National Party for the Workers of Litvania

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Emblem of the party.

The National Party for the Workers of Litvania, abbreviated in Litvanian as the NSPL and also known as the National-Worker's Party of Litvania, was a far-right political party in Litvania active between 1912 and 1945, which supported hardcore Litvanian nationalism mixed with ethnic nationalism and elements of racial nationalism. It's predecessor, the National People's Front, existed from 1908 to 1918.

The party emerged out of the broader Litvanian nationalist movement of the late 19th and early 20th century which intended to oppose the rise of Edwardite ideas within the Litvanian workforce. The party sought to draw working-class and agricultural workers away from Edwardism and toward nationalism. In its initial stages, the party's rhetoric was generally pro-worker, anti-big business, anti-bourgeois, and anti-capitalist, in order to achieve a greater popularity with the large working class of Litvania. By the 1920s, the party's focus shifted to anti-Semitic and anti-Edwardite rhetoric.

Pseudoscientific theories were central to the party's ideology, idealising the "ethnic state" for the Litvanian people, as well the inferiority of non-Litvanians and foreigners, who were considered to be of a "foreign race". One of the party's aims was to eliminate these "inferiors" through eugenics, sterilisation programs, and broader social exclusionism.

In order to secure a homeland for the Litvanian people and their expanding size due to industrialisation and increasing fertility rates, the NSPL engaged in imperialistic rhetoric and aimed to expand Litvania's territorial size to include all Litvanian peoples in the Egalian region under one Litvanian state. This culminated in 1935 with the invasion of Zalivnia. No further military campaigns were attempted.

Radoslav Koller, the party's leader since 1918, quickly established a totalitarian regime. After the assassination of the leader in 1945, the government was overthrown in the January Coup and a provisional socialist government led by the Litvanian Revolutionary Committee, was installed. The organisation was declared unconstitutional in 1960, after the establishment of the Second Litvanian Republic. Though not officially illegal, sympathisers of the organisation's goals and philosophy formed the National-Socialist Party of Litvania in 1970.