristofe Romën officially proclaimed the total independence of the Republic of Torola on June 22nd, 1786.
Romën would serve as Torola's first president. His policies promoted the use of the Torolan language, would give the citizens more power, and centralized the country to promote unity and equality. His leadership saw Torola transition from a mere colony to a modern nation. He also seeked to integrate the neighboring Franquese Rivière Sable colony into the new nation. The colony in itself was mostly loyalist, but was somewhat unstable due to a few militias fighting the government. Romën would build up his forces, and later would take the opportunity to invade in 1788.
Torolan forces crossed into the colony on August 15th, 1788. Their main goal was to take the capital Sablette, and to train and assist rebel militias in the region. The first initial engagement was the Battle of Sanrosette, resulting in a Torolan victory. The Torolan forces pushed throughout the eastern half of the colony, but were met with loyalist troops near Tobeque. The battle lasted for many weeks, but other Torolan forces were rerouted south of the city and marched to take control of the Sabe River. This eventually happened in around early 1789 as troops battled their way towards Sablette, later besieging the city. At last, the city was taken on May 5th, 1789, and was declared a province of Torola. Fighting still continued for some time after as some loyalists still resisted.
|Government of Torola|
|Unitary presidential constitutional republic|
|Head of state|
|• President||Francés Ántoni Martínels|
|• Vice President||Rublo Rigoja|
|• Upper house||Senate|
|• Lower house||National College|
Major political parties
Torola is a presidential republic, led by a president who is elected in a presidential election every 4 years, with polls usually opening on the first of May, and inauguration occurring on September 1st. The president serves as the combined head of state and head of government, in addition as serving as commander and chief of the Torolan Defense Forces. The president can sign bills or veto bills before they become law, as well as appoint members of their cabinet. Elections are held using an instant-runoff voting system. The last election was held in 2022, with Francés Ántoni Martínels of the Social Democratic Party being re-elected for a second term in office.
Torola's legislative branch is the bicameral Torolan Congress, consisting of the Senate and the National College. This branch is responsible for creating laws, declaring war, approving treaties, allocating funding for public matters, and impeaching government officials. The Senate and National College convene in separate buildings in Ragoha every year.
The upper house is the Senate, which has 35 members consisting of 5 delegates from each department, regardless of population.
The lower house is the National College, which has ??? members. Seats are given for every constituency, which is for every 200,000 people.
Elections for both are held every 4 years during the middle of the president's term. Officially, Torola is a multi-party state. The last election was held in 2020, with the Social Democratic Party gaining a majority in the Senate, and maintaining a majority in the National College.
Torola is divided into departments (Torolan: departamentes, sing. departament) and a capital district. Departments are further subdivided into districts (districtos) which are divided into municipalities (municipalitëdes). Departments have a departmental capital and a legislature, as well as being led by an elected governor. Districts also have a district seat. Municipalities are any populated settlement, and can be classified as urban or rural. In total, there are 6 departments, ??? districts, and ??? municipalities.
Torolan is the primary language spoken in Torola. Some limited Franquese is spoken in the northwest, particularly in the Sabe region. Castellanese is also spoken among some of the nation's elite, though it has fallen out of favor as of recently. The Pacate language is also spoken often, most speakers residing in the Duakaik region, though a majority of Torolans are bilingual in both Torolan and Pacate, as both are the co-official languages of Torola.