|Former Unionist Colony of Bromley
"Dum Cresco Spero"
I Hope, I Grow
I Hope, I Grow
and largest city
|• Regional languages
|White Bromlavian (48%)
Black Bromlavian (19%)
|Unitary Parliamentary Republic
|• Prime Minister of Bromley
|• Secretary to the Prime Minister of Bromley
41651.4 sq mi
|• Census (2014)
|Unionist Pound (U£) (UNP)
|Drives on the
The Former Unionist Colony of Bromley, commonly and simply known as Bromley is a sovereign country located in north-eastern Antarephia, off the western coast of the Asperic Ocean. The country borders New Austland to the south-east, AN137f to the south, AN134e to the west and north-west, and Layr to the north. Its capital and largest city is Bromley City and the country is made up of 6 regions, two of which are considered to be autonomous by the Assembly of Nations.
Bromley was discovered on 4 April 1730 by Captain James Henry Orme, who landed in modern-day Portslade. Orme quickly rounded up black indigenous Bromlavians and forced them to be slaves, who were made to chop wood and build homes for white settlers. A note was delivered via boat to the Ingerish government and monarchy in order to inform them of the new discovery, and Harold Cowper (later made Baron Cowper of Winburgh) was offered the role of Governor. Cowper landed on 21 March 1732, where by this time, new land had been discovered by Orme (now known as Dartleddon, Locksdon and Markenhoe).
On 25 March 1732, Cowper signed the Folkstyne Declaration, which established the new Ingerish colony of Ingerish Bromlaeg, the new capital of New Folkstyne, and Cowper as Governor of the colony. Slavery continued to flourish in Ingerish Bromlaeg, and white Ingerish natives were encouraged to migrate to the colony with a promise of economic prosperity. By the time of the 1814 Ingerish-managed Census, white people beagan to outnumber black indigeneous Bromlavians as a result of a combination of the death of slaves and increased migration of Ingerish settlers.
One such family which owned a considerable number of slaves was the Dahl Family. Ivan Dahl, 1st Marquess Dahl, migrated to Ingerish Bromlaeg in 1750 and later became Governor in 1763. His son, Ivan Dahl, 2nd Marquess Dahl, succeeded him and introduced laws which took slaves' rights away and gave white settlers more power over their indigenous counterparts, before dying in office a 11 months into his term. His grandson, Ainsley Dahl, 4th Marquess Dahl, became Governor 20 years after his death.
After the death of a childless 4th Marquess Dahl in office and the end of the Dahl dynasty, Ingerish Bromlaeg became less stable as a result of the role of Governor being vacated without a trusted successor. As a result, the Ingerish Bromlaegan Army took control of the country while Sir Ashley Wright travelled from Winburgh to take over. There were several small rebellions which were quickly suppressed by the army.
Bromley was a relatively stable colony led by the Ingerish Unionists until early 1854. A failed coup attempt was made by allies of the wealthy slave owner, Jean Brohier, in February 1854. A second attempt was successful, and Jean Brohier was installed as Governor. Brohier was inspired by the democratic nature of Ingerland's government, and was keen to re-establish Bromlaeg as a democratic state, where only white male landowners were able to vote. Ingerland were keen to work with Brohier due to his influence within the colony, and established Bromlaeg as a collaborative partnership between a government in Bromlaeg and the one in Ingerland. Bromlaeg was reformed into the Ingerish Colonies of Bromley-Cambria, with Cambria referring to present-day Barkenfry and southern Layr. Elections were held on 9 January 1855 and the Cambria-Bromley Right won all 30 seats.
In June 1878, Prime Minister Abraham Ingles ordered his men to explore west of the present-day region of Lawrence. The region of Aderlard was established after Colonel George Aderlard on 6 March 1882. The region of Rafferty was established later on 28 September 1887. In an attempt to discover more precious resources, particularly gold, Prime Minister Ingles' men moved west without permission from the former. It has emerged in recent decades that, during the exploration, tens of thousands of black Ostafariuan-Je tribes were slaughtered or captured as slaves. The men established the region of Westrange, named after its geographical location westwards of the Range of Rae.
On 10 February 1900, Prime Minister Joseph Holby led a coalition of Ingerish and Bromley-Cambrian troops in an invasion of neighbouring New Austland. By July 1902, the troops had taken over the entirety of New Austland and it was annexed to become part of the newly-established Ingerish Bromlavian Colonies.
Between 1902 and 1917, the Ingerish Bromlavian Colonies was considered to be an unstable state, with several assassinations of government figures as a result of the annexation of New Austland. On 24 November 1917, a successful coup took place under the leadership of Communist paramilitarian, Friedrich Farkas, and Prime Minister Baron Lawrence was executed. Farkas banned the Bromley-Right political party and the Liberal Party, the opposition party. Farkas only allowed Communist-sympathising parties during his leadership, which were allied with his leadership regardless. Although some Bromlavians conspired against this government, a significant number of them were supportive due to their disapproval of Ingerish rule.
Ingerish troops were sent to the country in order to liberate it, and Farkas was successfully overthrown and executed on 14 March 1920. Gerald Wilson was installed as Prime Minister on 17 March, and the Bromley Right had returned to power under a new brand of the Bromlavian Conservatives.
On 19 June 1931, Sanmarquino forces invaded the Colonies. Prime Minister Lord Roland Harting led a successful counterattack which drove the Sanmarquinos out of the Colonies, and afterwards, Lord Harting ordered the invasion of La Trinidad, the autonomous Sanmarquino territory in the Holmic Islands, which was successful. Lord Harting became a very popular figure in the Colonies due to his strong leadership and opposition to Ingerish rule. Lord Harting traded La Trinidad back to San Marcos in return for a significant sum, which arguably contributed to economic prosperity in Bromley.
Lord Harting fell ill in September 1940. He expressed his desire for his wife, Lady Sheila Harting, to become a temporary Prime Minister with aid from government officials. Lady Harting became Prime Minister on 22 September 1940, one of the first female Prime Ministers in the world, albeit in extraordinary circumstances. Under her leadership, Lady Harting saw off an assassination attempt and was seen as extremely popular due to her association with her husband. Lord Harting recovered in December 1940, and he was once again installed as Prime Minister.
Riding on the waves of his popularity, Lord Harting asked to meet with the Ingerish government to begin independence talks in August 1945. Ingerland refused this meeting, and instead stationed troops in the country in an attempt to replace Lord Harting with an Ingerish-backed leader. Ingerish troops were met with a strong counteroffensive, which spiralled into the Bromley-Ingerland War of 1946. Ingerland surrendered on 8 December 1946, and agreed to meet with Lord Harting and hold independence talks.
On 25 March 1947, Ingerland and the Ingerish Bromlavian Colonies signed the Declaration of Portslade 1947, which established the Former Unionist Colony of Bromley as an independent nation and a member of the Ingerish Commonwealth. Lord Harting decided to showcase Bromley's "former Unionist" status as he wanted to "show the history of our great nation to the world and how far we have come". This official full name has caused debate over the years, with some arguing that it reminds Bromlavians of the forced slavery of its indigenous population.
The death of Lord Harting in office in 1951 led to a 30-day period of national mourning, with many admiring his strong leadership. The Exchequer's Chancellor, Askin Pimm, replaced him as Prime Minister but did not achieve the same popularity as his predecessor. Pimm's leadership led to the first ever election loss for the Bromlavian Conservatives in 1957, where the Bromlavian Labour Party, under Robert Miltoney, won a majority of seats. Programs such as the national Bromlavian Health Service were implemented in 1959. A smear campaign led to Miltoney's loss in 1961 and the return of the Bromlavian Conservatives to power, with Jan Pimm (Askin's son) as Prime Minister.
Pimm granted New Austland independence on 28 June 1963, a controversial move according to the Bromlavian people.
The Dark Ages
Right wing populism quickly grew in Bromley, particularly in the east, as a result of disapproval at both major parties. Former Bromlavian Labour Party member, Arthur John Adams, had established the Bromley Defence Party in 1964. Adams' platform was based on turning white Bromlavians against their black counterparts, and the BDP won a landslide election in 1965. Adams was popular at first due to his interest in socio-economic equality. However, on 17 August 1966, Adams disbanded the Bromlavian National Assembly and established himself as sole ruler of the nation. He ordered the genocide of around 20,000 black Bromlavians, and fuelled conflict between white and black Bromlavians.
Refusing to believe in the existence of the neighbouring country of Layr, Adams declared war and was condemned across the world. Layr claimed that the region of Cambria was their territory due to the Holmic ethnic background of its people. Layr's troops advanced into Cambria and annexed it on 10 January 1972 to the delight of the Cambrian people.
In May 1974, Bromlavians united to form the Citizen's Interest Group, an "anti-Adams" organisation which seeked to undermine his authority. Under the leadership of Shawn Acosta, high ranking officials were kidnapped and murdered, including the Foreign Secretary, Leonardo Gomersall. The Citizen's Interest Group launched a speedy offensive in June 1974, and captured Adams on 7 July 1974. The Citizen's Interest Group officially formed an administration on 11 August, with Shawn Acosta as Prime Minister. The group unbanned all opposition parties, and put Adams on trial for war crimes. He was sentenced to the death penalty, and was executed on 1 March 1975. On 23 March 1977, Acosta announced that the group was to be disbanded as it had "done the job needed". An election was called, which the Bromlavian Conservatives won.
After the short tenure of Prime Minister Jaycob Dean, Wendy Cameron was chosen as the next leader of the Bromlavian Conservatives. Cameron was one of the only female world leaders in 1979, and the second in Bromley's history. Cameron was inspired by traditional Conservatism, and privatised many national services, cracked down on the equality of rights, and resisted calls to make peace with Layr.
The Return of Labour
Cameron was swept out of power in 1993 by the Bromlavian Labour Party under Bavin Costek. Costek was the first Ostafariuan-Je Prime Minister, and the first one from the Bromlavian Labour Party since 1961. Costek reversed Cameron's policies, and began peace talks with Layr, which led to a ceasefire in 1995. In May 1996, The Bromley Telegraph newspaper revealed that Costek had had an affair with the Shadow Education Secretary, Marjorie Vangas, and Costek came under pressure to resign. An investigation was launched, and Costek was forced to resign as Prime Minister when he was found guilty of the inappropriate relationship.
Ian Jessops replaced Costek in September 1996. Pro-Layr rebels began to capture towns in north-western Barkenfry and Layr eventually invaded Bromley on 10 July 1999. The Antarephian Coalition suspended Layr's membership of the organisation and initiated peace talks between the two regions, leading to another ceasefire.
An election was held in May 1997, which led to the first hung assembly in Bromlavian history. Jessops entered into a coalition with the Bromlavian Progressive Alliance and Green Earth. Green Earth heavily influenced the government's environmental agenda, and Bromley began to invest in nuclear energy.
Disastrous Conservative Leadership
The coalition was defeated in 2001, and Andrew Bitterford won for the Bromlavian Conservatives. Bitterford's tenure was marked by factional division within the party, with defections by Conservative MPs. The final straw in Bitterford's leadership broke when the Stone Point Nuclear Disaster occurred on 23 September 2002, which caused 2,488 deaths. Environment Secretary, George Hyndburn, resigned in December 2002 and briefed to the media that Bitterford knew that the nuclear plant was unsafe. Bitterford faced fierce criticism and faced a vote of no confidence in January 2003, which he lost.
Deputy Prime Minister Ibrahim Idris replaced Bitterford in his role. Idris' tenure was relatively stable until the Centgate scandal. Idris and Exechquer's Chancellor, Abraham Walton, announced plans to transition from using the Unionist Pound currency to a new Bromlavian Cent currency, which wouldn't have to rely on exchange rates dictated by Ingerland. Talks began in September 2005, and Idris pushed the idea that businesses should begin to look at phasing out the Unionist Pound. However, talks collapsed in January 2006, and Bromley quickly entered into a recession, with GDP declining by 5.7%. A week later, the Daily Bromley revealed that talks collapsed as the government had not disclosed that there were not enough funds to finance the transition of currency, and this revelation was dubbed as "Centgate" by Bromlavian media.
After the National Assembly's recess, the Bromlavian Labour Party organised a vote of no confidence in Idris, which apparently received a lot of support from Conservative MPs. It became clear that Julia Mary Stobart had achieved the numbers, and Idris resigned on 11 January 2006 before the vote of no confidence. In attempt to damage the Bromlavian Labour Party, an election was also called by Idris for April 2006 and the Bromlavian Labour Party won a landslide victory with 202 out of 273 seats. The Bromlavian Conservatives faced near extinction with 34 out of 273 seats, only coming slightly ahead of Liberal Bromley.
Julia Mary Stobart achieved the largest parliamentary majority since Lord Harting in 1947, and went on to lead the country for 13 years. Stobart proposed widespread social reforms. Within her first year in power, Stobart introduced tax-free Special Economic Zones in a successful attempt to boost the Bromlavian economy. However, some have criticised this policy for allowing foreign TNCs to have a say in Bromley's affairs. Stobart also diverted investment towards marginalised communities, particularly in Barkenfry and Westrange.
Stobart won a second term at the 2010 election, and only lost a handful of seats. In 2011, Stobart legalised gay marriage despite controversy amongst more Conservative communities in the west. Stobart went on to win a landslide in 2014, taking 238 out of 273 seats. As part of Labour's manifesto, Stobart pledged to hold a referendum on Bromley joining the Antarephian Coalition. Stobart's Labour campaigned for Bromley to join the organisation alongside Liberal Bromley, while the Bromlavian Conservatives, and Communist Party campaigned to stay out. A referendum was held on 3 February 2015, in which 61% of Bromlavians voted to join the organisation. At the accession meeting, Layr vetoed Bromley's application in an attempt to force the issue of Barkenfrier nationalism into the limelight. At a meeting two weeks later, Layr withdrew its veto, and Bromley became a member of the Antarephian Coalition.
In 2018, gold prices were weak, and Bromley struggled to make profits from its gold exports. As a result, Stobart implemented a VAT rise from 5% to 6.5%. On 16 September 2018, the day that the Autumn Budget was to be announced, violent protests broke out across Bromley City, causing the National Assembly to be locked down for several hours. Stobart pushed ahead with the budget, and passed it despite opposition within her own party. Riots spread across the country, with the Warroad Exhibition Centre being burnt down in Rafferty. As a result, Stobart's popularity plummeted yet she chose to call a snap general election for 6 May 2019. During the campaign, Stobart's health suddenly deteriorated, and she resigned as Prime Minister and Leader of the Bromlavian Labour Party during the election campaign. This election resulted in the Bromlavian Conservatives being in government for the first time since 2006.
Winston Hargreaves became Prime Minister following his party's election victory. Hargreaves reversed most of Stobart's programs, and cut budgets to services as a result of economic instability. Hargreaves was considered an outspoken person, and was widely condemned by foreign nations for his corrupt practices. Notably, he had a strained relationship with the governments of Beaumontan, Barzona and Allendea, and many of Hargreaves' remarks were leaked to the media.
Hargreaves was also known for his strained relationship with the Barkenfrier Regional Council. After negotiations, he announced that an independence referendum would be held in the nation on 27 September 2020. Despite polling showing a considerable percentage of people supporting Barkenfrier independence, the referendum was won by the unionists with 72% of the vote. Many have accused the government of rigging the result.
On 5 November 2020, Leader of the Opposition, Lindsay Michaels, was assassinated in Hartingford while entering a restaurant in the city centre. Hargreaves was condemned from across the political spectrum as he had made defamatory remarks about Michaels. Sally Hansen was chosen as the Leader of the Opposition by members of the Bromlavian Labour Party. This event sparked further violent protests across the country, reportedly including the use of machine guns in Barkenfry. It has been reported that the murder rate in Bromley increased from 15.2 per million to 294 per million during this time. Hargreaves requested to move the government's activities to a secret location in Bellamcole in order to prevent an attack on the government from happening. However, on 11 December 2020, Hargreaves was shot dead by Barkenfrier rebels whilst exiting his official government vehicle.
Mark Ashford, the Deputy Prime Minister, immediately became the Prime Minister, and Ashford quickly met with Barkenfrier leaders in order to defuse the situation. Talks were reported to have went well, and Indipensiya Bakenfray's militia wing announced a ceasefire. Ashford sought to reaffirm his mandate to govern, and called an election for 4 March 2021, which led to a hung assembly with the Bromlavian Labour Party as the largest party.
Hansen, on the "Labour Right", formed a coalition with Black Voices and the Communist Party, now rebranded to become the more moderate Left Progression. Hansen's premiership was met with several crises, including Barkenfrier terrorism, Bromlavian importation of chemical weapons, assassination attempt and a deputy leadership challenge. Ideological division also spread within her party, with Labour MPs defecting to the newly formed parliamentary wing of Indipensiya Bakenfray. Liberal Bromley were invited to join the government, in what was seen as an attempt to rebrand Labour as a centrist party. Hansen resigned as Prime Minister in May 2022 over allegations of corruption in regards to her relationship with the government of Kuehong.
Defence Secretary, Wanda Salazar, succeeded Hansen as Prime Minister as the first Labour leader of Holmic origin and the second Prime Minister of Holmic origin. Left Progression left the coalition government over Salazar's "right wing policies", including her strong stance against Barkenfry. Following a failed no confidence vote, Salazar called a snap election, which led to Labour's worst result in decades, falling to third party status.
The most recent election in 2022 led to a hung parliament with the Bromlavian Conservatives as the largest party. Left Progression were able to form a left-wing coalition with the Bromlavian Labour Party, Green Earth and Indipensiya Bakenfray, and Matilda Graves became Bromley's first Communist Prime Minister since 1918.
Government and Politics
Bromley uses a unicameral system, with politicians regularly meeting at the National Assembly in Bromley City - the current speaker at the National Assembly is Robert Boland. The current Prime Minister as of 1 Jan 2023 is Matilda Graves (Left Progression), who is deputised as Secretary to the Prime Minister by Malcolm Bartley (Bromlavian Labour Party). The current government consists of a left-wing coalition of Left Progression, Bromlavian Labour Party, Indipensiya Bàkenfray and Green Earth. The opposition is led by Victor Thatching-Moss and the Bromlavian Conservatives. See Government of Bromley for detailed information
Bromley has had historically had a strained relationship with its neighbouring countries, Layr and New Austland. Minor conflicts often occur across the border, most notably in Kaytown on the New Austland border. Conflicts are usually related to territory and the issue of which country owns which part, with New Austlanders claiming ownership of Kaytown (Most countries recognise Kaytown as being part of Bromley). The Lyrian Government claims ownership of the autonomous region of Barkenfry due to its large Holmic population, while it is internationally recognised by most countries as being part of Bromley. This is a main issue in Bromlavian politics.
Bromley became a member of the Antarephian Coalition in 2015 following a referendum held by Prime Minister Julia Mary Stobart's Labour government, in which 61% voted FOR, and 39% voted AGAINST. This was seen as a turning point in improving Bromley's international reputation and cooperation, but led to several violent protests in more conservative parts of the country due to Layr's involvement in the organisation, meaning that border rules would have to be relaxed, and free movement between the two countries allowed. During a vote to accept Bromley's accession, Layr chose to veto it but then chose to abstain on another vote 2 weeks later, thus allowing Bromley to enter the organisation.
Following the 2023 General Election, where the Left Progression government pledged to hold a referendum on leaving the AC, a referendum was held on 30 January 2024. 54% of Bromlavians voted to remain in the organisation, whilst 46% voted to leave it.
Members of the Antarephian Parliament for Bromley
|AC Parliament affiliation
|Bromlavian Labour Party
|Leader of S-D/S in Antarephian Parliament
|Bromlavian Labour Party
|Bromlavian Labour Party
List of Heads of State
Heads of State of Bromley
Bromley is a Capitalist country, and profits are encouraged in the country. However, some services are nationalised. Bromley's total GDP as of 2022 is $129,987 million (approx $129,987,000,000), with its GDP per capita being $13,500.13, just above the average of the rest of the world.
Due to fluctuations in global prices for Bromlavian resources such as gold and wheat, profit is unreliable in Bromley, and relies on foreign competition by attempting to keep its export prices low. This has led to overexploitation of resources, especially gold in western Bromley, which has led to long term environmental damage.
Bromley's currency is the Unionist Pound. In 2006, Prime Minister Ibrahim Idris (Bromlavian Conservatives) and the Exchequer's Chancellor, Abraham Walton, announced their intention to transition from using the Unionist Pound to a new currency known as the Bromlavian Cent. Idris justified this through two reasons: one being that the Unionist Pound is associated with the brutal colonisation of Bromley by Ingerish Unionists, and the second being that Bromley is relying on Ingerland's currency exchange rates for their currency, which is essentially out of Bromley's control. Idris began talks with the Assembly of Nations and Ingerland on 18 September 2005 about a transition of currency. However, a collapse of talks on 2 January 2006 led to a widespread recession in Bromley as a result of companies beginning to phase out the Unionist Pound whilst talks were taking place. A week later, it was revealed that talks collapsed as Bromley did not have the sufficient funds to fund a transition of currency, and the revelation was therefore dubbed as 'Centgate' by the Bromlavian and international media.
When the National Assembly returned from Christmas recess on 9 January 2006, the Bromlavian Labour Party, led by Julia Mary Stobart, organised a vote of no confidence against Ibrahim Idris with the support of some critical Conservative MPs. Following reports that Stobart had the numbers to oust Idris in a no confidence vote, Idris resigned as Prime Minister on 11 January 2006 before a no confidence vote could be confirmed. According to Bromlavian law that no more than two Prime Ministers of the same party can consecutively resign without calling a General Election, one was called in April, and the Bromlavian Labour Party won a massive landslide victory. Labour abandoned plans to transition to a new Bromlavian currency.
The Bromlavian Census records the country's population through a compulsory survey every 10 years during a year ending in XXX4. The most recent census was carried out in 2014, and the next one is due to be carried out in 2024. Some have complained about the census' accuracy in regards to population counts, as some rural off-grid communities are unreachable, and therefore the population is estimated to be higher than it is.
Census population figures
|Year of census
Bromley has a nationalised healthcare system, where Bromlavians pay taxes towards the BHS (Bromlavian Health Service). The government also dedicates part of its annual budget to Bromley's healthcare system. A study by the Antarephian Health Board scored Bromley's healthcare system with 59%, noting that capacity and quality of care were big issues. The current Health Secretary who oversees the system is Melody Thornton, of Left Progression.
Bromley's official national language is Ingerish, owing to its history as an Ingerish colony. The Bromlavian curriculum requires that schools in all regions teach the Ingerish language. There are two regional languages in Bromley: Holmic, which is spoken by families from the Holmic Islands, Layr and the autonomous region of Barkenfry, and Ostafariuan-Je which is spoken by residents of the autonomous region of Westrange as well as descendants from black Bromlavian tribal groups.
Signs in Erbale, Lawrence, Aderlard and Rafferty are mainly in Ingerish. In Barkenfry, it is common for signs to be solely in Holmic, but official road/train signs etc. must be bilingual. In Westrange, this is also the case in regards to Ostafariuan-Je.
Bromley has a nationalised rail network, covered under the BromRail organisation. BromRail was created in collaboration with the government of Geklinia-Dregolesia, who provided investment towards the project in 1993, in return for trade deals and a 20% share in BromRail's profits. BromRail trains reach across the country and to neighbouring countries such as Layr and New Austland, but are often infrequent and of low quality. An attempt to privatise BromRail was made in 2006, but the events of the Great Bromlavian Recession led to Prime Minister Ibrahim Idris resigning before talks were initiated, and Labour coming to power.