Administrative divisions of Demirhan Empire
Demirhan Empire is divided into twelve provinces (il) with three stages of autonomy:
- Eyalet - provinces directly ruled from the capital with right to self-governance limited to minor public investments. Heads of the provinces are appointed by the Sultan. Each eyalet has also small elected council consisting of 30 members. Currently there are eight eyalets and all of them are inhabited almost entirely by Turqese people.
- Vilayet - provinces with much higher degree of autonomy. In vilayets the council, enlarged to 50 members may choose additional official language, including introducing it to school curriculum, also the freedom in spending money for public projects is increased. There are currently two vilayets in total.
- Other - two provinces have highest available level of autonomy. In these provinces subdivisions, as well as governing officials, bear own unique names. Several differences in civil law also exist. Additionally compared to vilayets the governor of the province is elected by the council and the choice is only confirmed by the Sultan. There are currently two provinces with special status.
The provinces are further divided into sanjaks (known also as etrap, nafa, şahrestan) and then further into kaza (ilçe or bahş), except for Zorlayıcı Dağları Mahosı which does not use the smallest subdivisions. Cities larger than 100 000 inhabitants have the same rank as sanjaks and are further divided into districts (mahalle).
Current administrative dates back to the year 1841 when the first Constitution was established. At the time Demirhan Empire was an unitary state divided into 14 mainland provinces (eyalets): Ardeşehir, Yerkenderun, Viralmanaz, Malazıt, Neril, Burhane, Silvanca, Akdalyakale, Denglikar, Nehirhisar, Haderot, Rudafşar, Şirvandar and several overseas provinces. Every province was divided into sanjaks.
The first change came when Lorantis seceded from the empire. The eyalets of Neril and half of Malazıt were lost and overseas eyalet of Şneldorf was created around the eponymous island. The Second Constitution changed the form of governance to federal and introduced democratically elected councils.
The province has mostly urban caracter as it consist almost only of large Ardeşehir agglomeration. Ardeşehir is the largest city of the empire and used to be a capital between 1181 and 1334 when it was reconquered by Antharia. Monumental remains a witness of these days.
Ardeşehir is an important business center and a tourist attraction because of countless landmarks, museums and cultural diversity. Except for Turqese, also many Ivirans, Hellanesians, Gagavuzes and Antharians live in the city. As most of these minorities are dissatisfied with lack of autonomy, the city was one of the main areas of bloodshed during 1963 communist uprising.
Neighboring city of İskenderiya was chosen in 1984 as a host for Geolympic Games.
The eyalet covers most of empire's eastern coast and is inhabited mostly by Gagavuzes - Turqese people who lived under Antharian rule and converted to Ekelan Christicism. Most of the cities preserved somewhat Antharian character.
Along the western border of the eyalet the centuries old line of Antharian fortifications, called Urban Line, still stand although they are broken in many places to make space for roads.
Other major feature of the eyalet - national park of Hılvaç river delta, is located on the border with Lorantis and formally belongs to the city of Malazıt.
Province spreads from Adanaz Mountains to the Kıran river which marks also Malesorian border. Entire Eyalet is mostly rural, being imperial hub of food production. Adanaz mountains are being used locally for winter sports however many Demirhanis prefer to spend their winter holidays in Malesoria or Antharia.
The capital is located in that eyalet. Originally Tarsınar was a small city located on crossing of trade routes of Karadolu Valley, however after the capital was moved there it transformed into relatively big metropolis with large industrial base.
Eyalet is relatively flat and covered in many rivers and swamps. The major water body is Yenik river, the major river in entire country.
Headquarters of large car producer, Vehikar are located in this province as well, although in small city of Elmalır.
Doğu Karadolu Eyaleti
Province borders several countries including Lorantis, Arya and Kushya and as such is relatively heavily militarised, especially on the Aryan border.
Industry is focused mainly on mining in Compelling Mountains, supposed by relatively dense railway system.
Batı Karadolu Eyaleti
Relatively dry province focused mainly on pasture and, in bigger cities, also heavy industry. The area is also known for large swamps between Alaklareli and Islahisar.
Historically it was inhabited by Şerkmans but they were assimilated to regular Turqese people durig migration processes in eighteenth and nineteenth centuries.
Kan Vadisi Eyaleti
Eyalet is located in the eponymous valley between two large mountain ranges. Similarly to former one was originally inhabited by Sherkmans who were turkified.
The capital of the eyalet, Nehirhisar, is one of the major cities in the country and the largest which is not located on the sea shore. Rapid growth of the city was possible because of large industrial base built during 70s of former century.
Another eyalet inhabited by turkified Sherkmans. It is relatively dry, cold place, surrounded by mountains and desert. Known for extensive mining industry and carpets.
Yevercin desert covers the majority of the vilayet. Province is inhabited in majority by Sherkmans. Many Sherkmans still live in traditional tribal communities which migrate with their sheep and goat herds across the semi-deserted areas of the vilayet. Tribal beys of the tribes established Sherkman Council which is advisory body for vilayet council. Sherkman Council was however dissolved from 1965 to 1992 as part of Süleyman III policies which were supposed to lead to integration of minorities into Turqese nation.
Since 1996 vilayet is a home to the only nuclear power plant in the country.
Şneldorf is a relatively large group of islands separated from mainland Demirhan Empire by Lorantis and the separation from mainland is the reason why the islands have more freedom in self-governance than eyalet type provinces.
Historically Şneldorf was known as Jevilmir and constitued own Lorantian city-state. After the fall of Lorantian Confederation Kalmish Knights, brought to Lorantis to fight against Demirhan Empire fled to the island and conquered it. Shortly after however, the island fell into hands of Demirhan Sultans. After that the turkification of local people had begun and went far enough to prevent the island from joining Lorantian national uprising.
As of today nearly one third of inhabitants declares Demirhan Kalmish as language they use at home, followed nearly the same amount of Lorantian speakers. Demirhan Kalmish is heavily turkified version of standard Kalmish language.
Zorlayıcı Dağları Mahosı
Iviran community until early nineteenth century lived across all of the empire, often crating closed communities in larger cities. Many Ivirans, as being distinct in terms of religious beliefs from the rest of inhabitants lived in poverty without a chance to change their fate. Other Ivirans however rose to prominence during Arıtma process because they borrowed large amounts of money to state for public investments. As part of the payment Sultan Mehmet VI designated a space in Compelling Mountains for exclusively Iviran settlements. Poor Ivirans massively migrated from the streets of the cities to the new area in hope for better life as miners or lumberjacks. In consequence entire region quickly became majority Iviran.
However initially Ivirans rejected the special status of their province guaranteed in 1916 Constitution. Their leader, Şalom Yusuf Paşa was afraid of loosing connection with the Ibrıyım communities in other parts of the empire, however the special status was granted in 1952 by Sultan Mehmet VII. According to local rules Iviran, written in traditional Iviran script, is co-official language, tought in schools at native level. The sacraments given by Iviran priests are recognised by a state. There are also several minor differences between local and state civil code.
The province is called Mahos and is divided into 26 Nafa and two separated cities.
As of today mining remains the main pillar of provincial economy, however Haderot recently became important financial hub for the Empire.
Lands known as Şirvan were conquered by Demirhan Empire in series of wars wirh Basharid Shahdom in 20s and 30s of eighteenth century. They remain majority Aryan, with most of local Turquese people being mostly of Kushyan rather than Demirhan origin.
The ostan, located near Emerald Sea and seprated from the rest of the empire by Compelling Mountains spreads from Kartın river delta in the east to the Gandara desert in the west. Most of the western area is barely suitable for farming so most of population is located in Şirvandar - Hosrat corridor near Kushyan border. There are also many fishing and tourism oriented communities on the shores of Emerald Sea. The ostan has also the only confirmed deposits of uranium in the country.
The province, or more precisely Langan island in Emerald Sea remains one of the most prominent places with Ahuryanism as dominant religion. According to statistical data 27% of Aryans living in Demirhan Empire remain followers of Ahuryanism.
In the ostan the Aryan language is taught in schools at native level. It is also co-official language of the local parliament. Local governors hold the title of Ostandar instead of Vali. The term "şahrestandar" is in use instead of "bey". Ahuryan priests are recognised by law and they can give marriages and divorces which are valid according to the law (same as Iman priests in entire empire). Ahurian new year, Navruz is also local holiday.