|12, 54.5421, 81.3043|
|• City council||Gradska uprava Ĉervonogradu|
|Demonym||Ĉervonogradin (male), Ĉervonogradinka (female), Ĉervonogradiny (plural)|
|• Mayor||Anna Netrebska|
|• Vice Mayor||Alexij Hvorost|
|• Total||249.73 km² km2|
|• Urban||~200 km² km2|
|• Estimate (2017)||632,100|
|• Census (2014)||612,471|
|• Density||2452.5 people/km2|
|Postal Code||10000 - 19999|
Ĉervonograd (also Chervonograd; traditional name in Ingerish Scarlettown, Gaerman Roterstadt) is the biggest city and the national capital of Podolian Republic, located in the center of the country. Historical core of the city was founded on the highlands of river islet made up by Sogoda and its small distributary Ĉervonec (which is called Mihalski holm - e.g. "Michael's hill"), and also on the left shore of Sogoda (this part is named Stare mesto - e.g. "Old Place/Settlement"). The urban population is estimated at 632,000 residents (as for 2017), which comprises up to 13% of national population, while its suburban area reaches the number of 850'000 inhabitants.
The city is major transport hub, the intersection of main railroads and highways of the country. The busiest airport of Podolia, Chervonograd International Airport, (and one of three Podolian international airports) is located 5 km away of the city border and 17 km away from its center.
Historically Chervonograd was the old capital of Holmsko tribal union, in early middle ages the city faded in the shade of traditional seat of king — Rodin, located not far from Iksha river delta. However, beneficial geografical position and location of main trade routes made Scarlettown (as it was called in Western Uletha) prosperous and provided its growth. After king Alexander III escaped from Rodin after 1674 Great Fire, it became factual capital (of then Egalian protectorate); official status was achieved 58 years later, in 1732.
The city is located in the middle of the southern part of the country 30-50 km off the shores of the Egalian Lake. The surrouding biomes are predominantely forest-steppe and temperate forests with relatively low levels of precipitation. The position of the city is beneficial: most of important cities of Podolia can be reached within 1-2 hours by automobile. However, unlike most other capitals of Egalian nation, Chervonograd is not placed either on the shores of the lake or the biggest river. In the past this fact gave advantages, as the city does not suffered much from floods.
|Directions from Chervonograd to some important cities|
| Medna Ruda
The river Sogoda, the right and the biggest tributary of Iksha, flows across Chervonograd from west to east and divides it in two almost equal parts: the northern part (the left bank) is lower and smoother, and the southern (the right bank) is higher and has more hills. The other significant water flow of the city is small branch of Sogoda called Chervonec. Together these two rivers form a long island, spanning troughout the whole city.
The land on which Chervonograd stands is quite hilly and has prominent height differences. The main hills of the city are Mihalski, Nikolski, Vyselok, Lavrovin. The first two of them are also the major tourist destination, as they are located in the center if the city and have such landmarks as Michael's castle and Independence monument respectively.
The general tendency of relief is slow descention in south direction, towards Egalian lake depression, and vice versa, slow elevation increase northbound, towards Podolian mountains.
Chervonograd is located in the zone of temperate-continental climate south of boreal forests. There are usually short but warm summers and dry and cold winters. Sometimes the temperatures can drop down to -45° as well as rise up to +35°. The dominant direction of the wind is southern from spring to summer and the northern in autumns and winters.
The most humid time of the year is summer. From June to August accounts to a half of annual water downfall. The snow coverage in winter is not high, usually reaching about 1.5 meters throughout three months.
|Climate data for Ĉervonograd (airport), 1981−2015 normals, extremes 1920−present |
|Record high °C (°F)||13.9
|Average high °C (°F)||−6
|Daily mean °C (°F)||−10.4
|Average low °C (°F)||−14.8
|Record low °C (°F)||−49.4
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||34.7||19.2||25.3||46.1||73.8||124.0||150.1||99.0||69.6||34.8||28.8||24.0||729.1|
|Average rainfall mm (inches)||2.1||1.2||2.7||23.2||65.1||124.0||150.1||98.9||67.9||17.4||2.6||1.2||556.5|
|Average snowfall cm (inches)||39.2||21.4||27.8||24.5||7.9||0.0||0.0||0.0||1.6||18.6||30.6||26.2||197.6|
|Source: Meteorologiĉna Sluẑba Podolji (1920 - 1956, 1981-2015); Polesniĉna Observatorija (1950 - 2010)|
Podolian capital, Ĉervonograd, also is the biggest city of the state. The population of the city as for 2017 reached 632 thousand people and demonstrates steady annual growth about 1% a year. At the late XX century the city became an attractive place for inner migration because of Podolia as a whole was struck by economic instability while Chervonograd remained relatively prosperous. Nowadays this explosive expansion was stopped and city council is now working on limitations of city growth.
Similarly to the country in general, the main nation group in the city are Podolians. The national composition does not changed much throughout the history, but several ethnic groups influenced the city in some manner. In the past, there were significant coomunities of Kalmish people. Also, many Surian technical specialists and engineers moved to the country within the treaties of friendship and cooperation between two socialist countries and some of their descendants remain in the city as residents till today. The proximity of neighbouring Meciaran and Shomi people also has some impact on ethnic composition, as this peoples are also indigenous to the area.
|Nations according to 2014 census|
Ĉervonograd is also the center of the main agglomeration in the country, accounting for more than a sixth of all Podolia citizens. It includes as much as 850,000 residents. The most important towns-satellites of Ĉervonograd are Ẑivino (51K residents) and Godunov (35K residents). Their citizens are highly integrated in transport, social, and manufacturing spheres of the capital.
The city has developed system of public transport, represented by buses, trolleybuses, trams, suburban trains.
- Based on station coordinates provided by Meteorologiĉna Sluẑba Podolji; climate data was collected near downtown Ĉervonograd from July 1920 to present.