Troie

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13, -17.8330, 21.4527
Troie
City
Flag
CountryBroceliande
 • RegionIllion
 • Official nameCity of Troie (Ville de Troie)
DemonymTroyan (troyen / troyenne)
Government
 • MayorThibaud Counot
Population
 • Estimate (2014)500 000
Postal Code13001 to 13017
Websitevilletroie.bc

Troie [1] is a municpality in the south of Broceliande. It's one of the oldest city of the country and one of its cultural cradle. It is the largest city of Métropole de Troie-Charleville-Sansévérina and a major economic and industrial center. It is the capital of the Illion province.

Geography

Troie is located on a cape in South Broceliande. It first spread along the coast on the eastern side of a wide bay.

Topography

Troie has a complex topography. The highest point is Mont Parnasse (752m). The Pic Troie ([2] is 680m high. It offers a stunning view on the city and the bay.

Climate

Troie has a tropical monsoon climate, and is characterized by long periods of heavy rain from December to March. Along the coast, the breeze, blowing onshore and offshore, moderates the temperature. The mountainous areas register greater rainfall since they constitute a barrier to the humid wind that comes from the sea.

The average annual minimum temperature is 19°C, the average annual maximum temperature is 29°C, and the average annual temperature is 24°C. Temperature also varies according to elevation, distance from the coast, and type of vegetation.

Beaches

Troie counts 6 beaches. Plage du Ruhl is the longest and the most crowded. Plage du Prado is the most exclusive (renting an umbrella, a chair and having a drink can be very very expensive !). South of the Miramar beach has become a gay meeting point. Bathing on plage de Carpianne is strickly forbidden due to water pollution.

The beaches of Troie are very busy on saturdays and sundays. They have become very important in the troyan culture and way of life. They remain one oh the last places in the city where people from different social backgrounds are mixed.

History

Until 1790, Troie was a free city (Ville libre de Troie). In 1790, Troie became the capital of the new Illion Province after the second Illion war won by Broceliande.

The 1835 revolution (leading to the first democratic constitution in Broceliande) started in Troie with the bread price crisis.


1815-1870 : industrial development

1870-1950 : The golden age

1950-1995 : Depression, pauperising and crime

1995-2020 : a new start (The Troie Deal)

Government

Troie is ruled by a Mayor elected for 6 years by the city council. The city council and the Mayor administration are located in La Ville-Marie. Troie is a traditional left winged city. The today Mayor is a member of the PSB.

Districts

Troie is divided in 17 districts (secteurs) : Arenc, Carpianne, La Cabucelle, La Croix Brune, La Viste, Le Pharo, Le Roucas, Le Ruhl, L'Oriol, Magnan, Miramar, Olonna, Sainte-Marthe, Saint-Sylvestre, Verduron, Vieille Ville, Ville-Marie.

Six of them were villages which have been incorporated in Troie between 1890 and 1970. Old parts of these villages are still visible.

The new Mayor started a process in order to create 6 stronger districts : Sud, Centre, Val Serette, Plaine, Verduron, La Viste (the 17 existing districts should then disappear).


Vieille Ville [3]

It's the oldest part of troie. Some houses are more the 600 years old.

Today it's the main place for theaters, bars, restaurants and clubs. The Grand Marché has become the main area for night life in Troie for a few decades.

The whole district is included in the Central Troie Preservation Area (Aire de protection du patrimoine du centre de Troie).

The upper part of the vieille ville is a modernist district called "Résidences Demoiselles" (28 storeys towers and 14 storeys long buildings). It was developed between 1958 and 1969 on the former Demoiselles district. The decision of the state and of the city to demolish the most deteriorated part of Troie led to a huge controversy. It led to the creation of the Central Troie Preservation Area in 1967.


La Ville-Marie [4]

La Ville-Marie is a very specific district that corresponds to an urban extension of Troie planned in 1677. The goal was the creation of a more rational new city center.

It is organized on a grid centered on the Hôtel de Ville (built in 1686).

The Ville-Marie Port (the oldest port of Troie) disappeared in 1884 with the construction of the Ville-Marie Train Station and the construction of port Zavantem.

The whole district is included in the Central Troie Preservation Area.


Carpianne [5]

Le Pharo [6]

The Pharo district corresponds to the western part of the "Plateau de Troie". It is a dense and lively district, relatively flat. Its urbanization started in the 18th century with the construction of the first Pharo Palace. it grew quickly after the second Illion war and during the first half of the 19th century.

Today, it is famous for its Palace, the gardens and the Grassi Exhibition hall.

Arenc [7]

Magnan [8]

Magnan was a small village located on the south bank of river Serette. It was incorporated within the City of Troie in 1898.

It is divided in two different urban landscapes :

  • the old village in the western part,
  • a modernist neighborhood in the eastern part (les hauts de Magnan) developed between 1962 and 1974.

Church Saint-Pierre is a national Landmark. Its painted ceilings from the 17th century are famous.

Gallery

Population

The population of the city of Troie is now stable (around 500 000 inhabitants) after three decades of decline. The city had 630 000 inhabitants in 1965.

PopTroie.png

Troie inhabitants are poorer than the national average. Indeed, the wealthiest inhabitants left the city in the 1950ies/1970ies to the Troyan Riviera for a better quality of life. Le Ruhl and Le Roucas are the wealthiest districts while Arenc and La Cabucelle are the poorest.

Troie has an important proportion of foreign origin inhabitants, they live principally in the northern districts. In 2015, about 40% of the city population had at least one grand parent born outside of Broceliande.

Heritage

Central Troie Preservation Area

As the city of Troie is more than 2000 years old, it has a significant cultural and architectural heritage.

Many buildings are protected as national Landmarks including the City Hall, Ville-Marie, maritime and Le Ruhl train stations, Maison du Prince, Basilique Notre Dame, Préfecture, Palais et domaine du Pharo...

The oldest part of the city has a special protection status (created in 1967 after the Demoiselles controversy).


Worth to see

1920 poster for the touristic promotion Troie
  • The old Troie (vieille ville) [[9]]
  • La Ville-Marie district and its regular urbanism from the 17th century [[10]]
  • Palais, musée and gardens of Le Pharo [[11]]
  • Basilique Notre-Dame [[12]]
  • The View from the Miramar belvedere [[13]]
  • The Paintings collection of the Flora Museum [[14]]
  • The botanical collections of Le parc Galland [[15]]
  • A day time and sunset on Le Ruhl beach [[16]]
  • The Illion Forest (many hiking path start from the Observatory parking) [[17]]
  • A day of luxury shopping in the Sainte-Marthe district [[18]]
  • A soccer or Rugby game at the Arena (when troyan teams play !) [[19]]

Main museums and exhibition centers

travel guide cover of Troie
  • Musée du Pharo [20] The museum is installed in the eastern wing of the Pharo palace. It hosts an important collection of paintings, sculptures, drawings and furniture.
  • Musée historique de Troie [21] This museum is dedicated to the urbain and architectural history of Troie. It is located in a former Fort.
  • Pavillon Flora [22] is famous worldwide for its unique collection of paintings.
  • MAMOT - Musée d'Art MOderne de Troie [23] This museum is dedicated to modern arts.
  • Musée Barboron [24] is located in the former Troie city hall. It hosts an important collection of portraits and paintings.
  • Palais Grassi [25] for temporary exhibitions
  • Musée du port de Troie [26] This museum is dedicatd to the maritime history of Troie.
  • Musée d'histoire naturelle [27] A important concentration of fossils.
  • Musée du Train [28] Property of the CFP, this museum is a good way to discover this history of railways. Many historical trains are preserved.
  • Galerie Sacchachini [29] Located in the western wing of the Palais Grassi, it hosts temporary exhibitions.
  • Serres du Parc Galland and the botanical garden [30] hosts many plant spieces from the whole world, including many preserved and endangered spices.
  • Observatoire du mont Thou [31] including a planetarium
  • Centre Rochechouart [32] for temporary exhibitions
  • Les Arts Déco [33] A significant collection of furnitures, fabrics, jewelry, toys, wallpaper, ceramics, glass and historical and contemporary posters.
  • Les Bernardins [34] for temporary exhibitions
  • Les Frigos [35] for temporary exhibitions
  • Fondation Pernaud [36] a private collection of paintings, sculptures and furnitures.
  • Collection André[37] a private collection of paintings (mainly portraits)
  • Maison Jacquemard[38] a private collection of modern and applied arts

Economy

Troie is at the centre of the dynamic Illion region. Traditional economic sectors are manufacturing, mechanics and transport. High-tech industries like biotechnology, software development, game design, and internet services are now growing.


Tourism (leisure and conventions) is an important part of the Troie economy.

Infrastructure

Road access

Like in most of Broceliande's main city, important infrastructures in favor of car development were built in Troie between 1950 and 1980.

Troie is at the end of A1, A7, A9 and A10 national motorways.

The Ville-Marie - Ruhl junction project has been officially abandoned in 2012. This tunnel (5 kilometers) was supposed to link the Ville-Marie Express Way with the Littoral Express way with an access on Route Zavantem. The difficult crossing of the old town and local oppositions are the main reasons of this canceling. As a consequence, Ville-Marie and Littoral Express Ways will remain "dead ends" in their current configuration. To improve traffic conditions in central Troie, Boulevard de Charleville was redesigned (tunnels and bridges at the main intersections).

Today Troie faces a big challenge to reduce its traffic jams and to promote public transport.

Public transit

Post card edited fot the new Ville-Marie station inauguration in 1889

Troie has 8 stations on the national railways network. 3 of them host national and international trains (Ville-Marie, Arenc and Le Ruhl). The main station is Troie - Ville-Marie, located in the old town.

The city public transport network is operated by TransTroie a public agency ruled by the mayor of Troie.

The construction of a metro network (2 lines were originally planned) has not yet started because of the lack of national founds. The cost of the these two lines (more than 3 billion Ecus) and the lack of popular support are the main reasons of the failure of the project.

The last tramways circulated in Troie in 1954. They have been replaced by a bus network.

Troie still has an operating funicular (Dromel line). The Ruhl funicular and the Oriol cable car were dismantle in the late 1960ies.

The Miramar Telepherique is not operated by TransTroie.

Ports

The port of Troie is the largest Broceliande port. It is located in the north of the city in the inner bay. A passenger terminal exists in Ville-Marie. The 1886 Maritime train station is a national landmark.

The old port Zavantem has been fully closed in 1996. It is currently in a transformation process in order to create a retail and cultural district.

Airports

Troie can be easily reach from the TCS - Prince Guillaume international Airport, located in the North of the city centre (by train from Ville-Marie, Arenc and Le Ruhl stations, by car through the city express ways).

Education

Troie hosts an important public university called UniTroie.

It is located on 7 campus : Isly (Law), La Doua (general sciences, litterature, biology), Pommery (Languages, chemistry, medical school), Verduron (Medical and pharmaceutical schools), La Croix-Valmer (applied sciences, biotechnologies, computer sciences), Ville-Marie (History, archeology, arts and music) and Zavantem (architecture, urban planning and design).

There are two other independant universities : TBS (Troie Business School) and Polytech'Troie (Engineering school).

International representations

Troie has an important immigrated population. It is also an important economic and cultural centre. As a consequence, some countries have decided to open a consulate in Troie (embassies are always in Valoris).

Country Address
Flag of Abrilleron.svg Abrilleron 112 rue Fréget, 13005 TROIE
Flag-Ataraxia-v1.png Ataraxia 6 rue Beaujolais, 13002 TROIE
FreedemianFlag.jpg Freedemia 4 place Paradis, 13004 TROIE
Latflag.png Latina 2 rue Saint-Cyr, 13001 TROIE
Mercian flag.png Myrcia 47 rue de Marly, 13001 TROIE
Lost country.png Řots 31 rue Saint-Cyr, 13001 TROIE
FLAGZYL.png Zylanda 68 rue Chanzy, 13001 TROIE
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