|12, -11.3126, 41.9266|
|• Region||Rio Bravo|
|Latinians (82%), Natives (10%), Other (8%)|
|Nationalities||Latinans (92%), Other (8%)|
|• Mayor||Ernesto Tucarem|
|• Vice Mayor||Bernard Greves|
|• Total||xyz km2|
|• Urban||xyz km2|
|• Rural||abc km2|
|Elevation||200 m (600 ft)|
|• Estimate (2014)||860 000|
|• Census (2011)||855 720|
|Postal Code||4101 - 4110|
Givullion is a city in the north of Latina. The town is the capital of the province Rio Bravo of Latina. With Topahappan is Givullion one of the important towns in northeastern Latina. Givullion has 855 720 inhabitants (zensus 2011).
Parallel lines of mountains give the structure of the landscape. The rivers Rio San Giovanni and Rio Bravo flow parallel to the southwest to the Rio Norte - at Givullion only few kilometers between them. The city of Givullion lays in the small valley of the Rio Bravo, to the right and to the left the hills, which are the watershed between Rio Giovanni, Rio Bravo and the system of Rio Oriente.
The Flag shows a golden ring on a red field - to mark that this is a rich, noble and fashionable town.
1685 Ernaldo Givullion and Jeremias Bezontaine founded the town as an outpost for the colony of Latina in the middle of the land of indigen tribes. So they build their town in a loop of the Rio Bravo, to have shelter. This today is part of the old town (Barrio # 1). To get good ground to build the houses, they let dig some canals in the wet swamp of the loop of the river, so that today the old town appears in some dutch manner.
1709 at the other side of the river was build the palace and the park for the viceroy of the colony for the northern territories and too, to impress with this building the chiefs of the indigen tribes from the power and luxority of the colony of Latina.
1825 hight water of the Rio Bravo destroyed half the town and damaneged the palace. This catastrophe was a heavy shatter for the city. So they start to build the new town (now Barrio # 2) on more higher ground and it needs nearly 20 years, til all houses in the old town are erected again.
.... more text ....
1850 the railway from Givullion to Latina (Cidudad) was opened. With the beginning industrialisation the town grow first in the direction of the rails. The first railway station lays near the new town (Barrio # 2) near the Rio Bravo. There all tracks terminated. 1909 was build the new station more in the south of the town, where the trains can go through. Since 1912 the old railway-ground now is a parc (Parque de Ferrocarril) and the old station a railway museum. The old trackbeds now are cycle-paths independent from the traffic on the streets.
.... more text ....
Since 1850 til today Givullion is the center for exclusive shopping in the northern parts of Latina. Too peoples of the province Mil Ojes go to Givullion (instead of her capital town Topahappan) to buy luxorious goods. Too many luxory hotel invite to stay in the town. And to the inspired landscape of the 1000 lakes in the north it is a short way. The central shopping area see here 15, -11.3113, 41.9121.
Givullion is divided in 13 suburbs, named "barrios". Postal Code is always 410. or 41.. and the number of the suburb ( always 4 numerals 4101 to 4113). Government and greater organisations have postalcodes from 4120 to maximal 4139. The Barrio # 9 is divited 1911 after opening of the new railway-station in ## 9 and 10 and # 4 in ## 4 and 11. Therefor the barrios # 10 (Campo Caballo) and # 11 (Alemania) gets then the ## 12 and 13.
Like in Latina (Cidudad) always for three, four or five barrios are local courts in service - so there are local courts for the suburbs in the center, north and south.
|1||Cidudad Veja||old town||center||1685||35 360||4.14||8 541||Oldest part of city|
|2||Cidudad Nuova||new town||center||1820||148.364||12.57||11 803||Shopping and Commercial center|
|3||Tangentiale||Touching road||center||1845||224 016||36.12||6 202|
|6||Águilas||eagles||center||1860||132 072||20.47||6 452||named after the indigen temple|
|7||Alta Alora||Upper Alora||south||1880||-------||184.59||------|
|8||Baja Alora||Lower Alora||south||1880||-------||77.33||------|
|10||Estacion||station||south||1880||-------||107.57||------||divited 1911 from barrio # 9|
|11||Monte Salubre||Healthy Hill||north||1860||-------||93.03||------||divited 1911 from barrio # 4|
|12||Campo Caballo||Horsefield||north||1800||-------||255.10||------||til 1899 an independent village, old # 10|
|13||Alemania||Germantown||south||1730||-------||120.45||------||til 1899 an independent village, old # 11|
In Givullion crossed the railway hi-speed-line # 5 (AVE) from Latina (Cididad) to the northeast with line # 11 from Cordoba via Mendoza to Topahappan. The main-station of Givullion has 16 through-going tracks. Tracks ## 13 to 16 are used for the AVE-trains, ## 1 and 2 for the airport-service and tracks ## 3 to 12 are tracks for the other trains and the Rapido-lines 330, 660 and 700. With this lines Givullion is an important knotpoint in the railway net of Latina.
The traffic in the town is mainly organisized with streetcars. Over the hills to Campo Caballo in the east is the connection by bus with electric power (lines ## 30, 31 and 32).
There are 14 tram-lines, ## 1 to 14. Many tracks lay on own right of way, but in the inner town the tracks most lay in the middle of the street. In Acantilado (Barrio # 5) at the cliff of the Rio Bravo are two short tram-tnnnels, one for lines ## 5 and 6 and one for lines ## 2, 3, 4, 11 and 12, each with an underground stop. The short line # 1 connected the Chateau (palace) with the town. The lines 1 to 9 run through the commercial center, lines 10 to 14 give short connections. To the main station in the south of the town run lines ## 7, 9, 10, 13 and 14.
Worth to see
- The old castle of 1688 - Trams ## 1, 2, 3, 4, 11 and 12 - footway of 900 m
- The palace of 1701 with the parc (Barrio # 4) - Tram # 1
- Railway museum and the old station of 1850 (Barrio # 2) - Trams ## 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11
- The Bellevue-Obelisk (Barrio # 2) - Trams 1, 2, 3 and 4 or short footway from trams ## 6 and 9
- The indigene eagle-temple at the end of the Bellevue-road (Barrio # 6) - Trams ## 8 and 13
- Museums-Quarter (Barrio # 2) - Trams ## 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5
Citizens Service (What is where?)
|Ayuntamento del Cidudad||Town Hall||Plaza Maior||# 1||also Ayuntamento for Barrio # 1|
|Cortes de Provincia Rio Bravo||provincial parlament||Calle de Chateau||# 2|
|Cortes locales centro||local court center||12, Calle Bezontaine||# 3|
|Cortes locales norte||local court north||10, Plaza Rio Bravo||# 4|
|Cortes locales sur||local court south|
|Cortes superiores Cidudad||hight court city||Ronda Grande||# 5|
|Cortes superiores Provincial||hight court of the province||2, Calle Cortes Rio Bravo||# 4|
|Estacion Central||main station||# 10|
|Hogar por Animalos||Animal shelter||# 13|
|Jardin Botanico||Botanic Garden)||# 13|
|Objetos Perdidos||lost and found||112, Calle de los Objetos Perdidos||# 3|
|Opera||Plaza del Opera||# 2|
|Pinacoteka||Art Gallery||Ronda del Norte||# 4|
|Philharmony||Concert hall||Ronda Grande||# 6|
|Teatro del Cidudad||main theather||Plaza del Teatro||# 2|
|Universidad (Centro)||main buildung university||Plaza del Universidad||# 2|
... more text ...