Rocas

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14, 8.8271, 94.1788
Rocas
Town
Flag of Rocas town
CountryFlag itc1.png Cariocas
 • DistrictItacolomi
DemonymRoquense
Government
 • PrefeitoMineiro Alfenas
 • Vice-Prefeito(TBD)
Population
 • Estimate (2016)2.340
Telephone Code(0xx23)
Websitewww.visiterocas.ic

Rocas is a town in the most southwestern point of Cariocas. It is an important tourist destination in the country. Part of Itacolomi district, is located in an atol, in the most isolated territory within Cariocas islands, approximately 200km southwest to Itacolomi, been the seat of this municipality. Rocas is also an important historical site, due its preserved indigenous villages of the first inhabitants of Cariocas.

History

Rocas was inhabited since ancient times by indigenous of Cariocas ethnicity. When settlers from former Gran-Lusland arrived near Itacolomi, locals mentioned trade routes with "eastern islands" (suposed to be Goytakanya and Suvuma) and villages in "western islands", named "Roca" by them.

The indigenous from Rocas lived as fishermen and caretakers of coconut plantations, trading sometimes with Cariocas mainland and even other countries, but, due to the low productivity of fisheries in the region, around 1700 began a large exodus to the mainland, and Rocas has become an even more isolated place. In 1890, the population of the islands was only 400 people.

Preventing any ingerish intention of settlement, Itacolomi decided building a naval fortress in east Rocas town, due the Ingerland presence in Lallemand during these years. Ingerland, really, never tried conquering Cariocas or the isolated Rocas, but with this act, Cariocas central power improved the local economy, atracting more people to the islands again.

Importance

Local marketplace to tourists.
The things changed even more around 1980, when the Government began to promote tourism in the region. People from all over the world travel to Rocas, wishing to find out calm water beaches in the middle of Asperic Ocean.

Besides the beaches, which attract tourists, in Rocas islands also there are the best preserved indigenous villages of all the country. Museums from all the world send researchers to study these sites.

In fact, the isolation of the islands has helped to preserve these villages, which are the last unspoiled ones.

Rocas still today is a calm fishing village, but currently is the main touristic point of the country.

Climate

Rocas has a tropical climate, specifically, a tropical wet and dry climate, with few temperature differences between seasons. Annual rainfall is around 1,340 millimetres (52.8 in), falling on 125 days per year.

Transportation

Twice a day there are ferries to Itacolomi. Within the archipelago, there are one route from Rocas to each island of the region, by Cariocas TransMarítima.

The islands are yet served by an aerodrom with only one runway, with daily flights to Itacolomi.

Life in Rocas

Street in west Rocas town.
Rocas is the only town in the islands, located in southeastern part of the island, between the naval base, the airport and a hill with a church in its top.

Despite living in the isolated territory of the country, people in Rocas has available various services and comforts. At Avenida da Praia, are located so much of atractions in the town. There are two hotels (Gran Rocas has a swimming pool), three bars, one dance club, one restaurant and one bank, as well as utilities and souvenir shops. Fishing canoes are part of the scenery. In Cais da Roca, is "bureaucratic" part of the town. There, are the town hall, the police station, the cemetery, one bank, the passenger pier and the Naval Base.In the narrow inner streets, the visitors will find more accommodation places with cheap prices and bars, and simple homes of locals built about a century ago. A feature of the city is that there are green areas in the middle of almost all the blocks, some even with native vegetation.

There is only one school in the island.

In west side of the town, is the simplest part of the city, still expanding. Several streets has no pavement.

Rocas island

Baía Escondida beach.
There are more things to visit in this island over the town. There are not paved roads, but it is not a problem.

Following Estrada Principal (Main Road), it gets to Baía Escondida. As the name says in Luslandese language, a "hidden bay", with no waves, an even better place for families with children. Ahead, several other unspoilt beaches and some small farms, but there are still portions of native vegetation that attract biologists and botanists because of its preservation.

Other islands

Praia do Curuzu, beach in Ilha Primeira.
In addition to the Rocas Island, three islands form the archipelago.

Ilha de Baixo is the nearest to Rocas town. Its main settlement is Tapera (still there are more two, Taquara and Vila do Chagas), and has two indigenous villages (Moxuara and Carapina), and a lighthouse. It has fertile land, good for agriculture, and some mangroves that also attract tourists.

Ilha Primeira has this name for being the first for those coming from the mainland. It has two villages (Cabuçu, and Marambaia, the main one) and has the largest indigenous site of the islands, Araçá, in addition to a smaller one, Itacibá.

Ilha do Meio, as Ilha Primeira, got a name due its geographic location, being the island in the middle of the ring. It is the smallest of the four and has no indigenous site, as Rocas. It has some farms and two settlements (Tanguá and Tibagi, the main one). A rock formation in the center of the island dominates the scene, but the main attraction is Campomar Verde, a brasonian ship wrecked in 1875.

Sports

Rocas is home to Atlético de Rocas, who plays in Serie C of Cariocas football league, the third level in the Cariocas football pyramid.